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Aircraft Types


Lockheed L-049 Constellation
Three ex-USAAF C-69 (L-049) obtained in 1947 from the War Assets Administration in the USA. Registered to the Panamanian airline LAPSA. First aircraft (RX-121) refurbished and flown 26 January 1948, flown to Panama 13 March 1948 then to Zatec in Czechoslovakia on 21 June 1948. Used by 106 sqn of LATA for cargo transport role. Remaining two examples interned by US government 24 July 1948. Civil registrations cancelled by Panama on 18 September 1948. All three later transferred to El Al. Modified to L-149 standard by Lockheed Burbank but known in El Al service as Model 249.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
  049-1965 43-10313, RX-123   refurbished to L-149 standard by Lockheed as NC90827 for delivery to El Al as 4X-AKA on 25 Mar 1951. reg'd 5 Oct 1950.
  049-1967 43-10315, RX-124   refurbished to L-049D standard by Lockheed as NC67930 for delivery to El Al as 4X-AKB on 22 Dec 1950. reg'd 5 Oct 1950.
2401 049-1968 43-10316, RX-121 21 June 1948 to El Al use 14 Apr 1949, formally purchased Apr 1951, refurbished to L-149 standard by Lockheed as NC90829 for delivery to El Al as 4X-AKC on 8 Aug 1951. reg'd 15 July 1951. Shot down over Bulgaria 27 July 1955 - mistaken for USAF spyplane
One El Al Super Constellation (identity unknown) used for troop transport on 2 Nov 1956 in Sinai Campaign. One ex-El Al Super Constellation (identity unknown) used during 1967 Six day War for transport duties.

References:

  • Lockheed Aircraft Since 1913 (Rene J. Francillon)
  • Spitfires Over Israel (Brian Cull et al)
  • Air International Dec 1999
  • Air War On The Edge (Bill Norton, Midland Publishing, 2004)


Lockheed Model 414 Hudson
Four Hudsons converted to civil use obtained in Australia and covertly delivered from late 1948. Possibly one additional aircraft obtained in Canada in 1950. Converted back to military on delivery and used for some bombing missions, but soon relegated to transport duties. Operated by Air Transport Command, 106 Sqn and 103 Sqn. Three still in service 1 January 1950, but finally withdrawn from service in 1954.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
2601 6076 VH-BIH 6 Nov 1948 Mk.IVA, ex 41-23217, A16-147
2602 6417 VH-BFQ Feb 1949 Mk.IIIA, ex 41-236000, BW738, A16-156
2603 6447 VH-BIA Mar 1949 Mk.IIIA, ex 41-36988, FH187, A16-226
2604? 3843 VH-BLB May/June 1949 Mk.III, AE488, A16-222

References:

  • Spitfires Over Israel (Brian Cull et al)
  • Air War On The Edge (Bill Norton, Midland Publishing, 2004)


Lockheed Model 18 Lodestar
One C-60A Lodestar donated by Australian businessman Burke Naughton. Delivered on 8 October 1948 (Norton) but noted as in use on 9 September 1948 (Spitfires). 'Lodestar' 2501 was reportedly severely damaged in a landing accident at Herzliya soon after arrival (Spitfires), possibly being written off. A second example from the same source may have replaced this machine - but the reported registration of VH-BIH is a Hudson (see above). Only one Lodestar in service on 1 November 1948. Used by 106 sqn and then 103 Sqn in the utility transport role. One example noted as unserviceable on 1 January 1950 - permamently withdrawn from service shortly afterwards.

The similiar appearance of the Lodestar and Hudson seems to have caused some confusion in recording the history of these machines.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
2501 2611 VH-BFZ 8 Oct 1948 C-60A, ex 43-16451, A67-7. Severely damaged in landing accident at Herzliya soon after arrival.
2501?     5 Nov 1948 no information
- 2090 G-AGBU not delivered delivery flight refused by British authorities.

