Denmark Key Dates

12,000 BC    First humans settle in the coastal regions of the southern Baltic.
250 AD    Danish people and language have become established.
700 AD    Strong Danish kingdom starts to dominate trade in the sourthern North Sea.
793 AD    Danish pirates known as Vikings begin raiding throughout Western Europe.
865 AD    Large Danish army lands in England to extract tribute, but later settles there.
c. 965 AD    King Harold Bluetooth converts to Christianity.
970 AD    King Harold Bluetooth establishes unified kingdom of Denmark.
1013    Conquest of England by Svend Forkbeard.
1018-35    Denmark, Norway and Sweden united under King Canute I. Unity ends after his death.
1241    Danish empire extends to Estonia.
1380    Iceland united with Denmark.
1397    Kalmar Union – uniting Denmark, Norway and Sweden under the Danish crown.
1523    Sweden wins independence from Denmark.
1536    Lutheranism adopted as state religion.
1660    Treaty of Copenhagen – sets modern borders for Denmark, Sweden and Norway.
1729    Greenland becomes Danish province.
1803    Denmark sides with Napoleon in Napoleonic Wars.
1814    Peace of Kiel – Denmark forced to cede Norway to Swedish rule.
1848-51    Denmark loses a war with Prussia over status of Schleswig.
1849    First democratic constitution – constitutional monarchy introduced.
1850    Rapid industrialisation begins.
1864    Denmark attacked by Austria and Prussia and forced to cede provinces of Schleswig and Holstein to Prussia.
1914    Denmark neutral in World War I.
1920    Northern Schleswig votes to return to Danish rule.
1920    Denmark joins League of Nations.
31 March 1939    Denmark signs 10-year non-aggression pact with Nazi Germany.
September 1939    Denmark neutral in World War II.
April 1940    Germany invades and occupies Denmark. Danish government accepts occupation in return for some control of domestic affairs.
1943    Success of Danish Resistance campaign forces Germany to take full control.
1944    Iceland declares independence from Denmark.
May 1945    Germany surrenders. Denmark recognises Icelandic independence.
1945    Denmark joins United Nations.
1948    Faeroe Islands granted home rule within the Danish state.
4 April 1949    Denmark becomes a founder member of NATO.
1952    Denmark becomes a founder member of Nordic Council.
1953    Greenland becomes integral part of Denmark.
1959    Denmark joins EFTA.
1 January 1975    Denmarks joins the EEC.
1979    Greenland granted home rule.
2000    Adoption of the Euro rejected in a referendum.
2003    Denmark participates in invasion of Iraq.

Denmark National History


Neutral in First World War. 1920 northern part of Schleswig incorporated into Denmark after referendum. Invaded by Germany 9 April 1940 and surrended the same day. Occupied until spring 1945. Founder member of NATO on 4 April 1949. Joined European Community in 1973. Overseas territories comprise Greenland and Faeroe Islands.

[To be rewritten]

Cockpit (1)

Aviation-related Magazines Guide

‘Cockpit’ is a bi-monthly historical aviation magazine, published by the Aviation History Society of Denmark (DFS). It was first published in February 1991.

Each issue is A4 size, with 44 pages and illustrated with b+w photos. The contents includes society news, historical articles, scale aircraft modelling articles, current Danish aviation, RDanAF unit histories, aircraft types in Danish service, preservation news etc.

Further information:
DFS

Flyv

Aviation-related Magazines Guide

Published monthly since 1928, ‘Flyv’ is the official magazine of the Royal Danish Aero Club (KDA), which was first established in June 1928. Although mainly focussed on private and sport flying, the magazine covers all aspects of flying – civil and military, Danish and international.

‘Flyv’ is the only Danish printed magazine for pilots and those interested in flying. It is designed to appeal to those engaged in gliding, parachuting or ballooning, as well as the operation of powered aircraft. Feature articles focus on tests of new aircraft, flight safety and current events in Danish and international flight.

Recent issues have 50 pages each and are printed on glossy A4 paper, with colour photographs on every page.

In 2012 the KDA was forced to stop publishing ‘Flyv’ due to financial difficulties. Fortunately, the title was taken over by publishing company RB ApS in January 2013, and relaunched as a bi-monthly with effect from the February 2013 issue.

Editors of the magazine have been: John Foltman 1928-1964, Per Weishaupt 1964-1988, Hans Kofoed 1988-1998, Knud Larsen 1998-2012, Rune Balle 2013-onwards.

Further information:
Flyv

DC-3 Nyt

Aviation-related Magazines Guide

‘DC-3 Nyt’ is a magazine published by DC-3 Vennerne (Danish Dakota Friends), formed in November 1991, which operates to keep the last Danish DC-3 Dakota OY-BPB in flying condition.

The magazine is published quarterly and comprises an A4 size publication of 16-20 pages, illustrated with b+w and colour photos, both old and new. It is filled with great stories about the DC-3 and other interesting old aircraft. It is also where members tell of the DC-3 trips they have been on or about other DC-3s they have met around the world.

Further information:
DC-3 Nyt

Flyveshistorisk Tidsskrift

Aviation-related Magazines Guide

‘Flyveshistorisk Tidsskrift’ is the official journal of the Danish Aviation Historical Society (DFF). Published quarterly since 1967, it focusses on Danish aviation history, both civil and military from all time periods.

An A4 size publication with about 12 pages in early issues and 24 pages in later issues, illustrated with b+w photos and scale drawings. Recent issues also include colour photos. THe magazine includes articles on old and new aircraft types, flying, aviation business, biographies, book reviews, museum news etc.

Further information:
DFF

IAPA Report

Aviation-related Magazines Guide

‘IAPA Report’ was an attempt at a new stye of magazine, being published in batches of loose-leaf pages that were intended for filing in any order the reader wished. Being published by the International Aviation Photographers Association (IAPA), the content was almost entirely pictorial, covering current NATO squadron aircraft in detail.

Each issue comprised about 12 A4-sized pages, supplied loose leave in a sturdy envelope, with large b+w photos on nearly every page, and some tone drawings. The brief text was printed in English, German, French and Spanish. There were about four articles in each issue, usually comprising of photos of aircraft from the squadrons of three different European air forces, plus a photo report on an Exercise or historical feature. Published quarterly from 1978, it ceased publication in late 1982. Although printed on glossy paper with excellent photo reproduction, the complete lack of colour may have hindered sales.

Further information:
No source known.

Luft- og rumfartsårbogen

Aviation-related Magazines Guide

The title means ‘Aviation and Space Yearbook’. From 1982 until 2000 the editor and publisher of ‘Propel’ maagzine, Bent Aalbæk-Nielsen, published an annual survey of aviation and space activity. Each issue covered a wide range of aviation topics – Danish and international, civil and military, modern and historical. Most were 205-208 pages each and illustrated with photos. A total of 18 issues were produced.

Further information:
Luft- og Rumfartsforlaget

IPMS Nyt

Aviation-related Magazines Guide

‘IPMS Nyt’ means ‘IPMS News’ and is the official magazine of IPMS Denmark. A quarterly scale plastic modelling magazine, it includes branch news and reviews, features on AFVs, ships and aircraft modelling etc. Also includes techniques, reviews, history and a few photos. During the period 1971-1975 it regularly featured Danish Air Force subjects, but later moved in to a more general range of topics.

An A4 size with 30 (later 40) pages per issue, illustrated with colour covers and b+w photos inside. It was first published in 1971 and became quarterly from 1977. Production reached issue No.100 in April 2003. It is published in Danish with an English summary.

Further information:
IPMS Denmark