Aircraft Not Used
Latvian Navy (pre-WW2)

This page gives details of some of the aircraft types that were offered or promised to the pre-WW2 Latvian Naval Aviation Division but not delivered, cancelled official orders, and types have been falsely reported as being in service.

Hansa Brandenburg W.33
A design of this type was operated by the Latvian Navy, but the aircraft were actually Finnish licence-built IVL A.22 versions.

Heinkel He 5
The Navy operated the Swedish licence-built version of the He 5, the Svenska Aero S11 1919.

All-Time Aircraft Used List
Latvian Navy (Pre-WW2)

Aircraft Type Quantity Service Entry Out of Service Origin
Caudron C.60 2 1925 1938 France/Latvia
Fairey Seal 4 1935 1940 United Kingdom
Fiat CR.1 6 1926 1931 Italy
Hanriot HD-17 1 1924 1928 France
Hanriot HD-19a 1 1925 1929 France
IVL A.22 4 1926 1933 Finland/Latvia
SIAI S.16ter 4 1923 1926 Italy
Svenska Aero SA-10 Pirat 2 1929 1936 Sweden/Latvia
Svenska Aero S-11a 8 1926 1936 Sweden

Additional information is welcome

Latvian Navy (pre-WW2)

Operator Profile


Narrative Summary

The Latvian Navy was first established in August 1919 as a unit (Maritime Division) of the Latvian Army. In January 1922 the Army Aviation Regiment established a Naval Aviation Department to co-operate with the Navy. In 1923 the Department was placed under the direct control of the Navy, thus forming a separate Naval Aviation unit. In May 1926 the Aviation unit was officially expanded to a Naval Aviation Division. In 1936 the Naval Aviation Division became part of the (Army) Aviation Regiment and was renamed Naval Reconnaissance Squadron No.8.

Key Dates

10 August 1919    Maritime Division established by Army Headquarters.
1 January 1922    Maritime Aviation Department created within Army Aviation Regiment.
1923    Maritime Aviation Department placed under direct control of Navy HQ.
1 May 1926    A separate Naval Aviation Division is established.
1936    Naval Aviation Division is absorbed into the Air Force.

Current Status

Transferred to Army in 1936 – not applicable.

Future Plans

Not applicable.


National Insignia


Aircraft Serial Numbers

Latvian naval aircraft were allocated a two-digit serial number between 10 and 29, e.g. Fairey Seal ’26’. Upon transfer to the Army in 1936, the surviving aircraft were re-serialled with three-digit numbers, e.g. the same Fairey Seal became ‘101’.

Unit/Base Codes

Coding system not used.


Aircraft Designations

None – Manufacturers designations used.

Current Aircraft Inventory

Not applicable.

All-Time Aircraft Used List

All-Time Table of Aircraft Used

Aircraft NOT Used

False reports of aircraft on order or in service


Main Headquarters


Organisational Structure

To be added.

Current Order of Battle

Not applicable.

Historical Orders of Battle

List of Historical Orders of Battle – to be added.

All-Time Flying Units List

To be added.

Air Bases

Current Air Bases

Not applicable.

All-Time Air Bases Used List

The main Naval airfield was at Liepaja, but a couple of other airfields were also used.
Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.

More Information


Latvian Military Aviation Bibliography – to be added.

Latvian Air Force 1918-1940, Insignia Air Force Special No.5, Blue Rider 2000


To be added.


Latvian Aviation

National Markings
Latvian Navy (Pre-WW2)

This section describes and illustrates the various national insignia used by the Pre-WW2 Latvian Naval Aviation Division since its formation:

Main MarkingFin Flash

The main marking, a red Swastika, was displayed in the standard six positions – above and below each wing and on each side of the fuselage. A black anchor marking was also applied to the rudder on some aircraft types.