All-Time Aircraft Used List
Royal Air Force of Oman

Aircraft Type Quantity Service Entry Out of Service Origin
Aerospatiale AS 330J Puma 3 2005 current Royal Flight
Aerospatiale AS 332C Super Puma 2 2005 current Royal Flight
Aerospatiale AS 332L1 Super Puma 1 2005 current Royal Flight
Agusta-Bell AB205A-1 33 1971 current various
Agusta-Bell AB206A JetRanger 4 1970 1987 Italy
Agusta-Bell AB212 3 1996 2008 Royal Flight
Airbus A320-214CJ 2 2009 current France
BAC 111-485GB 3 1974 2009 UK
BAC Strikemaster 82 12 1969 2000 UK
BAC Strikemaster 82A 13 1972 2000 UK
British Aerospace Hawk Mk.103/103A 4/1 1993 current UK
British Aerospace Hawk Mk.203 12 1994 current UK
BAE Systems Hawk Mk.166 12 1994 current UK
Bell 206B JetRanger 4 1993 current USA
Bell 214B Biglifter 6 1976 2002 USA
Bell UH-1H 2 1998 2007 USA
Britten Norman BN-2A-21 Defender 8 1974 1992 UK
CASA C295 MPA 2 2014 current Spain
CASA C295 4 2013 current Spain
De Havilland Canada DHC-2 Beaver AL.1 5 1961 1976 UK AAC
De Havilland Canada DHC-4 Caribou 5 1970 1977 Canada
Douglas C-47 Dakota 2 1969 1972 USA
Eurofighter Typhoon 24 UK
FFA AS.202-18A Bravo 4 1975 2004 Royal Flight
Gulfstream II 1 1992 1993 Royal Flight
Hawker Hunter F.6 8 1975 1991 RJAF
Hawker Hunter FR.10 2 1975 1991 RJAF
Hawker Hunter T.66/T.66B/T.67 2/1/2 1975 1991 RJAF
Hawker Hunter F.73/F.73A/F.73B 2/18/3 1975 1993 RJAF
Lockheed C-130H Hercules 3 1981 current USA
Lockheed Martin C-130J Super Hercules 3 2012 current USA
Lockheed Martin F-16C Fighting Falcon 17 2005 current USA
Lockheed Martin F-16D Fighting Falcon 6 2006 current USA
NHI NH90TTH 19 2008 current International
Percival Provost T.52 9 1959 1973 UK
Pilatus PC-9(M) 12 1999 current Switzerland
PAC Mushshak 3 1994 current Pakistan
PAC Super Mushshak 5 2002 current Pakistan
Scheibe SF-25C Falke 2 1984 2007 Germany
Scottish Aviation Pioneer CC.1 4 1959 1962 UK
SEPECAT Jaguar International OB 4 1977 current UK
SEPECAT Jaguar International OS 20 1977 current UK
SEPECAT Jaguar GR.1 2 1986 current UK
SEPECAT Jaguar T.2 1 1982 current UK
Short Skyvan 3M 16 1970 current UK
Westland Super Lynx Mk.120 16 2004 current UK
Westland Wessex HC.2 4 1970? 19?? RAF
Vickers Viscount 5 1971 1977 UK

Oman

Country Profile

The Country

Geography

Formerly called ‘Muscat and Oman’ until 1970, the country of Oman is located at the tip of the Arabian peninsular, in a strategic position overlooking the entrance to the Arabian Gulf (also known as the Persian Gulf). It is bordered by the UAE to the north west, Saudi Arabia to the west, Yemen to the south west, the Indian Ocean to the south east and the Gulf of Oman to the north east.

A chain of high mountains runs east-west in the north of the country. To the north lies the densely populated region of Batinah, a fertile coastal plain that includes the city of Muscat. To the south is a largely unpopulated desert plateau. In the far south is the Dhofar region, which is lower and much more fertile. The total land area is 212,460 sq km (82,050 sq miles). The Population of 2.5 million (2000 figure) comprises 75% Ibadhi Muslims, with 25% other Muslim and Hindu ethnic groups. The capital city is Muscat, situated on the northern coast.

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National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in Omani History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: Oman
Yahoo Oman page
wikipedia: Oman
wikipedia: History of Oman

Aviation

Text to be added on the development of aviation in Oman.

Markings

Civil Aircraft Registrations

Aircraft in Muscat and Oman used the registration sequence G-Axxx 1929-1973. In 1973, the registration prefix A4O-xx (later A40-xxx) was adopted, eg: A40-GK.

An all-time Civil Rotorcraft Register of Oman listing is here.
An incomplete all-time Oman civil aircraft register listing is here.

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Air Force (Royal Air Force of Oman)

Central Government Agencies

Government Aviation (Oman Royal Flight)
Coast Guard Aviation – Coast Guard duties are performed by the Police

Public Service Aviation:

Medical Aviation – a Flying Doctor service is operated by the RAFO.
Police Aviation (Royal Oman Police Air Wing)

Commercial Aviation

Oman Air

wikipedia: Airlines of Oman
The World’s Airlines: Oman

Private Aviation

To be added

Industry

Aircraft Manufacturers

None at present

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.

Airfields

Civil Airports & Airfields

Oman Airports
Airports in Oman

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing – to be added

On Show

Aviation Museums

The Sultan’s Armed Forces Museum, Muscat

Airshow Dates

Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

Magazines Guide for Oman

Aviation Bibliography

Oman Aviation Bibliography – to be added

Web Links

None found

Current Order of Battle
Royal Air Force of Oman

Squadron Type Base
1 Squadron PC-9, Mushshak, Super Mushshak Al Masirah
2 Squadron Skyvan Seeb
3 Squadron Super Lynx Salalah
4 Squadron Airbus A320 Seeb
6 Squadron Hawk Mk.103/203 Al Masirah
8 Squadron Jaguar Thumrait
14 Squadron Super Lynx Al Musanah
14 Squadron Det. Super Lynx Masirah
15 Squadron Super Lynx Al Musanah
16 Squadron C-130H Seeb
18 Squadron F-16C/D Thumrait
20 Squadron Jaguar Thumrait

Current Aircraft Inventory
Royal Air Force of Oman

Aircraft Type Total Del’d Total Active Still on Order Role
Aerospatiale SA 330J Puma 3 2 0 Transport
Aerospatiale AS 332C Super Puma 2 1 0 Utility Transport
Aerospatiale AS 332L1 Super Puma 1 1 0 Utility Transport
Agusta-Bell AB205A 33 5 0 Utility/SAR
Airbus A320-214CJ 2 2 0 VIP Transport
British Aerospace Hawk Mk.103/103A 5 4 0 Trainer/Light Attack
British Aerospace Hawk Mk.203 12 10 0 Light Attack
BAE Systems Hawk Mk.166 0 0 8 Trainer/Light Attack
Bell 206B JetRanger 4 4 0 Trainer
CASA C295 MPA 2 2 1 Maritime Patrol
CASA C295 4 4 1 Transport
Eurofighter Typhoon 0 0 24 Fighter-Bomber
Lockheed C-130H Hercules 3 3 0 Transport
Lockheed Martin C-130J Super Hercules 3 3 0 Transport
Lockheed Martin F-16C Fighting Falcon 17 17 0 Fighter-Bomber
Lockheed Martin F-16D Fighting Falcon 6 6 0 Trainer
NHI NH90TTH 17 17 2 Utility
PAC Mushshak 3 2 0 Trainer
PAC Super Mushshak 5 5 0 Trainer
Pilatus PC-9(M) 12 12 0 Trainer
Short Skyvan 3M 16 3 0 Maritime Patrol
Westland Super Lynx Mk.120 16 15 0 Utility/SAR

All-Time Aircraft Used List
Oman Air Force

 

Aircraft Type Quantity Service Entry Out of Service Origin
Aerospatiale AS.330J Puma 3 2005 current Royal Flight
Aerospatiale AS.332C Super Puma 2 2005 current Royal Flight
Aerospatiale AS.332L1 Super Puma 1 2005 current Royal Flight
Aerospatiale AS.550C2 Ecureuil 3 2008 current France
Agusta AB205A-1 33 1971 current various
Agusta AB206A JetRanger 4 1970 1987 Italy
Agusta AB212 3 1996 2008 Royal Flight
Airbus A320-214CJ 2 2009 current France
BAC 111-485GB 3 1974 2009 UK
BAC Strikemaster 82 12 1969 2000 UK
BAC Strikemaster 82A 13 1972 2000 UK
BAe Hawk Mk.103/103A 4/1 1993 current UK
BAe Hawk Mk.203 12 1994 current UK
Bell 206B JetRanger 4 1993 current USA
Bell 214B Biglifter 6 1976 2002 USA
Bell UH-1H 2 1998 2007 USA
Britten Norman BN2A-21 Defender 8 1974 1992 UK
De Havilland Canada DHC-2 Beaver AL.1 5 1961 1976 UK AAC
De Havilland Canada DHC-4 Caribou 5 1970 1977 Canada
Douglas C-47 Dakota 2 1969 1972 USA
FFA AS.202-18A Bravo 4 1975 2004 Royal Flight
Gulfstream II 1 1992 1993 Royal Flight
Hawker Hunter F.6 8 1975 1991 RJAF
Hawker Hunter FR.10 2 1975 1991 RJAF
Hawker Hunter T.66/T.66B/T.67 2/1/2 1975 1991 RJAF
Hawker Hunter F.73/F.73A/F.73B 2/18/3 1975 1993 RJAF
Lockheed C-130H Hercules 3 1981 current USA
Lockheed Martin C-130J-30 Hercules 1* USA
Lockheed Martin F-16C Fighting Falcon 8 2005 current USA
Lockheed Martin F-16D Fighting Falcon 4 2006 current USA
NHI NH90TTH 20 # 2008 current International
Percival Provost T.52 9 1959 1973 UK
Pilatus PC-9(M) 12 1999 current Switzerland
PAC Mushshak 3 1994 current Pakistan
PAC Super Mushshak 5 2002 current Pakistan
Scheibe SF-25C Falke 2 1984 2007 Germany
Scottish Aviation Pioneer CC.1 4 1959 1962 UK
SEPECAT Jaguar International OB 4 1977 current UK
SEPECAT Jaguar International OS 20 1977 current UK
SEPECAT Jaguar GR.1 2 1986 current UK
SEPECAT Jaguar T.2 1 1982 current UK
Short Skyvan 3M 16 1970 current UK
Westland Super Lynx Mk.120 16 2004 current UK
Westland Wessex HC.2 4 1970? 19?? RAF
Vickers Viscount 5 1971 1977 UK