References:

  • Spitfires Over Israel (Brian Cull et al)
  • Air War On The Edge (Bill Norton, Midland Publishing, 2004)


Head-on view of C-130H 427.
(photo, Israeli Air Force)

Lockheed-Martin C-130 Hercules ('Karnaf') * Current *
Two new-build C-130H delivered at the end of 1971 (under Peace Bata I), with two more arriving in May 1974 (under Peace Bata II). Twelve C-130E delivered in the meanwhile from USAF stocks in 1973 (under Peace Bata III). Six new-build C-130H and two new-build KC-130H delivered in 1976 (under Peace Bata IV). Used by 120, 103 and 131 sqns for the cargo transport/tanker roles. Total of twenty-four obtained of all variants. Hebrew name means Rhinoceros. At least two reportedly converted to EC-130 standard by 1996, but no modified aircraft have been observed. Hebrew name for this variant reported as 'Aya' (meaning Condor).

The 4X-xxx registrations were gradually deleted externally in the mid 1990s, but are still sometimes used as callsigns.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
102/4X-FBA 4430 71-1374 Oct 1971 C-130H, initially 4X-JUA
106/4X-FBB 4431 71-1375 Nov 1971 C-130H, initially 4X-JUB, 4X-EBB with IAI circa 1978
309/4X-FBC 4530 73-1600 May 1974 C-130H, also serialled 009, 109, damaged 17 Aug 2003, repaired
311/4X-FBD 4533 73-1601 May 1974 C-130H, also serialled 011, w/o 25 Nov 1974 in Sinai
304/4X-FBE 3747 62-1796 Oct 1973 C-130E
301/4X-FBF 3840 63-7774 Oct 1973 C-130E, wfu Lod 2003, Ben Gurion dump May 2006
310/4X-FBG 3880 63-7810 Oct 1973 C-130E
312/4X-FBH 3913 63-7843 Oct 1973 C-130E, wfu Lod 2003, Ben Gurion dump Nov 2007
314/4X-FBI 3914 63-7844 Oct 1973 C-130E, also serialled 002
318/4X-FBK 3925 63-7855 Oct 1973 C-130E
313/4X-FBL 3932 63-7862 Oct 1973 C-130E
316/4X-FBM 3940 63-7870 Oct 1973 C-130E
307/4X-FBN 3943 63-7873 Oct 1973 C-130E, also serialled 007, wfu Lod Apr 2002, to Mexico FAM 3612? 2003
203/4X-FBO 3993 64-0509 Oct 1973 C-130E
208/4X-FBP 4000 64-0516 Oct 1973 C-130E, damaged 19 June 2003 & repaired
311/4X-FBQ 4014 64-0528 Oct 1973 C-130E, to 4X-FBD Nov 1975
420/4X-FBQ 4653 75-0534 10 March 1976 C-130H, later converted to KC-130H
427/4X-FBS 4662 75-0535 21 April 1976 C-130H
435/4X-FBT 4668 75-0536 25 May 1976 C-130H
448/4X-FBU 4680 75-0537 23 July 1976 C-130H, w/o 1 Dec 1987 at Hayon, fuselage Lod 2001
436/4X-FBW 4686 75-0538 23 Aug 1976 C-130H, also serialled 116, later converted to KC-10H
428/4X-FBX 4692 75-0539 23 Sept 1976 C-130H
522/4X-FBY 4660 75-0540 27 April 1976 KC-130H, also serialled 422
545/4X-FBZ 4664 75-0541 27 May 1976 KC-130H, also serialled 445

References:

  • Lockheed Hercules Production List (Lars Olausson)
  • World Air Power Journal Vol.18
  • World Air Forces Directory 2006/07 (Mach III)
  • Air War On The Edge (Bill Norton, Midland Publishing, 2004)



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First Created: 29 December 1998 - Last Revised: 26 April 2008
Copyright © 1998 John Hayles.     e-mail: john@aeroflight.co.uk