Country Profile

Republic of Guatemala
(República de Guatemala)

Key Facts

Date of Independence:
1 July 1823
Capital City:
Ciudad de Guatemala
Total Area Ranking:
111 of 236 in the World
Population Size Ranking:
167 of 242 in the World

The Country


Guatemala’s complex geography can be simplified into three basic regions; the Pacific coastal plain, the central highlands and the eastern lowlands. The Pacific coastal plain, a narrow ribbon of tropical grassland, merges with the central highlands, which occupy over 40 per cent of the total land area of the country. The central highlands are a continuation of the West American Mountain system, which extends from Cape Horn to Alaska. Guatemala is bordered in the north by Mexico, in the east by Belize and in the south and south-east by El Salvador and Honduras. It is located between 88° to 93° western geographic longitude and 13° to 18° northern geographic latitude and has an area of 108,890 square kilometres (42,032 square miles). The latitude and longitude of the capital, Ciudad de Guatemala, are about 90°31′ W and 14°37 ‘ N.

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National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in Guatemala History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: Guatemala
World Travel Guide – North America – Guatemala
wikipedia: Guatemala
wikipedia: History of Guatemala
Guatemala Travel
HispanoLink: Guatemala


Text to be added on the development of aviation in Guatemala.


Civil Aircraft Registrations

The registration prefix ‘L-G’ was used from 1919 to 1929.
The registration prefix ‘LG-‘ was used from 1936 to 1948; eg: LG-AAA to LG-ZZZ.
The registration prefix ‘TG-‘ is used from 1948 to present; eg: TG-AAA to TG-ZZZ.

All-time Guatemala – civil aircraft register (L-Gaa LG-aaa TG-aaa).
[Get involved with the Aeroflight Cloud.]

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Air Force (Fuerza Aérea Guatemalteca)

Central Government Agencies

Government Aviation – VIP transport is provided by the Air Force and chartered commercial operators

Public Service Aviation

Medical Aviation – no helicopter rescue service
Police Aviation (Policía Nacional Civil)

Commercial Aviation

Grupo Taca
(Airlines included are Central American airlines Aviateca of Guatemala, Costa
Rica’s Lacsa, Nicaragua’s Nica, Taca International from El Salvador and Taca
from Honduras).

wikipedia: Airlines of Guatemala
The World’s Airlines: Guatemala

Private Aviation

None at present


Aircraft Manufacturers

None at present

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.


Civil Airports & Airfields

Coban AP (IATA code: CBV)
Chiquimula AP (IATA code: CIQ)
Carmelita AP (IATA code: CMM)
Dos Lagunas AP (IATA code: DON)
El Naranjo AP (IATA code: ENJ)
Flores AP (IATA code: FRS)
Guatemala City / La Aurora IAP (IATA code: GUA)
Huehuetenango AP (IATA code: HUG)
Melchor de Mencos AP (IATA code: MCR)
Puerto Barrios AP (IATA code: PBR)
Paso Caballos AP (IATA code: PCG)
Poptun AP (IATA code: PON)
Rubelsanto AP (IATA code: RUV)
Santa Elena AP (IATA code: SNV)
Tikal AP (IATA code: TKM)
Uaxactun AP (IATA code: UAX)
Airports in Guatemala

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing

On Show

Aviation Museums

Museo Heraldico de Armas del Ejercito de Guatemala, Cuidad de Guatemala

Airshow Dates:
Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

Magazines Guide for Guatemala

Aviation Bibliography

Central American and Caribbean Air Forces (Daniel Hagedorn)

Texan and Harvards in Latin America (Dan Hagedorn)

Latin American Fighters (Iñigo Guevara y Moyano)

Armed Forces of Latin America (Adrian English)

Latin-American Military Aviation (John Andrade)

World Air Forces Directory (Ian Carroll)

Military Balance (IISS)

World Air Power Journal 32, p.150-151

Air Forces Monthy 2/1994 p. 44-49

Air Forces Monthy 9/1999 p. 32-37

Air International 1/1999 p. 55-58

Web Links

Ejército de Guatemala
Portal de Gobierno de Guatemala

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