Polish Naval Aviation

Operator Profile

History

Narrative Summary

A small air arm for support of the Baltic Fleet was first established during the early 1930s, to operate a dozen or so reconnaissance floatplanes. It was reformed in 1945 as a land-based Naval Co-operation Division of the Air Force, later operating MiG attack aircraft. Personnel wore naval uniforms but operated under air force control. The force was later expanded to include ASW and SAR helicopters.

Key Dates:
1945    Naval Air Division re-established.
1995    Naval gains control of Rapid Reaction unit.
19??    Naval aviation gains additional helicopter units from the Air Force.

Current Status

Polish Naval aircraft and helicopters are now used primarily for transport, patrol and SAR duties.

Future Plans

Procure up to 14 M-28 Bryza for Maritime Patrol duties.

Markings

National Insignia

National Markings

Aircraft Serial Numbers

Polish Naval aircraft and helicopters serials comprise a three or four-digit number for each airframe, e.g. SH-2G 248.

Unit/Base Codes

Coding system not used

Aircraft

Aircraft Designations

None – Manufacturers designations used

Current Aircraft Inventory

Table of Current Service Aircraft

All-Time Aircraft Used List

All-Time Table of Aircraft Used

Aircraft NOT Used

False reports of aircraft on order or in service – none known.

Organisation

Main Headquarters:
Warsaw, UI Wawelska 7.

Organisational Structure

Naval aviation now comprises a Naval Aviation Brigade with three Squadrons.

Current Order of Battle

Table of Current Order of Battle

Historical Orders of Battle

To be added.

All-Time Flying Units List

To be added.

Air Bases

Current Air Bases

The main air bases currently used are Cewice/Siemirowice, Darlowo and Gydnia-Babie Doly.

All-Time Air Bases Used List

In addition to the main bases, there are also a number of smaller airports and airfields around the country which are sometimes used by the Navy.
Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.

More Information

Books

None known.

Magazines

World Air Power Journal No.3 p.144
Air Forces Monthly August 1998

Websites

wikipedia: Polish Navy

airliners.net

Scramble: Polish Air Arms

National Markings
Polish Naval Aviation

    This section describes and illustrates the various national insignia used by Polish Naval Aviation since its formation:



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    Main MarkingFin Flash

    1945-1993
    For most of the post-war period Polish military aircraft carried a chequerboard marking with the upper left square being red. The main marking was displayed on each side of the fuselage on helicopters, and in the 4 standard wing positions on aircraft. The fin flash was displayed on the fin of aircraft. No service titles were shown.



    space300
    Main MarkingFin Flash

    1993-present
    In 1993 the chequerboard marking was rotated 90 degrees, to show a white square in the upper left. The main marking is displayed on each side of the fuselage on helicopters, and in the 4 standard wing positions on aircraft. The fin flash was displayed on the fin. Both aircraft and helicopters now carry service titles – usually MARYNARKA WOJENNA RP on the port side and POLISH NAVY on the starboard side.

Current Order of Battle
Polish Naval Aviation

Brigade Squadron Type Base
Brigada Lotnictwa Marynarki Wojennej
43 ‘Oksywie’ Basa Lotnictwa Morskiego PZL W-3, M-28B, Mi-2, Mi-17, SH-2G Gydnia-Babie Doly
44 ‘Kaszubsko-Darlowska’ Basa Lotnictwa Morskiego Mi-14PL, Mi-14PS, Mi-2, W-3R/RM Darlowo
44 ‘Kaszubsko-Darlowska’ Basa Lotnictwa Morskiego M-28B Cewice/Siemirowice

 

Current Aircraft Inventory
Polish Naval Aviation

Aircraft Type Total Del’d Total Active Still on Order Role
PZL M-28 Bryza 1R 9 9 0 Maritime Patrol
PZL M-28 Skytruck 4 4 0 Transport
Mil Mi-2RM Hoplite 4 4 0 Utility
Mil Mi-14PL Haze 12 4 0 ASW
Mil Mi-14PS Haze 5 2 0 SAR
Mil Mi-17 ‘Hip’ 2 2 0 Utility
Kaman SH-2G Seasprite 4 4 0 ASW/ASV
PZL W-3T Sokol 2 2 0 SAR
PZL W-3RM Anakonda 6 3 0 SAR
PZL W-3ARM Anakonda 3 3 0 SAR

 

