Aerospace and defence industry magazine. Launched in 1977 as a quarterly called ‘Aerospace Canada’, renamed ‘Aerospace Canada International’ in 1983 (Vol.7) and became bimonthly in 1984. Last issue was September 1987. Renamed ‘Aerospace & Defence Technology’ in November 1987. Merged with ‘Canadian Aviation’ in 1989 to form ‘Aviation & Aerospace’, see below.
This is a survey of Canadian aviation, defence and aircraft scale modelling magazines. All magazines are English text only, unless otherwise stated.
The world’s second largest country (after Russia), Canada occupies the northern portion of the North American continent. It stretches for some 5,000 km (3,100 miles) from the Pacific seaboard to Newfoundland, and 4,000 km (2,800 miles) from Ellesmere Island in the Arctic Circle to the US border. The total land area is 9,220,970 sq km (3,560,217 sq miles).
It is bordered by the USA (Alaska) to the west, the Pacific Ocean to the south west, the USA to the south, the Atlantic Ocean to the east and the Arctic Ocean to the north. In topography, Canada resembles a giant saucer, with the Hudson Bay depression at the centre, the Rocky Mountains forming the western rim and the Laurentian Mountains the eastern rim. The Great Lakes and the St Lawrence River provide a key trade route for ocean-going ships, with access from the Gulf of St Lawrence. The region is rich in mineral resources and oil and gas reserves, while the prairies in the southern part of the Central Lowlands are very fertile and ideal for farming.
The Population of 32.9 million (2007 figure) comprises 44% of British origin, 25% of French origin, 20% other European, 4% indigenous indian/Innuit and 7% other. Nearly 90% of Canadians live within 200 km of the border with the United States. The French-speaking population is geographically concentrated in the Quebec region. Some 41% of the people are Protestants, 47% Roman Catholic and 12% non-religious. The capital city is Ottowa.
Further National Information
Text to be added on the development of aviation in Canada.
Civil Aircraft Registrations
Canadian civil aircraft were registered in the series G-CAAA onwards from June 1920, but this changed to CF-AAA onwards in 1929, and to C-FAAA and C-GAAA onwards in 1974. The sequence C-IAAA onwards is reserved for microlights. Aircraft in Newfoundland used the sequence VO-AAA onwards 1929-1958.
All-time Canada – civil aircraft register (G-Caaa CF-aaa C-aaa) [TO BE ADDED].
[Get involved with the Aeroflight Cloud.]
Military Air Arms
Current military air arms-
Air Force (Royal Canadian Air Force)
Historical military air arms-
Naval Aviation (Royal Canadian Navy) [1945-1967]
Army Aviation (Canadian Army) [1947-1967]
Central Government Agencies
Government Aviation – VIP transport is provided by the Air Force
Coast Guard Aviation (Canadian Coast Guard)
Aviation Regulation (Transport Canada)
Fishery Patrol (Fisheries and Oceans Canada)
Science Aviation (National Research Council)
Regional Government Agencies
Ontario Ministry of Health
Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources
Public Service Aviation
Medical Aviation: wikipedia: Air Ambulances in Canada
Medical Aviation (ORNGE)
Medical Aviation (STARS Air Ambulance)
Gendarmerie Police (Royal Canadian Mounted Police)
Ontario Provincial Police
Sûreté du Québec
Calgary Police Service
Durham Regional Police Service
York Regional Police
Canada 3000 Airlines
Canadian Airlines International
CHC – Canadian Helicopter Corporation
Kelowna Flightcraft Air Charter
Kenn Borek Air
To be added
Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots
Civil Airports & Airfields
Military Air Bases & Airfields
Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.
Key Airshow Dates
Magazines Guide for Canada
Portal for news & information on Canadian aviation
Transport Canada – Civil Aviation
The official government website – includes civil aircraft register
Canada’s Aviation Hall of Fame
Profiles of worthy Canadian aviation personalities
Airports in Canada
Links, photos and location data for Canadian land and water landing places.
Wings Over Canada
TV/DVD documentary series on aviation in Canada
The present territory of Canada was initially colonized by British and French emigrants from 1608. Britain gained full control in 1759. The Dominion of Canada was created on 2 July 1867, as a confederation of the four eastern provinces, with a Federal government in Ottawa.
By 1905 Canadian territory had expanded westwards to comprise 9 provinces and two territories. Canadians made a great contribution during the First World War, fighting in many famous actions and losing more men than the much larger United States. After the war, a developing ‘Canada first’ attitude led to an increasing distance between Canada and Britain.
In 1931, Canada was established as a sovereign state within the Commonwealth. Britain formally relinquished control of defence and foreign policy. During the Second World War, Canadians again fought with great distinction, particularly at Dieppe and the Normandy landings. Canada was a founder member of NATO on 4 April 1949. A tenth province, Newfoundland, also joined Canada in 1949.
Postwar, Canadians fought in the Korean War and provided peace-keeping forces for Cyprus, Suez and Indo-China. In 1965, the Maple-leaf flag was adopted as the national flag.
Since the 1960s, French Canadian separatism has become a prominent issue. Some 30 per cent of the population are of French descent, most living in the Province of Quebec. However, successive referendums and constitutional inquires have not resulted in any realistic moves towards independence.
A Free Trade Agreement was signed with the USA in 1988, and extended to include Mexico in 1992. Canada contributed air and naval forces to the Allied Coalition in the 1991 Gulf War.
|c 19,000 BC||First humans arrive in Canada from across the Bering Straits land bridge.|
|c 13,000 BC||More settlers arrive in Canada from Europe via the northern ice sheet.|
|c 1000 AD||Vikings from Greenland explore Newfoundland and establish a short-lived colony.|
|1481||British fishermen known to be fishing off Newfoundland.|
|1497||British-based navigator John Cabot explores and names Newfoundland.|
|1534||French explorers discover the Gulf of St Lawrence and claim it for France.|
|1583||Newfoundland becomes England’s first overseas colony.|
|1600||Native Indian and Inuit population numbers about 200,000.|
|1605||First permament settlement founded by the French at Port Royal. Colonised territories in eastern Canada soon named Arcadia.|
|1608||Quebec City founded.|
|1610||Hudson Bay discovered.|
|1627||Company of New France founded to exploit French colonies in North America.|
|1663||French government takes direct control of French colonies in Canada.|
|1670||Hudson Bay Company founded in England to promote colonisation and trade in Canada.|
|11 April 1713||Peace of Utrecht sees Britain acquire most of Arcadia, Newfoundland and the territory around Hudson Bay.|
|1755||French Arcadians in Nova Scotia deported for refusing a oath of loyalty to the king.|
|1756||Start of global Seven Years War between Britain and France. Each side recruited Native Indian troops as local allies in the French and Indian War.|
|1759||Quebec seized by British forces. Montreal captured the following year.|
|10 Feb 1763||Treaty of Paris ends Seven Years War and sees all French territory in Canada passed to Britain. New France becomes Quebec.|
|22 June 1774||Quebec Act establishes permament government in Canada and grants legal and religous concessions to French speakers.|
|1775||Canada remains loyal during American War of Independence.|
|1776-1783||40,000 United Empire Loyalists emigrate from USA to Canada.|
|1812||War of 1812 between Britain and USA. Several invasions of Canada repulsed.|
|20 Oct 1818||Convention of 1818 establishes the 49th parallel as USA-Canada border west of the Great Lakes.|
|1841||Upper and Lower Canada united as United Province of Canada.|
|1846-1850||Economic depression hits Canada.|
|1854||First US-Canada trade treaty agreed.|
|1 July 1867||Canadian provinces united as self-governing Dominion of Canada.|
|1885||Canadian Pacific Railway completed – linking east and west coasts.|
|1890||European immigrants begin arriving in large numbers.|
|1897||Klondike gold rush begins in Yukon Territory.|
|August 1914||Canada joins First World War on the side of Britain and France.|
|11 December 1931||Canada becomes a sovereign state within the British Commonwealth.|
|September 1939||Canada joins World War Two on the side of the Allies.|
|4 April 1949||Canada becomes a founder member of NATO.|
|1950||Canadian forces support the United Nations in the Korean War.|
|1965||Maple Leaf flag adopted as the national flag.|
|June 1980||Quebec votes against separatism.|
|17 April 1982||UK transfers final legal powers relating to Canada. New constitution adopted.|
|1 January 1989||Free Trade Agreement with USA comes into effect.|
|1991||Canada participates on First Gulf War.|
|1994||North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) comes into effect.|
|1995||Further referendum in Quebec rejects independence by only 1%.|
|January 2002||Canada becomes third-largest contributor to forces for invasion of Afghanistan.|
|March 2003||Canada chooses not to join USA in Second Gulf War.|