His Majesty’s Armed Forces of Tonga

Operator Profile
 

Key Facts

Current Title:
His Majesty's Armed Forces
English Title:
His Majesty's Armed Forces
Abbreviation:
HMAF
First Established:
1973
ICAO Code:
(None)
Country:
Tonga
Status:
Active

History

Narrative Summary

The Tonga Defence Force was first established in 1939, as a reaction to the deteriorating international situation. After World War Two spread to the Pacific region, New Zealand was invited to train Tongan soldiers. Two units of the TDF subsequently saw action in the Solomon Islands campaign.

The TDF was disbanded at the end of the war, only to be reactivated in 1946. Tonga gained independence in 1970 and the TDF remained a land-based force. On 10 March 1973 the Tongan Maritime Force was established, and the former TDF renamed the Tongan Land Force. Both services became branches of the newly established Tonga Defence Services (TDS) under the Ministry of Defence of Tonga.

The first attempt to create an Air Wing for the TDS occured in 1986 when a Victa Airtourer light aircraft was obtained, but this aircraft never flew in Tongan service and was quickly re-sold. On 4 May 1996 a second attempt to create an Air Wing was more successful. A Beech 18 was taken into service for Maritime Patrol and Search & Rescue duties. The Air Wing operates in close cooperation with the Maritime Force and is sometimes referred to as the Maritime Force Air Wing. In 1999 a Citabria was aquired to help with pilot training of the tailwheel configured Beech 18.

In a controversial move the TDS was renamed His Majesty’s Armed Forces on 12 September 2013. The removal of the word ‘Tonga’ from the title and the assumption of a personal association with the king, resulted in a generic title that could apply to any monarchy from Norway to Swaziland.

Key Dates

1939 Tonga Defence Force (TDF) first established.
1943 TDF ground units trained for action in the Solomons Campaign of WW2.
1945 TDF disbanded.
1946 TDF re-activated.
1970 TDF renamed Tonga Defence Services.
1986 First aircraft delivered – not used.
4 May 1996 Air Wing formally established.
2013 TDS renamed His Majesty’s Armed Forces.

Current Status

The current status of the aircraft of the HMAF is unclear, as the official TDS website no longer works. The Citabria was seen in an aircraft shelter at at Fua’amotu on 16 January 2014. The Beech 18 has not been seen for a while.

Future Plans

No plans known. A replacement for the ancient Beech 18 must be an increasingly urgent requirement.


Markings

National Insignia

CurrentHistorical

Aircraft Serial Numbers

Aircraft operating with TDS carried two-digit serial numbers prefixed by AW, e.g. Beech 18 AW-01, but after the name change to HMAF aircraft now carry Tongan civil registrations, e.g. Citabria A3-AWB, where the ‘AW’ presumably stands for Air Wing. There is no confirmation that the Beech 18 received A3-AWA.

Unit/Base Codes

Coding system not used.


Aircraft

Aircraft Designations

None – Manufacturers designations used

Current Aircraft Inventory

Aircraft Type Total Del’d Total Active Still on Order Role
Beech G18S 1 1 0 Maritime Patrol
Champion 7GCBC Citabria 1 1 0 Maritime Patrol

All-Time Aircraft Used List

Aircraft Type Quantity Service Entry Out of Service Origin
Beech G18S 1 1996 current ex-civil
Champion 7GCBC Citabria 1 1999 current USA
Victa Airtourer 1 1986 1986 ex-civil

Aircraft NOT Used

False Reports of Aircraft in Service

Aircraft Losses and Incidents

None known.

Organisation

Main Headquarters

His Majesty’s Armed Forces, Vilai Barracks, Nuku’alofa, Tonga.

Organisational Structure

No subordinate units.

Current Order of Battle

No subordinate units.

Historical Orders of Battle

Not applicable.

All-Time Flying Units List

Not applicable.

Air Bases

Current Air Bases

The aircraft are based at Tongatapu-Fua’amoto Airport.

All-Time Air Bases Used List

As above.


More Information

Books

None known.

Magazines

To be added

Websites

wikipedia: His Majesty’s Armed Forces (Tonga)
Flight International
Pacific Islands Report

Any photographs illustrating this operator would be welcome.

 

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