German Naval Aviation 1910-1920
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Naval Aviation

Title: Marine-Fliegerabteilung
Title in English: Imperial German Naval Air Service
Abbreviation: Marine-Fl. Abt.


Narrative Summary:
Naval Aviation History 1910-1920 - to be added.

Key Dates:
Naval Aviation Chronology 1910-1920

Current Status:
Not applicable.

Future Plans:
Not applicable.


National Insignia:
Historical - to be added.

Aircraft Serial Numbering System(s):
The Imperial German Naval Air Service followed its own aircraft numbering system, independent from the Army. The aircraft serial consisted of a sequentially allocated number between 1 and 9999, which was assigned as the aircraft was ordered. There were no gaps or 'black-out blocks' until late in the war, when numbers above 4000 were allocated in isolated blocks. Serials 1-20 also had a prefix letter, D (Doppeldecker - biplane) or E (Eindecker - monoplane), but this was dropped from serial 21 onwards.

A outline listing of allocations is given here:
List of German navy seaplane serials


Aircraft Designation System(s):
Unlike the Army, the Navy did not adhere to a strict aircraft designation system. Normally the manufacturers designation was used, or the appropriate Army designation for aircraft used by both services.

Current Aircraft Inventory:
Not applicable.

All-Time Aircraft Used List:
Alphabetical Order --- Chronological Order

Aircraft NOT Used:
False reports of aircraft on order or in service - none known.


Main Headquarters:
Not known.

Organisational Structure:
The Imperial German Naval Air Service was essentially organised on a regional basis. Units on the Baltic coast operated on the Russian Front, units on the North Sea coast operated against Allied shipping and units in Flanders supported the land forces on the Western Front. In addition there was a group of landplane bases centred around Johannisthal for initial aircrew training and and number of bases around the Black Sea to support operations on the Ottoman Front.

The basic unit was the Seeflugstation (Seaplane Station) or Landflugstation (Landplane Station), but as the service grew in size during the war, a number of semi-autonmous Staffeln (flights) were created. In Flanders the number of Staffeln was sufficient to create a Jagdgeschwader (Fighter Wing).

Current Order of Battle:
Not applicable.

Historical Orders of Battle:
List of Historical Orders of Battle:
mid 1914
November 1914
early 1915
late 1915
early 1916
late 1916
early 1917
late 1917
March 1918
Order of Battle 11 November 1918
early 1919
late 1919
early 1920

All-Time Aviation Units List:
To be added.

Air Bases

Current Air Bases:
Not applicable.

All-Time Air Bases Used List:
In addition to the main bases, there were also a number of smaller airfields and ports around Europe which were temporarily used by the Imperial German Naval Air Service.
Military Air Bases Listing - to be added.

More Information


German Naval Air Service by Alex Imrie (Vintage Aviation Fotofax)

Airfields & Airmen of the Channel Coast by Mike O'Connor

Handbook of German Military and Naval Aviation (War), 1914-18 by Imperial War Museum

Above the Lines: The Aces of the German Air Service, Naval Air Service and Flanders Marine Corps 1914-1918 by Norman L. R. Franks et al.

German Air Forces 1914-18 by Ian Sumner (Osprey Elite Series)

Versteende Vleugels by Eddie Lambrecht


Air Enthusiast 71 & 73

Cross & Cockade International

Over The Front

Windsock Worldwide


wikipedia: Luftstreitkräfte (Kaiserreich)

WWI and Early Aviation Image Archive

Die Seeflieger


De vliegtuigafdelingen van het Marinekorps



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First Created: 29 November 2008 - Last Revised: 14 December 2008
Copyright © 2008 John Hayles.    e-mail: