Country Profile

The Country


Nepal is a landlocked country in South Asia. It is bordered by China to the north, and India to the south, east and west.

The northern part of Nepal is extremely mountainous, with mountains from the Himalayas range that include 8 of the 10 highest peaks in the world – the highest being Mount Everest at 8,848 m (29,029 ft). To the south of the mountains lies a hilly region, with alternating river valleys and steep hills that would be counted as mountains in another country. Along the border with India are the southern lowland plains, or Terai, fed by rivers originating in the mountains. The land area is 147,181 square kilometres (56,827 square miles).

The country has a population of 26.5 million (2011 figures). The population is made up of 40% Khas, 40% Mongoloid, 10% Khas-Mongoloid mix, 10% immigrants (Indian, Tibetan etc). In terms of religion, 80.6% of the population is Hindu, 10.7% Bhuddist, 4.2% Moslem, 3.6% Kirant and 0.9% other. The capital is Kathmandu.

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National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in Nepalese History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: Nepal
wikipedia: Nepal
wikipedia: History of Nepal


Text to be added on the development of aviation in Nepal.


Civil Aircraft Registrations:
Nepalese civil aircraft have used the registration prefix 9N-xxx since 1961. There appears to be no official online register listing.

All-time Nepal – civil aircraft register (9N-aaa).
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Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Army Aviation (Nepalese Army Air Wing)

Central Government Agencies

Royal Flight (Nepalese Royal Flight)
Armed Police Force – no aviation unit

Public Service Aviation

Medical Aviation – private operators Mountain Helicopters and Shree Airlines provide EMS services
Police (Nepal Police) – no aviation branch

Commercial Aviation

Nepal Airlines

wikipedia: Airlines of Nepal
The World’s Airlines: Nepal

Private Aviation

To be added


Aircraft Manufacturers

None known.

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.


Civil Airports & Airfields

Airports in Nepal

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.

On Show

Aviation Museums

None known.

Airshow Dates

Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

No Nepalese aviation magazines known.

Aviation Bibliography

Nepalese Aviation Bibliography – to be added

Web Links

To be added.