Aerospatiale SA 316B Alouette III
in Suriname Air Force service

History

Used by the Air Element / SAF.


Individual Details

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
300 1857 FAP 9386 1986 sold as N63574
400 1706 FAP 9350 1986 sold as N6353F


Pictures

None available at present.

More Information

References

  • World Air Forces Directory 2004/2005 (Ian Carroll)

Other Sources

To be added.

Suriname

Country Profile

The Country

Geography

Suriname lies on the northeast coast of South America, with Guyana to the west, French Guiana to the east, and Brazil to the south.

The country is located between 53° to 58° western geographic longitude and 1° to 6° northern geographic latitude and has an area of 163.270 square kilometres (63.039 square miles). The latitude and longitude of the capital, Paramaribo, are about 55°09′ W and 5°49′ N.

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National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in Suriname History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: Suriname
World Travel Guide – South America – Surinam
wikipedia: Suriname
wikipedia: History of Suriname
Governments on the WWW: Suriname

Aviation

Text to be added on the development of aviation in Suriname.

Markings

Civil Aircraft Registrations

The registration prefix ‘PZ-‘ is used from 1929 to present; eg:PZ-AAA to PZ-ZZZ.

An all-time Civil Rotorcraft Register of Suriname listing is here.
Official Register page
Complete Suriname Aircraft Register

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Air Force (Surinaamse Luchtmacht)

Central Government Agencies

Government Aviation – VIP transport is provided by chartered commercial operators
Coast Guard Aviation (Suriname Coast Guard) – no aviation unit

Public Service Aviation

Medical Aviation – Hi-Jet Helicopters provides some medical rescue services
Police Aviation (Korps Politie Suriname) – no aviation unit

Commercial Aviation

Inter Tropical Aviation
Surinam Airways

wikipedia: Airlines of Suriname
The World’s Airlines: Suriname

Private Aviation

To be added

Industry

Aircraft Manufacturers

None at present

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.

Airfields

Civil Airports & Airfields

Albina AP (IATA code: ABN)
Awaradam AP (IATA code: AAJ)
Botopasie AP (IATA code: BTO)
Djoemoe AP (IATA code: DOE)
Drietabbetje AP (IATA code: DRJ)
Kasikasima AP (IATA code: KCB)
Ladouanie AP (IATA code: LDO)
Nieuw Nickerie AP (IATA code: ICK)
Moengo AP (IATA code: MOJ)
Paloemeu / Vincent Faiks AP (IATA code: OEM)
Paramaribo / Zorg en Hoop IAP (IATA code: ORG)
Paramaribo/Zandery / Johan Adolf Pengel  AP (IATA code: PBM)
Stoelmanseiland AP (IATA code: SMZ)
Totness AP (IATA code: TOT)
Wageningen AP (IATA code: AGI)
Washabo AP (IATA code: WSO)
Airports in Suriname

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing

On Show

Aviation Museums

None at present.

Airshow Dates:
Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

None at present.

Aviation Bibliography

Armed Forces of Latin America (Adrian English)
Latin-American Military Aviation (John Andrade)
World Air Forces Directory (Ian Carroll)
Military Balance (IISS)
World Air Power Journal 30, p.150

Web Links

The Latin American Aviation Historical Society

Suriname National History

Suriname’s earliest inhabitants were the Surinen Indians, after whom the country is named. At 1500 Yáñes Pinzón, from Spain, explored the coast of what is todays Suriname. As he did not expect mineral resources, the Spaniards lost interest in the country.  Spain explored Suriname in 1593 again, but by 1602 the Dutch began to settle the land, followed by the English. The English transferred sovereignty to the Dutch in 1667 (the Treaty of Breda) in exchange for New Amsterdam (New York). Although the territory formally changed hands many times between the Dutch, English and French, before finally being confirmed as a Dutch possession by the terms of the 1815 Treaty of Vienna. At this time, the majority of the population were slaves, working on the plantations. Colonization was confined to a narrow coastal strip, and until the abolition of slavery in 1863, African slaves furnished the labor for the coffee and sugarcane plantations. Escaped African slaves fled into the interior, reconstituted their western African culture, and came to be called “Bush Negroes” by the Dutch. After 1870, East Indian laborers were imported from British India and Javanese from the Dutch East Indies.

Known as Dutch Guiana, the colony was integrated into the kingdom of the Netherlands in 1948. Two years later Dutch Guiana was granted home rule, except for foreign affairs and defense. After race rioting over unemployment and inflation, the Netherlands granted Suriname complete independence on November 25, 1975. A coup d’état in 1980 brought military rule. During much of the 1980s Suriname was under the repressive control of Lieut. Col. Dési Bouterse. The Netherlands stopped all aid in 1982 when Suriname soldiers killed 15 journalists, politicians, lawyers, and union officials. Defense spending increased significantly, and the economy suffered.

A guerrilla insurgency by the Jungle Commando (a Bush Negro guerrilla group) threatened to destabilize the country and was harshly suppressed by Bouterse. The economic burden of the civil war that broke out between the regime and jungle-based dissident elements prompted the military regime to announce a return to civilian rule. A transitional constitution was agreed in March 1987. Elections in November gave 40 out of the 51 seats in the National Assembly to the Front for Democracy and Development – a pro-Bouterse party, created to engineer the return to civilian government without major policy changes. However, by this time, after a 1990 dispute with elected President Ransewak Shankar, Desi Bouterse had once again put the military back in charge via another coup. The new government was dominated by the Vice-President and Premier Jules Wijdenbosch. Wijdenbosch and his counterpart in the New Front (NF, the successor party to the Front for Democracy and Development), Runaldo Venetiaan, along with Bouterse, have since become the dominant figures in Surinam’s domestic politics. Free elections were held on May 25, 1991, depriving the military of much of its political power. In 1992 a peace treaty was signed between the government and several guerrilla groups. Venetiaan held the presidency from 1991 until 1996 – when he was replaced by Wijdenbosch – and then again, following the most recent national elections in May 2000.

Surinam’s most important foreign relations are with its near neighbours and with the former Dutch colonial power, which is its principal source of aid. In the case of the Dutch, relations have see-sawed since the early 1980s, depending
largely on the extent of Dutch aid and the extent of military influence over the Surinamese government. Bouterse, always a controversial figure in Dutch eyes, has been arraigned by Dutch courts for drug trafficking and the torture of political opponents. Relations with Surinam’s neighbours are generally good. A niggling border dispute with Guyana over territorial waters – the site of possible oil deposits – was settled in the summer of 2000, only for it to simmer enough for a UN tribunal to have to be set up in June 2004 in order to resolve the long-running dispute. However, the other main territorial dispute, with Brazil, has also yet to be resolved. In January 2004, the government introduced a new currency, the Surinamese dollar, to replace the guilder.

References:

Suriname Key Dates

 1500    Yáñes Pinzón explored the coast of what is todays Suriname.
1593    Spain explored Suriname again.
1602    The Dutch began to settle the land, followed by the English.
1667    The English transferred sovereignty to the Dutch in 1667 (the Treaty of Breda) in exchange for New Amsterdam (New York).

1948

   Dutch Guiana, the colony was integrated into the kingdom of the Netherlands.
25 November 1975    Suriname became independent from the Netherlands.
1980    A coup d’état brought military rule under the control of Lieut. Col. Dési Bouterse.
1991    Runaldo Venetiaan became president.
1992    A peace treaty was signed between the government and several guerrilla groups.
1996    Jules Wijdenbosch became president.
May 2000    Runaldo Venetiaan became president again.
January 2004    The government introduced a new currency, the Surinamese dollar.