Air Bases and Airfields
Danish Naval Aviation

This page gives details of some of the air bases and airfields which are, or have been, used by the Danish Navy.

Vaerlose (ICAO code: EKVL)
Vaerlose is located northwest of Copenhagen, only about 20 km from the city centre. It was originally constructed as an army camp in 1910 and rebuild as a military airfield in the 1930s. After WW2 RDanAF operations were resumed, principally with transport aircraft. It became the main base of the Naval Air Service in 1962. On 1 April 2004 the airfield was closed as a military base, due to military budget cuts, and handed over to civilian use in October 2008.
Runway data: Location: N55° 46′ 3″ E012° 20′ 36″, Elev: 58 ft (18 m), Rwy 28/10, Size: 8061 x 150 ft (2457 x 46 m).

Karup (ICAO: EKKA)
Karup is located between Herning and Viborg in central Denmark. It is dual civil-military airport. It was originally build by the Germans in WW2 as Fliegerhorst Grove, and taken over by the RDanAF postwar. Since 2004 it has been the main helicopter base for the Danish armed forces.
Runway data: Location: N56° 17′ 50.85″ E009° 07′ 28.66″, Elev: 170 ft (52 m), Rwy 04/22, Size: 2936 x 50 ft (895 x 15 m), Rwy 09/27, Size: 2789 x 197 ft (850 x 60 m), Rwy 09R/27L, Size: 9607 x 150 ft (2928 x 46 m), Rwy 09L/27R, Size: 9816 x 75 ft (2992 x 23 m), Rwy 14/32, Size: 2296 x 60 ft (700 x 18 m).

Aircraft-Carrying Ships
Danish Naval Aviation

This page gives details of the ships which were, or are, used by the aircraft and helicopters of the Danish Navy.

‘Absalon’-class (Command and Support Ship)
Large aft landing area for 2 medium-sized helicopters.

Pennant Number KDM (Name) Commissioned Decommissioned Deck Code
L16 Absalon Oct 2004 current ??
L17 Esbern Snare Apr 2005 current ??

‘Beskytteren’-class (Offshore Patrol Frigate)
Modified Hvidbjoren class frigate, with helicopter hangar.

Pennant Number KDM (Name) Commissioned Decommissioned Deck Code
F340 Beskytteren Feb 1976 Nov 2000 ??

‘Hvidbjornen’-class (Offshore Patrol Frigate)
Normally one helicopter each.

Pennant Number KDM (Name) Commissioned Decommissioned Deck Code
F348 Hvidbjornen Dec 1962 Nov 1992 ??
F349 Vaedderen Mar 1963 Mar 1992 ??
F350 Ingolf July 1963 Dec 1991 ??
F351 Fylla July 1963 July 1991 ??

‘Thetis’-class (Ocean Patrol Vessel)
Aft helicopter deck and hangar for one Lynx helicopter.

Pennant Number KDM (Name) Commissioned Decommissioned Deck Code
F357 Thetis July 1991 current ??
F358 Triton Dec 1991 current ??
F359 Vaeddern June 1992 current ??
F360 Hvidbjornen Nov 1992 current ??

 

National Markings
Danish Army Aviation

    This section describes and illustrates the various national insignia used by Danish Army Aviation since its formation:




    Main MarkingFin Flash

    1971-2003
    The main marking was displayed on each side of the fuselage on helicopters. The Piper L-4 Cubs displayed the main marking in 6 positions (i.e. above and below each wing and on the fuselage sides). The fin flash was displayed on the fin. Army helicopters and aircraft did not carry service titles.

Danish Army Aviation

Operator Profile

History

Narrative Summary

The RDanAF began flying Piper L-4 Cubs for artillery spotting on behalf of the Army in 1957. A dedicated Army aviation unit was established 1971 for observation and liaison duties, flying the Piper L-4 and Hughes 500. In 1980 an anti-tank capability was added with the arrival of the Fennec. Vandel AB closed in 2003 and both helicopter units moved to Karup, combining to become Esk 724 under RDanAF control.

Key Dates

1957 AOP unit established by the RDanAF.
1971 Separate Army aviation unit established.
2003 Army aviation unit moves to Karup to become part of the RDanAF.

Current Status

In 2003 Army aviation was amalgamated into the RDanAF, and became Esk 724 at Karup.

Future Plans

Not applicable.

Markings

National Insignia

CurrentHistorical

Aircraft Serial Numbers

Danish army aircraft used the same serialling system as the air force – a letter prefix and unique three figure number for each airframe.

