French Naval Aviation

Operator Profile

History

Narrative Summary

1910 first Naval officers sent for flying training. 1910 formation of Service Aeronautique. 12 March 1912 creation of Commandement Superieur de l’Aviation Maritime. 1925 Aeronautique Maritime formed, later renamed Aeronautique Navale. 10 May 1940 onwards Naval units operated in tactical role supporting land forces. June 1940 Vichy naval aviation under German control. 1944 French control of naval aviation restored. November 1956 major participant in Suez campaign.

Key Dates

1910    First French begin flying training
1910    Service Aeronautique established
12 March 1912    Renamed Service de l’Aeronautique de la Marine
1925    Renamed Aeronautique Maritime
12 March 1912    Renamed Service de l’Aeronautique de la Marine
1925    Renamed Aeronautique Maritime
19??    Renamed Aeronautique Navale
10 May 1940    Support to land forces in Battle of France
June 1940    Vichy France under German control
1944    French regain control of naval air arm
1955    First helicopters received – Sikorsky H-19
November 1956    Major participant in Suez Campaign
1958    First production jet aircraft delivered – MS.760 Paris
7 May 1994    Nuclear-powered aircraft carrier Charles de Gaulle launched

Current Status

The aircraft and helicopters of the French Navy are fully operational.

Future Plans

No plans known.

Markings

Special Markings

CurrentHistorical

Aircraft Serial Numbers

French Navy aircraft carry French military serial numbers which are usually based on the manufacturers construction number for the airframe concerned. There is thus no overall numbering sequence, but a numbering sequence from 01 or 1 for each individual type. For example, Super Etendard 46 shares the same number as Alize 46.

Unit/Base Codes

Until baout 1960 all Aeronavale aircraft carried a unit code on the fuselage. This was of the format number.letter.number, e.g. TBM-3 Avenger 9.F.26, where the unit was Flotille 9F and the individual aircraft number was 26.

Aircraft

Aircraft Designations

None – Manufacturers designations used

Current Aircraft Inventory

Table of Current Service Aircraft

All-Time Aircraft Used List

All-Time Table of Aircraft Used

Aircraft NOT Used

False reports of aircraft on order or in service

Organisation

Main Headquarters

Service Centrale de l’Aeronautique Navale, 2 Rue Royale, 75800 Paris.

Organisational Structure

The three major components of the Aeronavale are: Service Central de l’Aeronautique Navale (Central Aviation Services), Aviation de Patrouille Maritime (Maritime Air Patrol) and Aviation Embarquee et le Groupe des Porte-Avions (Embarked Aviation). The navy is geographically divided into Atlantic Region (HQ Brest) and Mediterranean Region (HQ Toulon). Frontline units are Flotilles (Squadrons), second line units are Escadrilles de Servitude (Support Flights).

Current Order of Battle

Table of Current Order of Battle

Historical Orders of Battle

Historical Order of Battle for 2008

All-Time Flying Units List

List of Flying Units

Air Bases

Current Air Bases

See current order of battle.

All-Time Air Bases Used List

In addition to the main base, a number of smaller airports and airfields around the country which are sometimes used by the Navy.
Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.
Aircraft-Carrying Ships Listing – to be added.

More Information

Books

French Military Aviation by Paul A. Jackson (Midland Counties, 1979)
European Air Forces Directory 2012/13 (Mach III)

Magazines

World Air Power Journal No.10 p.148
Air International March 1997

Websites

Official Homepage of the Aeronavale

wikipedia: French Navy
wikipedia: French Naval Aviation
wikipedia: Liste des escadrilles et flottilles de l’aviation navale

Scramble: French Air Arms

PlanePictures.net

Airliners.net

Air-Britain Photos: French Navy

Les Helicopteres de l’Aeronautique Navale

French Fleet Air Arm

Aeroforum Aeronautique Navale

Mer et Marine

Aeronautique Navale

Alabordache

Net-Marine

French Wings

Any further photographs illustrating this air arm would be welcome.

