Austria Key Dates

3 November 1918    Hapsburg empire surrenders at the end of World War I.
12 November 1918    ‘Republic of German Austria’ created from German-speaking part of the former empire.
10 September 1919    Treaty of St Germain defines Austria’s borders.
21 October 1919    Name of the country changed to Republic of Austria.
10 November 1920    Parliamentary democracy established under new constitution.
1929    Start of the Great Depression, which affects the country very badly.
1932    Engelbert Dollfuss becomes Chancellor.
1933    Unemployment reaches almost 25%.
February 1934    Socialist uprising crushed by government forces.
April 1934    Chancellor Dollfuss establishes a dictatorship.
1 May 1934    Name of country changed to Federal State of Austria.
25 July 1934    Dollfuss assassinated in attempted Nazi coup.
13 March 1938    Anschluss – Austria incorporated into Nazi Germany.
1939    Austria becomes the region of ‘Ostmark’ within Germany.
13 April 1945    Soviet troops liberate Vienna.
April 1945    Soviet, British, US and French forces take-up occupation of Austria.
27 April 1945    Proclamation of independence from Germany. Second Republic established.
1950    Attempted communist coup fails.
15 May 1955    State Treaty signed, ending four-power occupation and establishing neutrality.
27 July 1955    Austria regains full independence from occupying powers.
21 September 1955    Last of Allied occupying forces leave Austria.
25 October 1955    Austria regains full sovereignty.
1955    Austria joins the United Nations.
1 January 1995    Austria joins the European Union.
February 1995    Austria joins NATO’s Partnerships for Peace program.
January 2002    Austria introduces the euro as it’s official currency.
August 2002    Devastating floods as Danube bursts it’s banks after torrential rain.

Austria National History


Since 1246 the Hapsburg Empire had been centred on Vienna. In 1867 the Empire became the dual monarchy of Austro-Hungary, with imperial rule shared between Vienna and Budapest. The assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand on 28 June 1914 triggered the First World War. Austro-Hungary allied itself with Germany and Turkey, and the three were known as the Central Powers. Defeat brought with it the breakup of the Empire. Austria became a republic on 30 October 1918, concentrated on the German speaking area of the former Empire. In 1933 parliament was replaced by an authoritarian regime under Chancellor Dollfuss. In March 1938 Austria was annexed by the German Reich. The country was liberated by Western and Russian forces in 1945. A republic was re-established on 27 April 1945. In July 1955 the USSR ended its occupation, on condition that Austria remained strictly neutral.

Austria

Country Profile

The Country

Geography

Located in central Europe, modern Austria was created in 1918 following the collapse of the Hapsburg empire. It is bordered by Germany to the north west, the Czech Republic to the north, Slovakia to the north east, Hungary to the south east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland to the west.
About 75% of the land area is covered by the Austrian Alps, which range up to 12,500 ft (3,800 m), while fertile plains to the east include the Danube river valley and the Graz basin. The total land area is 82,732 sq km (31,942 sq miles). The population of 8.4 million (2007 figure) comprises 93% German, 6% Croat/Slovene/Hungarian and 1% other ethnic groups. 78% of the people are Roman Catholic, 5% Protestant, 2% Muslim and 15% other or non-religious. The capital city is Vienna.

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National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in Austrian History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: Austria
Yahoo Austria page
wikipedia: Austria
wikipedia: History of Austria

Markings

Civil Aircraft Registrations

Austrian civil aircraft were registered in the series A-xxxx onwards from 1919, with the registration in numbers not letters. The sequence was ended by the Anchluss with Germany in March 1938. In 1934 a new civil register was established using the prefix OE-xxx, eg: Tiger Moth OE-DAF. After WW2 the OE- register was re-established. State-owned aircraft use the sequence OE-Fxx. Gliders use the same prefix OE-xxxx, but with numerical registrations.

All-time Austria – civil aircraft register (A-nnn OE-aaa) [TO BE ADDED].
[Get involved with the Aeroflight Cloud.]

