Netherlands Antilles

Territory Profile

Netherlands Antilles
(Nederlandse Antillen)

Key Facts

Self Governing From:
15 December 1954
Capital City:
Total Area Ranking:
Population Size Ranking:

The Territory


The Netherlands Antilles comprise two groups of islands in the Caribbean Sea, including Curacao, Bonaire and Aruba. These islands formed an autonomous country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Aruba became a separate country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands in 1986. On 10 October 2010 a similar legal change was applied to Curacao and Sint Maarten, while the other islands became special municipalities. For geographical convenience, this website will retain the name Netherlands Antilles for these islands.

The Netherlands (or Dutch) Antilles comprised two groups of islands: the Leeward Islands off the coast of Venezuela – Aruba, Bonaire and Curacao – and the Windward Islands east of Puerto Rico – Sint Maarten, Saba and Sint Eustatius.

The islands are of volcanic or mixed volcanic and coral origin with little ground suitable for agriculture. The total land area is 993 sq km (383.4 sq miles).

The population of 304,760 (2010 figure) is 85% Mixed Black and 15% other (Carib Amerindian, white, East Asian ). Some 72% of the population is Roman Catholic, with most of the rest following other Christian faiths. The capital city is Willemstad on Curacao.

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National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in Dutch Antilles History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: Curacao
Yahoo Netherlands Antilles page
wikipedia: Netherlands Antilles
wikipedia: History of the Netherlands Antilles


Text to be added on the development of aviation in the Netherlands Antilles.


Civil Aircraft Registrations

Civil aircraft in the Netherlands Antilles were allocated the registration prefix PJ- in 1929. The first aircraft to use this prefix arrived in 1935. This prefix is still in use.

Netherlands Antilles – Curacao – civil aircraft register (PJ-aaa)
[Get involved with the Aeroflight Cloud.]

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Current military air arms-
There are no current military air arms of the Netherlands Antilles.

Historical military air arms-
The following Dutch air arms conducted operations prior to the change in constitution:
Naval Aviation (Marine Luchtvaartdienst – MLD) [1955-2007]

Central Government Agencies

Government Aviation – No VIP aircraft known.
Coast Guard Aviation (Caribbean Coast Guard)

Public Service Aviation

Medical Aviation – No EMS helicopters.
Police Aviation (Netherlands Antilles Police)

Commercial Aviation

ALM – Antillean Airlines [1964-2001]
Dutch Antilles Express
Windward Express

wikipedia: Airlines of Netherlands Antilles
The World’s Airlines: Netherlands

Private Aviation

To be added


Aircraft Manufacturers

None known.

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.


Civil Airports & Airfields

Curacao International Airport
Princess Juliana International Airport

Other airports
Airports in the Netherlands Antilles

Military Air Bases & Airfields

The Royal Netherlands Naval Air Service operated from Hato Airport 1952-2007. The USAF has based aircraft at Hato Airport at various times.

On Show

Aviation Museums

War Memorial, Aruba.

Airshow Dates

None known.

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

None known.

Aviation Bibliography

Netherlands Antilles Aviation Bibliography – to be added

Web Links

IVAO Netherlands Antilles

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