All-Time Aircraft Used List
French Naval Aviation

Aircraft Type Quantity Service Entry Out of Service Origin
Aerospatiale SA 360A Dauphin 1 1977 1977 France
Aerospatiale SA 365F Dauphin 2 3 1991 current France
Aerospatiale SA 365N2 Dauphin 2 8 1991 current France
Aerospatiale AS 565SA Panther 15 1995 current France
Aichi E13A1 Jake 6 1945 1948 captured
Aiglon-Roulier 1 1917 1917 France
Amiot AAC.1 Toucan (Ju 52/3m) 56 1945 1963 France
Amiot 110 2 1936 1938 France
Amiot 150BE 1 1937 1939 France
Amiot 354 1 1942 1942 France
Andre Levy A. L. 2 1 1918 1918 France
ANF Les Mureaux 1 C1 1 1924 1924 France
Ansaldo ISV A 1 1919 1919 Italy
Arsenal VG90 2 1950 1952 France
Avro Anson I 33 1946 1951 UK
Avro Lancaster B.I 32 1952 1964 UK
Avro Lancaster B.VII 22 1952 1964 UK
Avro York I 5 1954 1961 UK
Avro Type 671 (Cierva C.30A) 4 1939 1940 UK
Beech JRB-4 Expeditor 27 1961 1973 USA
Beech SNB-5 Navigator 20 1953 1974 USA
Bell 47D-1 Sioux 3 1951 1960 USA
Bell 47G-2 Sioux 15 1954 1960 USA
Bellanger-Denhaut BD.22 5 1924 1925 France
Bernard H.52 C1 2 1933 1934 France
Bernard H.110 C1 1 1935 1935 France
Besson MB-11 (H-5) 1 1922 1922 France
Besson MB-26 1 1925 1926 France
Besson MB-35 Passe-Parlout 6 1926 1929 France
Besson MB-410 1 1929 1934 France
Besson MB-411 2 1935 1940 France
Blanchard Brd.1 HB3 24 1924 1925 France
Bleriot XI-2 1 1914 1914 France
Bleriot 118 1 1925 1925 France
Bleriot-SPAD S.34bis 3 1920 19?? France
Bloch MB.151 25 1940 1942 France
Bloch MB.152 1 1940 1940 France
Bloch MB.174 1 1940 1940 France
Bloch MB.175T (S.O.175T) 80 1946 1953 France
Bloch MB.210 Hy 1 1937 1940 France
Bloch MB.211 Verdun 1 1934 1935 France
Bloch MB.480 2 1939 1940 France
Bodiansky 30 1 1932 1932 France
Borel-Odier T BO-2 91 1917 1919 France
Boulton Paul Defiant 1 1943 1944 RAF
Breguet 110/130 hp Canton-Unne 1 1914 1914 France
Breguet 200 hp Canton-Unne 1 1914 1914 France
Breguet 200 hp Canton-Unne Type AU3 1 1915 1915 France
Breguet Bre.14 B2/A2 100 1922 1928 France
Breguet Bre.14H ? 1923 1932 France
Breguet Bre.19 B2 15 1929 1930 France
Breguet Bre.521 Bizerte 34 1935 1946 France
Breguet Bre.530 Saigon 1 1939 1940 impressed
Breguet Bre.610 1 1935 1935 France
Breguet Bre.694 1 1940 1940 France
Breguet Br.730 2 1945 1951 France
Breguet Br.731 2 1947 1954 France
Breguet Br.790 Nautilus 2 1940 1940 France
Breguet Br.960 Vultur 2 1951 1954 France
Breguet Br.965 Epaulard 1 1955 1956 France
Breguet Br.1050 Alize 75 1957 2000 France
Breguet Br.1150 Atlantic 46 1965 1996 France
Breguet Br.1150 Atlantique 2 28 1991 current France
Breguet Short S.8 Calcutta 5 1932 1940 France
CAMS 30E 20 1924 1924 France
CAMS 31B 2 1922 1926 France
CAMS 32R 1 1923 1926 France
CAMS 33B 12 1923 19?? France
CAMS 37 1 1926 1927 France
CAMS 37A 128 1928 1940 France
CAMS 37Lia 36 1930 1938 France
CAMS 37.11 110 1932 1942 France
CAMS 46 15 1926 1928 France
CAMS 51 1 1927 1928 France
CAMS 55 4 1929 1933 France
CAMS 55.2 29 1931 1940 France
CAMS 55.6 1 1930 1940 France
CAMS 55.10 28 1930 1940 France
CAMS 55.14 1 1930 1940 France
CAMS 80 2 1934 1938 France
CAMS 110 1 1938 1939 France
CAMS 120 1 1935 1938 France
SNCAO CAO.600 1 1940 1940 France
Caproni Ca.164 6 1940 1940 Italy
Castel C.301S 24 1946 1952 France
Caudron 100 hp et 80 hp Type J 3 1914 1916 France
Caudron 150 hp Canton-Unne Type R 1 1915 1917 France
Caudron C.59 90 1925 1931 France
Caudron C.109 4 1929 1935 France
Caudron C.410 Phalene 1 1939 1940 France
Caudron C.445 Goeland 28 1939 1945 France
Caudron C.449 Goeland 32 1945 1954 France
Caudron C.635 Simoun 23 1937 1950 France
Caudron C.800 Epervier 53 1946 1952 France
Caudron G.3 5 1917 1922 France
Caudron G.4 6 1917 1918 France
Centre NC-410 1 1939 1940 impressed
Centre NC-420 1 1940 1942 France
Centre NC-470 15 1939 1940 impressed
Centre NC-471 1 1939 1940 impressed
Cessna L-19 Bird Dog 3 1956 1956 USA
Cessna UC-78 Bobcat 9 1943 1951 USA
Cirrus SR20 3 2012 current USA
Consolidated PBY-5A Catalina 43 1943 1971 USA
Consolidated PBY-6A Catalina 3 1966 1973 USA
Consolidated OA-10A Catalina 2 1946 1955 USA
Consolidated PB4Y-2 Privateer 24 1951 1960 USA
Coutant RMC Type 17 20 1918 1919 France
Curtiss Paulhan flying boat 1+ 1913 19?? USA
Curtiss H-16 3 1918 1920 USA
Curtiss SBC-4 Helldiver 44 1940 1942 USA
Curtiss SB2C-4 Helldiver ? 1951 1958 USA
Curtiss SB2C-5 Helldiver 104 1950 1958 USA
Dassault Etendard IVM 68 1962 1991 France
Dassault Etendard IVP 21 1964 2000 France
Dassault Super Etendard 70 1978 current France
Dassault Falcon 10MER 7 1975 current France
Dassault Falcon 20G Gardian 5 1983 current France
Dassault Falcon 50M SURMAR 4 1999 current France
Dassault MD.312M Flamant 25 1952 1973 France
Dassault Rafale M 62 # 1991 current France
de Havilland D.H.60M Moth 1 1929 1934 France
