Country Profile

The Country


Indonesia is an archipelago of about 17,508 islands stretching east-west between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. It is therefore located in both Southeast Asia and Oceania. About 6,000 of the islands are inhabited. The largest islands are Java, Sumatra, Borneo (shared with Malaysia and Brunei), New Guinea (shared with Papua New Guinea) and Sulawesi. Indonesia shares land borders with Malaysia on Borneo, Papua New Guinea on the island of New Guinea, and East Timor on the island of Timor. The country has maritime borders with Australia to the south, the Philippines and Palau to the north, and Malaysia and Singapore to the west.

The island chains of Indonesia were formed volcanically, and at least 150 volcanoes are still active. The highest mountain is Puncak Jaya at 4,884 m (16,024 ft), on the island of New Guinea. The large quantities of volcanic ash present on the islands mean that the soil is very fertile and suitable for growing crops.

Indonesia has a total land area of 1,904,569 sq km (735,358 sq miles) and had a population of 237.4 million in 2011. The main ethnic groups are Javanese 40.6%, Sundanese 15.0%, Madurese 3.3%, Minangkabau 2.7%, Betawi 2.4%, Bugis 2.4%, Banten 2.0%, Banjar 1.7%, other native ethnic groups 26.9% and Chinese 3%. The capital city is Jakarta on the island of Java.

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National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in Indonesia History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: Indonesia
wikipedia: Indonesia
wikipedia: History of Indonesia


Text to be added on the development of aviation in Indonesia.


Civil Aircraft Registrations

Indonesia civil aircraft use the registration sequence PK-AAA to PK-ZZZ since 1929.

All-time Indonesia NEI – civil aircraft register (PK-aaa) [TO BE ADDED].
[Get involved with the Aeroflight Cloud.]

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Air Force (TNI-AU)
Naval Aviation (TNI-AL)
Army Aviation (TNI-AD)

Central Government Agencies

Government Aviation (Presidential Flight)
Coast Guard Aviation – no information

Public Service Aviation

Medical Aviation – no information
Police Aviation (TNI-AK)
Search & Rescue (National Search and Rescue Agency)

Commercial Aviation

Garuda Indonesia

wikipedia: Airlines of Indonesia
The World’s Airlines: Indonesia

Private Aviation

To be added


Aircraft Manufacturers

None at present.

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.


Civil Airports & Airfields

Airports in Indonesia

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.

On Show

Aviation Museums

Museum Abri Satriamandala
Museum Adityawarman
Museum Palagan
Museum Perjuangan
Museum Pusat TNI-AU
Taman Mini Indonesia Museum Transportasi

Airshow Dates

Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

Magazines Guide for Indonesia

Aviation Bibliography

To be added

Web Links

To be added.

TSM – Teknologi & Strategi Militer Magazine

Aviation-related Magazines Guide

‘TSM’ was a monthly magazine concentrating on defence technology and military strategy, with an emphasis on the issues affecting Indonesia. If covered army, navy and air force equipment. Publication ceased after issue 78.

Further information:
Back issues
Other back issues


Aviation-related Magazines Guide

‘Defender’ is a monthly magazine looking at defence issues from an Indonesian perspective. It includes specific sections on the Army, Navy and Air Force, military technology and in-depth articles in more general topics.

Further information:
Official Website
Inside look for some issues


Aviation-related Magazines Guide

Subtitled Majalah Kedirgantaraan (Aviation Magazine). A monthly magazine focusing on aviation within Indonesia and around the world. ‘Angkasa’ provides in depth discussion on military aviation, aircraft technology and the commercial aviation business, aimed at the general public, including pilots and professionals in the aerospace industry, and civil-military aircraft enthusiasts. The editor is Adrianus Dharmawan. In 2012 ‘Angkasa’ had a circulation of 45,000 copies. Volume 13 No.11 was dated August 2003. The title means Sky in the Indonesian language. Magazine code ANGM111102.

Further information:
website Angkasa

Angkasa Online

Readers Community