Slovak Air Force

Operator Profile


Narrative Summary

During the ‘velvet divorce’ of 1993, the existing Czechoslovak air force (Ceskoslovenske Vojenske Letectvo) was divided up in the ratio two to one in favour of the Czech Republic, based on population ratio, except for the MiG-29s which were divided equally, and the MiG-23s which all went to the Czech Republic Air Force. Since most of the key air force facilities and aircraft had been located in the portion of Czecholovakia which faced the NATO alliance, i.e. the Czech Republic, the Slovaks initially faced several problems in organising the new air force. These included establishing a new control and communications system, redeploying personnel and equipment to new locations, and upgrading the existing air base infrastructure to cope with the sudden influx from the west. On 1 March 1995 the air force completed the introduction of a western-style organisational structure, featuring Squadrons and Wings rather than the previous Soviet system based on Aviation Regiments. Initially known as Letectva a Protivzdu Obrany-Snej Slovenskej – LVPOS (Slovak Air Force and Air Defence Force), it was renamed to its present title on 1st January 2002.

Key Dates:

Key Dates:
1 January 1993    Slovakian Air Force established
1 January 2002    Air Force renamed Armady Slovenskej Republiky Velitelstvo Vzdusnych Sil

Current Status

To be added

Future Plans

Procurement of 18 multi-role fighter aircraft – candidates are used F-16A/Bs or new F-16s or Gripens.
Procurement of 6-10 new trainer/light attack aircraft – candidates include Hawk, L-159, MB339 and M346.


National Insignia

National Markings

Aircraft Serial Numbers

Slovakian military aircraft carry four-digit numerical serials, usually based on the airframe construction number, e.g. Mi-24D ‘0101’.


Aircraft Designations

None – Manufacturers designations used.

Current Aircraft Inventory

Table of Current Service Aircraft

All-Time Aircraft Used List

All-Time Table of Aircraft Used

Aircraft NOT Used

False reports of aircraft on order or in service


Main Headquarters


Organisational Structure

he air force was organised into three role specific Wings, each with between two and four Squadrons or Flights.

Current Order of Battle

Table of Current Order of Battle

Historical Orders of Battle

List of Historical Orders of Battle – to be added.

All-Time Flying Units List

To be added.

Air Bases

Current Air Bases

The main air bases are Sliac, Malacky-Kuchyna and Presov.

All-Time Air Bases Used List

In addition to the main bases, some older bases have been closed and there are also a number of smaller airports and airfields around the country which are sometimes used by the Air Force.
Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.

More Information


Slovakian Military Aviation Bibliography – to be added.


World Air Power Journal No.25 p.151
Air Forces Monthly September 1996
Scramble No.209 October 1996
Scramble No.235 December 1998
Scramble No.244 September 1999


Official Slovak Air Force webpage

wikipedia: Slovak Air Force

Air-Britain Photos: Slovakian Air Force

Scramble: Slovakia

1st Fighter Squadron, Sliac

National Markings
Slovak Air Force

This section describes and illustrates the various national insignia used by the Slovak Air Force since its formation:

Main Marking

Low Visibility Variation

The main marking is displayed on the fuselage sides of the helicopters, and above and below each wing and on the fin on aircraft. Aircraft do not carry service titles.

Current Order of Battle
Slovak Air Force

Wing Squadron Type Base
Smiesane Kridlo Otta Smika 1. Stihaci Letka MiG-29AS, MiG-29UBS Sliac
2. Stihaci Letka L-39CM, L-39ZAM Sliac
Vyhl’adavacia a zachranna sluzba (SAR det.) Mi-17 Sliac
Dopravne kridlo generala Milana Rastislava Stefanika 1 Dopravn√° Roj An-26 Malacky-Kuchyna
2 Dopravn√° Roj L-410 Malacky-Kuchyna
Vrtulnikove kridlo generalplukovnika Jana Ambrusa 2. Dopravna Vrtulnikova Letka Mi-17 Presov
3. Vycikova Vrtulnikova Letka Mi-2 Presov

Letka = Squadron.
Roj = Flight.