de Havilland Vampire FB.5 36 1953 1962 France
Denhaut Hy.479 1 1926 1927 France
Dewoitine D.1 44 1925 1932 France
Dewoitine D.373 19 1936 1940 France
Dewoitine D.376 26 1938 1940 France
Dewoitine D.501 30 1935 1941 France
Dewoitine D.510 24 1939 1940 France
Dewoitine D.520 101 1940 1948 France
Dewoitine HD.730 2 1941 1946 France
Dewoitine HD.731 1 1941 1941 France
Dewoitine D.750 1 1940 1940 France
Dewoitine HD.780 1 1940 1940 France
Donnet-Denhaut D.D.1 1 1915 1915 France
Donnet-Denhaut 160 hp Canton-Unne (D.D.2) 90 1916 1918 France
Donnet-Denhaut 140/150 hp (D.D.2) 195 1916 1922 France
Donnet-Denhaut 160 hp Lorraine 130 1917 1918 France
Donnet-Denhaut 200 hp HS Triplace (D.D.9) 80 1917 1918 France
Donnet-Denhaut 230 hp 1 1917 1918 France
Donnet-Denhaut 200 hp HS RR 65 1917 1920 France
Donnet-Denhaut 200 hp HS BB (D.D.8) 450 1917 1922 France
Donnet-Denhaut bimoteur (D.D.10) 30 1918 1919 France
Donnet-Denhaut 275 hp 30 1919 1924 France
Dornier Do 24T-2 39 1944 1953 local
Douglas C-47D Dakota 29 1947 1984 USA
Douglas C-54 Skymaster 3 1959 1982 USA
Douglas DC-6B 1 1972 1982 USA
Douglas SBD-5 Dauntless 53 1944 1949 USA
Embraer EMB-121AN Xingu 18 1982 current Brazil
Eurocopter EC225 3 2010 current France
Maurice Farman Type 1910 1 1910 1912 France
Maurice Farman Type 1912 MF.1 1 1912 1914 France
Henri Farman HF.1/HF.2 2 1912 1914 France
Henri Farman HF.22 HF.3 1 1915 1915 France
Farman F.50 Bn2 3 1919 1923 France
Farman F.50T 2 1922 1922 France
Farman F.60 Bn2 Goliath ? 1927 1934 France
Farman F.60 Torp. Goliath 30 1921 1929 France
Farman F.65 Torp. Goliath 60 1925 1931 France
Farman F.66 Torp. Goliath 2 1925 1926 France
Farman F.150 1 1926 1928 France
Farman F.165 Goliath 46 1927 1931 France
Farman F.166 Goliath 43 1928 1938 France
Farman F.167 Goliath 1 1930 1931 France
Farman F.168 Torp. Goliath 198 1929 1938 France
Farman F.222 3 1939 1940 impressed
Farman F.223.1 1 1939 1939 France
Farman F.223.4 3 1940 1940 France
Farman F.270/F.271 1 1933 1934 France
Farman F.368 Torp. Goliath 1 1933 1938 France
Farman Blanchard Trimotor HB5 2 1922 1923 France
Farman-Levy HB2 20 1921 1924 France
FBA Type C 300 1915 1922 France
FBA Type H 330 1916 1922 France
FBA 250 hp Type Alerte 2 1918 1919 France
FBA Type S 220 1918 1922 France
FBA 14 20 1923 1924 France
FBA 17 HE2 262 1924 1940 France
FBA 17 HL1 2 1926 1932 France
FBA 17 HL2 20 1927 1937 France
FBA 17 HMT2 21 1925 1938 France
FBA 19 HMB2 8 1926 1928 France
FBA 173 1 1938 1940 France
FBA 293 3 1933 1938 France
FBA 294 3 1933 1940 France
FIAT CR.42 1 1940 1940 Italy
Focke Achgelis Fa 330 3 1946 1947 captured
Focke Wulf Fw 190A-8 (SNCAC NC.900) 2 1946 1946 France
Fouga CM.170M Magister 2 1956 1962 France
Fouga CM.175 Zephyr 30 1959 1994 France
Friedrichshafen FF.33E 6 1918 1919 captured
Georges Levy G.L.40 HB2 100 1917 1926 France
Gourdou G-120 Hy 1 1940 1940 France
Gourdou Leseurre L.2 1 1927 1928 France
Gourdou-Leseurre L.3 6 1929 1940 France
Gourdou Leseurre GL-22 C1 30 1922 1927 France
Gourdou-Leseurre GL-22 ET1 15 1924 1928 France
Gourdou Leseurre LGL-32 15 1929 1930 France
Gourdou Leseurre GL-430 1 1931 1932 France
Gourdou Leseurre GL-432 4 1936 1946 France
Gourdou Leseurre GL.521 2 1937 1938 France
Gourdou Leseurre GL-810 24 1930 1940 France
Gourdou Leseurre GL-811 20 1932 1940 France
Gourdou Leseurre GL-812 39 1934 1945 France
Gourdou Leseurre GL-813 13 1934 1940 France
Gourdou Leseurre GL-820 1 1936 1939 France
Gourdou Leseurre GL-821 2 1937 1940 France
Gourdou Leseurre GL-830 1 1930 1930 France
Gourdou Leseurre GL-831 1 1931 1932 France
Gourdou Leseurre GL-832 22 1935 1944 France
Grumman E-2C Hawkeye 3 1998 current USA
Grumman F6F-5 Hellcat 143 1950 1960 USA
Grumman JRF-5 Goose 17 1952 1962 USA
Grumman TBM-3 Avenger 164 1951 1965 USA
Hanriot HD.2 138 1917 1928 France
Hanriot HD 3 15 1919 1923 France
Hanriot HD 4 1 1918 1918 France
Hanriot HD.12 4 1921 1923 France
Hanriot HD.14 14 1923 1925 France
Hanriot HD.17 30 1922 1926 France
Hanriot HD.41 43 1927 1931 France
Hanriot H-161 2 1935 1938 France
Hanriot H-175 6 1937 1940 France
Hanriot H.182 1 1940 1940 France
Hanriot H-185 5 1937 1940 France
Hansa Brandenburg W.29 1 1919 1919 captured
Hansa Brandenburg W.34 1 1919 1919 captured
Hawker Hurricane II 2 1944 1945 UK
Hurel Dubois H.D.31 1 1957 1958 France
Junkers J.10 CL 1 1 1919 1919 captured
Junkers Ju 88A-4 7 1945 1951 captured
Junkers Ju 188E ? 1944 1945 local
Labourdette-Halbronn HT.1 1 1918 1922 France
Labourdette-Halbronn HT.2 2 1919 1922 France
L.A.F. Desmons torpilleur 1 1918 1918 France
Latecoere 290 30 1933 1940 France
Latecoere 294 1 1937 1939 France
Latecoere 298 129 1938 1951 France
Latecoere 299 2 1939 1940 France
Latecoere 301 1 1939 1940 impressed
