National Markings
New Zealand Air Force

This section describes and illustrates the insignia used by the Royal New Zealand Air Force since its formation:


  
Main MarkingFin Flash

1923-1942
Until the start of the Pacific War, New Zealand military aircraft markings followed the parctice of the Royal Air Force. The standard Type A blue/white/red roundel was displayed in the standard six positions, plus a red/white/blue fin flash or rudder stripes – with red leading. No service titles were carried.


  
Main MarkingFin Flash

1942-1944
The war with Japan caused a rapid reduction in the size of the central red area, until it was almost a dot. At the same time the fin flash morphed into a very tall and very narrow red/white/blue stripe.


  
Main MarkingFin Flash

1944-1945
With the arrival of large numbers of Lend-Lease aircraft from the USA, the simple expedient of overpainting the US national insignia central star with with a blue disc resulted in a distinctive blue/white/wblue Pacific War roundel. The tone of blue used varied from very light to very dark.


  
Main MarkingFin Flash

1946-1957
In the post-war period, national markings reverted to the standard Royal Air Force pattern, but did not change when the central red disc was enlarged on RAF roundels in 1947. The service title ‘ROYAL NEW ZEALAND AIR FORCE’ was displayed on the fuselage sides of transport aircraft.


  
Main MarkingFin Flash

1957-1960
In 1957 a white fern leaf was added to the central red disc, to create a nationally specific insignia. The service titles remained as before.


  
Main MarkingFin Flash

1960-1967
Because of remarks that the white fern looked like a white feather, in 1960 it was changed to a silver fern. But on aluminium aircraft, some observers remarked that this looked like worn paint.



  
Main MarkingFin Flash

1970-present
From 10 October 1970 the national insignia was changed to one with the central red disc replaced by a red Kiwi bird. The bird normally faces forward, but some instances are known of it facing backwards. The fin flash remains unchanged. The service title ‘ROYAL NEW ZEALAND AIR FORCE’ is displayed on the fuselage sides of transport aircraft. RNZAF helicopters now carry the service title ‘AIR FORCE’ on the rear fuselage.


  
Main MarkingMain Marking

1970-present
Two different low visibility versions of the kiwi roundel have been used. A red/blue version with no white areas, and a grey version with the bird and outer ring the same tone of grey.

Key Dates

of the Royal New Zealand Air Force
1912    First New Zealand army officer undergoes pilot training in the UK
1913    Bleriot XI monoplane presented to the NZ government
1918    Several New Zealand fighter pilots become aces in the First World War
1923    New Zealand Permanent Air Force officially established
1934    NZPAF is renamed the Royal New Zealand AIr Force
1937    RNZAF becomes an independent military service
1939    New Zealand joins the Empire Air Training Scheme
December 1941    Start of the Pacific War with Japan
1942    First Lend-Lease aircraft arrive from USA for home defence
15 August 1945    VJ Day – Japan surrenders
1952    14 Sqn deploys to Cyprus
1956    RNZAF Antarctic Flight first formed
1957    Territorial Air Force disbanded
1965    RNZAF begins participation in Vietnam War
1985    End of New Zealand participation in ANZUS treaty
2001    RNZAF combat wing is scrapped

Air Bases and Airfields

of the Royal New Zealand Air Force

This page lists the air bases and airfields which are, or have been, used by the Royal New Zealand AIr Force.

