Danish Naval Air Service

Operator Profile

History

Narrative Summary

Danish naval officers began training as pilots at private flying schools in late 1911. In 1912 an aircraft was donated to the Danish Navy, allowing the establishment of an aviation unit. Denmark was neutral in WW1 and so was unable to obtain aircraft from abroad. Instead, the Naval Shipyard was tasked with supplying the service with flying boats. After WW1 the aviation unit was able to expand and in 1923 became an independent branch of the navy.

With the growing risk of a European war, a re-equipment programme was belatedly launched in 1938, but came too late for any of the ordered aircraft to be delivered. When Nazi Germany invaded in April 1940 the naval air service did not resist. The German occupiers prohibited all military flying and so the naval aircraft were dismantled and stored in a hangar. In 1943 these aircraft were set on fire in an act of sabotage, to prevent the Germans from taking them into service.

After the liberation of Denmark in 1945 the naval air service was re-established, but did not have any aircraft until late 1946 when a number of aircraft from Britain were received. In 1950 the naval air service was merged with the army air arm to form the Royal Danish Air Force.

Key Dates

14 December 1911    First naval officers begin pilot training
25 March 1912    First aircraft received
20 April 1915    First purpose-built naval air station opened
15 September 1923    Independent naval air service created
9 April 1940    German invasion of Denmark
April 1940    Naval air service disbanded by German occupiers
22 November 1943    Stored naval aircraft destroyed by sabotage
December 1946    Naval air service re-established
1 November 1950    Army and Navy air arms merged to form the Royal Danish Air Force

Current Status

Not applicable.

Future Plans

Not applicable.

Markings

National Insignia

Historical

Aircraft Serial Numbers

1912-1918:
MF aircraft were assigned individual names.

1918-1950:
MF aircraft Wwere given two or three-digit numerical serial numbers ranging between 1 and 242, e.g. Hawker Dantorp 202. These numbers were allocated in a sequence based on the aircrsaft’s main role:

1-99 for seaplane reconnaissance aircraft
101-149 for landplane trainers
151-200 for fighters
201+ for torpedo-bombers

Unit/Base Codes

Coding system not used.

Aircraft

Aircraft Designations

Aircraft type codes were assigned from 1921 onwards. These consisted of two letters and a roman number, e.g. H.B.III for the Hawker Dantorp. The first letter indicated flying boat (F), floatplane (H) or landplane (L). The second letter indicated biplane (B) or monoplane (M). The roman number indicated the chronological order in the class, so the H.B.III was the third type of floatplane biplane acquired.

Current Aircraft Inventory

Not applicable.

All-Time Aircraft Used List

All-Time Table of Aircraft Used

Aircraft NOT Used

12 Fairey P.4/34 light bombers were ordered for manufacture under licence by the Orlogsvaerftet, and 12 Macchi MC.200 fighters were ordered. None were completed by the time of the German invasion in 9 April 1940.

Organisation

Main Headquarters

NAS Copenhagen, Margretheholm.

Organisational Structure

By 1940 the MF was organised into two Air Flotilla (squadrons), and the Naval Flying School.

Current Order of Battle

Not applicable.

Historical Orders of Battle

To be added.

All-Time Flying Units List

1. Luftflotille
2. Luftflotille
Flyveskolen

Air Bases

Current Air Bases

Not applicable.

All-Time Air Bases Used List

The main air bases were NAS Copenhagen, Margretheholm and NAS Avno, South Zealand. A further minor base was at NAS Slipshavn on Funen.

Aircraft-Carrying Ships

To be added.

More Information

Books

Danish Military Aviation Bibliography – to be added.

Magazines

To be added.

Websites

wikipedia: Royal Danish Navy

Naval Aviation

Danish Air Force, Danish Army Air Corps and Royal Danish Naval Aviation

Order of Battle – Royal Danish Navy 8 April 1940

wikipedia: Marinens Flyvevaesen

The History of Danish Military Aircraft

National Markings
Danish Naval Air Service

    This section describes and illustrates the various national insignia used by the Danish Naval Air Service since its formation:




    Main MarkingFin Flash

    1915-1950
    Before 1939 the standard aircraft finish was natural metal or silver dope overall with the the serial number on the fuselage sides and a fin flash large enough to extend from the fin to the rudder. The main marking was displayed in 4 positions (i.e. above and below each wing). After the introduction of camouflage in 1939 the markings were largely unchaged.

