Country Profile

United States of Mexico
(Estados Unidos Mexicanos)

Key Facts

Date of Independence:
24 August 1821
Capital City:
Mexico City
Total Area Ranking:
14 of 236 in the World
Population Size Ranking:
11 of 242 in the World

The Country


Mexico is a country in the southern part of North America. It is bordered by the United States of America to the north, the Pacific Ocean to the west and south, Guatemala, Belize and the Caribbean Sea to the south east and the Gulf of Mexico to the east. Mexico consists of the mainland and numerous smaller islands located in the Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean Sea, Pacific Coast, Gulf of California and further out in the Pacific Ocean.

The terrain of Mexico is mostly composed of mountains and plateau, broken by canyons and depressions. About 70% of the country is above 500 m (1,640 ft). In the west, the Sierra Madre Occidental mountain range separates the central plateau from the narrow lowlands of the Gulf of California, and in the east the Sierra Madre Oriental range divides the central plateau from the lowlands along the Gulf of Mexico. The plateau contains broad valleys and lakes and, in the centre, a belt of several large volcanic cones in a region known as the Sierra Nevada. The highest of which reaches 5,700 m (18,701 ft). A fourth mountain range, the Sierra Madre del Sur lines the southern coast. In contrast, the Yucatan Peninsula is flat and low lying and covered with tropical jungle. The north eastern border with the United States is defined by the Rio Grande/Rio Bravo del Norte river, which flows into the Gulf of Mexico.

Mexico has a total land area of 1,972,550 sq km (761,806 sq miles) and had a population of 118.4 million in 2013. The main ethnic groups are Mestizo (Amerindian-Spanish) 60%, Amerindian 30%, White/European 9% and others 1%. The capital city is Mexico City, also known as Mexico Distrito Federal.

Loading map...


National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in Mexican History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: Mexico
World Travel Guide – North America – Mexico
wikipedia: Mexico
wikipedia: History of Mexico
Library of Congress / Area Handbook Series / Mexico
Governments on the WWW: Mexico


Text to be added on the development of aviation in Mexico.


Civil Aircraft Registrations

The registration prefix ‘M-S’ was used 1919 to 1929.
The registration prefix ‘X-A’ was used 1919 to 1939.
The registration prefix ‘X-B’ was used 1919 to 1939.
The registration prefix ‘XA-‘ is used 1939 to present.
The registration prefix ‘XB-‘ is used 1939 to present.
The registration prefix ‘XC-‘ is used 1939 to present.

All-time Mexico – civil aircraft register (M-Saa X-Aaa X-Baa XA-aaa XB-aaa XC-aaa).
[Get involved with the Aeroflight Cloud.]

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Air Force (Fuerza Aerea Mexicana)
Naval Aviation (Aviación de la Armada de Mexico)

Central Government Agencies

Government Aviation (Gobierno del Estado de Mexico)
Coast Guard Aviation – Coast Guard duties are performed by the Navy
Justice Department (Procuraduria General De La Republica)
State Energy Aviation (Comision Federal de Electricidad)

Regional Government Agencies

Oaxaca Ministry of Health Air Ambulance
Jalisco State Police
Proteccion Civil Jalisco
Gobierno Distrito Federal
Gobierno del Estado de Guanajuato
Gobierno del Estado de Hidalgo
Gobierno del Estado de Michoacan
Gobierno del Estado de Nuevo Leon
Gobierno del Estado de Puebla
Gobierno del Estado de Tamaulipas
Gobierno del Estado de Veracruz

Public Service Aviation

Medical Aviation (“Skylife”)
“Mexico State Government Air Rescue Unit” (Estado de Mexico)
Paramilitary Police (Policia Federal)
Police Aviation (Federal District Police)

Commercial Aviation

To be added

wikipedia: Airlines of Mexico
The World’s Airlines: Mexico

Private Aviation

To be added.


Aircraft Manufacturers


Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.


Civil Airports & Airfields

Civil Airports and Airfields Listing
Airports in Mexico

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing

On Show

Aviation Museums

Centro de Ciencia Tecnologia Planetario, Guadalajara
Explora Centro de Ciencas, Leon
Globo Museo del Nino, Guadalajara
Museo de Ciencas y Tecnologia, Xalapa
Museo del Ejercito Fuerza Aerea Mexicanos, Guadalajara
Museo Tecnologico de la Comision Federal de Electricidad, Mexico DF

Airshow Dates:
Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

Magazines Guide for Mexico

Aviation Bibliography

Central American and Caribbean Air Forces (Daniel Hagedorn)

Air Arsenal North America (Phil Butler)

Texan and Harvards in Latin America (Dan Hagedorn)

Latin American Fighters (Iñigo Guevara y Moyano)

Latin American Air Wars and Aircraft 1912-1969 (Dan Hagedorn)

Armed Forces of Latin America (Adrian English)

Latin-American Military Aviation (John Andrade)

World Air Forces Directory (Ian Carroll)

Military Balance (IISS)

America Vuela (Mexico D.F.) Various issues for the year 2000

Historia Grafica de la Fuerza Aerea Mexicana by Hector Davila Cornejo

Flap International, No.334 Julio 2000

Web Links


Leave a Comment