Location Name ICAO IATA Status

Wellington

Air Movements Rongotai

none

none

Active

Christchurch

Air Movements Harewood

none

none

Active

Whenuapai/Hobsonville

RNZAF Base Auckland

NZWP

none

Active

Hobsonville

RNZAF Base Hobsonville

none

none

Closed

Rolleston

RNZAF Base Norwood

none

none

Closed

Ohakea

RNZAF Base Ohakea

NZOH

OHA

Active

Clarks Beach

RNZAF Base Seagrove

none

none

Closed

Wigram

RNZAF Base Wigram

NZWG

none

Closed

Blenheim

RNZAF Base Woodbourne

none

none

Active

Ardmore

RNZAF Station Ardmore

none

none

Closed

Blenheim

RNZAF Station Fairhall

none

none

Closed

Christchurch

RNZAF Station Harewood

none

none

Closed

Levin

RNZAF Station Levin

none

none

Closed

Whangarei

RNZAF Station Onerahi

none

none

Closed

Wellington

RNZAF Station Rongotai

none

none

Closed

Dunedin

RNZAF Station Taieri

none

none

Closed

Hororata

RNZAF Station Te Pirita

none

none

Closed

Kaitaia

RNZAF Station Waipapakauri

none

none

Closed

Auckland

RNZAF Station Whenuapai

none

none

Closed

Bluff Harbour

Ocean Beach

none

none

Closed

Miramar Peninsula

Shelly Bay

none

none

Closed

Mangere

Mangere Aerodrome

none

none

Closed

Gisborne

Gisborne Airport

NZGS

GIS

Active

Masterton

Hood Aerodrome

NZMS

MRO

Active

Nelson

Nelson Airport

NZNS

NSN

Active

Palmerston North

Palmerston North International Airport

NZPM

PMR

Active

Paraparaumu

Paraparaumu Airport

NZPP

PPQ

Active

Ashburton

Ashburton Aerodrome

NZAS

ASG

Active

Blenheim

Omaka Aerodrome

NZOM

 

Active

 

Royal New Zealand Air Force

Operator Profile

History

Narrative Summary

Air Force History

Key Dates

Air Force Timeline

Current Status

The RNZAF is currently taking delivery of new helicopters to replace its ageing training and utility fleet.

Future Plans

No plans known.

Markings

National Insignia

CurrentHistorical

Aircraft Serial Numbers

Serial numbers consist of the prefix NZ and a four-digit number, e.g. NZ7571 for a Boeing 757.

Unit/Base Codes

Coding system details to be added.


Aircraft

Aircraft Designations

None – Manufacturers designations used

Current Aircraft Inventory

Table of Current Service Aircraft

All-Time Aircraft Used List

All-Time Table of Aircraft Used

Aircraft NOT Used

False reports of aircraft on order or in service

Aircraft Losses and Incidents

To be added.

Organisation

Main Headquarters

New Zealand Defence Force Headquarters, Aitken Street, Wellington.

Organisational Structure

The RNZAF currently comprises two Air Wings – one for each main operating base – each controlling a number of Squadrons, plus a Ground Training Wing and a Logistics Command overseeing aircraft maintenance.

Current Order of Battle

Table of Current Order of Battle

Historical Orders of Battle

To be added.

All-Time Flying Units List

Units Listing

Air Bases

Current Air Bases

The main RNZAF operating bases are Auckland and Oakhea. Maintenance work and Ground Training is performed at Woodbourne.

All-Time Air Bases Used List

A considerable number of air bases were built during World War 2, but nearly all of these have closed or been turned over to civil use.
Military Air Bases Listing

More Information

Books

Fighting Spirit: 75 Years of the RNZAF (Margaret McClure)
Official History: ROYAL NEW ZEALAND AIR FORCE (Squadron Leader J. M. S. Ross)
Into Wind…the birth of the RNZAF (Brian Lockstone)
Wigram: The Birthplace of Military Aviation in New Zealand (Bee Dawson)
Swift to the Sky: New Zealand’s Military Aviation (Errol Martyn)
World Air Forces Directory 2013/14 (Ian Carroll)

Magazines

World Air Power Journal Vol.16 Spring 1994

Websites

wikipedia: Royal New Zealand Air Force

RNZAF Official Website

Facebook: Royal New Zealand Air Force

Airliners.net

The Wings Over New Zealand Aviation Forum

Any photographs illustrating this operator would be welcome.

All-Time Units Listing

of the Royal New Zealand Air Force

This page lists all the aviation-related units of the Royal New Zealand Air Force, since its formation.

1 Squadron

2 Squadron

3 Squadron

4 Squadron

5 Squadron

6 Squadron

7 Squadron

8 Squadron

9 Squadron

10 Squadron

11 Squadron

12 Squadron

13 Squadron

14 Squadron

15 Squadron

16 Squadron

17 Squadron

18 Squadron

19 Squadron

20 Squadron

21 Squadron

22 Squadron

23 Squadron

24 Squadron

25 Squadron

26 Squadron

30 Squadron

31 Squadron

40 Squadron

41 Squadron

42 Squadron

43 Squadron

44 Squadron

75 Squadron

 

Navigation and Air Electronics Training Squadron

Airframe Reconditioning Squadron

Central Flying School

Pilot Training Squadron

No.1 Repair Depot

No.2 Repair Depot

No.3 Repair Depot

 

75 (New Zealand) Squadron

485 (New Zealand) Squadron

486 (New Zealand) Squadron

487 (New Zealand) Squadron

488 (New Zealand) Squadron

489 (New Zealand) Squadron

490 (New Zealand) Squadron

 

No.1 Anti-Aircraft Co-operation Flight

No.2 Anti-Aircraft Co-operation Flight

No.3 Anti-Aircraft Co-operation Flight

No.1 Elementary Flying Training School

No.2 Elementary Flying Training School

No.3 Elementary Flying Training School

No.4 Elementary Flying Training School

No.1 Service Flying Training School

No.2 Service Flying Training School

 

Strike Wing

Operations Wing

No. 485 Wing

No. 488 Wing

 

Royal New Zealand Air Force
Current Order of Battle

of the Royal New Zealand Air Force
Unit Type Base

No.485 Wing

RNZAF Base Auckland
No.5 Squadron P-3K RNZAF Base Auckland
No.6 Squadron SH-2G Seasprite RNZAF Base Auckland
No.40 Squadron C-130H, Boeing 757 RNZAF Base Auckland

No.488 Wing

RNZAF Base Oakhea
No.3 Squadron A109, UH-1H RNZAF Base Oakhea
Helicopter Transition Unit A109, NH90 RNZAF Base Oakhea

Flying Training Headquarters

RNZAF Base Oakhea
Central Flying School CT-4E Airtrainer RNZAF Base Oakhea
Pilot Training Squadron CT-4E Airtrainer RNZAF Base Oakhea
No.42 Squadron King Air 200 RNZAF Base Oakhea
 
Aircraft Repair Depot RNZAF Base Woodbourne
Ground Training Wing G.I. airframes RNZAF Base Woodbourne

 

All-Time Aircraft Used List
Royal New Zealand Air Force

Aircraft Type Quantity Service Entry Retirement Origin
AESL T6/24 Airtourer 4 1970 1992 New Zealand
AESL CT-4B Airtrainer 19 1976 1998 New Zealand
Pacific Aerospace Airtrainer CT4E 13 1998 current New Zealand
AgustaWestland A109 5 2011 current Italy
Aichi E13A ‘Jake’ 1 1945 1945 captured
Airspeed Consul 6 1948 1952 UK
Airspeed Oxford 299 1938 1954 UK
Auster J/5 Autocar 1 1947 1969 UK
Auster T.7C Antarctic 1 1956 1966 UK
Avro 504K 25 1920 1931 UK
Avro 504L 1 1920 ? UK
Avro 626 Prefect 4 1935 1943 UK
Avro Anson I 23 1942 1953 UK
Avro Anson XII 2 1945 1950 UK
British Aircraft Swallow II 1 1939 1941 UK
BAC 167 Strikemaster 88 16 1972 1993 UK
Beech C17L Staggerwing 1 1939 1946 USA
Beech AT-11 Kansan 1 ? ? USA
Beech King Air 200 5 1998 current USA
Bell 47G-3B 13 1965 current USA
Bell UH-1D Iroquois 5 1966 current USA
Bell UH-1H Iroquois 16 1970 current USA
Blackburn Baffin T.8 29 1937 1941 UK
Bleriot XI-2 1 1913 1914 ?
Boeing 727-100 3 1981 1999 USA
Boeing 757-200 2 2003 current USA
Brewster B339E Buffalo I 25 1941 1942 USA
Bristol F.2B Fighter 7 1919 1936 UK
Bristol Beaufort 7 1941 1942 UK
Bristol Freighter 31M 12 1951 1977 UK
Cessna 421C Golden Eagle 3 1981 1991 USA
Consolidated PBY-5 Catalina 22 1943 1952 USA
Consolidated PB2B-1 Catalina IVB 34 1944 1956 USA
Curtiss P-40E Kittyhawk IA 65 1942 1943 USA
Curtiss P-40L Kittyhawk IIA 1 1943 1943 USA
Curtiss P-40K Kittyhawk III 24 1943 1944 USA
Curtiss P-40M Kittyhawk III 36 1943 1944 USA
Curtiss P-40N Kittyhawk IV 172 1943 1945 USA
de Havilland D.H.4 2 1919 1929 UK
de Havilland D.H.9 9 1920 1929 UK
de Havilland D.H.50A 1 1927 1932 UK
de Havilland D.H.60G Gipsy Moth 14 1939 1943 UK
de Havilland D.H.60G G-III Moth Major 5 1939 1942 UK
de Havilland D.H.60M Moth 9 1939 1944 UK
de Havilland D.H.80A Puss Moth 4 1931 1946 UK
de Havilland D.H.82A Tiger Moth 344 1939 1958 UK/Aus./NZ
de Havilland D.H.83 Fox Moth 1 1943 1948 UK
de Havilland D.H.84 Dragon 2 2 1939 1943 UK
de Havilland D.H.86 Express 3 1939 1946 UK
de Havilland D.H.89A Dragon Rapide 5 1939 1945 UK
de Havilland D.H.89B Dominie II 9 1943 1953 UK
de Havilland D.H.94 Moth Minor 5 1939 1945 UK
de Havilland D.H.98 Mosquito T.III 4 1946 1955 UK
de Havilland D.H.98 Mosquito FB.VI 80 1943 1955 UK
de Havilland D.H.98 Mosquito FB.40 1 1946 1950 UK
de Havilland D.H.98 Mosquito T.43 4 1947 1955 UK
de Havilland D.H.100 Vampire I 1 ? ? UK
de Havilland D.H.100 Vampire 3 1 ? ? UK
de Havilland D.H.100 Vampire 3 1 ? ? UK
de Havilland D.H.100 Vampire FB.5 29 1951 1971 UK
de Havilland D.H.100 Vampire FB.52 18 1951 1958 UK
de Havilland D.H.100 Vampire T.11 15 1951 1972 UK
de Havilland D.H.100 Vampire T.55 6 1951 1958 UK
de Havilland D.H.112 Venom FB.1 48 1955 1958 UK
de Havilland D.H.104 Devon/Dove 30 1948 1981 UK
De Havilland Canada DHC-2 Beaver 1 1956 1960 Canada
De Havilland Canada DHC-3 Otter 1 1960 1963 Canada
Douglas A-4G Skyhawk 8 1984 2000 USA
Douglas TA-4G Skyhawk 2 1984 2000 USA
Douglas A-4K Skyhawk 10 1970 2000 USA
Douglas TA-4K Skyhawk 6 1970 2000 USA
Douglas C-47 Dakota 49 1943 1979 USA
Douglas DC-6 3 1961 1968 USA
Douglas SBD Dauntless 87 1943 1948 USA
English Electric Canberra B.2 17 1958 1962 UK
English Electric Canberra T.4 3 1958 1962 UK
English Electric Canberra B(I).12 11 1959 1970 UK
English Electric Canberra T.13 2 1961 1970 UK
Fairey IIIF 7 1929 1939 UK
Fairey Battle 2 1941 1943 UK
Fairey Firefly I 1 ? ? UK
Fairey Gordon I 22 1939 1943 UK
Fairey Gordon II 15 1939 1943 UK
Fokker F.27-120 Friendship 3 1979 1992 Netherlands
Foster-Wikner Wicko GM.1 1 1939 1942 UK
General Aircraft ST.25 Monospar Jubilee 1 1939 1941 UK
Gloster Grebe II 3 1927 1938 UK
Gloster Meteor F.3 1 1945 1947 UK
Gloster Meteor T.7 2 1952 1955 UK
Grumman TBF Avenger 48 1943 1959 USA
Handley Page Hastings C.3 4 1952 1969 UK
Hawker Hind 78 1938 1944 UK
Hawker Hurricane II 5 1941 1942 UK
Hawker Hurricane IIB 13 1942 1942 UK
Hawker Tomtit 4 1931 1940 UK
Hawker Siddeley Andover C.1 10 1976 1998 UK
Howard DGA-15P Nightingale 1 ? ? USA
Lockheed C-130H Hercules 5 1965 current USA
Lockheed Hudson 94 1941 1950 USA
Lockheed C-60A Lodestar 10 1943 1949 USA
Lockheed P-3B Orion 6 1966 ? USA
Lockheed P-3K Orion 6 ? current USA
Lockheed PV-2 Harpoon 4 1945 1945 USA
Lockheed Ventura V, PV-1 116 1943 1946 USA
Lockheed Ventura IIA, RB-34A Lexington 23 1943 1948 USA
Aermacchi MB-339C 18 1991 1998 Italy
Messerschmitt Bf 109E-4 1 ? ? captured
Miles Hawk Major 4 1939 1943 UK
Miles Whitney Straight 3 1939 1946 UK
Miles Hawk Trainer/Magister 2 1939 1943 UK
Miles Aerovan 4 2 1949 1951 UK
Mitsubishi A6M ‘Zeke’ 2 1945 1946 captured
Mitsubishi Ki-46 ‘Dinah’ 1 1945 1945 captured
NHI NH90 8 2011 current France
North American Harvard 199 1941 1959 USA
North American Harvard AT-16 4 1944 1959 Canada
North American P-51D Mustang 30 1945 1958 USA
Percival Gull Four III 1 1939 1940 UK
Percival Vega Gull 1 1939 1946 UK
Percival Proctor III 4 1944 1947 UK
Porterfield 35W 1 1930 1946 UK
Rearwin 9000 Sportster 4 1942 1946 USA
Robinson Redwing II 1 1941 1946 UK
Saro Cutty Sark, A-17M 1 1930 1937 UK
Short Singapore III 4 1941 1943 UK
Short Sunderland 34 1944 1967 UK
Supermarine Seafire XV 1 ? ? UK
Supermarine Seagull V 2 ? ? UK
Supermarine Walrus I 25 1936 1947 UK
Vickers Vildebeeste III 27 1935 1944 UK
Vickers Vildebeeste IV 12 1940 1944 UK
Vickers Vincent I 62 1939 1943 UK
Vickers Wellington I 30 1939 1939 UK
Vought F4U-1D Corsair 368 1944 1948 USA
Vought FG-1D Corsair 60 1945 1949 USA
Waco QDC 1 1940 1941 USA
Waco UIC 1 1939 1946 USA
Waco UOC 1 1939 1946 USA

 

Current Aircraft Inventory
Royal New Zealand Air Force

Aircraft Type Total Del’d Total Active Still on Order Role
Pacific Aerospace Airtrainer CT4E 13 12 0 Trainer
AgustaWestland A109 5 3 0 Utility
Beech King Air 200 5 5 0 Trainer
Bell 47G-3B 13 5 0 Trainer
Bell UH-1D Iroquois 5 3 0 Utility
Bell UH-1H Iroquois 16 11 0 Utility
Boeing 757-200 2 2 0 Transport
Lockheed C-130H Hercules 5 5 0 Transport
Lockheed P-3K Orion 6 6 0 Maritime Patrol
NHI NH90 8 2 0 Utility

 

Aircraft Not Used

by the Royal New Zealand Air Force

This page gives details of the aircraft types that were offered or promised to the Royal New Zealand Air Force, but not delivered, cancelled official orders, and types have been falsely reported as being in service.

de Havilland D.H.100 Vampire FB.9
Twenty-five have been reported in service, but this was due to confusion with ex-RAF FB.5s supplied in 1956. One FB.9 was evaluated by the RNZAF.