France
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(French Flag)

France
(Republique Francaise/Republic of France)

The Country

Geography:
Located in western Europe, France has coastlines on the major maritime highways of the English Channel the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. It's landward neighbours are Belgium and Germany to the north east, Switzerland and Italy to the south east, and Spain to the south west. The island of Corsica in the Mediterranean also belongs to France.
The terrain of France mainly comprises three lowland areas, a large plateau and three mountain ranges. The Paris basin is the largest lowland area, occupying one-third of the country. In the south west the Aquitaine basin drains the river Garonne into the Bay of Biscay. The third lowland area is the Rhone/Saone river valley, which runs north-south in western France, draining into the Mediterranean. This river valley separates the largest upland region, the Massif Central, from the French Alps. The Massif Central is a high plateau with an average height of 1000 m (3280 ft). The French Alps contain the country's highest peaks, with Mont Blanc reaching 4,808 m (15,771 ft). By contrast the Jura Mountains just to the north only rise to 1,723 m (5,653 ft). The third mountain range is the Pyrenees, along the border with Spain. These rise to over 3000 m (9842 ft). The total land area is 550,100 sq km (212,394 sq miles).
The Population of 58.7 million (2000 figure) comprises 90% of French origin, with 6% North African, 2% German, 1% Breton and 1% other ethnic groups. Some 88% of the people are Roman Catholic, 8% Muslim, 2% Protestant, 1% Jewish and 1% Buddhist. The capital city is Paris.

National History:

Summary Narrative History

Timeline - Key Dates in French History

Further National Information:
BBC News Profile: France
Yahoo France page
wikipedia: France
wikipedia: History of France

Markings

Civil Aircraft Registrations:
French civil aircraft have been registered in the series F-AAAA onwards since 1919. From 1929, civil aircraft in French Overseas Territories used the sequence F-Oxxx. Free French aircraft used the seqence FC-xxx in the period 1940-1946.

An all-time France civil aircraft register listing is here.

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms:
Current military air arms-
Air Force (Armee de l'Air)
Naval Aviation (Aeronavale)
Army Aviation (Aviation Legere de L'Armee de Terre)

Historical military air arms-
Army Aviation (Aviation Militaire) [1910-1933]
Air Force (Free French Air Force) [1940-1945]

Central Government Agencies:
Customs Aviation (Douanes Franšaises)
Paramilitary Police (Gendarmerie Nationale)
Test & Evaluation (CEV - Centre d'Essais en Vol)
Telecoms Research (CNET)

Public Service Aviation:
Civil Defence (SÚcuritÚ Civile)
Medical Aviation (SAMU)
Police Aviation (Police Nationale)

Commercial Aviation:
AeroLyon [1996-2002]
Air France
Air Liberte [1988-2001]
Air Littoral [1972-2004]
AOM [1988-2003
Britt Air
Corsair
Corse Mediterreanee/CCM Airlines
Euralair [1968-2003]
Flandre Air [1977-2001]
Heli Union
Proteus Air System [1986-1996]
Regional Airlines
XL Airways

wikipedia: Airlines of France
The World's Airlines: France

Private Aviation:
To be added

Industry

Aircraft Manufacturers:
A page on the French Aircraft industry will be added.

Airfields

Airports, Airfields and Air Bases:
Airports in France

Military Air Bases and Airfields-
Military Air Bases Listing - to be added.

On Show

Aviation Museums:
Airborne Museum Pegasus Bridge
Musee du Chateau de Savigny
Aero Retro
Musee Europeen de l'Aviation de Chasse
Musee de l'Escadrille 'Normandie-Niemen'
Ailes Anciennes Toulouse
Centre d'Etude et de Loisirs Aerospatiaux de Grenoble
Musee de l'Aviation Legere de l'Armee de Terre et de l'Helicoptere
Musee Historique de l'Hydroaviation
Musee Aeronautique Presqu'ile Cote d'Amour
Musee Regional de l'Air
Salles de Tradition de la Base Aeronavale de Lann-Bihoue
Musee de l'Aviation de Warluis
Musee de l'Aviation du Mas Palegry
Musee de l'Abri
Ailes Anciennes de Corbas
Association Pour la Sauvegarde du Patrimoine Aeronautique en Charolais
Amicale Jean-Baptiste Salis
Musee du Delta
Musee de l'Air et de l'Espace

Airshow Dates:
Key Airshow Dates

Media

Aviation-Related Magazines:
Magazines Guide

Magazine Dealers:
Recommended second hand magazine dealers

Aviation Bibliography:
French Aviation Bibliography - to be added

Aviation Bookshops:
On-line bookshops

Web Links:
The Early Aviation Industry in France
* French aviation 1905-1914

wikipedia: Aviation in France
* Links to various articles

Aviation Museums France
* Visitor data and exhibits for each location

Ailes Francaises Ring est propos par H.A.S : spitfire@infonie.fr.
Joindre Ailes Francaises
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First Created: 12 December 1995 - Last Revised: 9 August 2008
Copyright © 1995 John Hayles.     e-mail: john@aeroflight.co.uk