South Korea

Country Profile

Republic of Korea
(Daehan Minguk)

Key Facts

Date of Independence:
15 August 1948
Capital City:
Total Area Ranking:
109 of 236 in the World
Population Size Ranking:
25 of 242 in the World

The Country


South Korea is located in the southern part of the Korean Peninsula in Southeast Asia. South Korea has a land border with North Korea to the north, and sea borders with Japan to the south and east, and China to the west.

The terrain in South Korea can be divided into four regions: the eastern region with high mountains and a narrow coastal plain, a western region with broad coastal plains and rolling hills, a southwestern region of mountains and valleys and a southeastern region with the Nakdong River basin. Some 70% of the land is therefore mostly mountainous and unsuitable for arable farming.

South Korea also includes about 3,000 islands around the coast, most of which are small and uninhabited. The largest is Jeju, 100 km (60 miles) to the south, while to the east lies Ulleung. The island of Marado, off the south coast of Jeju is the southernmost part of South Korea.

South Korea has a total land area of 100,032 sq km (38,623 sq miles) and had a population of 50.0 million in 2012. The main ethnic groups are Korean 99%, Chinese 0.4% and others 0.6%. The capital city is Seoul.

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National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in South Korea History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: South Korea
wikipedia: South Korea
wikipedia: History of South Korea


Text to be added on the development of aviation in South Korea.


Civil Aircraft Registrations

South Korea civil aircraft use the registration sequence HL0000 to HL9999 (no hyphen) since 1948.

All-time South Korea – civil aircraft register (HLnnn) [TO BE ADDED].
[Get involved with the Aeroflight Cloud.]

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Air Force (Republic of Korea Air Force)
Naval Aviation (Republic of Korea Navy)
Army Aviation (Republic of Korea Army)

Central Government Agencies

Government Aviation – VIP transport is provided by the Air Force
Coast Guard Aviation (Republic of Korea Coast Guard)
Forestry Aviation (Korea Forest Service)

Public Service Aviation

Fire Fighting (Korean Fire Fighting Department)
Medical Aviation – EMS operations are normally conducted by the Fire Department
Police Aviation (Korean National Police Agency)

Commercial Aviation

Air South Korea

wikipedia: Airlines of South Korea
The World’s Airlines: South Korea

Private Aviation

To be added


Aircraft Manufacturers

None at present.

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.


Civil Airports & Airfields

Airports in South Korea

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.

On Show

Aviation Museums

Air Park, Seoul
Changwon Museum on North Korea
Cheoruisamgak War Memorial Hall
Children’s Hall
Chuncheon War Memorial Hall
Dabudong War Memorial Hall
Daejeon National Cemetery
Gangneung Unification Park
General Yoo Chi-Gon Memorial
Hodam Air and Space Center
Imjingak War Museum
KAI Aerospace Museum
Korea Aerospace University Aerospace Museum
Korea Air Force Academy Museum
Korea Naval Academy Museum
Memorial Hall for Incheon Operation
Naktonggang Victory Memorial Museum
National Cemetery, Seoul
Peace and Freedom Protection Museum
Sapgyoho Marine Park
War Memorial Museum, Seoul
War Memorial Museum Busan

Airshow Dates

Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

None known.

Aviation Bibliography

To be added

Web Links

To be added.

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