Armed Forces of Malta

Operator Profile

History

Narrative Summary

Air Wing History

Key Dates

Air Wing Timeline

Current Status

Malta does not have conscription, and consequently, the Air Wing is manned by professionals. The main tasks are coastal patrol, communications, search and rescue and medical evacuation flights.

Future Plans

None known.

Markings

National Insignia

CurrentHistorical

Aircraft Serial Numbers

1972-2000
All Maltese military aircraft were initially allocated civilian registrations on the Maltese civil aircraft register. For example, the single Agusta-Bell AB.206A was registered 9H-AAJ.

2000-Present
In May 2000, a new military serialling system was introduced. This comprised a four-digit serial number prefixed by the letters ‘AS’ for Air Squadron. The first two digits indicate the year of introduction into service and the second two being the overall sequence number. Thus Bulldog AS0020 was acquired in the year 2000 and was the 20th aircraft to be operated by Malta.

Unit/Base Codes

Coding system not used

Aircraft

Aircraft Designations

None – Manufacturers designations used

Current Aircraft Inventory

Table of Current Service Aircraft

All-Time Aircraft Used List

All-Time Table of Aircraft Used

Aircraft NOT Used

One Eurocopter UH-72A Lakota was ordered from the US production line in 2008, but this order was deferred in April 2009 and eventually cancelled.

Aircraft Losses and Incidents

None known.

Organisation

Main Headquarters

St Patrick’s Barracks, Luqa.

Organisational Structure

Malta has no defence ministry so the AFM reports directly to the Prime Minister. The AFM originally comprised 3 numbered Regiments, of which the second had the Air Squadron attached to it. The 2nd Regiment comprised Air Defence Artillery, Aviation and Maritime units. In October 2006 the 2nd Regiment was disbanded and its subordinate units given greater autonomy. The Air Squadron was enlarged into an Air Wing to take on more maritime security duties. It currently comprises a helicopter flight and a fixed-wing flight.

Current Order of Battle

Table of Current Order of Battle

Historical Orders of Battle

Historical Order of Battle for 2002

All-Time Flying Units List

Not applicable.

Air Bases

Current Air Bases

All aircraft and helicopters are currently based at Luqa International Airport.

All-Time Air Bases Used List

The Helicopter Flight was initially based at St Patrick’s Barracks but later moved to Luqa. The British established a number of airfields around the country, and some may still be in civilian use.

Malta Air Bases Listing – to be added.

More Information

Books

Aerospace Encyclopedia of World Air Forces (Aerospace, 1999)

Magazines

World Air Power Journal No.5 p.146
World Air Power Journal No.9 p.22-23
World Air Power Journal No.10 p.18
Air Action No.37 p.30-31
Air Forces Monthly January 1997 p.23-25
Air International July 1996
Air Pictorial April 2002

Websites

wikipedia: Air Wing of the Armed Forces of Malta

Official Armed Forces of Malta Website

2nd Regiment Armed Forces of Malta Unofficial Website (Password: St. Barbara)

Aviation in Malta AFM Page

Current Aircraft Inventory
Botswana Defence Force

Aircraft Type Total Del’d Total Active Still on Order Role
Northrop CF-5A 10 10 0 Fighter-Bomber
Britten-Norman BN-2 Islander 13 1 0 Transport
Lockheed C-130B Hercules 3 3 0 Transport
CASA C-212-300 Aviocar 2 2 0 Transport
CASA CN-235 4 2 0 Transport
Beech Super King Air 200 1 1 0 Transport
Pilatus PC-12/47E 2 2 0 Transport
Aerospatiale AS 350B Ecureuil 11 10 0 Liaison
Bell 412 7 6 0 Transport
Northrop CF-5D 7 3 0 Trainer
Pilatus PC-7 Mk II 5 5 0 Trainer

Boeing 707-331
in Republic of Fiji Military Forces service

History

One Boeing 707-331 obtained on lease from Aeroamerica. Used to transport Fijian United Nations peacekeeping forces to Lebanon. Diverted to Kuala Lumpur Airport on 3 October 1979 with engine trouble and parked. Subsequently impounded by Malaysian Civil Aviation Department. The aircraft operated in Pakistan International Airlines colours, with small Royal Fiji Military Forces titles near the front passenger door.


Individual Details

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
N705PA 17686 N705PA Aug 1979 wfu 3 Oct 1979 after engine fault


Pictures

None at present.

More Information

References

Other Sources

To be added.

Republic of Fiji Military Forces

Operator Profile

History

Narrative Summary

The Fiji Defence Force (FDF) was first established in 1920, under New Zealand admnistration. After World War Two spread to the Pacific region, the United States trained Fijian soldiers. In 1942 the FDF became known as the Fiji Military Forces (FMF). Units of the FMF subsequently saw action in the Solomon Islands campaign and served with great distinction.

Fiji gained independence in 1970 but the FMF remained a land-based force. In 1973 the prefix ‘Royal’ was granted by the Queen, changing the title to Royal Fiji Military Forces (RFMF). In 1975 a Fijian Navy was established. Fijian troops contributed significantly to the UN peacekeeping force in Lebanon – UNIFIL – from 1978 onwards. A civilian Boeing 707 was leased in August 1979 to transport troops to Lebanon from Fiji. It operated with Royal Fiji Military Forces titles, but had to be withdrawn from use after a couple of months due to engine trouble.

In 1987 a second military coup by the RFMF deposed the existing government. A republic was declared and the country was expelled from the Commonwealth. The name was changed to Republic of Fiji Military Forces, retaining the same acronym RFMF.

An Air Wing for the RFMF was established in 1987, with the promise of the donation of two helicopters from France. The first helicopter arrived in Fiji late the following year. The RFMF Air Wing was often simply called the Fiji Air Wing. Both helicopters were ill-used and one was lost to a in-flight fire in 1994. The surviving helicopter was sold at the end of 1997 and the Air Wing disbanded.

In 1997, Fiji was able to return to the Commonwealth and the ‘R’ was dropped altogether from RFMF, the armed forces simply being called the Fiji Military Forces. However, in the continuing political turmoil since 1997, it seems that at some date the armed forces again readopted the title Republic of Fiji Military Forces.

Key Dates

1920 Fiji Defence Force first established.
1942 FDF renamed Fiji Military Forces.
1973 FMF renamed Royal Fiji Military Forces.
1987 Fiji Air Wing formally established.
late 1987 RFMF renamed Republic of Fiji Military Forces.
Dec 1988 First RFMF helicopter arrives.
1997 Air Wing disbanded.
1997 RFMF renamed Fiji Military Forces.
?? FMF renamed Republic of Fiji Military Forces.

Current Status

The Air Wing was disbanded in 1997.

Future Plans

No plans known.


Markings

National Insignia

RFMF aircraft are reported to have carried the national flag as a fin flash. It not known if any service titles were carried.

Aircraft Serial Numbers

Aircraft operating with the RFMF carried Fijian civil registrations in the DQ-FGx range reserved for government aircraft, e.g. Ecureuil 2 DQ-FGH.

Unit/Base Codes

Coding system not used.


Aircraft

Aircraft Designations

None – Manufacturers designations used

Current Aircraft Inventory

Not applicable.

All-Time Aircraft Used List

Aircraft Type Quantity Service Entry Out of Service Origin
Aerospatiale AS.355F-2 Ecureuil 2 1 1988 1997 France
Aerospatiale AS 365N2 Dauphin 1 1992 1994 France
Boeing 707-331 1 1979 1979 leased

Aircraft NOT Used

Several websites mention the use of a “Harbin Y-11” by Republic of Fiji Military Forces. The Y-11 was never used outside of China. These reports probably arise from confusion the the Y-12s operated by Air Fiji. Air Fiji ceased operations in 2009.

Aircraft Losses and Incidents

See individual aircraft types.

Organisation

Main Headquarters

Republic of Fiji Military Forces, Strategic Command, Maddocks Road, Suva City, Fiji.

Organisational Structure

No subordinate units.

Current Unit Assignments

No subordinate units.

Historical Unit Assignments

Not applicable.

All-Time Flying Units List

Not applicable.

Air Bases

Current Air Bases

Not applicable.

All-Time Air Bases Used List

The helicopters were based at Nausori International Airport, Suva.


More Information

Books

None known.

Magazines

To be added

Websites

wikipedia: Republic of Fiji Military Forces
RFMF Official website

Any photographs illustrating this operator would be welcome.

 

Aerospatiale AS 365N2 Dauphin
in Republic of Fiji Military Forces service

History

One AS 365N2 Dauphin 2 supplied by France as military aid in March 1992, (some sources say in 1989). Used for Transport and Liaison duties. Caught fire off the coast of Fiji in July 1994 and crashed – fortunately with no loss of life.


Individual Details

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
DQ-FGD 6427 F-WTNP Mar 1992 w/o 10 July 1994, reg’n canx Oct 1994


Pictures

None at present.

More Information

References

Other Sources

To be added.

Aerospatiale AS 355F-2 Ecureuil 2
in Republic of Fiji Military Forces service

History

One AS 355F-2 Ecureuil 2 supplied by France as military aid in December 1988, (some sources say in 1991). Used for Transport and Liaison duties. Leased out to commercial use from Jun 1997 and then sold abroad Dec 1997.


Individual Details

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
DQ-FGH 5378 F-WYMT Dec 1988 wfu Jun 1997, to F-GTVE Dec 1997


Pictures


Ecureuil 2 DQ-FGH (photo, Phil Hawks via Greg Kozak)


More Information

References

Other Sources

To be added.