Spanish Civil Guard Aviation
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Civil Guard Aviation

Current Title: Servicio Aéreo de la Guardia Civil
Title in English: Spanish Civil Guard Air Service
Abbreviation: SAGUCI


Narrative Summary:
The Guardia Civil (Civil Guard) was founded in 1844 as a highly mobile police force tasked with maintaining order after the uprisings of the First Carlist War. It operates as a gendarmerie with both civil and military functions, in a similar manner to the French Gendarmerie and Italian Carabinieri. In peacetime the organisation operates under the Ministry of the Interior, but in wartime control passes to the Ministry of Defence. In 1972 the Guardia Civil ordered two Bo 105 helicopters, which were delivered on 19 January 1973. Initially, they were based at Cuatro Vientos, but later moved to the FAMET base at Los Remedios. The helicopter force gradually expanded to seven regional bases around the country. In 2008 the first fixed-wing aircraft were obtained, two CN.235MPAs.

Key Dates:
1844    Spanish Civil Guard established.
19 January 1973    First helicopters received.
30 June 2008    First fixed-wing aircraft received.

Current Status:
The current responsibilities of the Guardia Civil include: highway patrol, VIP protection, anti-smuggling and counter-narcotics operations, customs and border security, search and rescue, rural policing and coast guard duties. Civil Guard helicopters are maintained by the Army on behalf of the Civil Guard.

Future Plans:
Completely replace the Bo 105 with the EC 135. Establish additional helicopter units.


National Insignia:

          Main markingFin Flash

The main marking is displayed on the fuselage sides only on helicopters. The fin flash is displayed on the tailrotor pylon. The national flag is also displayed alongside the fin flash, or on vertical stabilising fins. Fixed wing aircraft do not carry the above national insignia - only the national flag near the top of the tailfin and a large version of the Guardia Civil official logo further down the fin. Both aircraft and helicopters carry GUARDIA CIVIL service titles.

Aircraft Serial Numbering System(s):
Spanish Civil Guard aircraft serials comprise the aircraft type designation followed by a two or three digit individual identity, e.g. Bo 105CB HU.15-81. In addition, Civil Guard helicopters also carry a service numeric code, comprising the numbers 09- and a 3-digit code. The first number of the 3-digit code identifies the aircraft type - 1=Bo 105, 2=BK 117, 3=EC.135, 5=CN.235, e.g. 09-111 for the same Bo 105CB.

Note: Initially Guardia Civil helicopters carried a non-standard code of the form HGC-0x, were HGC was an abbreviation for Helicoptero de la Guardia Civil and x a number between 1 and 6. After 1978 the inter-service codes commencing 09-xxx were adopted.

Unit/Base Aircraft Code System(s):
Coding system not used


Aircraft Designation System(s):
Civil Guard designations follow the Spanish military aircraft designation system.

Current Aircraft Inventory:

Aircraft Type Total
Role Origin
CASA CN.235MPA (T.19B) 2 2 Maritime Patrol local
Eurocopter EC 135T2 (HU.26) 30* 6 Policing Germany
MBB Bo 105C (HU.15) 30 18 Policing Germany/FAMET
MBB BK 117 (HU.22) 9 8 Policing Germany
* on order.

All-Time Aircraft Used List:
Aircraft Type Quantity Service Entry Retirement Origin
CASA CN.235MPA (T.19B) 2 2008 current local
Eurocopter EC 135T2 (HU.26) 30* 2006 current Germany
MBB Bo 105C (HU.15) 30 1973 current Germany/FAMET
MBB BK 117 (HU.22) 9 1983 current Germany
* on order.

Aircraft NOT Used:
False reports of aircraft on order or in service - none known.


Main Headquarters:
Jefatura de la Agrupación de Helicópters, C/Guzmán El Bueno 110, 28071 Madrid.

Current Organisational Structure:
The Guardia Civil is organised into a number of headquarters units and 17 regional Zones, which comprise autonomous geographical groupings of GC units. The Servicio Aéreo is organised into seven helicopter flights and two fixed-wing flights, located at various bases around the country. Rotary wing units have 2-4 helicopters each, while fixed-wing units have only a single aircraft each. Day to day tasking for these units comes from the Regional Zones.

In addition the Servicio Aéreo HQ unit and two training units are based at Torrejon AB.

Current Order of Battle:
Table of Current Order of Battle

Historical Orders of Battle:
List of historical orders of battle:

All-Time Flying Units List:
Not applicable.

Air Bases

Current Air Bases:
See organisation table above.

All-Time Air Bases Used List:
Not applicable.

More Information


To be added


JP4 July-August 1975


Guardia Civil

wikipedia: Spanish Civil Guard

Servicio Maritimo Guardia Civil

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First Created: 26 July 2008 - Last Revised: 10 June 2009
Copyright 2008 John Hayles.    e-mail: