Aviation Royale Khmere/Khmer Air Force Aircraft
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Aviation Royale Khmere/Khmer Air Force

Aircraft Types


This is an attempt at identifying, by serial number and construction number, all aircraft and helicopters delivered to Cambodia/Kampuchea between 1954 and 1978. The list may be considered as a rough draft, as quite a lot of detail on individual aircraft and helicopters is missing.

The sources are, apart from various threads on the Apichart smartgroup forum, three articles by Albert Grandolini, Tom Cooper & Truong, titled Cambodia, 1954-1999. The articles are available at www.acig.org. Two other articles, written by Albert Grandolini and Jim Walg respectively, and published in Air Enthusiast and Air International have been referred to. Some Internet based source material has been referred to as well.


Antonov An-2 Colt/Harbin Y-5
Three An-2s were supplied from the USSR in 1963, with five Chinese built Y-5s were obtained in 1965 (one) and 1968 (four) respectively. At least one was destroyed at Pochentong on January 12, 1971. By 1971, the last An-2s/Y-5s were withdrawn from use.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
?     1963 An-2
?     1963 An-2
?     1963 An-2
?     1965 Y-5
?     1968 Y-5
?     1968 Y-5
?     1968 Y-5
?     1968 Y-5

References:

  • TBA


Bell UH-1H Iroquois
At least 46 UH-1Hs were delivered to the Khmer AF. Some of the UH-1s were primarily used in the gunship role, and, according to one source, these received the unofficial designation UH-1G. At least one was destroyed at Pochentong on January 12, 1971. One was shot down in August 1972 by a SA-7 Strella missile. Thirteen UH-1s were flown to Thailand in April 1975.Walg quotes 19 KhAF "helicopters" as captured by the Khmer Rouge, while another source states 24 UH-1s as captured. A picture taken in April 1975, shows at least three UH-1s abandoned at the Olympic Stadium, Phnom Penh. One of the remaining Bell UH-1s was flown to Thailand on April 30, 1976, by Pech Lim Kuon.

Chinese advisors assisted in the rebuilding of former Khmer aircraft and helicopters. Apparently, limited air training was conducted at both Pochentong, outside Phnom Penh, and at Battambang. He was, along with four Chinese instructors, teaching ten Cambodian trainee pilots how to fly Bell UH-1Hs. By the time of his defection, he was the only trained pilot of Cambodian origin remaining in Cambodia. In AFKLA service, UH-1s were used for limited flight training, as well as transport and liaison tasks. Some propaganda missions were also flown.

After the Vietnamese invasion on December 25, 1978, a few Kambodian Hueys were flown to Thailand. Grandolini, Cooper & Troung states that on January 3, 1979, five Hueys were flown to Thailand. The Hueys were carrying Pol Pot and his aides to exile in Thailand. After landing at a jungle site in Isan, the Hueys were disabled by their crews, Pol Pot slipping away into the jungle.

But, according to another source (Kiernan), two helicopters, presumably Hueys, were used to fly Pol Pot and his aides to Thailand on January 6, 1979. Apparently, the helicopters took off at around 9 AM, shortly before the first Vietnamese forces reached the outskirts of Phnom Penh, narrowly missing a VPAF raid on Pochentong. One derelict UH-1H was noted in Boun Kak park, Phnom Penh, in early 1993. Presumably, it was broken up for scrap by squatters, as was a nearby Helio AU-24A.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
? 10571 68-15641    
? 10867 68-16208   To Royal Thai Navy as s/n 401
? 11102 68-16443    
? 11108 68-16449    
? 11736 69-15548    
? 11807 69-15519    
? 11832 69-15544   W/o Nov 25, 1969
? 12020 69-15732    
? 12292 69-16715    
? 12293 69-16716   Also rep as dld to the Philippines
? 12971 71-20147   Landed at Jantaburi, Thailand Apr 30, 1975. To Royal Thai Navy as s/n 404.
? 12972 71-20148    
? 12973 71-20149    
? 12974 71-20150    
? 12975 71-20151    
? 12976 71-20152    
? 12977 71-20153    
? 12978 71-20154    
? 12979 71-20155    
? 13062 71-20238    
? 13063 71-20239    
? 13067 71-20243   To Royal Thai Army.
? 13073 71-20249    
? 13074 71-20250    
? 13089 71-20265    
? 13090 71-20266    
? 13091 71-20267    
? 13092 71-20268    
? 13093 71-20269    
? 13097 71-20273    
? 13098 71-20274    
? 13099 71-20275    
? 13101 71-20277    
? 13102 71-20278    
? 13103 71-20279    
? 13106 71-20282    
? 13107 71-20283    
? 13114 71-20290    
? 13115 71-20291    
? 13117 71-20293    
? 13237 72-21538    
? 13238 72-21539    
? 13239 72-21540    
? 13240 72-21541    
? 13307 72-21608    
? 13311 72-21612   To Royal Thai Navy as s/n 402.
? 13312 72-21613    
208        
213        

References:

  • TBA


Cessna 170B
One Cessna 170B was bought in 1954 for use by the local flying club. It was transferred to the AVRK. One additional aircraft was added to the AVRK inventory in 1955. Both had been withdrawn from use in 1968.

Between 1953 and 1956, a total of five Cessna 170Bs had been exported to Cambodia for civilian use. Presumably, the two AVRK examples were included among these aircraft.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
?     1954 Wfu by 1968
?     1955 Wfu by 1968

References:

  • TBA


Cessna 180
Two Cessna 180s were purchased in 1954 for use by the local flying club. They were transferred to the AVRK. Both were still in service in 1968.

The two Ce 180s mentioned below are assumed to be the AVRK examples. The US registration for both were cancelled on Dec 15, 1953, as exported to Cambodia.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
? 30413   1954  
? 30601   1954  

References:

  • TBA


Cessna O-1 Bird Dog
Eight L-19A Bird Dogs were supplied in 1956. They equipped the 1er groupe d'observation et d'accompagnement au combat (1er GAOAC), ie the 1st Observation group. All were reported as being in service in 1968. Some, perhaps all, were destroyed on January 12, 1971, in a NVA sapper attack on Pochentong. Replacement aircraft were delivered almost immediately from the US forces, the first three O-1Fs arriving in February, 1971. During 1971, a total of 27 O-1Fs were delivered. Presumably, there were additional deliveries, as 45 O-1s are listed as being in service in 1974. Twelve O-1s were flown to Thailand in April, 1975.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
0-313     1956 L-19A
0-317     1956 L-19A
?     1956 L-19A
?     1956 L-19A
?     1956 L-19A
?     1956 L-19A
?     1956 L-19A
?     1956 L-19A
? 23491 55-4651 May 1971  
? 23502 55-4662 May 1971  
? 23507 55-4667 May 1971  
? 23514 55-4674 May 1971  
? 23560 55-4720 Dec 1971  
? 23561 55-4721 Feb 1971  
? 23563 55-4723 Apr 1971  
? 23578 55-4738 Mar 1971  
? 23580 55-4740 ? 1971  
? 23588 55-4748 June 1971  
? 23973 57-2795 Mar 1971  
? 23975 57-2797 Apr 1971  
? 23983 57-2805 Mar 1971  
? 24015 57-2837 Apr 1971  
? 24017 57-2839 Jul 1971  
? 24062 57-2884 Feb 1971  
? 24073 57-2895 May 1971  
? 24081 57-2903 ? 1971 Photographed at Pochentong, Nov, 1974
? 24082 57-2904 Apr 1971  
? 24086 57-2908 Nov 1971  
? 24094 57-2916 Nov 1971  
? 24098 57-2920 Nov 1971  
? 24112 57-2934 Dec 1971  
? 24139 57-2961 Feb 1971  
? 24140 57-2962 Nov 1971  
? 24141 57-2963 May 1971  
? 24148 57-2970 Jul 1971  

References:

  • TBA


Cessna T-37B Tweety
Four were delivered in March 1963 by a MATS Douglas C-124 Globemaster. All were still in service in 1968.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
? 40275? 57-2342 1963  
? 40636 60-0148 1963  
? 40637 60-0149 1963  
? 40638 60-0150 1963  

S/n 60-0159 (C/n 40653) is reported on Joe Baugher's site. Probably a mis-read for 60-0150? Twenty-four additional T-37s are noted by Walg as having been delivered in 1973. Ten "A-37s" were listed as captured by Vietnamese forces in 1979.

References:

  • TBA


Cessna T-41D (H) Mescalero
Twenty-two were delivered. By early 1972, four had been lost in separate training accidents along with their pilots. By 1974, 13 T-41's remained in service with the Khmer AF air academy at Pochentong. One, 73-1662, was flown to Thailand in April, 1975. According to one source, two Khmer AF T-41Ds were flown to Thailand, one of which was transferred to the Honduran AF and the second one to the Royal Thai Government.