Aircraft Not Used
Slovak Air Force

This page gives details of some of the aircraft types that were offered or promised to the Slovak Air Force but not delivered, cancelled official orders, and types have been falsely reported as being in service.

Kamov Ka-50 Hokum
Reported interest in the Ka-50 has not resulted in a confirmed order so far.

Mil Mi-35 Hind
The only Hinds used have been ex-Czechoslovak Mi-24s.

Yakovlev Yak-130
Reported interest in the Yak-130 has not resulted in a confirmed order so far.

Zlin 142
1 reported in use in 1995. None actually used.

Zlin 326
15 reported in use in 1995. None actually used.

All-Time Aircraft Used List
Slovak Air Force

Aircraft Type Quantity Service Entry Out of Service Origin
Aero L-29 Delfin 53 1993 2002 Czechoslovakia
Aero L-39 Albatros 35 1993 current Czechoslovakia
Alenia C-27J Spartan 3 20?? current Italy
Antonov An-12 Cub 1 1993 1998 Czechoslovakia
Antonov An-24 Coke 3 1993 2006 Czechoslovakia
Antonov An-26 Curl 2 1993 current Czechoslovakia
LET L-410 Turbolet 10 1993 current Czechoslovakia
Mikoyan MiG-21F-13 Fishbed 24 1993 1993 Czechoslovakia
Mikoyan MiG-21PF Fishbed 3 1993 1993 Czechoslovakia
Mikoyan MiG-21PFM Fishbed 11 1993 1993 Czechoslovakia
Mikoyan MiG-21R Fishbed 8 1993 1994 Czechoslovakia
Mikoyan MiG-21MA/MF Fishbed 51 1993 2002 Czechoslovakia
Mikoyan MiG-21US/UM Mongol 16 1993 2002 Czechoslovakia
Mikoyan MiG-29 Fulcrum A 21 1993 current Czechoslovakia
Mikoyan MiG-29 Fulcrum B 3 1993 current Czechoslovakia
Mil Mi-2 Hoplite 24 1993 current Czechoslovakia
Mil Mi-8 Hip 13 1993 2014 Czechoslovakia
Mil Mi-17 Hip 20 1993 current Czechoslovakia
Mil Mi-24 Hind 21 1993 2011 Czechoslovakia
Schweizer 269 2 2005 20?? USA
Sukhoi Su-7 Fitter 13 1993 1993 Czechoslovakia
Sukhoi Su-22M-4 Fitter K 18 1993 2002 Czechoslovakia
Sukhoi Su-22UM-3K Fitter G 3 1993 2002 Czechoslovakia
Sukhoi Su-25K Frogfoot 12 1993 2002 Czechoslovakia
Sukhoi Su-25UBK Frogfoot 1 1993 2002 Czechoslovakia
Tupolev Tu-154 Careless 2 1993 1998 Czechoslovakia
Yakovlev Yak-40 Codling 1 1993 1996? Czechoslovakia

Current Aircraft Inventory
Slovak Air Force

Aircraft Type Total Del’d Total Active Still on Order Role
Mikoyan-Gurevitch MiG-29 Fulcrum-A 21/td>

9 0 Fighter-Bomber
Mikoyan-Gurevitch MiG-29UB Fulcrum-B 3 2 0 trainer
LET L-410 Turbolet 1 1 0 Reconnaissance
Antonov An-26 2 2 0 Transport
Alenia C-27J Spartan 0 0 3 Transport
LET L-410 Turbolet 6 6 0 Transport
Mil Mi-2 3 3 0 Utility
Mil Mi-17 ‘Hip’ 14 14 0 Utility
Aero L-39 Albatros 10 10 0 Trainer/Attack