Latecoere 302 3 1936 1941 France
Latecoere 381 (38.1) 3 1934 1938 France
Latecoere 440 2 1931 1931 France
Latecoere 521 1 1939 1940 impressed
Latecoere 522 1 1939 1940 impressed
Latecoere 523 3 1938 1942 France
Latecoere 582 1 1937 1938 France
Latecoere 611 1 1940 1947 France
Latham Trimotor PH 3 1919 1924 France
Latham Trimotor Sunbeam 3 1921 1924 France
Latham C.1 300 hp HB3 1 1923 1924 France
Latham E-5 1600 hp 1 1925 1927 France
Latham 43 HB3 Prototypes 2 1924 1927 France
Latham HB5 6 1921 1924 France
Latham 43 19 1924 1931 France
Latham 45 1 1927 1927 France
Latham 47 4 1929 1930 France
Latham 230 2 1928 1928 France
Levasseur PL.2 9 1925 1929 France
Levasseur PL.3 1 1924 1924 France
Levasseur PL.4 32 1927 1936 France
Levasseur PL.5 20 1926 1929 France
Levasseur PL.6 1 1926 1926 France
Levasseur PL.7 35 1930 1940 France
Levasseur PL.9 7 1934 1934 France
Levasseur PL.10 18 1930 1940 France
Levasseur PL.11 1 1932 1933 France
Levasseur PL.12 1 1930 1932 France
Levasseur PL.14 12 1932 1940 France
Levasseur PL.15 16 1934 1940 France
Levasseur PL.101 30 1933 1940 France
Levasseur PL.107 2 1939 1940 France
Levasseur PL.108 1 1939 1940 France
Levasseur PL.154 1 1936 1938 France
Levasseur PL.200 1 1935 1936 France
Levasseur PL.201 1 1937 1937 France
Levy-Besson 200 hp 250 1918 1919 France
Levy-Biche (Levasseur-Biche) LB 2 25 1928 1930 France
Levy-Biche LB 4 1 1927 1927 France
Levy-Biche LB 6 5 1928 1928 France
Levy-Le Pen 250 hp Type Alerte 2 1918 1919 France
Liore et Oliver LeO C.30 4 1935 1940 France
Liore et Oliver LeO C.301 6 1940 1940 France
Liore et Oliver LeO H-6 2 1919 1920 France
Liore et Oliver LeO 7/3 18 1924 1926 France
Liore et Oliver LeO H.10 1 1923 1923 France
Liore et Olivier LeO H.13 30 1924 1928 France
Liore et Olivier LeO H.13 bis 1 1925 1926 France
Liore et Olivier LeO 20 10 1936 1940 France
Liore et Olivier LeO H-23 2 1930 1934 France
Liore et Olivier LeO H-43 21 1936 1940 France
Liore et Olivier LeO H-46 1 1936 1938 France
Liore et Olivier LeO H-136 20 1927 1931 France
Liore et Olivier LeO H-193 15 1929 1931 France
Liore et Olivier LeO H-194 1 1926 1928 France
Liore et Olivier LeO H-197 1 1929 1932 France
Liore et Olivier LeO H-204 1 1931 19?? France
Liore et Olivier LeO H-232 1 1933 1934 France
Liore et Olivier LeO H-242/1 1 1939 1940 impressed
Liore et Olivier LeO H-246 1 1940 1942 France
Liore et Olivier LeO H-254 1 1933 1940 France
Liore et Olivier LeO H-256 1 1934 1936 France
Liore et Olivier LeO H-257/257 Bis 61 1937 1945 France
Liore et Olivier LeO H-258 26 1935 1940 France
Liore et Olivier LeO H-259 1 1937 1940 France
Liore et Olivier LeO 451 30 1940 1943 France
Liore et Olivier LeO 453 6 1950 1953 France
Liore et Olivier LeO 456 (451M) 1 1940 1943 France
Liore et Olivier LeO H-470 5 1939 1943 impressed
Lockheed Hudson III 4 1943 1944 USA
Lockheed PV-1 Ventura 34 1944 1952 USA
Lockheed PV-2 Harpoon 6 1953 1960 USA
Lockheed P-2F Neptune 31 1953 1969 USA
Lockheed SP-2H Neptune 34 1958 1984 USA
Loire 50 Bis 1 1932 1940 France
Loire 70 8 1937 1940 France
Loire 102 Bretagne 1 1938 1939 France
Loire 130 13 1940 1950 France
Loire 210 21 1938 1939 France
Loire 501 6 1936 1940 France
Loire-Nieuport LN-10 1 1939 1940 France
Loire-Nieuport LN-40 7 1939 1940 France
Loire-Nieuport LN-42 1 1945 1947 France
Loire-Nieuport LN-401 15 1939 1942 France
Loire-Nieuport LN-402 1 1940 1940 France
Loire-Nieuport LN-411 45 1940 1942 France
LVG C.VI 1 1920 1922 captured
Macchi M.7 1 1919 1920 Italy
Martin 167F Maryland 62 1940 1951 USA
Martin P-5B Marlin 10 1959 1964 USA
Max Holste MH.1521M Broussard 3 1957 1969 France
Moncassin 1 1 1918 1918 France
Morane-Saulnier Type G (MS.2) 2 1915 1916 France
Morane-Saulnier MS.130 95 1928 1935 France
Morane-Saulnier MS.132 5 1928 1930 France
Morane-Saulnier MS.149 40 1928 1931 France
Morane-Saulnier MS.200 1 1929 1931 France
Morane-Saulnier MS.225 16 1934 1935 France
Morane-Saulnier MS.226/226bis 2/1 1934 1940 France
Morane-Saulnier MS.230 ET2 100 1932 1945 France
Morane-Saulnier MS.406 25 1940 1943 France
Morane-Saulnier MS.474 Vanneau 63 1947 1953 France
Morane Saulnier MS.500 Criquet 36 1945 1963 France
Morane Saulnier MS.502 Criquet 30 1945 1963 France
Morane-Saulnier MS.733 Alcyon 40 1957 1974 France
Morane-Saulnier MS.760 Paris 14 1959 1997 France
Mudry CAP.10B 10 1980 current France
Nakajima A6M-2N Rufe 1 1946 1946 captured
NHI NH.90NFH Caiman 27* 2007 current France
Nieuport 80 hp Le Rhone 20 1914 1917 France
Nieuport 100 hp Gnome 9 1912 1915 France
Nieuport XII 4 1916 1917 France
Nieuport XVI 1 1916 1917 France
Nieuport XVII 7 1916 1918 France
Nieuport 21/23 Bebe 20 1921 1924 France
Nieuport 80/81 4 1920 1921 France
Nieuport-Delage NiD.32 8 1922 1924 France
