Bahrain Public Security Flying Wing

Operator Profile

History

Narrative Summary

The Bahrain State Police was first established in 1962, to look after internal security matters. In June 1965 it acquired its first helicopter, a Westland Scout. A second Scout was obtained the following year. At independence from Britain in 1971, the force was renamed Bahrain Public Security and it subsequently became a component of the Bahrain Defense Force. Further helicopters were acquired for the Flying Wing. The BPS remains an all-helicopter force which maintains close co-operation with the Royal Bahraini Air Force and Royal Bahraini Navy.

Key Dates

1962    Bahrain State Police first established.
June 1965    First helicopter acquired.
1971    Bahrain State Police renamed Bahrain Public Security.

Current Status

BPS helicopters are currently used for various policing and internal security tasks.

Future Plans

No future procurement plans known.

Markings

National Insignia

The same national markings as the Air Force are carried. The service title BAHRAIN PUBLIC SECURITY is displayed in Arabic and English on the fuselage sides.

Aircraft Serial Numbers

All police aircraft carry police specific serial numbers. The first two helicopters acquired used the serial prefix BSP (for Bahrain State Police) followed by a single digit sequence number eg: BSP-1. Helicopters acquired after independence used the serial prefix BPS (for Bahrain Public Security) followed by a single digit sequence number which followed on from those previously allocated eg: BPS-3. By about 1980, the numbers 1 to 9 had been used up, and a new two-digit numbering sequence commencing at 01 was initiated eg: BPS-03.

Unit/Base Codes

Coding system not used

Aircraft

Aircraft Designations

None – Manufacturers designations used

Current Aircraft Inventory

Click on aircraft type for more details

Aircraft Type Total Del’d Total Active Still on Order Role
Bell 412 2 1 0 Policing/Transport
Bell 412SP 1 1 0 Policing/Transport

All-Time Aircraft Used List

All-Time Table of Aircraft Used

Aircraft NOT Used

A Bell 407 was reported delivered in 2001. This was actually a Bell 427.

Organisation

Main Headquarters

Sheikh Isa Air Base.

Organisational Structure

Not applicable.

Current Order of Battle

Not applicable.

Historical Orders of Battle

Not applicable.

All-Time Flying Units List

Not applicable.

Air Bases

Current Air Bases

By 2002 all helicopters were based at Sheikh Isa Air Base.

All-Time Air Bases Used List

The initial Flying Wing base was Manama Fort, near the capital, but circa 2002 a move was made to Sheikh Isa AB.

More Information

Books

Bahrain Aviation Bibliography – to be added

Magazines

No feature articles found.

Websites

Official Bahrain Ministry of the Interior website

Any photographs illustrating this air arm would be welcome.

5 Squadron
Royal Bahraini Navy

History

Number 5 Squadron was formed in 1994 to operate the MBB Bo 105CBS-4. This is the only helicopter unit of the Royal Bahraini Navy. The unit forms part of the Helicopter Wing at Rifa’a Air Base.

Aircraft

Type Qty Service Example Serials
Bo 105CBS-4 2 1994 – Present 511

Unit Markings

Figure 1
To be added

Main Bases

Base Duration
Rifa’a AB 1994 – Present

More Information

References

  • To be added

Other Sources

To be added.

MBB Bo 105
in Royal Bahraini Navy service

History

Two Bo 105CBS-MSS acquired new from the manufacturer in 1994. The Bo 105CBS-MSS is a navalised version of the CBS-4, equipped for maritime surveillance and SAR with provisions including a search radar in an undernose radome and NVG compatible cockpit lighting. It can also be used for over the horizon targeting of the Exocet MM40 anti-shipping missile. Operated by the 5th Squadron.

Individual Details

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
511     August 1994 noted Apr 1999
?     1994  

More Information

References

  • World Air Power Journal Vol 21 Summer 1995 p.9
  • Worldmil (1996) p.51
  • World Air Forces Directory 2006/07 (Mach III)

Other Sources

To be added.

