Country Profile

Eastern Republic of Uruguay
(República Oriental del Uruguay)

Key Facts

Date of Independence:
27 August 1828
Capital City:
Total Area Ranking:
91 of 236 in the World
Population Size Ranking:
136 of 242 in the World

The Country


Uruguay, on the east coast of South America south of Brazil and east of Argentina. The country consists of a low, rolling plain in the south and a low plateau in the north. It has a 193 km (120 miles) Atlantic shoreline, a 378 km (235 mile) frontage on the Rio de la Plata, and 435 km (270 mile) on the Uruguay River, its western boundary. The country is located between 53° to 58° western geographic longitude and 30° to 35° southern geographic latitude and has an area of 176.215 square kilometres (68.037 square miles). The latitude and longitude of the capital Montevideo are about 56°12′ W and 34°54′ S.

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National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in Uruguay History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: Uruguay
World Travel Guide – South America – Uruguay
wikipedia: Uruguay
wikipedia: History of Uruguay
Library of Congress / Area Handbook Series / Uruguay
Infoplease – Uruguay
HispanoLink Uruguay
Governments on the WWW: Uruguay


Text to be added on the development of aviation in Uruguay.


Civil Aircraft Registrations

The registration prefix ‘CX’ is used from 1929 to Present; eg: CX-AAA to CX-ZZZ. The C-Uxxx sequence was in use 1919-1929.

All-time Uruguay – civil aircraft register (C-Uaa CX-aaa).
[Get involved with the Aeroflight Cloud.]

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Air Force (Fuerza Aérea Uruguaya)
Naval Aviation (Aviación Naval Uruguaya)

Central Government Agencies

Government Aviation – VIP transport is provided by chartered commercial operators
Coast Guard (Uruguayan Coast Guard) – no aviation unit
Dirección General de Infraestructura Aeronáutica (DGIA)

Public Service Aviation

Medical Aviation – the forthcoming establishment of the Policía Nacional de Tránsito will include a new helicopter medical rescue service
Police Aviation (Policia Nacional) – no aviation unit

Commercial Aviation

Aero Uruguay
Aerolineas Uruguayana SA
Air Class Lineas Aereas
Air Euroamerica SA
PLUNA Uruguayan Airlines

wikipedia: Airlines of Uruguay
The World’s Airlines: Uruguay

Private Aviation

None at present.


Aircraft Manufacturers

None at present

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.


Civil Airports & Airfields

Artigas/ Artigas AP (IATA code: ATI)
Bella Union / Bella Union AP (IATA code: BUV)
Colonia del Sacramento / Laguna de los Patos AP (IATA code: CYR)
San Pedro de Durazno / Santa Bernadina IAP (IATA code: DZO)
Melo / Cerro Largo IAP (IATA code: MLZ)
Montevideo / Carrasco IAP (IATA code: MVD)
Punta del Este / Maldonado / El Jaguel IAP (IATA code: PDP)
Paysandu / Tydeo Larre Borges IAP (IATA code: PDU)
Rivera / Oscar S. Gestido AP (IATA code: RVY)
Salto / Salto Nueva Hesperides AP (IATA code: STY)
Tacuarembo / Tacuarembo AP (IATA code: TAW)
Treinta y Tres / Treinta y Tres AP (IATA code: TYT)
Vichadero / Vichadero AP (IATA code: VCH)>
Airports in Uruguay

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing

On Show

Aviation Museums

Museo Aeronáutico “Cnel. Jaime Meregalli”, Av. Dámaso Antonio Larrañaga S/N, Montevideo

Airshow Dates

Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

Magazines Guide for Uruguay

Aviation Bibliography

Armed Forces of Latin America (Adrian English)

Latin American Military Aviation (John Andrade)

Texan and Harvards in Latin America (Dan Hagedorn)

Latin American Fighters (Iñigo Guevara y Moyano)

Latin American Air Wars and Aircraft 1912-1969 (Dan Hagedorn)

Air Arsenal North America (Phil Butler)

World Air Forces Directory (Ian Carroll)

Military Balance (IISS)

World Air Power Journal No.31 p. 154-157

Web Links

Ministerio de Defensa Nacional

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