Latvian National Guard (Post-WW2)

Operator Profile

Key Facts

Current Title:
Latvijas Zemessardze
English Title:
Latvian National Guard
First Established:
ICAO Code:


Narrative Summary

The Latvian National Guard was first formed on 23 August 1991, immediately after independence was achieved. It functions in a similar way to the National Guard of the USA, as a reserve military force and emergency relief organisation manned by part-time reservists. An aviation component was introduced in 1993, with a fleet of ex-Soviet DOSAAF light aircraft and gliders. In 2000 the aviation component became part of the Air Force.

Key Dates

Key Dates:
23 August 1991    National Guard first formed
1993    Aviation unit established
2000    Aviation unit incorporated into the Air Force

Current Status

All National Guard aircraft were transferred to the Air Force in 2000. The National Guard Aviation Unit continues as a pool of reserve personnel for supplementing the Air Force.

Future Plans

Not applicable.


National Insignia


Aircraft Serial Numbers

Latvian National Guard aircraft carried three digit serial numbers, in the same sequence as the air force, except that the first number is always ‘2’.

Unit/Base Codes

Coding system not used.


Aircraft Designations

None – Manufacturers designations used.

Current Aircraft Inventory

Not applicable – disbanded in 2000.

All-Time Aircraft Used List

All-Time Table of Aircraft Used

Aircraft NOT Used

False reports of aircraft on order or in service


Main Headquarters


Organisational Structure

Former National Guard aircraft are now part of the Air Force.

Current Order of Battle

Not applicable.

Historical Orders of Battle

List of Historical Orders of Battle – to be added.

All-Time Flying Units List

To be added.

Air Bases

Current Air Bases

Former National Guard aircraft are now based at Lielvarde.

All-Time Air Bases Used List

The main base was at Cesis, with Daugavpils, Rezekne, Limbazi and Riga-Spilves also used.
Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.

More Information


Latvian Military Aviation Bibliography – to be added.


World Air Power Journal No.28 P.30
Air International December 1998
Air Forces Monthly March 1995


wikipedia: Latvian National Guard

Official Latvian National Guard webpage

Scramble: Latvian Air Arms

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