The use of the remaining T-41s, if any, during the Pol Pot regime, is unknown. But, apparently, limited primary fixed wing flight training was conducted at Battambang, assisted by Chinese advisors. The training aircraft included both T-28s and T-41s. It has been suggested that, after the Vietnamese invasion of Cambodia, some were transferred to Laos. This is, however, unlikely.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
? R172-0470 70-2052    
? R172-0471 70-2053    
? R172-0472 70-2054    
? R172-0473 70-2055    
? R172-0474 70-2056    
? R172-0475 70-2057    
? R172-0476 70-2058    
? R172-0477 70-2059    
? R172-0478 70-2060    
? R172-0479 70-2061    
? R172-0531 72-1429    
? R172-0532 72-1430    
? R172-0533 72-1431    
? R172-0534 72-1432    
? R172-0535 72-1433    
? R172-0536 72-1434    
? R172-0547 73-1659    
? R172-0548 73-1660    
? R172-0549 73-1661    
? R172-0550 73-1662   Landed at U-Tapao, Apr 1975. To Royal Thai AF, Apr 1975. Became s/n BF14/13/18.
? R172-0551 73-1663    
? R172-0604 74-1724    

References:

  • TBA


Cessna U-17 Skywagon
One VNAF Cessna U-17 was flown by a defector in 1963. The aircraft was returned to South Vietnam. It is uncertain if any U-17s were delivered to the Khmer AF.

References:

  • TBA


Dassault MD 315R Flamant
Six former Armee de l'Air Flamants were delivered in March, 1964. They were operated by the Liasion Group. All were still in service in 1968.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
? 45 45    
? 69 69 Feb 24, 1964  
? 115 115 Feb 24, 1964  
? 118 118 Feb 17, 1964  
? 125 125 Feb 17, 1964  
? 136 136 Feb 17, 1964  

References:

  • TBA


DHC L-20 Beaver
Three L-20 Beavers were handed over by the US MAAG at the end of 1956? All three were still listed as being in service in 1968.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
1308     1956?  
?     1956?  
?     1956?  

References:

  • TBA


DHC-3 U-1A Otter
Twenty were delivered under MAP between July 1971 and September 1972, all having previously served with the US Army. The first, 55-2978, was a YU-1A-DH, with the others all being U-1A-DH. At least three were destroyed in a Khmer Rouge raid on Pochentong during March 1972. Twenty DHC-6 Twin Otters are said to have been captured by the Vietnamese forces. This may be in error though (Walg p 138).

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
? 51 55-2978    
? 82 55-3244    
? 83 55-3245    
? 93 55-3253    
? 124 55-3277    
? 127 55-3279    
? 149 55-3295    
? 154 55-3299    
? 156 55-3300    
? 173 55-3311    
? 175 55-3313    
? 192 55-3323    
? 200 55-3327    
? 322 58-1707    
? 325 58-1709    
? 335 58-1717    
? 337 58-1718    
? 346 59-2209    
? 351 59-2213    
? 378 59-2227    

References:

  • TBA


Dornier Do 28A
A civilian registered South Vietnamese Do 28A was added to the AVRK inventory in 1966, having landed at Pochentong following a navigational error. The Do 28 was possibly being operated by the CIA. It was still in service in 1968.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
F-OBYR 3028?   1966  

References:

  • TBA


Douglas AD-4N Skyraider
The first four A-1D Skyraiders arrived during November 1964, with a further ten being delivered in October 1965. An additional A-1D was delivered later as an attrition replacement after one Skyraider was lost at Kratie in September 1966. All the A-1Ds were former AdlA aircraft, the delivery of which caused severe criticism from the USA. It has been suggested that the USA wanted to purchase the Skyraiders for use in Vietnam. All had been withdrawn from use by 1970, due to operational losses and wear and tear.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
?   124140    
?   125715    
?   125721    
?   125722    
?   125724    
?   125734    
?   125746    
?   125762    
?   126890    
?   126942    
?        
?        
?        
?        
?        

References:

  • TBA


Douglas A-1H Skyraider
Three VNAF pilots defected to Cambodia. The first arrived on February 26, 1962, its pilot belly landing at Pochentong due to heavy battle damage. The pilot had been one of two that attacked the Presidential Palace during a failed Coup d'etat. One of the former VNAF A-1Hs was lost in early 1965.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
34495 'C'   Bu 134495 1962 Defected on Feb 26, 1962. Belly landed at Pochentong due to battle damage. Not repaired.
...565? 'U'   Bu ...565 1963 Defected in 1963. Capt Duc Duong
?     1964 Defected in 1964. Flown by 1st Nguyen Van Trach, 518th FS, Bien Hoa.