All-Time Aircraft Used List
Danish Naval Air Service

Aircraft Type Quantity Service Entry Out of Service Origin
Avro 504K 6 1920 1928 UK
Avro 504N 6 1925 1936 UK
Avro 621 Tutor 6 1932 1940 UK
Boeing B-17G Flying Fortress 1 1949 1950 Army
Curtiss Seagull 1 1919 1921 USA
Dansk Aero Babyfalk 1 1949 1950 Denmark
Dansk Aero 2G 3 1949 1950 Denmark
de Havilland D.H.60G Gipsy Moth 2 1928 1931 UK
de Havilland D.H.60 Moth 3 1931 1940 UK
de Havilland D.H.89 Dragon Rapide 1 1940 1940 UK
Donnet-Leveque Type A 2 1913 1915 France
Dornier Do F2 Wal 1 1938 1940 Germany
Henri Farman Kopi 1 1912 1913 Denmark
Maurice Farman ?? 1 1917 1917 France
Friedrichshafen FF 29 1 1917 1917 Germany
Friedrichshafen FF 49 7 1919 1926 Germany
Hansa-Brandenburg W.29 16 1919 1931 Germany
Hawker Danecock 15 1926 1936 UK
Hawker Dantorp 2 1933 1940 UK
Hawker Nimrod I 2 1934 1940 UK
Hawker Nimrod II 10 1934 1940 UK
Heinkel He 8 22 1928 1940 Germany
North American Harvard IIB 4 1946 1959 Canada
Orlogsvaerftet F.B. II 8 1914 1919 Denmark
Orlogsvaerftet F.B. III 10 1915 1920 Denmark
Orlogsvaerftet F.B. IV 2 1917 1921 Denmark
Orlogsvaerftet F.B. V 3 1919 1921 Denmark
Orlogsvaerftet H.B. I 4 1918 1924 Denmark
SAI KZ-IIS 4 1940 1940 Denmark
SAI KZ-III 2 1946 1950 Denmark
Supermarine Nanok 1 1927 1927 UK
Supermarine Sea Otter I 7 1946 1950 UK

Additionanal information is welcome

Royal Danish Air Force

Operator Profile

History

Narrative Summary

Air Force History

Key Dates

Air Force Timeline

Current Status

To be added. Note: The name of the Danish Airforce is “FLYVEV├ůBNET” or in English “Royal Danish Air Force”. There is no such thing as “Kongelige Danske Flyvevaaben”.

Future Plans

None known.


Markings

National Insignia

CurrentHistorical

Aircraft Serial Numbers

The Danish military serial numbering system consists of a letter prefix and a three digit mumber. The letter identifies the aircraft type and the number is usually derived from the airframe’s construction number or previous identity. The letters are reused once a type has been retired. Where there are significantly different variants of a type in service, an additional letter is added as a suffix to the type designation letter, e.g. E-181 for F-16A and ET-207 for F-16B.

Unit/Base Codes

Coding system not used

Aircraft

Aircraft Designations

None – Manufacturers designations used.

Current Aircraft Inventory

Table of Current Service Aircraft

All-Time Aircraft Used List

All-Time Table of Aircraft Used

Aircraft NOT Used

False reports of aircraft on order or in service

Organisation

Main Headquarters

Air Staff, PO Box 202, DK-2950 Vedbaek.

Organisational Structure

The RDanAF is organised into two commands, Tactical Air Command (TACDEN) and Air Materiel Command (AMC). The operational squadrons are controlled by TACDEN (Flyvertaktisk Kommando or FTK), while the Flying School (Flyveskolen) is controlled by AMC.

Current Order of Battle

Table of Current Order of Battle

Historical Orders of Battle

List of Historical Orders of Battle – to be added.

All-Time Flying Units List

Units List

Air Bases

Current Air Bases

The main air bases currently used are Aalborg, Karup and Skrydstrup.

All-Time Air Bases Used List

In addition to the main bases, there are also a number of smaller airports and airfields around the country which are sometimes used by the Air Force.
Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.

More Information

Books

Danish Military Aviation Bibliography – to be added.

Magazines

World Air Power Journal No.1 p.134

Websites

Official Royal Danish Air Force webpage

wikipedia: Royal Danish Air Force

Scramble: Royal Danish Air Force

PlanePictures.net

Airliners.net

www.jets.dk

Air-Britain Photos: Royal Danish Air Force

amarc.dk

Narrative History
Royal Danish Air Force

On 1 October 1950 the Royal Danish Air Force was formed combining the existing Army and Navy air services. In 1970 the Army, Navy and Air Force were placed under a unified Defence High Command. In 2003 the aviation units of the Army were merged into the Air Force as Esk 724.

[To be rewritten].

Key Dates
Royal Danish Air Force

1 October 1950    Air Force formed from amalgamation of Army and Navy air arms
1950    First jet aircraft delivered – Meteor F.4
1952    First helicopters received – Bell 47
1970    Unified Defence High Command established
2003    Army aviation unit merged into the Air Force

National Markings
Royal Danish Air Force

This section describes and illustrates the various national insignia used by the Royal Danish Air Force since its formation:




Main MarkingFin Flash

1945-present
The main marking is displayed in 6 positions (ie above and below each wing, and on each side of the fuselage) on aircraft – but on fuselage sides only on helicopters. The fin flash is displayed on the tailfin. Aircraft do not carry service titles.

