Air Surveillance Wing
Estonian Air Force


The Air Surveillance Wing was formed on 1 January 1998 and is tasked with monitoring and policing Estonian national airspace. A number of aircraft are operated so support this role. (Some documents refer to this unit as the Air Surveillance Division).

Subordinate Units



Type Qty Service Example Serials
Antonov An-2 Colt 2 1997 – Present 40-41 yellow
Mil Mi-2 Hoplite 2 1997 – 2001 61-62 yellow
PZL PZL-104 Wilga 1 1998 – 2005? 50 blue
LET L-13 Blanik 2 1998 – 2005?  
Antonov An-2 Colt 3 2001 – Present 42 yellow
Robinson R44 4 2002 – Present 63-66 yellow
Aero L-39C Albatros 2 2006 – 2006 ES-RAZ,ES-YLZ

Unit Markings

Figure 1
To be added

Main Bases

Base Duration
Lennubaas (Ämari) 1998 – Present


None currently available.

More Information


  • World Air Forces Directory 2004/2005 (Ian Carroll)

Other Sources

To be added.

Aircraft Not Used
Estonian Air Force (post-WW2)

This page gives details of some of the aircraft types that were offered or promised to the Estonian Air Force but not delivered, cancelled official orders, and types have been falsely reported as being in service.

Bell AH-1
A small number of AH-1 attack helicopters was offered – free of charge – by the US Government, but the offer was declined.

SAAB 105
The Swedish Government offered some free SAAB 105 trainers, but the offer was not taken up.

Yakovlev Yak-52
2 Yak-52 were reportedly in service from 1999, but none have been identified.

Estonian Air Force (post-WW2)

Operator Profile


Narrative Summary

Narrative history of the Estonian Air Force

Key Dates

EÕ Chronology

Current Status

To be added

Future Plans

Acquisition of a pair of Yak-52 trainers.
Some medium-range transport aircraft are required to support Estonian peacekeeping forces.
Possible amalgamation with the Border Guard.


National Insignia

Current — Historical

Aircraft Serial Numbers

Estonian military aircraft initially carried civil registrations, but these were later replaced by two-digit numerical serials applied in yellow, e.g. Antonov An-2 ’42’.

Unit/Base Codes

Coding system not used.


Aircraft Designations

None – Manufacturers designations used.

Current Aircraft Inventory

Table of Current Service Aircraft

All-Time Aircraft Used List

All-Time Table of Aircraft Used

Aircraft NOT Used

False reports of aircraft on order or in service


Main Headquarters


Organisational Structure

All aircraft are currently based at Lennubaas Air Base, Ämari.

Current Order of Battle

Table of Current Order of Battle

Historical Orders of Battle

List of Historical Orders of Battle – to be added.

All-Time Flying Units List

To be added.

Air Bases

Current Air Bases

The main air base is Lennubaas.

All-Time Air Bases Used List

In addition to the main base, here are also a number of smaller airports and airfields around the country which are sometimes used by the Air Force.
Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.

More Information


Estonian Military Aviation Bibliography – to be added.


Air Enthusiast No.18 April-July 1982
Air International December 1998


Official Estonian Air Force webpage

wikipedia: Estonian Air Force

Air-Britain Photos: Estonian Air Force

PZL PZL-104 Wilga
in Estonian Air Force (post-WW2) service


One PZL-104 Wilga 35A brought from a local flying club in 1998. Withdrawn circa 2005.

Individual Details

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
50 blue     1998 wfu 2005?


None available at present.

More Information


Other Sources

To be added.

LET L-13 Blanik
in Estonian Air Force (post-WW2) service


Two L-13 Blaniks brought from a local flying club in 1998. Withdrawn circa 2005.

Individual Details

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
?     1998 wfu 2005?
?     1998 wfu 2005?


None available at present.

More Information


Other Sources

To be added.

Narrative History
Estonian Air Force (post-WW2)

On 12 February 1942 ‘Sonderstaffel Buschmann’ was established as an Estonian manned coastal patrol unit operating in co-operation with German forces. The unit rapidly expanded to 40-50 aircraft and some 200 personnel. During 1943 it was redesignated Aufklärungsgruppe 127 (AGr 127) and became a regular Luftwaffe unit. On 18 October 1943 AGr 127 was split into See-Aufklärungsgruppe 127 and Nachtschlachtgruppe 11. Early in 1944, the approach of the re-invigorated Soviet Army led to renewed fears of Soviet occupation. Thousands of Estonians volunteered to fight alongside the Germans, but during September 1944 the Red Army occupied the country.

During the subsequent Soviet occupation, Estonia became heavily militarised, with some 10% of the population being Soviet troops based at over 500 military installations.

The current Estonian Air Force (Eesti Õhuvägi) was first formed on 13 April 1994. Initially tasked with air defence using old Soviet radars and anti-aircraft guns. On 15 May 1997 the first air base was opened, allowing the operation of a small fleet of ex-Soviet DOSAAF lightplanes and helicopters.

National Markings
Estonian Air Force (Post-WW2)

This section describes and illustrates the various national insignia used by the Estonian Air Force since its formation:

Main MarkingFin Flash

The main triangular marking is displayed on the fuselage sides of helicopters, and in the standard four (wing not fuselage) positions on aircraft, with the point facing backwards. The national flag is carried as a rudder flash on aircraft. Neither aircraft or helicopters carry service titles.