* = on order
# = on delivery

Additional information is welcome

National Markings
Royal Air Force of Oman

This section describes and illustrates the various national insignia used by the Royal Air Force of Oman since its formation:




Main MarkingFin Flash

1959-1965
The first Omani national marking was red on white. The main marking was a plain red disc with a white outline, displayed in 6 positions, (i.e. above and below each wing, and on each side of the fuselage). The fin flash was the national ‘crossed swords and dagger’ coat of arms displayed in red on a white shield on the tailfin. Aircraft did not carry service titles.




Main MarkingFin Flash

1965-1983
In the mid 1960s the markings changed to white on red. The main marking now featured the national coat of arms in white, displayed in the same 6 positions as before on aircraft – but on the fuselage sides only on helicopters. The fin flash colours were the reverse of the previouse design, displayed on the tailfin. Aircraft did not carry service titles. From about 1977 onwards frontline combat aircraft, e.g. Jaguar, dropped the use of wing national insignia and just carried the fin flash.




Main MarkingFin Flash

1970-1983
Some sources state that the adoption of a new national flag in 1970 led to the addition of areas of green to the national markings. The main marking gained a green outline, while the fin flash was deleted. Photographic evidence of this marking is hard to obtain, and may have been only experimental or very short-lived.



Main MarkingFin Flash

1983-1990
In 1983 the national insignia changed to a more distinctive design, that reflected the colours of the SOAF official flag. The main marking was now a yellow ‘crossed swords and dagger’ on a blue shield. No wing markings are carried, so the national insignia was only displayed on the fin of aircraft and helicopters. Aircraft did not carry service titles.



Main MarkingFin Flash

1974-present
RAFO transport aircraft, such as the BAC 111 and C-130, carry the national flag on the fin. Once again, no wing markings are displayed. The C-130s show no service titles, while the BAC 111s showed service titles in Arabic script only along the upper fuselage sides, while the new A320s show the service titles ROYAL AIR FORCE OF OMAN in English and Arabic.





Main MarkingFin Flash

1990-present
The current national insignia consists of the ‘crown and oak leaves’ version of the official RAFO coat of arms, in red and yellow on a light blue shield. No wing markings are carried, so the national insignia is only displayed on the fin of aircraft and helicopters. Aircraft do not carry service titles.

Royal Air Force of Oman

Operator Profile

History

Narrative Summary

Military aviation started in Muscat and Oman in 1959 with the formation of the Sultan of Oman’s Air Force (SOAF). Initially intended for policing duties it was largely manned by ex-RAF personnel. The start of the Dhofar rebellion in the 1960s lead to a rapid expansion of the air arm and a re-orientation towards counter-insurgency operations. Jet light attack aircraft and helicopters were acquired. In 1990 the SOAF was renamed the Royal Air Force of Oman (RAFO).

Key Dates

March 1959    Sultan of Oman’s Air Force first formed
1969    First jet aircraft delivered – Strikemaster
1970    First helicopters received – Wessex
1990    Renamed Royal Air Force of Oman

Current Status

To be added.

Future Plans

Replacement of AB205 and Super Puma with 20 NHI NH-90s.

One C-130J is also order.

Markings

National Insignia

Current — Historical

Aircraft Serial Numbers

Early SOAF aircraft retained their former RAF/Army Air Corps serial numbers. In the late 1960s a three-digit serial numbering system was introduced, in the range 100-999, e.g. C-47 501. Numbers are reused as aircraft types are retired.