All-Time Aircraft Used List
Royal Danish Air Force

Aircraft Type Quantity Service Entry Out of Service Origin
Aerospatiale AS 550C2 Fennec 12 2003 current Army
AgustaWestland AW101 Merlin 14 2006 current UK
Airspeed Oxford 49 1950 1955 UK
Agusta AB47J Ranger 3 1958 1967 Italy
Bell 47D-1 Sioux 3 1952 1958 USA
Boeing B-17G Flying Fortress 1 1950 1953 Army/Navy?
Canadair CF-104G Starfighter 15 1972 1984 CAF
Canadair CF-104D Starfighter 7 1971 1984 CAF
Canadair CL-604 Challenger 4 1998 current Canada
Consolidated PBY-5A Catalina 8 1951 1969 USA
Consolidated PBY-6A Catalina 8 1957 1970 USA
Dansk Aero 2G 3 1950 19?? local
Dansk Aero Babyfalk 1 1953 19?? local
De Havilland Canada DHC-1 Chipmunk T.20/T.21 23/4 1950 1976 UK
Douglas C-47 Dakota 8 1953 1982 USA
Douglas C-54 Skymaster 6 1959 1977 USA
Elliotts Eon Olympia 3 1950 1959 UK
Fairey Firefly TT.1 6 1951 1958 UK
Flyvemateriel Tjenesten Polyt III 1 1954 1966 local
Gloster Meteor F.4 20 1950 1956 Navy?
Gloster Meteor T.7 9 1950 1963 UK
Gloster Meteor F.8 20 1951 1962 UK
Gloster Meteor NF.11 20 1952 1959 UK
Gloster Meteor TT.20 6? 1959 1962 UK
Grumman Gulfstream II 1 1981 1981 USA
Grumman G.1159A Gulfstream III SMA 4 1982 2004 USA
Hawker Hunter T.7 2 1967 1974 UK
Hawker Hunter F.51 30 1956 1974 UK
Hawker Hunter T.53 2 1958 1974 UK
Hughes 500M 16 2003 2005 Army
Lockheed C-130H Hercules 3 1975 2004 USA
Lockheed F-104G Starfighter 25 1964 1986 USA
Lockheed TF-104G Starfighter 4 1964 1986 USA
Lockheed T-33A 26 1953 1977 USA
Lockheed Martin C-130J-30 Super Hercules 4 2004 current USA
Lockheed Martin F-16AM 62 1980 current Belgium/Neth.
Lockheed Martin F-16BM 16 1980 current Belgium/Neth.
Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II 30 USA
North American F-86D Sabre 61 1958 1966 USA
North American F-100D Super Sabre 48 1958 1982 USA
North American F-100F Super Sabre 10 1959 1982 USA
North American TF-100F Super Sabre 14 1974 1982 USA
North American T-6 Texan/Harvard 46 1950 1959 Army/Navy?
Percival Pembroke C.52/2 6 1956 1960 UK
Percival President I 1 1959 1961 UK
Percival Proctor 6 1950 1951 Army/Navy?
Polytekn Flyvegr Polyt II 1 1950 1957 local
Republic F-84E Thunderjet 6 1951 1954 USA
Republic F-84G Thunderjet 238 1952 1962 USA
Republic RF-84F Thunderflash 23 1957 1971 USA
SAAB T-17 Supporter 32 1975 1998 Sweden
SAAB F 35 Draken 20 1970 1993 Sweden
SAAB RF 35 Draken 20 1971 1993 Sweden
SAAB TF 35 Draken 11 1971 1993 Sweden
SAAB J 35F Draken 2 1987 19?? Sweden
SAAB S 35E Draken 5 1980 19?? Sweden
SAGEM Sperwer UAV ? 2004 2005
S.A.I. KZ-IIT 15 1950 1955 Army
S.A.I. KZ-VII Laerke 10 1950 1977 Army
Schleicher Ka 6CR Rhonsegler 4 1960 1966 Germany
Schleicher Ka 7 Rhonadler 3 1959 1966 Germany
Schleicher Ka 8B 8 1961 1966 Germany
Schneider Grunau Baby IIB 11 1950 1960 local
Schneider S.G.38 2 1950 1957 local
Schweizer TG-3 1 1953 1955 Germany
Sikorsky S-55C 7 1957 1966 USA
Sikorsky S-61A-1 Sea King 9 1965 current USA
Supermarine Sea Otter I 7 1950 1952 Navy
Supermarine Spitfire IX 40 1950 1955 Army
Supermarine Spitfire PR.XI 3 1950 1955 Army
Supermarine Spitfire XVI 1 1950 1951 Army

Additional information is welcome