Nieuport-Delage NiD.43 1 1924 1925 France
Nieuport-Delage NiD.62 59 1930 1940 France
Nieuport-Delage NiD.140 2 1935 1936 France
Nieuport-Delage NiD.622 60 1932 1940 France
Nord 262 Fregate 26 1967 current France
Nord N.1000 7 1945 1961 France
Nord N.1001 Pingouin I 1 1945 1961 France
Nord N.1002 Pingouin II 54 1945 1961 France
Nord N.1101 Ramier I 22 1945 1961 France
Nord 1203 Norecrin ? 1948 19?? France
Nord N.1400 Noroit 2 1949 1951 France
Nord N.1401 Noroit 2 1949 1955 France
Nord N.1402 Noroit 21 1951 1955 France
Nord N.1500 Noreclair 1 1947 1950 France
Nord N.2000 13 1946 1952 France
Nord N.2200 1 1949 1954 France
Nord N.2504E Noratlas 1 1960 1987 France
North American Harvard II 30 1958 1962 Canada
North American NAA-57 P2 37 1940 1949 USA
North American NAA-64 P2 2 1942 1944 USA
North American SNJ-3/4/5 122 1947 1968 USA
Paul Schmitt Type X Alerte 1 1918 1918 France
Percheron 18 1 1925 1929 France
Piper PA-31-350 Navajo 12 1973 1994 USA
Potez 15 HO2 1 1925 1926 France
Potez 25 100 1928 1940 France
Potez 45 1 1932 1932 France
Potez 56 2 1935 1940 France
Potez 56E 1 1936 1940 France
Potez 63.11 9 1941 1943 France
Potez-CAMS 141 1 1939 1943 France
Potez 452 16 1935 1944 France
Potez 540 2 1937 1940 France
Potez 542 3 1940 1940 France
Potez 567 20 1939 1943 France
Potez 585 3 1940 1940 France
Potez 631 28 1939 1942 France
Rohrbach Romar II 1 1931 1932 France
Romano R 3 1 1927 1929 France
Romano R-82 32 1938 1940 France
Rousset-Senemaud Type Alerte 1 1918 1919 France
Rumpler 6B1 2 1918 1919 captured
Salmson 242 10 1920 1922 France
Sanchez-Besa 1912 Hydravion 1 1912 1913 France
SCAN 20 25 1946 1954 France
Schiebel S-100 Camcopter ? 2013 current France
SEPECAT Jaguar M 1 1969 1973 France
Short S.8 Calcutta 1 1931 1938 UK
Short Sunderland III 33 1943 1951 UK
Short Sunderland V 24 1951 1961 UK
Sikorsky S-51 2 1951 1953 USA
Sikorsky S-55 (H-19D) 15 1953 1960 USA/France
Sikorsky HSS-1 61 1957 1979 France
SNCAC NC-701 Martinet 32 1945 1960 France
SNCAC NC-702 Martinet 10 1945 1960 France
SNCAC NC.1070 1 1947 1948 France
SNCAC NC.1080 1 1949 1950 France
SNCAO CAO 30 2 1939 1940 impressed
SNCASE S.E.200 1 1945 1949+ France
SNCASE S.E.400 1 1939 1940 France
SNCASE SE.20 Aquilon 20 30 1952 1961 France
SNCASE SE.201 Aquilon 201 1 1954 1964 France
SNCASE SE.202 Aquilon 202 75 1954 1964 France
SNCASE SE.203 Aquilon 203 40 1956 1964 France
SNCASE SE.204 Aquilon 204 19 1956 1964 France
SNCASE SE.535 Mistral ? 1953 1962 France
SOCATA Rallye 100S 16 1974 current France
Sopwith 1 1/2 Strutter 15 1918 1922 UK
Sopwith Baby 33 1916 1919 UK
Sopwith Triplane 17 1916 1917 UK
SPAD S VII 19 1917 1918 France
SPAD XI 2 1918 1918 France
SPAD XIII 12 1918 1918 France
SPAD XIV canon 40 1918 1919 France
SPAD S 34 Bis 3 1923 1925 France
SPAD S 42 10 1924 1928 France
Stampe et Vertongen SV-4C 86 1948 1967 France
Stinson 105 Voyager 33 1940 1953 USA
Sud Aviation SE 3130 Alouette II 36 1956 1997 France
Sud Aviation SE 3160 Alouette III 19 1962 current France
Sud Aviation SA 316B Alouette III 5 1971 current France
Sud Aviation SA 319B Alouette III 17 1973 current France
Sud Aviation SA 3210 Frelon 6 1964 1965 France
Sud Aviation SA 321G Super Frelon 24 1966 current France
Sud Est S.E.161 Languedoc 28 1948 1962 France
Sud Ouest S.O.30P Bretagne 23 1954 1969 France
Sud Ouest S.O.94 Corse II 15 1949 1958 France
Sud Ouest S.O.95 Corse III 45 1949 1964 France
Sud Ouest S.O.8000 Narval 2 1949 1950 France
Supermarine Seafire III 179 1946 1950 UK
Supermarine Seafire XV 15 1949 1950 UK
Supermarine Sea Otter 17 1945 1952 RAF
Supermarine Spitfire IX 20 1946 1951 UK
Supermarine Walrus 33 1943 1951 RAF
Tampier 4 15 1928 1929 France
Taylorcraft L-2 Grasshopper 11 1943 1954 USA
Tellier 200 hp (T.3) 184 1917 1922 France
Tellier 350 hp (T.4) 30 1918 1920 France
Tellier BM 400 hp (T.5) 30 1918 1919 France
Tellier canon 200 hp (T.c.6) 110 1918 1922 France
Vertol CH-21C Shawnee 20 1956 1960 USA
Vertol (Piasecki) HUP-2 Retriever 19 1953 1969 USA
Vickers Viking IV 1 1923 1924 UK
Vickers Wellington GR.XI 114 1943 1952 RAF
Villiers 2 30 1927 1928 France
Villiers 4 2 1926 1926 France
Villiers 8 1 1926 1926 France
Villiers 10 1 1926 1926 France
Voisin canard 1 1912 1912 France
Voisin militaire 1 1912 1913 France
Voisin 13,50 metres 16 1913 1916 France
Voisin L.A.S. Type Armee III 17 1915 1917 France
Voisin L.A.P. VIII 19 1916 1917 France
Voisin L.B.P. VIII 4 1917 1917 France
Vought AU-1 Corsair 69 1954 1964 USA
Vought F4U-7 Corsair 94 1953 1964 USA
Vought F-8E(FN) Crusader 42 1964 1999 USA
Vought V-156F Vindicator 40 1939 1940 USA
Westland WS-51A Dragonfly 1 1956 1967 UK
Westland Lynx 40 1978 current UK
Westland Whirlwind 1 1958 1961 UK
Wibault 7 & 72 3 1929 1937 France
Wibault 74 24 1932 1940 France

