|1463||Kingdom of Bosnia conquered by Ottoman Empire.|
|1878||Bosnia and Herzegovina mandated to Austrian rule.|
|1908||Bosnia and Herzegovina annexed by Austria.|
|1918||Bosnia and Herzegovina incorporated into Yugoslavia.|
|10 April 1941||Bosnia and Herzegovina becomes part of Independent State of Croatia.|
|1945||Bosnia and Herzegovina incorporated into a reformed Yugoslavia.|
|November 1990||Non-communist government was elected for the first time.|
|9 January 1992||Serbian Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina established.|
|March 1992||Start of civil war.|
|6 April 1992||Independence from Yugoslavia as Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina.|
|August 1992||Republika Srpska established.|
|December 1995||End of civil war.|
|1995||Country renamed Bosnia and Herzegovina.|
The former Ottoman territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina was mandated to the Austrian portion of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in 1878. Austria formally annexed the territory in 1908. In 1914 a Bosnian-Serb terrorist assassinated the heir to the Austrian throne in Sarajevo, sparking off the First World War. From 1918 to 1941, the territory was denied any autonomy within the new Serb-dominated Yugoslavia. During World War Two the country was part of the Facist state called the Independent State of Croatia. After 1945, a communist ruled Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina was developed within the federal structure of the new Yugoslavia.
In 1990, a non-communist government was elected for the first time. Independence from Yugoslavia was formally recognised on 6 April 1992. In the meantime, Serb and Croat nationalists had initiated a civil war, which saw many driven from their homes in the name of ‘ethnic cleansing’. Bosnian government forces (which included troops of Moslem, Croat and Serb ethnic origin), together with NATO air power, forced a ceasefire in 1995, which was later turned into a multi-national peace agreement known as the Dayton Peace Accord. While NATO forces monitored the transition, the peace agreement partitioned Bosnia into a Moslem/Croat dominated region and a Serb dominated region. The former is known as the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, while the Serb region is known as the Republika Srpska. The unifying entity is known as the state of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The prefix ‘Republic of’ was dropped under the 1995 agreement.
Bosnia and Herzegovina is situated in the western part of the Balkan Peninsula. It is bordered by Croatia to the north and west, Serbia to the east and Montenegro to the south east. There is a short coastal strip on the Adriatic Sea, only a few miles long.
Bosnia and Herzegovina is a mountainous country, with the Dinaric Alps running along the western border with Croatia and further mountain ranges inland which extend to the Serbian border. In contrast, the northern border with Croatia is relatively low-lying and fertile. The total land area is 51,130 sq km (19,741 sq miles).
The Population of 4 million (2000 figure) comprises 44% of ethnic Bosnian origin, 31% Serbian, 17% Croat and 8% other ethnic groups. Some 40% of the people are Muslim, 31% Serbian Orthodox, 15% Roman Catholic, 4% Protestant and 10% other faiths. The capital city is Sarajevo.
Following the 1992-1995 War, the Bosnian state was partitioned into two separate autonomous regions, a Moslem/Croat dominated region called the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and a Serb dominated region called the Republika Srpska.
Further National Information
Text to be added on the development of aviation in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Civil Aircraft Registrations
Just after independence in 1992, Bosnian civil aircraft were registed in the BH-xxx series, but in May 1993 moved to a new officially allocated series commencing T9-AAA onwards. From 8 August 2007 the country prefix for Bosnia and Herzegovina in aviation changed from T9 to E7.
All-time Bosnia Herzegovina – civil aircraft register (T9-aaa E7-aaa)
[Get involved with the Aeroflight Cloud.]
Military Air Arms
Current military air arms-
Air Force (Air Force and Anti-Aircraft Defence of Bosnia and Herzegovina)
Central Government Agencies
Government Aviation (BiH Government Aviation Unit) [1992-2002]
Government Aviation (Republika Srpska Government Aviation Unit)
Border Guard Aviation (Granična policija/Border Police of Bosnia and Herzegovina – no aviation unit)
Public Service Aviation
Medical Aviation – no public EMS aviation unit in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina region at the moment
Medical/Police Aviation (Helicopter Service of the Republic of Srpska)
Police Aviation (State Investigation and Protection Agency – uses Air Force helicopters)
Police Aviation (Bosna i Hercegovina Policija)
Police Aviation (Republika Srpska Ministry of the Interior – helicopters are operated by the Helicopter Service of RS)
To be added.
Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots
Civil Airports & Airfields
Military Air Bases & Airfields
Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.
No aviation magazines known.
Bosnian Aviation Bibliography – to be added