References:

  • TBA


Douglas AC-47
About a dozen AC-47s were delivered to the Khmer AF. The first two AC-47Ds were delivered in 1971, and were presumably, former VNAF aircraft. The initial crews were received their training at Udorn. Six AC-47s were flown to Thailand in April 1975. Many of these had been originally delivered as standard C-47s, indicating that local conversions to the gunship role had been taking place.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
51079 17082/34349 45-1079   ex USAF, escaped to Thailand Apr 1975, To RTAF as s/n B.L2-47/18, 14 Nov 1975
51116 17119/34386 45-1116 Mar 1973 ex USAF, escaped to Thailand Apr 1975, To RTAF as s/n B.L2-45/18, 12 Sept 1975
349254 15070/26515 43-49254 13 Mar 1973 ex USAF, 43-254, escaped to Thailand Apr 1975, To RTAF as s/n B.L2-42/18, 9 Sept 1975
349010 14826/26271 43-49010 7 June 1970 ex-VNAF, escaped to Thailand Apr 1975, To RTAF as s/n B.L2-46/18, 11 Nov 1975
349516 15332/26777 43-49516   ex-VNAF, escaped to Thailand Apr 1975, To RTAF as s/n B.L2-43/18, 9 Sept 1975
477152 16736/33484 44-77152 15 Jan 1971 ex USAF, escaped to Thailand Apr 1975, To RTAF as s/n B.L2-44/18, Sept 1975
?        
?        
?        

References:

  • The Douglas DC-1/DC-2/DC-3: The First Seventy Years (Air-Britain)


Douglas C-47 Skytrain
The Douglas DC-3 and its military variant, the C-47, was used by the AVRK and its successor Khmer Air Force from 1954 until 1975.

Upon independence in November 1953, a single C-47 was transferred for VIP use. Another DC-3 was delivered soon afterwards. Two C-47s were transferred from the AdlA in August 1956, while two more were bought from the Israeli Defence Force/Air Force. In 1958, five additional C-47s were supplied by the US MAAG. One former RAAF C-47 was delivered in 1960. By 1963, one had been lost in an accident, but a replacement C-47 was added to the AVRK inventory, when a VNAF crew defected to Cambodia. Twelve were still in service in 1968.

US military aid resumed in 1970 after a 6-year break. The 11 C-47s then in service were supplemented by a further 11 aircraft taken from USAF PACAF bases in the region between 12 August 1970 and 24 September 1970. Unfortunately, many were subsequently destroyed in a guerrilla attack on Pochentong in January 1971. As replacements, six former RAAF examples were delivered to Cambodia in November 1971, while four additional aircraft were supplied by the USAF.

Nine C-47s escaped to Thailand in April 1975 after the communist take-over, while 14 (possibly including AC-47 gunships) were captured by the Khmer Rouge. The C-47 was one of the few types of aircraft that continued in service with the Khmer Rouge. As late as 1977, at least two were operational (Kiernan). When Vietnam invaded Kampuchea in late 1978, six C-47s were captured. A photograph taken in February 1980 appears to show 6 C-47s still in use.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
42-24055 9917 42-24055 10 Aug 1956 ex AdlA, Noted 1966
42-24139 10001 42-24139 6 Sept 1971 RAAF A65-19, to VH-SBN, to Dept of Foreign Affairs (Australian Aid).
42-100937 19400 42-100937 1967 ex Laos AF, 2100937, escaped to Thailand Apr 1975, To RTAF as s/n B.L2-48/18, 28 Nov 1975
42-108865 12498 42-108865   to F-KHAA Rep Fr Govt du Cambodge 25 Aug 1954, noted June 1957-Mar 1962, to RTAF
43-16105 20571 43-16105 10 Aug 1957 F-OAPD, to F-KHAB ntu 25 Aug 1955
23732 9594 42-23732 16 Nov 1971 RAAF A65-14, to VH-AIG to Dept of Foreign Affairs (Australian Aid), to CAF as foreign aid, to Lao Air Lines 13 May 1974.
45918 16921/34179 45-918 10 Aug 1956 ex AdlA, wfu May 1957
76388 15972/32720 44-76388 1958? ex USAF, to N9860F for delivery flight
O-76510 16094/32842 44-76510 22 Nov 1961 ex R Kmer Avn, to 76510 Laos AF by Aug 1970
76734 16318/33066 44-76734   ex USAF, rebuilt after crash in 1957, Cambodia AF by 1966, to RTAF 27 Jan 1971
76765 16349/33097 44-76765 5 Nov 1977 RAAF A65-96, to VH-AID Dept of Foreign Affairs (Australian Aid). 476765. to United Khmer Avn
292292 12076 42-92292 16 Nov 1971 RAAF A65-30, VH-AIC Dept of Foreign Affairs (Australian Aid).
316254 20720 43-16254 14 Aug 1970 ex USAF
348492 14308/25753 43-48492 Aug 1970 'RC-47', ex USAF, loaned 1966, returned by 11 Jan 1967. to Cambodia via MAP 1970. escaped to Thailand Apr 1975
348562 14378/25823 43-48562 Aug 1970 ex USAF
348640 14456/25901 43-48640 10 Aug 1956 ex AdlA
348946 14762/26207 43-48946 13 Aug 1970 ex USAF
348960 14776/26221 43-48960 Sep 1970 ex USAF
349085 14901/26346 43-49085 24 Sept 1970 ex USAF
349210 15026/26471 43-49210 1973? ex SVNAF. escaped to Thailand Apr 1975, to RTAF 28 Aug 1975
349236 15052/26497 43-49236 13 Aug 1970 ex USAF. to RTAF?
349373 15189/26634 43-49373 22 Sept 1970 ex USAF
349426 15242/26687 43-49426   ex USAF, N86457.
349433 15249/26694 43-49433 24 Sept 1970 ex USAF
349701 15517/26962 43-49701 Aug 1970 ex USAF, RC-47, Cambodia 1966, returned by June 1967. to Cambodia via MAP 1970. to Thai Navy.
349703 15519/26964 43-49703   ex SVNAF, Cambodia after 1973
476282 15866/32614 44-76282 12 Aug 1970 ex USAF
476337 15921/32669 44-76337 12 May 1960 RAAF A65-79, VH-CDB. to IDF/AF 1963
476340 15924/32672 44-76340 5 Nov 1971 RAAF A65-80, VH-AIQ Dept of Foreign Affairs (Australian Aid).
476548 16132/32880 44-76548 30 Nov 1971 RAAF A65-88, VH-AIX Dept of Foreign Affairs (Australian Aid).