* = on order
# = on delivery

Additional information is welcome

National Markings
French Naval Aviation

This section describes and illustrates the various national insignia used by the French Navy since its formation:




Main MarkingFin Flash

1910-1940
The main marking was displayed in 6 positions – i.e. above and below each wing, and on each side of the fuselage. The fin flash was usually displayed in the form of rudder stripes. No service titles were carried.




Main MarkingFin Flash

1940-1944
Under the Vichy government, French military aircraft had red and yellow horizontal stripes added to the engine cowling and tail unit. The main markings were unchanged. The roundel was displayed in 6 positions – i.e. above and below each wing, and on each side of the fuselage. The fin flash was usually displayed in the form of rudder stripes. No service titles were carried.




Main MarkingFin Flash

1944-present
After the liberation of France from Nazi control, the Vichy markings were removed. The main markings were unchanged. The roundel is displayed in 6 positions – (i.e. above and below each wing, and on each side of the fuselage) on aircraft – but on the fuselage sides only on helicopters. The fin flash is nowadays rarely carried by frontline types, but on second-line types is usually displayed in the form of rudder stripes. Sometime during the 1960s, the service title MARINE was introduced, being shown on the rear fuselage sides or tailfin.

Current Aircraft Inventory
French Naval Aviation

Aircraft Type Total Del’d Total Active Still on Order Role
Aerospatiale SA 365F Dauphin 2 3 3 0 VIP Transport
Aerospatiale SA 365N Dauphin 2 8 8 0 Search and Rescue
Aerospatiale AS 565MA Panther 15 15 0 Liaison
British Aerospace Jetstream 41 2 2 0 Trainer
Cirrus SR20 4 4 0 Trainer
Dassault-Breguet ATL.2 Atlantique 2 30 22 0 ASW/Maritime Patrol
Dassault Falcon 10MER 7 6 0 Liaison/Nav. Trainer
Dassault Falcon 50M 8 7 0 Maritime Patrol
Dassault Falcon 20G Gardian 5 5 0 Maritime Patrol
Dassault Super Etendard 71 17 0 Interception/Attack
Dassault Rafale M 27 27 31 Interception/Attack
Embraer EMB-121AN Xingu 18 10 0 VIP Trans./Comms.
Eurocopter EC225/EC725 3 3 0 SAR/Transport
Grumman E-2C Hawkeye 3 3 0 AEW
Mudry CAP 10B 10 7 0 Trainer
NHI NFH90 Caiman 15 15 12 SAR/Transport
Sud Aviation SA 316B/319B Alouette III 49 21 0 ASW/Liaison/Training
Westland Lynx HAS.4(FN) 26/14 20 0 ASW/SAR