All-Time Aircraft Used List
Polish Naval Aviation


Aircraft Type Quantity Service Entry Out of Service Origin
Antonov An-2T Colt 12 1965 2002 Poland
Fieseler Fi 156C Storch 2 1949 1950s Luftwaffe
Ilyushin Il-2m3 9 1948 1949 USSR
Ilyushin Il-2U 1 1948 1949 USSR
Ilyushin Il-10 Beast 24 1953 1959 USSR
Ilyushin Il-28 Beagle 10 1956? 1983 USSR
Ilyushin Il-28R Beagle 5 1956? 1983 USSR
Kaman SH-2G Seasprite 4 2002 current USA
Lim-1 (MiG-15) ? 1953 19?? Poland
Lim-2 (MiG-15bis) ? 1955 19?? Poland
SBLim-2 (MiG-15UTI) ? 19?? 19?? Poland
Lim-5 (MiG-17) ? 19?? 19?? Poland
Lim-5M (MiG-17F) ? 19?? 19?? Poland
Lim-5P (MiG-17PF) ? 19?? 19?? Poland
Lim-6M (MiG-17PF) ? 19?? 19?? Poland
Lim-6MR (MiG-17PF) ? 19?? 19?? Poland
Lim-6bis (MiG-17F) 38 1963 1988 Poland
Lim-6bisR (MiG-17F) ? 19?? 19?? Poland
Mikoyan MiG-21bis Fishbed L 40 1979 2003 USSR
Mikoyan MiG-21UM Mongol 9 1971 2003 USSR
Mil Mi-2D 1+ 1968 19?? Poland
Mil Mi-2RM 9 1968 current Poland
Mil Mi-4ME ? 1960s 19?? USSR
Mil Mi-8T Hip 1+ 1983 1987 USSR
Mil Mi-8MTV-1 Hip 1+ 1983 1987 USSR
Mil Mi-14PL Haze 12 1980 current USSR
Mil Mi-14PS Haze 5 1983 current USSR
Mil Mi-17 Hip 2 19?? current USSR
Petlyakov Pe-2FT 3 1948 1949 USSR
Petlyakov Pe-2UT 1 1949 1949 USSR
Polikarpov Po-2WS/CSS-13 8 1948? 1950 USSR/Poland
PZL M-28 Skytruck 4 1988 current Poland
PZL M-28 Bryza 1R 9 19?? current Poland
PZL TS-8 Bies BII ?? 1958 1960s Poland
PZL TS-11 Iskra bis DF 18 1984 2003 Poland
PZL W-3T Sokol 2 1988 current Poland
PZL W-3RM Anakonda 6 19?? current Poland
PZL W-3ARM Anakonda 3 19?? current Poland
PZL 104 Wilga 35 ? 19?? 19?? Poland
PZL 130TC Turbo Orlik 3 19?? 1998 Poland
RWD 13 2 1948 1949 Poland
Tupolev Tu-2S ? 19?? 19?? USSR
WSK SM-1 (Mil Mi-1T) ? 1958 1970s Poland
WSK SM-1D (Mil Mi-1A) ? 19?? 1970s Poland
WSK SM-2D (Mil Mi-1M) ? 19?? 19?? Poland
Yakovlev Yak-9M 4 1948 1949 USSR
Yakovlev Yak-9P 2+ 1949 1949 USSR
Yakovlev Yak-12A Creek ? 19?? 19?? Poland
Yakovlev Yak-12M Creek ? 19?? 19?? Poland
Yakovlev Yak-23 Flora ? 19?? 19?? USSR
Yakovlev UT-2 1 1949 1949 USSR

Additional information is welcome

Romanian Navy

Operator Profile

History

Narrative Summary

The original Naval Aviation force was disbanded in 1960. However, the expansion of the naval fleet in the 1980s, and the development of state-owned off-shore oil rigs in the Black Sea led to demands for better helicopter support. In response, the Air Force introduced specially modified IAR 330L Puma, (and later IAR 316B Alouette III), helicopters for this task. Unfortunately, reduced budgets after the end of the Cold War and the retirement of the Alouettes resulted in this role being given a low priority and by 2001 the Air Force had largely abandoned naval operations.

In 2005 the Romanian Navy ordered three specially configured Puma helicopters, with a view to rebuilding it’s aviation capability. In July 2007 the Romanian Naval Air Arm was formally established.

Key Dates:
13 July 2007    Naval aviation resumed using Puma NAVAL helicopters.

Current Status

Romanian naval helicopters are used primarily for shipboard support, surveillance and Search & Rescue (SAR) missions.

Future Plans

Additional helicopters may be required.

Markings

National Insignia




          Main markingFin Flash
The main marking is carried on the fuselage sides of the helicopters. A fin flash is not carried. The service titles RO NAVY are displayed on the tail boom.

Aircraft Serial Numbers

Romanian naval helicopters serials comprise a three-digit number for each airframe, e.g. Puma NAVAL 140.

Unit/Base Codes

Coding system not used

Aircraft

Aircraft Designations

None – Manufacturers designations used

Current Aircraft Inventory

Aircraft Type Total Del’d Total Active Still on Order Role
Aerospatiale SA 330 Puma NAVAL 3 3 0 Naval Support

All-Time Aircraft Used List

Aircraft Type Quantity Service Entry Retirement Origin
Aerospatiale SA 330 Puma NAVAL 3 2007 current Romania

Aircraft NOT Used

False reports of aircraft on order or in service – the Mil Mi-14PL is NOT used. All other types reported since 1960 as being operated by the Navy were actually Air Force aircraft.

Organisation

Main Headquarters:
Not known.

Organisational Structure

The Romanian Naval Air Arm currently comprises one Helicopter Flight.

Current Order of Battle

Squadron Type Base
Helicopter Flight Constanta IAR 330 Puma NAVAL

Historical Orders of Battle

Not applicable.

All-Time Flying Units List

Helicopter Flight.

Air Bases

Current Air Bases

All helicopters are operated from Constanta.

All-Time Air Bases Used List

Not applicable.

More Information

Books

None known.

Magazines

To be added.

Websites

Official Romanian Navy Website

wikipedia: Romanian Naval Forces

airliners.net