Latvian National Guard (Pre-WW2)

Operator Profile

Key Facts

Current Title:
Aizsargu Aviacija
English Title:
Latvian National Guard
First Established:
ICAO Code:


Narrative Summary

The Latvian Guards (Aizsargi) was founded in 1919 by the Latvian Provisional Government as a volunteer militia or National Guard, during the period of unrest following Latvia’s independence from Russia. In 1921 it was re-organised on a more permanent basis. It continued as a nationalistic paramilitary organisation that co-operated closely with the armed forces. It’s main purpose was to train citizens in the military arts, and to provide a reserve of trained people for the Latvian Armed Forces.

In 1931 the Guards formed an aviation section, Aizsargu Aviacija, which used gliders and single-engined light aircraft to provide air experience flights and basic pilot training to potential recruits of the Air Force. The organisation was disbanded following the Soviet invasion in 1940.

Key Dates

Key Dates:
30 March 1919    Aizsargi officially established
17 April 1931    Aviation section first established
5 December 1931    First aircraft received – a GL-22B3 gifted from the Air Force
18 June 1940    Aizsargi disbanded by Soviet occupiers

Current Status

Not applicable.

Future Plans

Not applicable.


National Insignia


Aircraft Serial Numbers

AA aircraft carried one or two-digit numerical serial numbers ranging between 1 and 47, e.g. VEF Irbitis I-12 ’37’. These numbers were sequentially allocated as aircraft were acquired.

Unit/Base Codes

Coding system not used.


Aircraft Designations

None – Manufacturers designations used.

Current Aircraft Inventory

Not applicable.

All-Time Aircraft Used List

All-Time Table of Aircraft Used

Aircraft NOT Used

No false reports known.


Main Headquarters


Organisational Structure

By 1938 the AA was organised into four Squadrons, with new squadrons having been added as more aircraft were acquired.

Current Order of Battle

Not applicable.

Historical Orders of Battle

To be added.

All-Time Flying Units List

1st Squadron
2nd Squadron
3ed Squadron
4th Squadron

Air Bases

Current Air Bases

Not applicable.

All-Time Air Bases Used List

To be added.
Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.

More Information


Latvian Military Aviation Bibliography – to be added.


To be added.


wikipedia: Aizsargi

Latvian Aircraft 1918 – 1940

World Air Forces: Latvia

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