Yugoslav Partisan Air Force Aircraft
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Aircraft Types


Avia FL.3 
FL.3 captured, ex Croat AF. Low-winged monoplane light aircraft. Not passed to JRV, withdrawn from service in 19??

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
8102     29 Oct 1943 defected
      28 Sept 1944 defected to Slovenia

References:

  • La Force Aerienne Croate 1941-1945 (Editions Lela Presse)


Benes-Mraz Be.51 Beta Minor 
Two Be.51 sportplanes captured at Zalunzani, Bosnia. Used by the Squadron of the 5th Corps. Not passed to JRV, withdrawn from service in 19??

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
6424     21 Sept 1944 captured, tone profile P.230
?     21 Sept 1944 captured

References:

  • La Force Aerienne Croate 1941-1945 (Editions Lela Presse)


Breguet 19 
One Jupiter-engined Bre 19 defected from the Croatian AF 23 May 1942, flown by Rudi Cajavec and Milos Jazbec. Used for bombing, but shot down not long after its arrival.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
4521     23 May 1942 shot down 4 June 1942. colour profile.

References:

  • La Force Aerienne Croate 1941-1945 (Editions Lela Presse)


Bucker Bu 131 Jungmann 
At least 5 ('some') Bu 131 acquired from the Croat AF. Retained by JRV in January 1945.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
      1944 Bu 131C, captured at Velika Gorica
      21 Sept 44 captured at Zaluzani, Bosnia
      26 Oct 1944 defected
      4 Dec 1944 Bu 131D, defected to Novi Sad
      4 Dec 1944 Bu 131D, defected to Novi Sad

References:

  • La Force Aerienne Croate 1941-1945 (Editions Lela Presse)


Bucker Bu 181 Bestmann 
3+ Bu 181C, ex Croat AF. Used by Headquarters Liaison Squadron. Retained by JRV in January 1945.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
      Oct 1944 defected to Vis Island
      2 Dec 1944 defected
7401     28 Apr 1945 defected

References:

  • La Force Aerienne Croate 1941-1945 (Editions Lela Presse)


Caproni Bergamaschi Ca 311 
Three Ca 311M acquired, plus one Ca 313G. At least one 'Ca 313' was captured in flying condition, and used by the Independent Headquarters Eskadrille at Mostar. Ca 311M has radial engines and a glazed nose. Ca 313G has in-line engines and a solid nose - the Croat AF only had one example. Retained by JRV in January 1945.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
1206     8 Sept 1944 Ca 311M, defected, tone profile p.248
      21 Sept 44 Ca 311M, captured at Zaluzani, Bosnia
      21 Sept 44 Ca 311M, captured at Zaluzani, Bosnia
      1945 Ca 313G

References:

  • La Force Aerienne Croate 1941-1945 (Editions Lela Presse)


de Havilland Tiger Moth 
RAF training of Yugoslav volunteers in Italy started with all-yellow Tiger Moths marked with Balkan AF roundels and RAF serials. Aircraft believed not passed to the JRV.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
      1944  

References:

  • tba


Dornier Do 17E 
One Do 17E defected from Croat AF Nov 1943. Used for transport duties for a brief period before being destroyed.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
0313     13 Nov 1943 Do 17E, w/o 27 Nov 1943

References:

  • La Force Aerienne Croate 1941-1945 (Editions Lela Presse)


Fiat G.50bis 
Operated from Vis Island by the Headquarters Liaison Squadron. Retained by JRV in January 1945.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
8 (white) 249 3505 2 Sept 1944 MM6197, defected to Vis Island

References:

  • La Force Aerienne Croate 1941-1945 (Editions Lela Presse)
  • colour profile


Fieseler Fi 156 Storch 
One Fi 156C aircraft captured from the Croat AF in 1943. The Croats operated only one Fi 156C and ten Fi 156B. Retained by JRV in January 1945.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
      2 Nov 1943 Fi 156C, defected to Zaluzani, Bosnia.

References:

  • La Force Aerienne Croate 1941-1945 (Editions Lela Presse)


Fieseler Fi 167A-0 
One aircraft defected from the Croat AF. Operated from Vis by the Headquarters Liaison Squadron for training and liaison/personnel transport. Two more captured towards the end of the war and operated by the JRV.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
4807 '9'     25 Sept 1944 shot down 17 Oct 1944 by Allied fighters

References:

  • La Force Aerienne Croate 1941-1945 (Editions Lela Presse)


Focke-Wulf Fw 190 
One Fw 190F-8 captured from the Luftwaffe in late 1944. The Croat AF did not operate Fw 190s. Retained by JRV in January 1945.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
11 (white) 930838 '43 +' (white) 1944 stored MJV museum Belgrade

References:


Hawker Hurricane Mk.IV 
Used by 351 and 352 Squadrons. The Royal Yugoslav Air Force had been a Hurricane operator at the time of the 1941 invasion. Retained by JRV in January 1945.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
KX800     Oct 1944 Mk.IV Trop, 351 Sqn. coded 'T'. colour profile.
KX881     Jan 1944 Mk.IV Trop, 351 Sqn
KX938     Oct 1944 Mk.IIc Trop, 351 Sqn
KZ382     Feb 1945 Mk.IV Trop, 351 Sqn
KZ449     Sept 1944 Mk.IIc, 351 Sqn
LB886     July 1944 Mk.IIc Trop, 351 Sqn. Coded 'O'. colour profile.
LD116     1944 Mk.IIc Trop, 351 Sqn. Coded 'A'. colour profile.
LD208     Sept 1944 Mk.IIc Trop, 352 Sqn
LD865     Oct 1944 Mk.IV, 351 Sqn
LD975     Oct 1944 Mk.IV Trop, 351 Sqn. Coded 'O'
LE570     Mar 1945 Mk.IV Trop, 351 Sqn
LF430     Mar 1945 Mk.IV Trop, 351 Sqn
LF458     Mar 1945 Mk.IV Trop, 351 Sqn
LF459     Mar 1945 Mk.IV Trop, 351 Sqn, coded 'G', photo
LF464     Mar 1945 Mk.IV Trop, 351 Sqn
LF497     Mar 1945 Mk.IV Trop, 351 Sqn
LF507     Mar 1945 Mk.IV Trop, 351 Sqn
LF643     1944 Mk.IIc Trop, 351 Sqn

References:

  • The Hawker Hurricane (Francis K Mason, Aston Publications)
  • Hurricane in Foreign Service 2 (Miroslaw Wawrzynski, AJAKS)


Ilyushin Il-2m3 
A total of 122 examples supplied to NOVJ November 1944 - May 1945. Also some Il-2UT supplied. Retained by JRV in January 1945.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
1 white     1944 Il-2m3 colour profile
54 white     1944 Il-2m3 colour profile

References:

  • tba


Junkers Ju 52/3m 
One captured at Niksic, Montenegro, in October 1944, plus one defected to Zadar in April 1945. Total of two? acquired. Used for transport duties. Retained by JRV in January 1945.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
      October 1944 captured at Niksic
      2 Apr 1945 defected

References:

  • La Force Aerienne Croate 1941-1945 (Editions Lela Presse)


Junkers Ju 87B 
One Ju 87B-2 captured from NSGr.10 of the Luftwaffe in Bosnia in flying condition, used by the Squadron of the 5th Corps, and later the Independent Headquarters Eskadrille at Mostar. Retained by JRV in January 1945.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
- 0406 5B+ER late 1944 colour profile.

References:

  • La Force Aerienne Croate 1941-1945 (Editions Lela Presse)
  • colour profile


Messerchmitt Bf 109G 
In October 1944 at least 10 Bf 109G-6/G-10s were captured on Kovin airfield in Banat. Half were given to the Russians, and the rest to the partisan Yugoslav People's Liberation Army. The aircraft were repaired and served in the Eskadrila za Vezu for liaison duties. Some Bf109Gs were left behind by the retreating Luftwaffe and several more were obtained when Croatian Air Force pilots defected to the Yugoslav side. These aircraft were later flown by the Independent Headquarters Escadrille, which had accumulated 17 Bf 109Gs by the end of the war in late May 1945. Retained by JRV in January 1945. The Bf 109E variant was NOT used by Partisan AF.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
3     1944 Bf 109G-6, used by Liaison Sqn of VS NOVJ. colour profile.
      194?  
      194?  
      25 Mar 1945 Bf 109G defected to Zadar
2103/black '3'     20 Apr 1945 Bf 109G-10, ex-Croat, used by Ind. HQ Esc. at Mostar
2105/black '5'     20 Apr 1945 Bf 109G-10, ex-Croat, used by Ind. HQ Esc. at Mostar. colour profile.

References:

  • Wings of Fame Vol.11 p.109
  • Scale Models Warplanes Special (MAP, 1982)


Morane Saulnier MS.406C1 
Three MS.406C1 captured at Zaluzani, Bosnia, in September 1944 from Croat AF. Used by the Squadron of the 5th Corps NOVJ. Believed not passed to JRV.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
2308     21 Sept 1944 colour profile
2323     21 Sept 1944  
2332     21 Sept 1944  

References:

  • La Force Aerienne Croate 1941-1945 (Editions Lela Presse)
  • colour profile


North American Harvard IIb/III 
At least two Harvards used by the RAF in Italy for the training of Yugoslav volunteers in 1944. Painted in standard camouflage scheme with Balkan AF roundels. Believed not passed to the JRV. Several more delivered by the RAF in March 1945 to the reformed JRV.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
      1944
      1944  

References:

  • Aircraft Markings of the World 1912-1967 (Harleyford)


Potez 25 
One Jupiter-engined Potez 25 defected from the Croatian AF 23 May 1942, flown by Franjo Kluz. Used for bombing raids. Written off on the ground during Luftwaffe strafing attack.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
5007     23 May 1942 w/o 6 July 1942

References:

  • La Force Aerienne Croate 1941-1945 (Editions Lela Presse)


??? 
'small seaplane fleet' captured by partisans at Divulje. Possibly the Rogozarski PVT-H? - a two-seat parasol monoplane with a radial engine. Believed not passed to JRV.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
      Sept 1943  
      Sept 1943  
      Sept 1943  
      Sept 1943  
      Sept 1943  

References:

  • tba


SAIMAN 200 
One ex-Croat AF aircraft operated from Vis Island by the Headquarters Liaison Squadron (type not positively identified - possibly a Fizir F.P.2). Soon joined by another defector. Biplane trainer. Believed not passed to JRV.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
      28 April 1944 defected to Vis Island
      25 June 1944 defected

References:

  • La Force Aerienne Croate 1941-1945 (Editions Lela Presse)


Supermarine Spitfire Mk.Vc 
18 Spitfire Mk.Vc with tropical filter nose operated by 352 Sqn with the RAF Balkan Air Force, flying ground attack and bomber escort missions. 352 Sqn became operational in August 1944. The Spitfires were formally passed to the post-war Yugoslav AF on 15 June 1945. 3 Spitfire Mk.IX also used by same unit. Both versions served in Yugoslavia until August 1952.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
BR130     1944 Mk.Vc Trop, coded 'D'
EP438     1944 Mk.Vc, coded 'K'
ES257     1944 Mk.Vc Trop, coded 'X' colour profile.
JG9??     1944 Mk.Vc, coded 'J'
JK544     1944 Mk.Vc Trop, coded 'M'
JK604     June 1944 Mk.Vc, coded 'C'
JK608     1944 Mk.Vc, coded 'C'
JK764     1944 Mk.Vc, coded 'L'
JK808     1944 Mk.Vc Trop, coded 'B'. colour profile.
JL168     1944 Mk.Vc, coded 'P'
MH592     1944 Mk.Vc, coded 'G' colour profile.
EN135     1944 Mk.IX
SM147     1944 Mk.IX

References:

  • Wings of Fame Vol.9 P.70,91
  • Aircraft Camouflage and Markings 1907-1954 (Harleyford, 1954)
Further information:
Spitfire International (Air-Britain, 2003)
No.352 (Y) R.A.F. Squadron (? author, 2003)


Yakovlev Yak-1 
Total of 103 examples supplied to NOVJ November 1944-May 1945. Retained by JRV in January 1945.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
38 white     1944 colour profile
      1944  

References:

  • tba


Yakovlev Yak-3 
Only a few operated by NOVJ. Retained by JRV in January 1945.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
12 yellow     1944 colour profile
      1944  

References:

  • tba


Yakovlev Yak-7V 
Only a few tandem two-seat Yak-7V trainers operated by NOVJ. Retained by JRV in January 1945.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
      1944  
      1944  

References:

  • tba


Yakovlev Yak-9 
Total of 16 examples supplied to NOVJ November 1944-May 1945. Retained by JRV in January 1945.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
2834 '34'     1944 colour profile
      1944  

References:

  • tba


Zmaj (Fizir) FP.2 
One F.P.2 captured in Bosnia late 1944 and used by the Squadron of the 5th Corps. Some 'FP.3s' captured in flying condition, and used by the Independent Headquarters Eskadrille at Mostar. The F.N. was slender biplane trainer with pointed wingtips and fin, while the F.P.2 was stocky biplane trainer with rounded wingtips and fin. No F.P.3s were used by the Croat AF. Retained by JRV in January 1945.

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
      late 1944 FP.2, captured in Bosnia
      6 April 1944 Fizir FN, crashed during defection flight?
      27 Aug 1944 FP.2 defected to Vis Island
      mid Oct 1944 FP.2, crashed during defection flight?
6822     May 1945 FP.2

References:

  • La Force Aerienne Croate 1941-1945 (Editions Lela Presse)


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First Created: 5 July 2003 - Last Revised: 31 July 2003
Copyright © 2003 John Hayles.     e-mail: john@aeroflight.co.uk