AeroRevue

Aviation-related Magazines Guide

Monthly aviation magazine. Official organ of the Aero-Club of Switzerland. Covers all aspects of flying and air sport, including flying with the Swiss Air Force, private flying, microlights, gliding etc. Published in German. First published in 1921 as a fortnightly called ‘Aero-Revue: Offizielles Organ des Schweiz. Aero Club’.

Further information: AeroRevue

Switzerland

Country Profile

The Country

Geography

Switzerland is located at the geographical centre of western Europe. It is bordered by Germany to the north, Austria to the east, Italy to the south and France to the west and northwest. The small Principality of Liechtenstein is located on one bank of the river Rhine, on the Swiss-Austrian border. It is closely allied to Switzerland, which handles its foreign relations and defence.
Switzerland consists of three different physical regions, the Jura mountains along the Swiss-French border, the Mitterlland – a hilly central plateau with large lakes – and the Alps to the south. The latter is a highly mountainous region which makes up 60% of the land area and includes the highest peaks in Europe. Several major European rivers originate in the Swiss mountains, including the Po, the Rhine, the Rhône and the Inn-Danube. The total land area is 39,770 sq km (15,355 sq miles).
Three quarters of the population of 7.3 million (2000 figure) live in the Mitterlland. 65% of the people are of German descent, 18% of French origin, 10% Italian, 1% Romansch and 6% other ethnic groups. 40% are Protestant, 46% Roman Catholic and 14% other religious faiths. The capital city is Berne (Bern).

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National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in Swiss History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: Switzerland
Yahoo Switzerland page
wikipedia: Switzerland
wikipedia: History of Switzerland
History of Switzerland

Aviation

Text to be added on the development of aviation in Switzerland.

Markings

Civil Aircraft Registrations

Swiss civil aircraft were initially allocated the series C-HAAA onwards, but no use is known. In 1929 the sequence changed to CH-xxx onwards (with the registration in numerical figures), but this changed to HB-AAA onwards in 1935. The sequence HB-BAA onwards is reserved for balloons, HB-IAA onwards is reserved for transport aircraft, HB-VAA is reserved for business jets, HB-Xxx is reserved for helicopters and HB-xxxx with numerical registrations is reserved for microlights. HB-LAA onwards has been used for aircraft from Liechtenstein since 1935.
FOCA Swiss Aircraft Register

An incomplete all-time Swiss civil aircraft register listing is here.

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Air Force (Schweizer Luftwaffe)

Central Government Agencies

None known

Public Service Aviation

Humanitarian Aviation (International Committee of the Red Cross)

Medical Aviation Swiss Air Rescue – REGA
Police Aviation – no police authority in Switzerland has a helicopter. Aviation support is provided by the Air Force as required. Controversially, the Kantonspolizei Graubunden hired EC135 HB-ZIZ from a private company during the 2011 Bilderberg Conference, with POLIZEI/POLIZIA service titles.

Commercial Aviation

Air Engiadina
Crossair (not current)
Edelweiss Air
Farnair Europe
Flybaboo
Heliswiss
Ju-Air
Privatair
Swiss International Air Lines
Swissair (not current)
Swiss World Airways
Zimex Aviation

wikipedia: Airlines of Switzerland
The World’s Airlines: Switzerland

Private Aviation

To be added

Industry

Aircraft Manufacturers

D├Ątwyler
FFA
Hans Berger
Pilatus

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.

Airfields

Civil Airports & Airfields

Airports in Switzerland

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.

On Show

Aviation Museums

Aviation Museum Locator

Airshow Dates

Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

Magazines Guide for Switzerland

Aviation Bibliography

Swiss Aviation Bibliography – to be added

Web Links

Swiss Helicopters
News, photos and registrations of Swiss civil and military helicopters

Swiss Helicopter Association
Details of helicopter operators in Switzerland

Switzerland Key Dates

c 10,000 BC    Neolithic people settle around Switzerland’s lakes.
c 1000 BC    Celtic tribes settle in the region – Helvetii to the west and Rhaetians to the east.
58 BC    The Romans under Julius Caesar conquer Switzerland.
401 D    Roman legions withdraw.
400-600 AD    A succession of Germanic tribes move into the region.
c 700 AD    Missionaries convert the population to christianity.
768 AD    Swiss territory incorporated into Charlemagne’s empire.
1033    The area becomes a province of the Holy Roman Empire.
11th C.    Autonomy of Swiss cantons reduced by Hapsburg empire.
late 12th C.    Count of Hapsburg rules central and eastern Switzerland from Austria, while Count of Savoy rules the west from Italy.
1276    Rudolf of Hapsburg, Holy Roman Emperor, attempts to assert feudal rights in Switzerland.
1291    Perpetual League established by three cantons around Lake Lucerne to pursue Swiss independence.
14th C.    Five more cantons join the league.
15 Nov 1315    Austrian invasion repulsed by Swiss Confederation at Battle of Morgarten.
1386    Battle of Sempach – Swiss army routs Austrian Hapsburg invasion.
9 April 1388    Austrian invaders defeated at Battle of Nafels, central Switzerland.
1446    Peace of Constance – ends war between Zurich and neighbouring cantons.
22 June 1476    Battle of Morat – invasion by Burgundy defeated.
1499    Peace of Basel – German Emperor Maximilian I recognises Swiss independence.
1512    Swiss Guards – mercenary troops for foreign service first raised.
1513    Swiss confederation grows to 13 cantons.
13-14 Sept 1515    Battle of Marignano – French army forces Swiss retreat.
1516    Alliance with France formed. Policy of neutrality first adopted.
1519    Reformation of Swiss Catholic church launched in Zurich.
1529    First Kappel War between Swiss Protestants and Catholics.
1531    Second Kappel War between Swiss Protestants and Catholics.
1536    Theologian John Calvin arrives in Geneva but is later expelled.
1541    Calvin returns to Geneva and sets about reforming the church.
1618    Switzerland neutral in Thirty Years War.
1648    Peace of Westphalia recognises full Swiss independence.
1798-1803    Switzerland invaded by France – Helvetic Republic puppet government imposed.
1803    Act of Mediation – traditional Swiss Confederation partially restored.
1815    Congress of Vienna confirms Swiss independence. 9 cantons added.
1815    Treaty of Paris – Swiss neutrality formally recognised.
1845    Sonderbund established by Catholic cantons – defeated in 1847 after a short civil war.
1848    New federal constitution gives more power to central government.
1864    International Red Cross founded in Geneva.
1874    Revised constitution increases federal powers and introduces referendum to decide major issues.
August 1914    Switzerland neutral in the First World War.
1920    Switzerland joins the League of Nations.
September 1939    Switzerland neutral in Second World War.
1945    Switzerland declines to join the United Nations.
1959    Founder member of European Free Trade Area (EFTA).
1986    Referendum rejects full membership of the United Nations.
1992    Referendum rejects membership of the European Union.
March 2002    Second referendum narrowly approves membership of the United Nations.
Sept 2002    Switzerland joins the United Nations.

Switzerland National History


The independence of Switzerland was formally recognised in 1648. Swiss neutrality was guaranteed by the European powers in 1815, following the defeat of Napoleon. A federal constitution was adopted in 1848. Switzerland remained neutral in the First and Second World Wars. The nation is made up of 25 cantons, of which German is majority language in 19 cantons, French in 5 and Italian in one.

[To be expanded and rewritten].