Republic of Fiji Military Forces

Operator Profile

Key Facts

Current Title:
Republic of Fiji Military Forces
English Title:
Republic of Fiji Military Forces
First Established:
ICAO Code:


Narrative Summary

The Fiji Defence Force (FDF) was first established in 1920, under New Zealand admnistration. After World War Two spread to the Pacific region, the United States trained Fijian soldiers. In 1942 the FDF became known as the Fiji Military Forces (FMF). Units of the FMF subsequently saw action in the Solomon Islands campaign and served with great distinction.

Fiji gained independence in 1970 but the FMF remained a land-based force. In 1973 the prefix ‘Royal’ was granted by the Queen, changing the title to Royal Fiji Military Forces (RFMF). In 1975 a Fijian Navy was established. Fijian troops contributed significantly to the UN peacekeeping force in Lebanon – UNIFIL – from 1978 onwards. A civilian Boeing 707 was leased in August 1979 to transport troops to Lebanon from Fiji. It operated with Royal Fiji Military Forces titles, but had to be withdrawn from use after a couple of months due to engine trouble.

In 1987 a second military coup by the RFMF deposed the existing government. A republic was declared and the country was expelled from the Commonwealth. The name was changed to Republic of Fiji Military Forces, retaining the same acronym RFMF.

An Air Wing for the RFMF was established in 1987, with the promise of the donation of two helicopters from France. The first helicopter arrived in Fiji late the following year. The RFMF Air Wing was often simply called the Fiji Air Wing. Both helicopters were ill-used and one was lost to a in-flight fire in 1994. The surviving helicopter was sold at the end of 1997 and the Air Wing disbanded.

In 1997, Fiji was able to return to the Commonwealth and the ‘R’ was dropped altogether from RFMF, the armed forces simply being called the Fiji Military Forces. However, in the continuing political turmoil since 1997, it seems that at some date the armed forces again readopted the title Republic of Fiji Military Forces.

Key Dates

1920 Fiji Defence Force first established.
1942 FDF renamed Fiji Military Forces.
1973 FMF renamed Royal Fiji Military Forces.
1987 Fiji Air Wing formally established.
late 1987 RFMF renamed Republic of Fiji Military Forces.
Dec 1988 First RFMF helicopter arrives.
1997 Air Wing disbanded.
1997 RFMF renamed Fiji Military Forces.
?? FMF renamed Republic of Fiji Military Forces.

Current Status

The Air Wing was disbanded in 1997.

Future Plans

No plans known.


National Insignia

RFMF aircraft are reported to have carried the national flag as a fin flash. It not known if any service titles were carried.

Aircraft Serial Numbers

Aircraft operating with the RFMF carried Fijian civil registrations in the DQ-FGx range reserved for government aircraft, e.g. Ecureuil 2 DQ-FGH.

Unit/Base Codes

Coding system not used.


Aircraft Designations

None – Manufacturers designations used

Current Aircraft Inventory

Not applicable.

All-Time Aircraft Used List

Aircraft Type Quantity Service Entry Out of Service Origin
Aerospatiale AS.355F-2 Ecureuil 2 1 1988 1997 France
Aerospatiale AS 365N2 Dauphin 1 1992 1994 France
Boeing 707-331 1 1979 1979 leased

Aircraft NOT Used

Several websites mention the use of a “Harbin Y-11” by Republic of Fiji Military Forces. The Y-11 was never used outside of China. These reports probably arise from confusion the the Y-12s operated by Air Fiji. Air Fiji ceased operations in 2009.

Aircraft Losses and Incidents

See individual aircraft types.


Main Headquarters

Republic of Fiji Military Forces, Strategic Command, Maddocks Road, Suva City, Fiji.

Organisational Structure

No subordinate units.

Current Unit Assignments

No subordinate units.

Historical Unit Assignments

Not applicable.

All-Time Flying Units List

Not applicable.

Air Bases

Current Air Bases

Not applicable.

All-Time Air Bases Used List

The helicopters were based at Nausori International Airport, Suva.

More Information


None known.


To be added


wikipedia: Republic of Fiji Military Forces
RFMF Official website

Any photographs illustrating this operator would be welcome.


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