Country Profile

Republic of Venezuela
(República Bolivariana de Venezuelan)

Key Facts

Date of Independence:
13 January 1830
Capital City:
Total Area Ranking:
33 of 236 in the World
Population Size Ranking:
44 of 242 in the World

The Country


Venezuela occupies most of the northern coast of South America on the Caribbean Sea. It is bordered by Colombia to the west, Guyana to the east, and Brazil to the south. Mountain systems break Venezuela into four distinct areas: (1) the Maracaibo lowlands; (2) the mountainous region in the north and northwest; (3) the Orinoco basin, with the llanos (vast grass-covered plains) on its northern border and great forest areas in the south and southeast; and (4) the Guiana Highlands, south of the Orinoco, accounting for nearly half the national territory.

The country is located between 60° to 73° western geographic longitude and 1° to 12° northern geographic latitude and has an area of 912.050 square kilometres (352.144 square miles). The latitude and longitude of the capital Caracas are about 66°54′ W and 10°31′ N.

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National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in Venezuela History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: Venezuela
World Travel Guide – South America – Venezuela
wikipedia: Venezuela
wikipedia: History of Venezuela
Library of Congress / Area Handbook Series / Venezuela
Infoplease – Venezuela
HispanoLink Venezuela
Governments on the WWW: Venezuela


Text to be added on the development of aviation in Venezuela.


Civil Aircraft Registrations

The registration prefix ‘YV’ was used from 1929 to 1952; eg: YV-AAA to YV-ZZZ.

The registration prefix ‘YV-?-‘ is used from 1952 to 1975; eg: YV-?-AAA to YV-?-ZZZ.
The ? stands for either C = Comercial; eg: YV-C-BRT, D = Demonstración; eg: YV-D-DRV, E = Especial; eg: YV-E-ACO, O = Oficial; eg:
YV-O-HDT, P = Privada; eg: YV-P-TFE or T = Turismo; eg: YV-T-GOS

The registration prefix ‘YV’ is used from 1975 to present; eg:YV-01A to YV-9999X
The prefix is followed by a number and a letter, which indicates the role of the aircraft or helicopter.
A = Agricolas; eg: YV-625A, C = Comerciales; eg: YV-156C, CP = Comercial Privada; eg: YV-725CP, E = Escuela; eg: YV-954E, P = Privadas; eg: YV-238P X = Experimentales; eg: YV-673X and O = Oficiales; eg. YV-O-PM-9 (Policía Metropolitana), which follows the pre-1975 registration standards.

All-time Venezuela – civil aircraft register (YV-nnn).
[Get involved with the Aeroflight Cloud.]

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Air Force (Aviación Militar Nacional Bolivariana)

Naval Aviation (Armada Nacional Bolivariana)

Army Aviation (Ejército Nacional Bolivariana)

Central Government Agencies

Government Aviation – VIP transport is provided by the Air Force
Coast Guard Aviation – the Coast Guard is a branch of the Navy. No separate aviation section.
National Guard Aviation (Comando de Apoyo Aéreo de Guardia Nacional)
State Energy Aviation (Corpoelec)
Aviation School (Centro de Instrucción Aeronáutica Civil “Miguel Rodríguez” (CIAC))
Instituto Nacional de Aeronáutica Civil (INAC) – with Servicio de Búsqueda y Salvamento (SAR) service

Public Service Aviation

Medical Aviation – no helicopter rescue service
Police (Policia Nacional Bolivariana Aviation Unit)

Commercial Aviation

Aerocaribe Coro
Aeroejecutivos CA
Aerolineas Latinas
Aeronaves Del Centro
Air Global
Air Margarita
Air Venezuela
Airtech Servicios Aereos CA
Aserca Airlines
Aviones de Oriente CA
Caraven SA
Caribbean International Airlines
Industria Aero Agricola CA
Interamericana De Aviacion
J.D. Valenciana De Aviacion
Jet Air International Charters CA
Linea Aerea de Servicio Ejecutivo Regional CA
Linea Turistica Aereotuy
Santa Bárbara Airlines
Servicios Aereos Sucre CA
Venezolana Internacional De Aviacion SA
Vensecar Internacional CA
Zuliana De Aviacion

wikipedia: Airlines of Venezuela
The World’s Airlines: Venezuela

Private Aviation

None at present.


Aircraft Manufacturers

None at present

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.


Civil Airports & Airfields

Civil Airports and Airfields Listing
Airports in Venezuela

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing

On Show

Aviation Museums

Museo Aeronautico de la Fuerza Aerea Venezolana, Maracay
Museo del Transporte ‘Guillermo J. Schael’, Caracas
Museo Historico Militar, Caracas

Airshow Dates

Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

Magazines Guide for Venezuela

Aviation Bibliography

Armed Forces of Latin America (Adrian English)

Latin American Military Aviation (John Andrade)

Texan and Harvards in Latin America (Dan Hagedorn)

Latin American Fighters (Iñigo Guevara y Moyano)

Latin American Air Wars and Aircraft 1912-1969 (Dan Hagedorn)

Air Arsenal North America (Phil Butler)

World Air Forces Directory (Ian Carroll)

Military Balance (IISS)

World Air Power Journal No.30, p. 150-154

Web Links

Registro Aéreo de Venezuela

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