Historical Order of Battle for 2008

of the French Navy
Unit Type Base
Aviation Embarquee et le Groupe des Porte-Avions
4 Flotille E-2C Hawkeye Lann-Bihoue
11 Flotille Super Etendard Landivisiau
12 Flotille Rafale M Landivisiau
17 Flotille Super Etendard Landivisiau
31 Flotille Lynx HAS.2/4(FN) Hyeres
32 Flotille SA.321G Super Frelon Lanveoc-Poulmic
34 Flotille Lynx HAS.2/4(FN) Lanveoc-Poulmic
35 Flotille Alouette III, SA.365N Hyeres
35 Flotille Det. SA.365N Cherbourg
35 Flotille Det. SA.365N Le Touquet
35 Flotille Det. SA.365N La Rochelle
35 Flotille Det. SA.365N Hyeres
36 Flotille AS.565MA Hyeres
22S/ESHE Alouette III, SA.365N Lanveoc-Poulmic
57S Falcon 10MER Landivisiau
Aviation de Patrouille Maritime
21 Flotille ATL.2 Atlantique 2 Nimes-Garons
23 Flotille ATL.2 Atlantique 2 Lann-Bihoue
24 Flotille Falcon 50M, N.262E, Xingu Lann-Bihoue
25 Flottille Falcon 20H Gardian Noumea-Tontouta (New Caledonia)
25 Flotille (det.) Falcon 20H Gardian Papeete-Faaa (Tahiti)
28 Flotille/EPV Nord 262E, Xingu Nimes-Garons
Escadrilles de Soutien Regionales
50S/EIP Rallye 100S/ST, CAP.10 Lanveoc-Poulmic
DCAN HR.100-250TR, CE.43 Guepard, MH.1521M Cuers-Pierrefue/Hyeres
10S/CEPA Alize, Xingu, Nord 262A Hyeres-Le Palyvestre
CEIAPM Xingu* Lann-Bihoue

* = borrowed from 24F

CEIAPM = Centre d’Entrainement et d’Instruction de l’Aviation de Patrouille Maritime
CEPA = Centre d’Experimentation Practique de l’Aeronautique
DCAN= Direction des Construction et des Armes Navales (Naval Dockyards and Armaments Administration)

EIP = Ecole d’Initiation Pilotage
EPV = Ecole du Personnel Volant
ERCE = Escadrille de Reception et de Convoyage (Crew Ferry Flight)
ESHE = Ecole de Spécialisation sur Hélicopterès Embarqués

Current Order of Battle

of the French Navy
Unit Type Base
Aviation Embarquee et le Groupe des Porte-Avions
4 Flotille E-2C Hawkeye Lann-Bihoue
11 Flotille Rafale M Landivisiau
12 Flotille Rafale M Landivisiau
17 Flotille Super Etendard/Rafale M Landivisiau
31 Flotille NH90 Hyeres
32 Flotille EC225 Lanveoc-Poulmic
32 Flotille (det.) EC225 Cherbourg
33 Flotille NH90 Lanveoc-Poulmic
33 Flotille (det.) NH90 Cherbourg
34 Flotille Lynx HAS.2/4(FN) Lanveoc-Poulmic
34 Flotille (det.) Lynx HAS.2/4(FN) Hyeres
35 Flotille Alouette III, SA 365N Hyeres
35 Flotille (det.) SA 365N Le Touquet
35 Flotille (det.) SA 365N La Rochelle
35 Flotille (det.) SA 365N Hyeres
36 Flotille AS 565MA Hyeres
22S/ESHE Alouette III Lanveoc-Poulmic
57S Falcon 10MER Landivisiau
Aviation de Patrouille Maritime
21 Flotille ATL.2 Atlantique 2 Lann-Bihoue
23 Flotille ATL.2 Atlantique 2 Lann-Bihoue
24 Flotille Falcon 50M, Xingu Lann-Bihoue
25 Flottille Falcon 20H Gardian Noumea-Tontouta (New Caledonia)
25 Flotille (det.) Falcon 20H Gardian Papeete-Faaa (Tahiti)
28 Flotille/EPV Xingu Nimes-Garons
28 Flotille/EPV (det.) Xingu Hyeres
Escadrilles de Soutien Regionales
50S/EIP Rallye 100S/ST, CAP.10 Lanveoc-Poulmic
DCAN HR.100-250TR, CE.43 Guepard, MH.1521M Cuers-Pierrefue/Hyeres
10S/CEPA (various) Hyeres-Le Palyvestre
CEIAPM Xingu* Lann-Bihoue

* = borrowed from 24F

CEIAPM = Centre d’Entrainement et d’Instruction de l’Aviation de Patrouille Maritime
CEPA = Centre d’Experimentation Practique de l’Aeronautique
DCAN= Direction des Construction et des Armes Navales (Naval Dockyards and Armaments Administration)

EIP = Ecole d’Initiation Pilotage
EPV = Ecole du Personnel Volant
ERCE = Escadrille de Reception et de Convoyage (Crew Ferry Flight)
ESHE = Ecole de Spécialisation sur Hélicopterès Embarqués

All-Time Units Listing

of the French Navy

This page lists all the aviation units of the French Navy, since its formation.

Commands
To be added

Escadrilles
Escadrille 1S1
Escadrille 2S1
Escadrille 3S1
Escadrille 1S2
Escadrille 2S2
Escadrille 3S2
Escadrille 2S3
Escadrille 3S3
Escadrille 2S4
Escadrille 3S4
Escadrille 3S5
Escadrille 3S6
Escadrille 7S1
Escadrille 7S2
Escadrille 7S3
Escadrille 8S2
Escadrille 8S5
Escadrille 4R1
Escadrille 5R1
Escadrille 1T1
Escadrille 4T1
Escadrille 3B1
Escadrille 3B2
Escadrille 7B1
Escadrille 7B2
Escadrille 3C1
Escadrille 7C1
Escadrille 7R1

Escadrille B-1
Escadrille B-2
Escadrille B-3
Escadrille E-7
Escadrille HC-1
Escadrille HC-2
Escadrille AC2
Escadrille AC3
Escadrille AB2
Escadrille AB4

