Current Aircraft Inventory
Chinese Naval Aviation

Aircraft Type Total Del’d Total Active Still on Order Role
Harbin H-6 30 30 0 Bomber
Shenyang J-7 30 30 0 Fighter-Bomber
Shenyang J-8 47 47 0 Fighter
Shenyang J-10 25 25 0 Fighter-Bomber
Shenyang J-15/Su-30/33 27 27 50 Fighter-Bomber
Xian JH-7 34 34 0 Attack
Nanchang Q-5 30 30 0 Attack
Kamov Ka-31 9 9 0 AEW
Harbin SH-5 3 3 0 SAR
Harbin Y-7 1 1 0 SAR
Xian Y-8 13 13 0 ELINT/Recce.
Xian KJ-200 8 8 0 AEW
Harbin Y-7 17 17 0 Transport
Xian Y-8 12 12 0 Transport
Aerospatiale AS365/565 6 6 0 Utility
Kamov Ka-27 1 1 0 Utility
Kamov Ka-28 17 17 0 Utility
Harbin Z-8 27 27 0 Transport
Harbin Z-9 29 29 0 Liaison
Changhe Z-18 2 2 0 Liaison
Shenyang JJ-6 14 14 0 Trainer
Shenyang JL-8 11 11 0 Trainer
Shenyang JL-9 2 2 0 Trainer
Mil Mi-8 ‘Hip’ 8 8 0 Trainer
Xian Y-7 5 5 0 Trainer

Current Aircraft Inventory
Chinese Army Aviation

Aircraft Type Total Del’d Total Active Still on Order Role
Harbin Y-7 7 7 0 Transport
Xian Y-8 3 3 0 Transport
Mil Mi-17/171 ‘Hip’ 237 237 0 Utility
Sikorsky S-70 Black Hawk 23 23 0 Utility
Harbin Z-8 51 51 0 Transport
Harbin Z-9 92 92 0 Utility
Changhe Z-10 95 95 24 Attack
Changhe Z-11 46 46/td>

0 Liaison
Harbin Z-19 105 105 15 Attack/Recce.
Aerospatiale AS350 Ecureuil 1 1/td>

0 Trainer
Airbus Helicopters H120 93 93 57 Trainer

Current Aircraft Inventory
Chinese Air Force

Aircraft Type Total Del’d Total Active Still on Order Role
Harbin H-6 120 120 0 Bomber
Shenyang J-7 388 388 0 Fighter-Bomber
Shenyang J-8 96 96 0 Fighter
Shenyang J-10 240 240 0 Fighter-Bomber
Shenyang J-11/Su-27/30/35 272 272 24 Fighter-Bomber
Xian JH-7 71 71 0 Attack
Nanchang Q-5 118 118 0 Attack
Boeing 737 2 2 0 Maritime Patrol
Antonov An-30 4 4 0 ELINT
Bombardier Challenger 870 5 5 0 Recce.
Beriev A-50I 1 1 0 AEW
?? KJ-2000 4 4 0 AEW
Tupolev Tu-154 3 3 0 ELINT
Xian Y-8 17 17 0 ELINT
Xian KJ-200 7 7 0 AEW
Ilyushin Il-78 2 2 0 Tanker
Ilyushin Il-76 ‘Candid’ 17 17 0 Transport
Xian MA60 9 9 0 Transport
Tupolev Tu-154 6 6 0 Transport
Harbin Y-7 43 43 0 Transport
Xian Y-8 60 60 0 Transport
Xian Y-9 7 7 0 Transport
Mil Mi-17/171 ‘Hip’ 16 16 0 Utility
Harbin Z-8 34 34 0 Transport
Harbin Z-9 20 20 0 Liaison
Shenyang JJ-7 35 35 0 Trainer
Shenyang JL-8 170 170 0 Trainer
Xian Y-7 13 13 0 Trainer


Country Profile

The Country


China is located in East Asia. China borders 14 countries: Vietnam, Laos and Burma/Mynamar in Southeast Asia; India, Bhutan, Nepal and Pakistan in South Asia; Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan in Central Asia; and Russia, Mongolia and North Korea in Northern Asia. It also has a long coastline, facing South Korea and Japan across the East China Sea, and Taiwan and the Philippines across the South China Sea. China also occupies the formerly independent country of Tibet.

China’s terrain varies enormously across it’s vast area. Along the eastern coastline, there are large and highly populated alluvial plains. The delta’s of two great rivers, the Yellow River and the Yangtze empty into the sea in the central region of the coast. The south mainly features hills and low mountains, while to the west a high plateau and the Himalayan Mountain range are dominant. The world’s highest mountain, Mt. Everest (8848 m) lies on the Tibet-Nepal border. In the north the Gobi Desert and broad steppes-like grasslands predominate.

The total land area of China is 9,706,961 sq km (3,747,879 sq miles) and had a population of 1,354 million in 2012. Some 92% of the population are Han Chinese 92%, with the remaining 8% comprising 55 other ethnic groups. The capital city is Beijing, (formerly called Peking).

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National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in China History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: China
wikipedia: China
wikipedia: History of China


Text to be added on the development of aviation in China.


Civil Aircraft Registrations

China civil aircraft use the registration sequence B-2000 to B-9999 since 1975. The original pre-1928 allocation was X-Cxxx, but this chnaged to XT-xxx in 1928.

All-time China – civil aircraft register (X-Caaa XT-aaa B-nnnn) [TO BE ADDED].
[Get involved with the Aeroflight Cloud.]

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Current military air arms-
Air Force (People’s Liberation Army Air Force)
Naval Aviation (People’s Liberation Army Naval Air Force)
Army Aviation (People’s Liberation Army)

Historical military air arms-
Air Force (Chinese Nationalist Air Force)
various Warlord air arms

Central Government Agencies

Coast Guard Aviation (China Maritime Safety Administration)
Police Aviation (Ministry of Public Security)

Public Service Aviation

Medical Aviation – no information
Police Aviation (People’s Armed Police)
Search & Rescue (MOT Rescue and Salvage Bureau)

Commercial Aviation

Air China
China Eastern Airlines
China Southern Airlines

wikipedia: Airlines of China
The World’s Airlines: China

Private Aviation

To be added


Aircraft Manufacturers

None at present.

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.


Civil Airports & Airfields

Airports in China

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.

On Show

Aviation Museums

Beijing Aviation Museum
China Aviation Museum
China Civil Aviation Museum
Tainjin Binhai Military Theme Park
Korean War Memorial Museum
Maritime Museum
Military Museum of the PRC
Minsk World
National Defence Park, Chengdu
Northwest Polytechnic University Museum, Xian
Oriental Green Boat Park
Ranghe Aviation Exhibition Hall
Shanghai Aviation Enthusiasts Centre
Shenfei Aircraft Corporation Museum
World Park, Beijing

Airshow Dates

Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

Magazines Guide for China

Aviation Bibliography

To be added

Web Links

To be added.

China’s Business Jet Market Expected with Explosive Growth

The otherwise dormant Chinese business jet market has come to a turning point, triggered by the air control relax reform. This week, Airbus and Boeing have held their press conference, predicting that each of them will sell over 5 business jets to China each year, while Bombardier also showed that over the next 10 years, total sales of business jets in China will reach over 600 units.

According to Li Bing, sales superintendent of Boeing Greater China, government, large corporates, business leaders etc are their main clients. This year Boeing is expected to deliver 3 business jets, mainly to VIP charters such as Hainan Airlines, and Air China. Upto now Boeing has sold 195 business jets worldwide. Although only with 8 Boeing jets, China is among the fastest growing regions.

Comparatively, Airbus’s business jet marketing in China is much quicker. Among its 170 sets of business jets sold worldwide, China owned 20. This year Airbus has already sold 2 jets to China, to be delivered to DeerJet and Southern Airlines. Last year, Airbus sold 15 business jets worldwide, China took 15%.

The largest business jets represented by BBJ (Boeing) and ACJ (Airbus) with dozens of passenger capacity, have a space 4 times that of smaller ones such as Bombardier and Gulfstream. Their flight range is also much longer. However, with the convenience of spareparts and repair service sharing of their mainstream jets, their operation cost is yet lower than those smaller jets, therefore the big business jets of Boeing and Airbus have been securing their position as the topmost business jet suppliers.

In the myriad of business aircraft types, helicopter is also an important member. EuroCopter, world’s largest helicopter manufacturer said, along with the opening of the low sky, demand of helicotpers in China will also be released, which is suppressed for too long.

Recent data showed that currently China has no more than 100 private jets, while the U.S. has more than 18000 business aircrafts.

At the moment, the Beijing Capital Airlines, which is a joint venture of Hainan Airlines and Beijing Capital Tourism, is the largest business jet operator, Its predecessor was the DeerJet. Capital Airlines has 24 business jets, and hence has the largest fleet in Asia Pacific region, accounting for 90% of China’s total fleet. To meet with the market change of wealth redistribution to the Orient, China Airlines, Eastern Airlines and Southern Airlines are also planning for the business aviation.

China Airlines plans to set up a joint venture with the Beijing Municipal Government to operate VIP chartering. A new type of BBJ jet will be purchased. Previously the China Airlines has only 4 Gulfstream jets under management. Eastern Airlines invested RMB 50 million in a business jet charter company in 2008, and plans to increase its fleet to 3 this year. Southern Airlines, until now not yet involved in business aviation, has also planned to procure a ACJ business jet, and will probably found an independent business jet company.

However, air control in China has impeded the business jet chartering. Passengers are unable to drive directly to beside the jet to get aboard, nor can they alter their route at the last moment. In addition, apart from a few cities with business jet terminals, the rest of Chinese cities have no specialized facilities for business charters. These two factors have become the two largest barriers towards successful development of the Chinese business aviation market and industry, therefore, industry insiders predict that it needs time before the market will really take off.

Aerospace Knowledge

Aviation-related Magazines Guide

‘Hangkong Zhishi’. Monthly. Covers the aerospace field in China and abroad, providing scientific, technical, and management information. Reports on China’s air force, civil aviation, and aerospace industry, and introduces aerial sports, including ultralight aircraft, airships, balloons, gliding, and parachuting.

Further information: website: Dragon Source