Unit/Base Codes

Coding system not used

Aircraft

Aircraft Designations

None – Manufacturers designations used

Current Aircraft Inventory

Not applicable.

All-Time Aircraft Used List

All-Time Table of Aircraft Used

Aircraft NOT Used

Four Bell UH-1H helicopters were offered by the USA in March 1996, but finally rejected in September 1997.

Aircraft Losses and Incidents

None known.

Organisation

Main Headquarters

PO Box 202, DK-2950 Vedbaek.

Organisational Structure

Army Aviation comprises one Battalion with two Companies.

Current Order of Battle

Not applicable.

Historical Orders of Battle

(The order of battle did not change between 1980 and 2003.
Table of the Order of Battle for 1995

All-Time Flying Units List

Observations-Helikopter Kompagni
Panservaerns-Helikopter Kompagni

Air Bases

Current Air Bases

Not applicable.

All-Time Air Bases Used List

Until 2003 the main army helicopter base was at Vandel.


More Information

Books

None known.

Magazines

World Air Power Journal No.1 p.134
Air International Feb 1995

Websites

Official Danish Army webpage

wikipedia: Royal Danish Army

airliners.net

Danish Piper Cubs

Any photographs illustrating this operator would be welcome.

 

Danish Army Air Corps

Operator Profile

History

Narrative Summary

An Army Flying School was first established in July 1912, its first equipment being a donated by a civil flying school. In 1913 the Army Air Forces established a permanent airfield at Kløvermarken. In February 1923 the Army Flying Corps was officially created, changing its name to Army Air Corps in 1932. It was considered as one of the regiments of the Army.

When Nazi Germany invaded in April 1940 one army air corps was shot down. The German occupiers prohibited all military flying and so the army aircraft were dismantled and stored in a hangar. In 1943 these aircraft were tkaen over by the Germans and pressed into service.

After the liberation of Denmark in 1945 the arm air corps was re-established, but did not have any aircraft until a number of aircraft from Britain were received late in the year. In 1950 the army air corps was merged with the naval air service to form the Royal Danish Air Force.

Key Dates

1 April 1912    First army officer completes pilot training
2 July 1912    Army Flying School established
1913    First army air station opened
1 February 1923    Army aviation branch officially created
1 November 1932    Army Air Corps formally established
9 April 1940    German invasion of Denmark
April 1940    Army air corps disbanded by German occupiers
late 1943    Stored army aircraft taken over by the Germans
December 1946    Army air corps re-established
1 November 1950    Army and Navy air arms merged to form the Royal Danish Air Force

Current Status

Not applicable.

Future Plans

Not applicable.

Markings

National Insignia

Historical

Aircraft Serial Numbers

1912-1926:
HF aircraft were initially assigned serials comprising a two letters, usually an abbreviation of the manufacturers name, and a number, e.g. Nielson & Winther Aa with the serial N&W.2.

1926-1932:
In 1926 type letters were introduced, followed by a number, e.g. D.H.60 S-100.

R for Fokker C.V, with numbers in the range 1-50
O for Fokker C.I, with numbers in the range 51-99
S for D.H. Moths, with numbers in the range 100-150*
J for fighters, with numbers in the range 151-200*
* in 1932 these numbers were revised to start at 301 to avoid duplicating Navy serials.

1932-1950:
In 1932 the numerical serials were reset to start from 1 in each category, e.g. Bristol Bulldog J-1.

Unit/Base Codes

Coding system not used.

Aircraft

Aircraft Designations

Aircraft type codes were assigned from 1932 onwards. These consisted of a roman number follwed by a role letter, e.g. II J for the Gloster Gauntlet. The role letter indicated Fighter (J), Reconnaissance (R), School trainer (S), Operational trainer (o) or Molleplan/autogyro (M). The roman number indicated the chronological order in the class, so the Gauntlet was the second type of fighter acquired under this system.

Current Aircraft Inventory

Not applicable.

All-Time Aircraft Used List

All-Time Table of Aircraft Used

Aircraft NOT Used

No false reports known.

Organisation

Main Headquarters

To be added.

Organisational Structure

By 1940 the HF was organised into two Flyveafdelinger (air wings), the Army Flying School and a Balloon Park.

Current Order of Battle

Not applicable.

Historical Orders of Battle

To be added.