Royal Bahraini Navy Air Arm

Operator Profile

History

Narrative Summary

The Royal Bahraini Navy was first established in the 1970s as the Naval branch of the Bahrain Defense Force, to monitor shipping routes around the islands of the Bahrain archipelago. In 1987, the title Bahrain Amiri Navy was formally adopted. In 1994 the first helicopters were ordered and delivery took place soon after. In 2002 the official name was changed to Royal Bahraini Navy. The Navy air arm remains an all-helicopter force.

Key Dates

1971?    Bahrain Defense Force first established.
1987    BDF naval branch renamed Bahrain Amiri Navy.
1994    First helicopters acquired.
Feb 2002    Bahrain Amiri Navy renamed Royal Bahraini Navy.

Current Status

The Royal Bahraini Navy operates two fast attack craft and an ex-US Navy frigate which can embark helicopters. The helicopters are currently used for maritime surveillance and Search-and-Rescue tasks.

Future Plans

No future procurement plans known.

Markings

National Insignia

The Navy uses the same roundel and fin flash as the Amiri Air Force. The service titles ROYAL BAHRAINI NAVY are carried in Arabic and English on the fuselage sides, replacing the previous BAHRAIN AMIRI NAVY titles.

Aircraft Serial Numbers

The Navy uses the same three-digit numerical sequence system as the Air Force eg: 511.

Unit/Base Codes

Coding system not used

Aircraft

Aircraft Designations

None – Manufacturers designations used

Current Aircraft Inventory

Click on aircraft type for more details

Aircraft Type Total Del’d Total Active Still on Order Role
MBB Bo 105CBS 2 2 0 Maritime Patrol/SAR

All-Time Aircraft Used List

Aircraft Type Quantity Service Entry Out of Service Origin
MBB Bo 105CBS 2 1994 current Germany

Aircraft NOT Used

No false reports known.

Organisation

Main Headquarters

Manama.

Organisational Structure

The Navy’s single helicopter squadron is co-located with the Air Force’s helicopter units at Rifa’a on Bahrain Island.

Current Order of Battle

Click on unit title for more details

Squadron Type Base
5 Squadron MBB Bo 105CBS Rifa’a

Historical Orders of Battle

Not applicable.

All-Time Flying Units List

Not applicable.

Air Bases

Current Air Bases

All helicopters are based at Rifa’a on Bahrain Island.

All-Time Air Bases Used List

To be added

More Information

Books

Bahrain Aviation Bibliography – to be added

Magazines

No feature articles known.

Websites

wikipedia: Royal Bahrain Naval Force

Any photographs illustrating this air arm would be welcome.

Bahrain Key Dates

1st Century    Bahrain known by the Greeks and Romans.
7th Century    Arabs begin to settle in Bahrain.
1521    Portuguese base established.
1602    Bahrain captured by the Persians with British help.
1700s    Ottoman (Turkish) Empire takes control of the area.
1782    Arab Al-Khalifah dynasty assumes control of Bahrain.
1816    First Treaty with the British signed by Bahrain.
1861    Bahrain becomes a British protectorate.
1913    Treaty between Britain and Turkey recognises Bahrain as an independent state.
1932    Bahrain is the first country in the Gulf to strike oil.
1934    British naval base established.
1968    British forces withdraw from the Gulf region.
1970    Council of State established.
15 August 1971    Bahrain is granted full independence by Britain.
1971    Bahrain becomes a member of the United Nations.
1973    Partly elected National Assembly created.
1973-1974    Bahrain participates in oil embargo on Western states.
1975    National Assembly dissolved.
1978    Oil industry partly nationalised.
March 1981    Bahrain is a founder member of Gulf Cooperation Council.
2 August 1990    Iraq invades Kuwait.
August 1990-mid 1991    Bahrain hosts British forces before and during the Gulf War.
1995-1996    Shi’a protests over Sunni political dominance.
February 2001    Referendum backs move to constitutional monarchy.
14 February 2002    Bahrain becomes constitutional monarchy.

Bahrain National History

Due to its convenient location, Bahrain has been an important trading centre for centuries – it was certainly known to early Greek and Roman explorers. During the 7th century the territory was first occupied by Arabs and subsequently became famous for its pearl fishing.

In 1521 the Portuguese occupied the area and established a base. They remained in control until overthrown by the Persians (Iranians) in 1602 with British help. The area subsequently became part of the Ottoman (Turkish) Empire. In 1872 the Arab Al-Khalifah family became rulers and have remained so ever since.