Escadrilles de Servitude
Escadrille 1S
Escadrille 2S
Escadrille 3S
Escadrille 9S
Escadrille CEPA/10S
Escadrille 11S
Escadrille 12S
Escadrille 20S
Escadrille 22S
Escadrille 23S
Escadrille 27S
Escadrille 50S
Escadrille 51S
Escadrille 52S
Escadrille 53S
Escadrille 54S
Escadrille 55S
Escadrille 56S
Escadrille 57S
Escadrille 58S
Escadrille 59S
Escadrille T3

Flotilles
Flotille 4F
Flotille 6F
Flotille 7F
Flotille 9F
Flotille 11F
Flotille 12F
Flotille 14F
Flotille 15F
Flotille 16F
Flotille 17F
Flotille 21F
Flotille 22F
Flotille 23F
Flotille 24F
Flotille 25F
Flotille 27F
Flotille 28F
Flotille 31F
Flotille 32F
Flotille 33F
Flotille 34F
Flotille 35F
Flotille 36F

Sections
Section de Soutien BAxxx
Section Reacteur Leger
Section Jeanne d’Arc
Section de Soutien Dugny
Section Alouette du Pacifique

Support units
Centre d’Entrainement et d’Instruction de l’Aviation de Patrouille Maritime (CEIAPM)
Centre d’Experimentation Practique de l’Aeronautique (CEPA)
Centre-école de l’Aéronautique Navale (CEAN)
École de Pilotage sur Hydravions
École d’aviation embarquée (EAE)
École du Personnel Volant de l’Aéronautique maritime (EPV)
Ecole de Specialisation sur Helicopteres Embarque (ESHE)
Ecole d’Initiation Pilotage (EIP)
Escadrille d’instruction de l’École navale
Escadrille de Reception et de Concoyage
Établissement d’aéronautique navale de Dugny-Le Bourget
Section des vols sportifs (SVS)
Section d’avions légers de Lanvéoc-Poulmic (SAL)
Section d’Entraînement à la Chasse de Nuit (SECN)
Section de Vol Sportif Ecole Navale
Section Experimentale et de Servitude

Aircraft Not Used

of the French Navy

This page gives details of some of the aircraft types that were offered or promised to the French Navy but not delivered, cancelled official orders, and types have been falsely reported as being in service.

Aerospatiale AS 350B Ecureuil
22 examples reportedly used from 1988. Never used by the Navy.

Agusta-Bell AB47G
Eight examples reported from about 1959. Never used by the Navy.

Avro Lancaster AS.III
Some examples reported in use. Never used by the Navy.

Beech C-45 Expeditor
Some C-45s reported in service, but this was a simple confusion with the JRB-4 naval version actually used, which was very similar.

Bleriot-SPAD S.39
Some examples reported from about 1921. Never used by the Navy.

Bloch MB.218 Hy
This series production floatplane version of the Bloch MB.210 was never delivered despite an order for eight units from SNCASO in 1937.

Breguet Br.764 Deux-Ponts
The Br.764 was a proposed anti-submarine warfare version of the Br.761 for the Navy. The prototype Br.761 was to be converted, but the project was abandoned.

Breguet Br.1100M
The Br.1100M was the proposed navalised version of the Br.1100. The third Br.1100 prototype was planned to be for this variant, but in the end was not built.

Consolidated 28-5MF
Thirty examples of this version of the Catalina was ordered by the Aeronavale in early 1940, but none were delivered by the time of the Armistice.

de Havilland Sea Venom FAW.20
Four examples reported from 1952. These aircraft were actually knock-down kits assembled by SNCASE as Aquilon 20 prototypes.

Dewoitine D.732
One example reported from about 1942. Construction of this aircraft was never completed.

Farman F.51
The prototype was submitted for evaluation, but never wore Aeronavale colours.

Grumman F4F Wildcat
Eighty-one G-36A Wildcats ordered by the Aeronavale, but the first example did not fly until just after the Armistice. These aircraft were taken over by the British Royal Navy.

Grumman F8F Bearcat
All F8F Bearcats received by France were operated by the Air Force, not the Navy.

Hanriot HD-27
The HD-27 single-seat fighter of 1922 as a programme for the Air Force, not the Navy.

Hanriot NC-530
The NC-530 was a tactical reconnaissance aircraft developed for the Air Force, not the Navy.

Levasseur VAM.B.C.2
One example used in 1928. No information available about the existence of this aircraft.

Liore et Olivier LeO 130
Several examples reported to have been used from 1930. No such aircraft type. Possible confusion with Loire 130.

Liore et Olivier LeO 633
Fifteen examples reported to have been used. No such aircraft type.

Morane-Saulnier WR
Some examples of this floatplane racer reported in use. Never used by the Navy – possibly a confusion with the similar Morane-Saulnier G landplane.

Romano R.4
The Romano R.4 reconaissance floatplane of 1927 failed to achieve any sales with the Aeronavale.

Romano R.5
The Romano R.5 flying boat of 1932 failed to achieve any sales with the Aeronavale.

Romano R.90
The Romano R.90 floatplane fighter of 1935 failed to achieve any sales with the Aeronavale.

Voisin X
About 20 examples reported from 1918. This appears to be confusion with the structurally similar Voisin VIII, which actually was used. (The main difference was the switch to a Renault engine).

Wassmer CE.43 Guepard
Two examples reported from 1984. These aircraft were actually used by the DCAN (French Naval Dockyard Agency).

Wibault 75
Eighteen examples reported from about 1933. Supposedly a version of the Wibault 74 C1 with cameras fitted, a batch of 18 being built after the original 18 Wb 74s. Most authoritative sources say only 24 Wb 74s were built in total, and don’t mention the Wb 75.