All-Time Flying Units List

Sjællandske Flyverafdeling
Jydske Flyverafdeling
Flyveskolen
Ballonparken
1. Eskadrille
2. Eskadrille
3. Eskadrille
5. Eskadrille

Air Bases

Current Air Bases

Not applicable.

All-Time Air Bases Used List

The main air bases were Kastrup and Vaerlose. Other bases used included Klovermarken and Lundtofte.

More Information

Books

Danish Military Aviation Bibliography – to be added.

Magazines

To be added.

Websites

Danish Air Force, Danish Army Air Corps and Royal Danish Naval Aviation

wikipedia: Haerens Flyvertropper

The History of Danish Military Aircraft

National Markings
Danish Army Air Corps

This section describes and illustrates the various national insignia used by the Danish Army Air Corps since its formation:




Main MarkingFin Flash

1915-1950
Before 1939 the standard aircraft finish was natural metal or silver dope overall with the the serial number on the fuselage sides and a fin flash large enough to extend from the fin to the rudder. The main marking was displayed in 6 positions (i.e. above and below each wing and on the fuselage sides). After the introduction of camouflage in 1939 the markings were largely unchaged.

All-Time Aircraft Used List
Danish Army Air Corps

Aircraft Type Quantity Service Entry Out of Service Origin
Airspeed Oxford 44 1946 1950 UK
Avro 504K 5 1921 1931 UK
Avro Anson 4 1947 1949 UK
Berg og Storm B&S III 1 1912 1914 Denmark
Bleriot XI 1 1915 1915 Denmark
Boeing B-17G Flying Fortress 1 1948 1949 ex-civil
Breguet XIV-A2 4 1920 1927 France
Bristol Bulldog IIA 4 1931 1940 UK
Caudron G.III 1 1914 1922 France
Cierva C.30 2 1936 1939 UK
Dansk Konstruktion D.K.I 1 1916 1916 Denmark
Dansk Konstruktion D.K.II 1 1916 1919 Denmark
de Havilland D.H.60G Gipsy Moth 6 1928 1934 UK
de Havilland D.H.60 Moth 2 1928 1934 UK
de Havilland D.H.82 Tiger Moth 5 1933 1940 UK
de Havilland D.H.82A Tiger Moth 10 1934 1940 UK
de Havilland D.H.84M Dragon 2 1934 1939 UK
de Havilland D.H.90 Dragonfly 2 1937 1940 UK
Henri Farman HF.20 1 1913 1917 France
Henri Farman HF.22 3 1915 1919 France/Denmark
Maurice Farman ?? 4 1913 1922 France/Denmark
Fokker C.I 5 1923 1932 Netherlands/Denmark
Fokker C.V-B 5 1925 1940 Netherlands
Fokker C.V-E 37 1927 1940 Netherlands/Denmark
Fokker D.VII 1 1922 1927 Germany
Fokker D.XXI 14 1938 1940 Denmark
Fokker S.III 2 1924 1927 Netherlands
Gloster Gauntlet I 18 1935 1940 Denmark
LVG B.II 5 1920 1929 Germany/Denmark
Morane-Saulnier H 2 1915 1919 Denmark
Nielsen og Winther Aa 6 1917 1924 Denmark
Nielsen og Winther Ab 1 1917 1924 Denmark
Nielsen og Winther Ac 1 1917 1924 Denmark
North American T-6 Texan/Harvard 46 1946 1950 USA/Canada
Orlogsvaerftet H-Maskinen 9 1918 1919 Denmark
Flyverkorpsets Vaerksteder O-Maskine I O 15 1926 1940 Denmark
Flyverkorpsets Vaerksteder O-Maskine II O 8 1932 1940 Denmark
Percival Proctor 6 1945 1950 UK
Potez XV-A2 8 1923 1928 France
Rumpler B.I 1 1921 1921 Germany
SAI KZ-IIT 15 1946 1950 Denmark
SAI KZ-VII Laerke 10 1948 1950 Denmark
Schneider Grunau Baby IIB 8 1941 1950 Denmark
Schneider S.G.38 7 1941 1950 Denmark
Sodertalje S.W.17 2 1918 1919 Denmark
Supermarine Sea Otter I 7 1946 1950 UK
Supermarine Spitfire IX 4 1948 1950 UK
Supermarine Spitfire LF/HF.IXe 40 1947 1950 UK
Supermarine Spitfire PR.XI 3 1947 1950 UK
Supermarine Spitfire XVI 1 1948 1950 UK
Vickers F.B.5 12 1917 1919 Denmark

Additionanal information is welcome