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Unit History


Escuela Superior Militar de Aviación "Cosme Renella"

Role: Training.

Military aviation started in 1920, when two Escuela de Aviación Militar were formed on 27.10.1920 in Guayaquil and Quito respectively, with the help of an Italian Air Mission, who brought with them a handful of airplanes and started to train Ecuadorian pilots. On 5.6.1921 the school in Quito was closed and on 12.7.1921 the Escuela de Aviación Militar "El Cóndor" and Aeródromo El Cóndor were inaugurated and became the nucleus of the Compañia de Aviación del Ejército. At the end of 1929 the EAM moved to a new airfield at Latacunga. On 3.7.1935 the EAM moved to Base Aérea Simón Bolivar/Guayaquil and became Escuela Militar de Aviación. The Escuadrón de Entrenamiento Aereo is part of the ESMA and currently operates T-34C, T-41D and MXP-650. In time of an emergency the ESMA becomes Ala 24.


Air Bases:
Base Duration

Aeródromo Eloy Alfaro/Guayaquil

1920 - 1921

Aeródromo El Cóndor/Guayaquil

1921 - 1929

Base Aérea de Latacunga/Latacunga

1929 - 1935

Base Aérea Simón Bolivar/Guayaquil

1935 - 1942

Base Aérea Ulpiano Paez/Salinas 1942 - Present

Aircraft Used:
Type Qty Service Example Serials
Aviatik (SAML) B.III 5 1920 - 1927 n/a
Ansaldo SVA.5 2 1920 - 1927 n/a
Gabardini Monoplano Gabarda 3 1920 - 1927 n/a
Macchi M18 1 1920 - 1923 n/a
Savoia S.I.A. 7 1 1920 - n/a n/a
Travel Air 4000 2 1929 - 1932 R-1,R-2
Ryan Brougham B.5 1 1931 - n/a Ecuador
Waco C.S.O. 1 1933 - n/a n/a
Curtiss-Wright CW-14R Osprey 2 1933 - 1936 R-3,R-4
Curtiss-Wright CW-16E Light Sport 6 1935 - 1947 n/a
Curtiss-Wright CW-19R Sparrows 6 1936 - 1943 50,51,53,55
IMAM/Alfa Romeo Ro-37bis 8 1937 - 1941 n/a
Fairchild M62A 4 1941 - n/a 1,2,3,5
Ryan PT-22 Recruit 3 1941 - n/a n/a
North American AT-6B/C/D Texan 4/5/9 1942 - 1957 64-81
Fairchild PT-19A/B 5/12 1943 - 1961 6-21
Vultee BT-13B Valiant 12 1944 - 1946 49-60
North American T-6D/G Texan 7/6 1953 - 1976 311-323
Beech T-34A/C Turbo Mentor 4/21 1962 - Present 0014-0034,TH-314,334,344,629
Cessna T-41A/D Mescalero 9/12 1965 - Present

433-444,835-841,845,847

Cessna A-150L Aerobat 24 1974 - Present 500-523
Aerotec MXP-650 2 2002 - Present 751,752
Diamond DA20C1 6 2012 - Present 1060-1065

Unit Insignia:

Escuela Superior Militar de Aviación

References:

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First Created: 3 March 2005 - Last Revised: 3 January 2013
Copyright © 2005 Erich Klaus.     e-mail: erich.klaus@a1.net