Unit/Base Codes

Coding system not used.

Aircraft

Aircraft Designations

None – Manufacturers designations used.

Current Aircraft Inventory

Table of Current Service Aircraft

All-Time Aircraft Used List

All-Time Table of Aircraft Used

Aircraft NOT Used

An order for 8 Panavia Tornado F.3s was placed in 1985, but cancelled in 1990. The ‘Dassault Falcon 10’ reportedly used by No.4 Sqn was actually a Royal Flight Dassault Falcon 20. Dornier Do 228 aircraft reported to be in RAFO service are actually Police Air Wing aircraft.

Organisation

Main Headquarters

Muaskar al-Murtafa.

Organisational Structure

The RAFO is organised along British Royal Air Force lines, with aircraft currently grouped into 11 separate Squadrons.

Current Order of Battle

Table of Current Order of Battle

Historical Orders of Battle

List of Historical Orders of Battle – to be added.

All-Time Flying Units List

To be added.

Air Bases

Current Air Bases

The main air bases currently used are Al Musanah, Masirah, Salalah, Seeb and Thumrait.

All-Time Air Bases Used List

A new base has been constructed at Al Musanah, and consequently the use of Seeb Airport will eventually be discontinued.
Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.

More Information

Books

Oman Military Aviation Bibliography – to be added.

Magazines

Combat Aircraft magazine

Websites

Official Oman Air Force webpage

wikipedia: Oman Air Force

Scramble: Oman Air Force

PlanePictures.net

Airliners.net

Air-Britain Photos: Oman Air Force

A few pictures from The Sultan of Oman’s Air Force

Photographs of The Sultan’s Armed Forces

Royal Oman Police Air Wing

Operator Profile

History

Narrative Summary

The traditional law-enforcing agency in Oman was the Al Askar, which had been operating for centuries. After 1970 the country began to modernise rapidly and in September 1974 the first aircraft was received. Shortly afterwards, the organisation was renamed the Royal Oman Police.

Key Dates

4 November 1974    Service officially named the Royal Oman Police.
1975    Police aviation unit established.
1976    Police aviation unit becomes operational.

Current Status

The duties of the Royal Oman Police include disaster relief operations, EMS duties and coast guard support/SAR operations.

Future Plans

None known.

Markings

National Insignia


          Main markingFin Flash
The Royal Oman Police insignia is displayed on the fuselage sides of helicopters and on the fin of fixed-wing aircraft. A fin flash is carried by the helicopters. No service titles are displayed.

Aircraft Serial Numbers

Royal Oman Police aircraft carry civil registrations. Prior to 1978, aircraft were registered in the series A40-AI to A40-AU, but from 1978 onwards all aircraft are registered in the A40-Cx series, with letters being re-used as old aircraft are retired.

Unit/Base Codes

Coding system not used

Aircraft

Aircraft Designations

None – Manufacturers designations used

Current Aircraft Inventory

Aircraft Type Total Del’d Total Active Still on Order Role
Agusta A109E 2 2 0 Policing
AgustaWestland AW139 10 10 0 Policing
CASA CN.234M 2 2 0 Transport
Dornier Do 228-100 2 2 0 Transport

All-Time Aircraft Used List

Aircraft Type Quantity Service Entry Out of Service Origin
Agusta A109E 2 2005 current Italy
AgustaWestland AW139 10 2007 current Italy
Beech Queen Air 1 19?? 19?? USA
Bell 205A 3 1976 2007 USA
Bell 206B 3 1976 1988 USA
Bell 222 2 1980 1987 USA
Bell 214ST 6 1983 2005? USA
Boeing 727 1 1981 1993 USA
Britten-Norman BN-2T Islander 1 1989 2000 UK
CASA CN.235M 2 1993 current Spain
De Havilland Canada DHC-5D Buffalo 3 1978 1998 Canada
Dornier Do 228-100 2 1984 current Germany
Gates Learjet 25 1 1975 1979 USA
Gates Learjet 35A 1 1978 1988 USA
Hughes 369D 1 1978 19?? USA
Pilatus PC-6B 2 1974 1984 Switzerland
Swearingen Metro 2 1976 1979 USA

Aircraft NOT Used

No false reports known.

Organisation

Main Headquarters

Qurum.

Organisational Structure

No information.

Current Order of Battle

No information.

Historical Orders of Battle

Not applicable.

All-Time Flying Units List

Not applicable.

Air Bases

Current Air Bases

One ROPAW base is Seeb Airport – the other bases used are currently not known.

All-Time Air Bases Used List

Not applicable.

More Information

Books

To be added

Magazines

None known.

Websites

Official Royal Oman Police webpage

airliners.net

Helicopter Life