Country Profile


Key Facts

Date of Independence:
24 March 1603
Capital City:
Total Area Ranking:
62 of 236 in the World
Population Size Ranking:
10 of 242 in the World

The Country


Located in Southeast Asia, Japan is an island state in the Pacific Ocean, off the coast of East Asia. The country is an an archipelago of 6,852 islands, running roughly parallel to the mainland coast. The main islands, north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku and Kyu-shu. Further south are the Ryukyu Islands, which include Okinamwa. Japan has maritime borders across the Sea of Japan with Russia, North Korea and South Korea, and across the East China Sea with China and Taiwan.

The islands of Japan were originally formed volcanically, and 108 volcanes are still active. Mount Fuji, the highest mountain in Japan is 3,776 m (12,389 ft) high and still an active volcano. Some 73% of the land area is heavily forested or mountainous, so much of the population resides in the coastal regions.

Japan has a total land area of 377,944 sq km (145,925 sq miles) and had a population of 128.06 million in 2010. The main ethnic groups are Japanese 98.5%, Korean 0.5%, Chinese 0.4% and others 0.6%. The capital city is Tokyo on Honshu Island.

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National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in Japan History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: Japan
wikipedia: Japan
wikipedia: History of Japan


Text to be added on the development of aviation in Japan.


Civil Aircraft Registrations

Japan civil aircraft use the registration sequence JA0001 to JA9999 (no hyphen) since 1948. Before 1945 the sequence Jxxxx was used.

All-time Japan – civil aircraft register (J-nnn JAnnn) [TO BE ADDED].
[Get involved with the Aeroflight Cloud.]

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Current military air arms-
Air Force (Japanese Air Self Defence Force)
Naval Aviation (Japanese Maritime Self Defence Force)
Army Aviation (Japanese Ground Self Defence Force)

Historical military air arms-
Army Aviation (Imperial Japanese Army Air Force) [1910-1945]
Naval Aviation (Imperial Japanese Navy Air Force)[1910-1945]

Central Government Agencies

Government Aviation – Government VIP and Imperial transport is provided by the JASDF
Coast Guard Aviation (Japanese Coast Guard)
Civil Defence Aviation (Fire and Disaster Management Agency)

Public Service Aviation

Medical Aviation (Doctor Heli)
Police Aviation (Japan National Police)
Police Aviation (Tokyo Metropolitan Police Department)

Commercial Aviation

Air Japan

wikipedia: Airlines of Japan
The World’s Airlines: Japan

Private Aviation

To be added


Aircraft Manufacturers

None at present.

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.


Civil Airports & Airfields

Airports in Japan

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.

On Show

Aviation Museums

Amakusa Pearl Center
Battleship Mutsu Memorial Museum
Bihoro Aviation Park
Cafe Avion
Cafe Hikohjyo
Chippubetsu Family Sports Park Collection
Fire Museum
Hachinohe Children’s Park Display
Hijiri Museum
History Museum Air Station Iwakuni
Ishikawa Aviation Plaza
Japan Air Self-Defence Force Museum
Japan Ground Self-Defence Force Public Information Centre
Kakamigahara Aerospace Museum
Kanoya Base Aviation Museum
Harada Air Park
Kirishimagoka Koen Collection
Kohta City Museum
Misawa Aviation and Science Museum
Modern Transport Museum
Museum of Aeronautical Sciences
National Science Museum
Old Car Centre Kudan
Peace Museum for Kamikaze Pilots
Tachiarai Aviation Museum
Takayama Aviation Park
Takikawa Sky Museum
Tokorozawa Aviation Museum
Yasukuni Jinja Yushukan

Airshow Dates

Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

Magazines Guide for Japan

Aviation Bibliography

To be added

Web Links


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