References:

  • The Douglas DC-1/DC-2/DC-3: The First Seventy Years (Air-Britain)


Douglas C-54B
One used as a VIP transport.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
456 10456 XU-LAL   ex 42-72351

References:

  • TBA


Fairchild C-123K Provider
Seventeen were delivered in 1973. One was lost in Khmer AF service due to a weather related accident. Ten C-123Ks were flown to Thailand in April, 1975. Of the remaining seven, three were captured by Vietnamese forces in 1979. Two can be seen, along with a C-47, in the background in a photo of a DK Shenyang F-6 (Walg p 136).

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
? 20094 54-0645   Air America "645" VNAF QP. Dld Nov 1973. Returned to USAF. To Philippines AF Jun 1979, scr Mactan Dec 1980.
? 20139 54-0690   Air America "690", VNAF 425th TS "XG", RTAF 54-690. Dld Nov 20, 1973. To RTAF as s/n 40690. Noted BKK Mar 4, 1974 as 40690.
? 20215 55-4554   VNAF 425th TS "XA", Reported as dld to Khmer AF, 1973?
?        
?        
?        
?        
?        

References:

  • TBA


Fletcher FD-25A Defender
Three FD-25A two-seat trainers were delivered in 1955. The FD-25s were designed in the USA, but built by the Japanese Toyo company. The FD-25s suffered from structural faults, and spent most of their time on the ground. They were withdrawn from use in 1961. The FD-25s received the s/ns E-1 to E-7, with E-3 and E-5 being FD-25As.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
E-3     1955  
E-5     1955  
?     1955  

References:

  • TBA


Fletcher FD-25B Defender
Four FD-25B single-seat attack aircraft were delivered in 1955. They were withdrawn from use in 1961.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
?     1955  
?     1955  
?     1955  
?     1955  

References:

  • TBA


Fouga CM-170 Magister
Four delivered in September 1961. Although intended as advanced trainers, they were modified in 1962 with two 0.30 in machine guns as well as the addition of rocket rails.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
? 303      
? 304      
?        
?        

References:

  • TBA



GY-80 Horizon line-up, with XU-MES nearest
(photo via Darasy Var)

Gardan GY-80 Horizon
Twelve were delivered in 1969, replacing the aging MS 733s. Ten were still in use by the Khmer AF air academy in 1974.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
XU-MEM        
XU-MES        
XU-MEV        
?        
?        
?        
?        

References:

  • TBA


Harbin H-5 (Ilyushin Il-28)
Two "bombers" were listed as having been delivered to Kambodia in a May 1, 1979 article in the Bangkok Post. In the article, the various arms and aircraft supplied by China to the DK regime were listed. Presumably, these "bombers" were Chinese built Harbin H-5s. Brief mention is made in "Ilyushin Il-28" by Yefim Gordon & Dmitriy Komissarov of Il-28s/H-5s in Kampuchean service. Here, it is stated that two were captured intact at Pochentong AB on January 7, 1979, while an additional Il-28/H-5 was reported as shot down during the Vietnamese invasion.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
?        
?        
?        

References:

  • TBA


Helio AU-24A Stallion
Fifteen Helio AU-24A Stallions, USAF s/n 72-1319 to -1333, were ordered for evaluation and eventual MAP delivery to the VNAF. The evaluation showed the AU-24As to be too vulnerable to anti aircraft fire and SA-7 missiles. After a period of storage, beginning on June 28, 1972, at MASDC, Davis Monthan AFB, AZ, fourteen were delivered to the Khmer Air Force. In Khmer AF service, one was written off in March, 1973, carrying six crew and passengers, as well as a full load of munitions. Three more were shot down during operations against the Khmer Rouge, while one more crashed in the Tonkin Gulf, due to lack of fuel, on the last day of the war, Apr 17, 1975.

Three more were flown to Thailand in April, 1975. The remaining six AU-24As were captured by the Khmer Rouge. One derelict AU-24A, showing the insignia of the Heng Samrin regime, was at the Boun Kak park, Phnom Penh in 1993. It was broken up by squatters in 1993.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
? 003 72-1219   N9552A, To Wright Patterson AFB, Jun 1972. Not dld to KhAF?
? 004 72-1320   To Thailand, Apr 1975? Reg'd N9991F, cr at Perris, CA, Jun 30, 1988. Pilot killed.
? 006 72-1321   To Thailand, Apr 1975? Reg'd N9992F, later to CP-1396 and N5779N.
? 007 72-1322   To Thailand, Apr 1975? Reg'd N1384X, later N994PT, N550HZ
? 008 72-1323    
? 009 72-1324    
? 010 72-1325    
? 011 72-1326    
? 012 72-1327    
? 013 72-1328    
? 014 72-1329    
? 015 72-1330    
? 016 72-1331    
? 017 72-1332    
? 018 72-1333    

References:

  • TBA


Ilyushin Il-14
Two were delivered in 1963. They were operated by the 1st Transport Group. One was destroyed in a night landing in 1968.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
315 315      
?        

References:

  • TBA


Max Holste MH.1521 Broussard
One said to have been delivered in 1965.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
? 4 F-OAZR 1965 Fate unknown

References:

  • TBA


MiG-15UTI Midget
Two MiG-15UTI conversion trainers were delivered, one on November 20, 1963 from the Soviet Union and one (FT-2) from China in 1964. The Soviet built aircraft was destroyed in an accident during 1968.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
2403     20 Nov 1963 MiG-15UTI. Destroyed in an accident 1968.
?     1964 FT-2

References:

  • World Air Forces Directory 2006/07 (Mach III)


MiG-17F/Shenyang F-4 Fresco-C
Three MiG-17F donated by the USSR and delivered on 8 February 1964. Nine more were subsequently supplied - four in 1964 and the remaining five aircraft later. They were supplemented by six Shenyang F-4s (Chinese built MiG-17s) in 1964. Whilst the Russian MiG-17s were used aircraft, the F-4s were factory-fresh. The F-4s were equipped with a tail warning radar, a device missing on the MiG-17s. Seventeen MiG-17/F-4s were reported still in service in 1967.

After the pro-USA Coup d'etat on March 18, 1970, one MiG-17s was evaluated by US and VNAF pilots at Pleiku AB in South Vietnam. It was destroyed in a Viet Cong mortar attack on 24 April 1970. Two other aircraft were evaluated in the USA and returned. According to www.acig.org, some of the MiG-17s were at times deployed to US bases in South Vietnam, operating side by side with USAF F-4 Phantom IIs.

The MiG-17s and CM.170 Magisters equipped a single fighter-bomber squadron. Many of the 13 remaining MiG-17s were destroyed in the devastating NVA attack on Pochentong, January 21, 1971. After the raid, the wrecks were disposed of by dumping them into the nearby Tonle Sap lake. The surviving aircraft remained in service until after June 1971, but were soon withdrawn due to lack of spares.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
0612        
0742        
0760        
0767        
940        
1024       Evaluated at Pleiku, March - April 1970. w/o 24 April 1970.
1084       USA trials 1970 & returned. w/o 21 January 1971.
1721       USA trials 1970 & returned. w/o 21 January 1971.
7205        
7940        
7941        
7948        
8022        
?        
?        
?        
?        

References:

  • World Air Forces Directory 2006/07 (Mach III)
  • Mikoyan-Gurevitch MiG-17 (Aerofax)


Mil Mi-4 Hound
One was presented to Prince Sihanouk in 1963, and used as a VIP transport. Another Mi-4 was delivered in 1965. One of the Mi-4s was destroyed in 1968.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
?     1963  
?     1965  

References:

  • TBA



M.S.500 Criquet N° 458 in flight
(photo via Darasy Var)

Morane Saulnier M.S.500 Criquet
Seven of these French built observation aircraft were delivered (ex-AdlA), four in 1954 and three in 1955. The MS 500 was a licence built version of the German Fiesler Fi 156 Storch. They were replaced by eight Cessna L-19As delivered in 1958.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
458        
?     1954  
?     1954  
?     1954  
?     1955  
?     1955  
?     1955  

References:

  • TBA


Morane Saulnier MS 733 Alcyon
Seven MS 733 basic trainers were delivered in January 1955, with four more arriving shortly afterwards. These last mentioned aircraft were armed, and suited for light attack duties. Eight more armed Alcyons arrived in 1957. Two additional MS 733s were apparently delivered at an unknown date, probably as attrition aircraft. During the early 'sixties, the AVRK attempted, without success, to purchase 12 additional Alcyons from France. They were replaced in 1969 by Gardan GY-80 Horizons. The last Alcyons were withdrawn from use in 1971.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
?     1955  
?     1955  
?     1955  
?     1955  
?     1955  
?     1955  
?     1955  
?        
?        
?        
?        
?     1957  
?     1957  
?     1957  
?     1957  
?     1957  
?     1957  
?     1957  
?     1957  
?        
?        

References:

  • TBA


North American T-6G Texan
Fourteen ex-USAF aircraft were supplied in 1958. In early 1962, the AVRK made a futile attempt at acquiring a dozen former AdlA T-6 Texans. Six were still in service in 1968.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
93451   49-3451    
93462   49-3462    
93624   49-3624    
?        
?        
?        
?        

References:

  • TBA


North American T-28 Trojan
During early 1962, the AVRK attempted to buy an unknown quantity of T-28 Fennecs from France. However, no former French T-28s were delivered to Cambodia. The first 16 T-28Ds were acquired in August, 1962, courtesy of the US MAAG. When Prince Sihanouk broke off relations with the USA in 1963, no further US aircraft were supplied. After 1969, relations having improved, more Trojans followed. The T-28's moment of glory during the Sihanouk era came on March 21, 1964, when a patrol of two T-28's shot down a VNAF O-1 Bird Dog, which had strayed across the border. Before US aid was re-instated in 1970, the T-28's were overhauled at Hong Kong by HAEC, Hong Kong Engineering Company.

All the T-28s in KhAF service were destroyed on January 12, 1971 during the NVA sapper attack on Pochentong. Re-inforcements soon followed, 23 T-28s being in service by February 1972. Six months later, in August, 14 T-28s had been lost, eight of which were attributable to pilot error. Five more T-28s were delivered as replacements in October 1972. Fifteen more were supplied in 1973.

During the exodus in April, 1975, no less than 50 Khmer AF T-28 Trojans were flown to Thailand. It was by then calculated that no more than 22 T-28s were left in Cambodia. Two T-28s which were found at Battambang by CPK forces in April 1975, were destroyed. According to Kiernan 2002, p 22, the T-28s were torn apart by the CPK soldiers as vengeance for the countless bomb raids flown by the Khmer AF against the Khmer Rouge troops.

Twenty T-28s were said to be based at Ream. Seventeen of those were said to have been destroyed by US air strikes on Ream AB on May 15, 1975 during the SS Mayaguez rescue operation. But, it has since been stated that no more than 12 T-28s were based at Ream, of which five were destroyed in the US raids. A Chinese propaganda film, shot in 1977 by the Xinhua News Agency, shows a number of pilots scrambling towards their T-28s. At least four T-28s are then shown taking off from Pochentong, purportedly showing a combat mission. Each of the four T-28s is armed with rockets. Whether the pilots were Kampuchean or Chinese is unrecorded.

No T-28s were listed by the Vietnamese forces as captured after their invasion in 1978/79. But, apparently, a few T-28s were indeed captured by Vietnamese forces, (www.acig.org) and returned to service.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
0-13706 N.A. 174-244 51-3706   Mod to D-5 Flown to Thailand, April 1975. Transferred to the Philippines AF in 1976.
0-17778 N.A. 174-631 51-7778 1962 Mod to D-5
0-17823 N.A. 174-676 51-7823   Mod to D-5
0-17833 N.A. 174-686 51-7833   Mod to D-5
137646 N.A. 200-9 Bu Aer 137646    
137741 N.A. 200-104 Bu Aer 137741   Toc Nov 20, 1972, Soc Feb 2, 1976
138183 N.A. 200-254 Bu Aer 138183   Overhauled by Thai-Am
55-138317 N.A. 200-388 Bu Aer 138317    
0-91526 N.A. 159-38 49-1526   RLAF, dam at Luang Prabang (L-54) Feb 2, 1967. To KhAF sometime between 1970-1975. W/o in KhAF service.
0-17828 N.A. 174-651 51-7828   To KhAF sometime between 1970-1973. Emergency landing in rice field, south of Pochentong, May 1973.
17678 N.A. 174-531 51-7678   To KhAF sometime between 1970-1972, w/o.
0-17839 N.A. 174-692 51-7839   To KhAF Jul 1973? S/d May 28, 1973. Repairs started Jul 1973.
0-37673 N.A. 200-36 Bu Aer 137673   To KhAF as 673 1973-1974. Received battle damaged, Mar 1974.
0-17735 N.A. 174-588 51-7735   Destroyed at Pochentong, Jan 1971.
13480 N.A. 174-18 51-3480   Camo c/s. Flown to Thailand, Apr 1975.
0-13714 N.A. 174-252 51-3714   Noted 1973
0-13693 N.A. 174-231 51-3693   Destroyed at Pochentong, Jan 1971.
0-13699 N.A. 174-237 51-3699    
0-17833 N.A. 174-686 51-7833    