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Current military air arms-
Air Force (Österreichische Luftstreitkrafte)

Historical military air arms-
Air Force (Deutsch-Oesterreichische Fliegertruppe) [1918-1922]
Air Force (Fliegertruppe) [1935-1938]

Central Government Agencies

Border Guard (Grenzschutz)
Government
Paramilitary Police (Gendarmerie)

Public Service Aviation

Medical Aviation (OEAMTC)
Medical Aviation (ARA – Air Rescue Austria)
Police Aviation (Polizei)

Commercial Aviation

Austrian Airlines
Lauda Air
Tyrolean Airways
Welcome Air

wikipedia: Airlines of Austria
The World’s Airlines: Austria

Private Aviation

To be added

Industry

Aircraft Manufacturers

Diamond Aircraft
HB Flugtechnik

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.

Airfields

Civil Airports & Airfields

Graz
Innsbruck
Linz
Salzburg
Vienna
Airports in Austria

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.

On Show

Aviation Museums

Aviaticum
Fahrzeug-Technik-Luftfahrt Museum
Flying Bulls
Heeresgeschichtliches Museum
Oesterreichisches Luftfahrtmuseum
Technisches Museum, Wien

Airshow Dates

Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

Magazines Guide for Austria

Aviation Bibliography

Austrian Aviation Bibliography – to be added

Web Links

The World’s Airlines – Austria
List of all Austrian airlines

SPAA – Seaplane Pilots Association Austria
Flying seaplanes in Austria, including very good history section

Oesterreichischer Aeroclub
Official national aviation organisation

Austria Charter Operators
Information on all charter operators in Austria

Spotterteam Graz
Graz airport based aviation enthusiasts – photos, reports, airport visitors etc

Austrian Aviation Net
Commercial airlines and flying in Austria

Fluglinks.at
Web links for Austrian civil aviation

www.aviator.at
Lots of information about private flying in Austria

Piloten.at
Information for private pilots in Austria

Panorama

Aviation-related Magazines Guide

Subtitled Oesterreichisches Modellbaumagazin. A well produced quarterly scale plastic modelling magazine. It was first published in 1974. Originally featuring 40 pages per issue, with photographs on the inside and outside covers only, it later moved to glossy paper allowing colour photographs on most pages. Many line and colour scheme drawings were included. Later issues had 64 pages. The contents typically included branch news, hints & tips, AFVs, vehicles and aircraft feature articles, with a particular attention to markings and Austrian use.

In the middle of 2009 the magazine was redesigned and renamed ‘Modell Panorama’.

Further information:
IPMS Austria

[*] Contents Listing, Vol.1 No.1 – Vol.35 No.4

Flug-Informationen

Aviation-related Magazines Guide

Quarterly magazine dedicated to Austrian aviation history. It contains illustrated articles on Austrian-built aircraft, aircraft operated in Austria, the life of technical designers and inventors, aviation-historical events and aviation enterprises. First published in 1984.

Further information:
Luftfahrt-Archiv

Flug

Aviation-related Magazines Guide

‘Flug’ was a monthly general interest magazine. It was the official organ of the Oesterreichischen Flugtechnischen Vereines (Austrian Air Engineering Association). It was subtitled Zeitschrift Fuer Das Gesamte Gebiet Der Luftfahrt.

Published between 1927 and 1934. Roughly 80 pages in each issue.

Further information:
to be added.

Neue Flieger Revue

Aviation-related Magazines Guide

For a short time between 1995 and 1997, ‘Neue Flieger Revue’ was the official organ of the Österreichischer Aero-Club. Each issue featured 82 pages and included feature articles on sport flying, gliding, parachuting etc.

Further information:
To be added.

O.F.H. Nachrichten

Aviation-related Magazines Guide

‘O.F.H. Nachrichten’ is a quarterly magazine produced by the Oesterreichische Flugzeug Historisker (Austrian Aircraft Historians). It exclusively concentrates on the history of civil and military aviation in Austria. It therefore includes news about vintage and museum aircraft, features on aircraft types used in Austria – complete with markings drawings and registration listings, and articles on events in Austrian aviation history.

Further information:
Oesterreichische Flugzeug Historisker

Skyrevue

Aviation-related Magazines Guide

Subtitled Das Osterreichische Flugmagazin. Glossy bi-monthly magazine first published in early 2004. ‘Skyrevue’ is the only current Austrian flight magazine. It is the official organ of the Austrian Aero Club and dedicates itself to all aviation and flight topics: general aviation, private powered flight, scheduled and charter traffic, military flight, public service flight, airplane letting and repair, gliding, parachuting, ballooning, hang-gliding as well as aeromodelling.

Further information:
Skyrevue
back issues