Bahrain signed its first treaty with Britain in 1816. This was followed-up by another in 1861 which formally made Bahrain a British protectorate. The area soon became an important commerce and shipping centre. A treaty agreed in 1913 between Britain and Turkey recognised Bahrain as an independent state. Bahrain became the first country in the Arabian Gulf to strike oil in 1932. Today some 70% of the national income comes from oil, which is all processed locally.

A naval base was established by the British in 1934. During the 1960s there was a phased reduction in the size of the British forces presence in the Gulf region, reaching full withdrawal in 1968. In 1970 a Council of State was set up to take over the running of the country. On 15 August 1971 full independence was granted, and a short while later Bahrain was admitted into the United Nations.

In 1973 a partly elected National Assembly was created, but this was dissolved in 1975 following a period of political agitation. In 1978 the oil industry was partly nationalised. After the Iranian Revolution on the opposite side of the Gulf, the five Arab Gulf states including Bahrain established the Gulf Cooperation Council in March 1981. Bahrain served as a major base for British military forces in the wake of the Iraq invasion of Kuwait in August 1990. Air operations were conducted from Muharraq throughout ‘Desert Shield’ and ‘Desert Storm’.

Between 1994 and 1996, a campaign of civil unrest led by Shi’ite dissidents finally brought a crackdown from the Sunni-led government, which accused Iran of backing a plot to depose the head of state. A simmering dispute between Bahrain and Qatar over the Hawar Islands, which belong to Bahrain, was resolved in June 1998.

Following a favourable referendum in February 2001, the country became a constitutional monarchy on 14 February 2002, under which the Amir became the King of Bahrain.

Bahrain

Country Profile

The Country

Geography

The small Arab sheikhdom of Bahrain consists of a group of 33 low lying sandy islands located in the Arabian Gulf (also known as the Persian Gulf) between Saudi Arabia and Qatar. Bahrain Island is by far the largest and gives its name to the archipelago. A causeway joins Bahrain to the next largest island, Al Muharraq. The third largest island is Sitrah. The capital is Manama (Al Manamah), situated in the north east part of Bahrain island.

The terrain is mainly a low desert plain, rising to a central escarpment only 134 m (440 ft) high. Only about 3% of the land is cultivatable. The archipelago covers an area of about 270 square miles (692 square kilometers), and with a population of 1.23 million (2010 figures) Bahrain is the most densely populated Gulf state. The population is roughly 63% Bahraini, 13% Asian, 10% other Arab and 8% Iranian. 70% of the population is Shi’a Muslim and 30% Sunni Muslim.

Basic Google Maps Placemarks error: JavaScript and/or CSS files aren't loaded. If you're using do_shortcode() you need to add a filter to your theme first. See the FAQ for details.

National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in Bahraini History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: Bahrain
Yahoo Bahrain page
wikipedia: Bahrain
wikipedia: History of Bahrain

Aviation

Text to be added on the development of aviation in Bahrain.

Markings

Civil Aircraft Registrations

Upon independence in 1971, the registration prefix A9C-xx (later expanded to A9C-xxx) was adopted, eg: A9C-BAH.

An incomplete all-time Bahrain civil aircraft register listing is here.
An all-time Civil Rotorcraft Register of Bahrain listing is here.

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Air Force (Royal Bahraini Air Force)
Naval Aviation (Royal Bahraini Navy Air Arm)

Central Government Agencies

Government Aviation (Bahrain Royal Flight)

Public Service Aviation

Medical Aviation – a helicopter EMS service is currently being established
Police Aviation (Bahrain Public Security Flying Wing)

Commercial Aviation

Gulf Air (Headquarters in Bahrain, aircraft registered in Oman)

wikipedia: Airlines of Bahrain
The World’s Airlines: Bahrain

Private Aviation

To be added

Industry

Aircraft Manufacturers

None at present

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.

Airfields

Civil Airports & Airfields

Bahrain International Airport
Airports in Bahrain

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing – to be added

On Show

Aviation Museums

Al-Mahatta Museum

Airshow Dates

Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

None known.

Aviation Bibliography

Bahrain Aviation Bibliography – to be added

Web Links

Civil Aviation Affairs Bahrain