References:

  • TBA


Shenyang F-6C
Six(?) MiG-19S Farmer-C supplied by the USSR in 1964. Supplemented by sixteen Shenyang F-6C supplied by China in 1977/1978, but only six were apparently assembled and flown.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
563        
686        
914        
1062        
?        
?        
?        
?        

References:

  • World Air Forces Directory 2006/07 (Mach III)
  • Mikoyan-Gurevitch MiG-19 (Aerofax)


Sikorsky H-19
Two delivered in 1963. One was lost in 1968.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
?     1963  
?     1963  

References:

  • TBA


Sikorsky H-34
Two delivered in 1966. Apparently, they were flown to Cambodia by VNAF defectors.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
9634 58-1466 Bu Aer 149364 1966  
? 58-1758? 63-13208 1966  

References:

  • TBA


Sud Aviation SA 3130 Alouette II
The first two were delivered in 1960, with another six arriving later.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
? 1380      
? 1393      
? 1804     To F-BMRG
? 1805      
? 1939     W/o Jul 26, 1969
? 1957     To I-ETIC
? 1979     To F-BJOK
? 1981      

References:

  • TBA


Sud Aviation SA 316B Alouette III
Two of these utility helicopters were delivered. Three Alouette III's were captured by Vietnamese forces in 1979.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
? 1202     W/o Oct 6, 1967
? 1207      

References:

  • TBA


UTVA 60
A total of four of these liaison aircraft were delivered to Cambodia, with the first two arriving in 1964. One was written off, and replaced by two more supplied in 1965. The three remaining aircraft were still in service in early 1968. The UTVA 60 was a high-wing four seat utility aircraft, similar in design and performance to the Cessna L-19/O-1 series. Grandolini mentions four UTVA 56's, but this may be in error. According to Yugoslav sources, only one UTVA 56 was produced, YU-BAF, serving as the prototype for the UTVA 60 series. Presumably, the UTVA 60s delivered to Cambodia were UTVA 60AT1 utility and liaison variants.

The UTVA 60, and from 1968 onwards, the similar UTVA 66 was produced in a multitude of variants, mainly for the Yugoslav Air Force.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
?     1964  
?     1964  
?     1965  
?     1965  

References:

  • TBA


Yakovlev Yak-18 Max
The first Yak-18 was delivered from the Soviet Union by ship on November 20, 1963. Three more were delivered from the Soviet Union in 1966 (?) while China supplied four licence built Yak-18s.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
?        
?        
?        
?        
?        
?        
?        

References:

  • TBA


Sources:

I'm indebted to Steve Darke, who maintains the excellent web site thai-aviation.net as well as being the moderator of the Apichart smartgroup, and Martin Best for their considerable input. Cessna Bird Dog expert Minard Thompson supplied the O-1 data.

Gordon, Yefim. Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15 The Soviet Union's Long-Lived Korean War Fighter. Midland Publishing, Hersham, UK 2001.
Gordon, Yefim. Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-17 The Soviet Union's Jet Fighter of the Fifties. Midland Publishing, Hersham, UK 2002.
Gordon, Yefim. Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-19 The Soviet Union's First Production Supersonic Fighter. Midland Publishing, Hersham, UK 2003.
Gordon, Yefim & Komissarov, Dmitriy. Ilyushin Il-28 Beagle Light Attack Bomber. Airlife Publishing Ltd, Hong Kong 2002.
Grandolini, Albert. L'aviation Royal Khmere. The first 15 years of Cambodian military aviation. In Air Enthusiast 37, p 39-47.
Jane´s All the World´s Aircraft. 1968/1969 edition. Compiled and edited by John W.R. Taylor F.R.Hist.S., ARAeS.
Kiernan, Ben. The Pol Pot Regime. Race, Power, and Genocide in Cambodia under the Khmer Rouge, 1975-79. Yale Nota Bene, USA 2002. Second Edition.
Walg, A.J. Curtain Over Cambodia. In Air International, March 1993, p 134-140.

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First Created: 26 November 2004 - Last Revised: 22 April 2007
Copyright © 2004 Jan Forsgren.     e-mail: john@aeroflight.co.uk