Lockheed Martin/Boeing F-22 Raptor

Aircraft Profile
Head-on view of a F-22A Raptor
over Edwards AFB. (photo, USAF)


The F-22 Raptor will become the replacement for the F-15 Eagle air-superiority fighter. It combines a stealth design with highly maneuverable, supersonic (supercruise) speed, with air-to-air and air-to-ground capabilities. Before its selection as winner of the Advanced Tactical Fighter competition, there was a four and a half year demonstration/validation programme. This involved two YF-22 prototypes and two prototype engine, the Pratt & Whitney YF119 and the General Electric YF120. The demonstration/validation programme ended in December 1990. The first F-22 Raptor next-generation air dominance fighter, 4001, was unveiled at a rollout ceremony at Marietta, Georgia, on 9th April 1997. It made its first flight on 7th September 1997. The second Raptor, 4002, flew for the first time on 29th June 1998.

The ‘team’ contracted to develop the F-22 Raptor is Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Company and Boeing Defense and Space Group’s Military Airplane Division. The ‘team’ was formed in 1986, when Lockheed, Boeing and General Dynamics (now Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Co.) joined forces for the Advanced Tactical Fighter competition. The USAF plans to procure 438 production F-22s each powered by a pair of Pratt & Whitney F119 engines.

This aircraft is being developed to counter the increasing sophistication and threat of hostile air forces and air defense systems in use around the world. The F-22 will be lethal and survivable, with its balance of increased speed and range, enhanced offensive and defensive avionics, and reduced observability. The new high thrust-to-weight ratio engine, the Pratt & Whitney F119-PW-100, is designed for efficient supersonic speeds without afterburner (called supercruise). The engines (of approximately 35,000 lb. thrust), will have two-dimensional thrust vectoring, which will give the Raptor superior maneuverability.

The F-22 is capable of carrying existing and planned weapons in internal bays. These will include six radar-guided AIM-120C AMRAMs, and two heat seeking, short range AIM-9M Sidewinders. The F-22 will also have an internal M61A2 20mm cannon, an advanced version of the M61 Gatling gun. Additionally it will have a ground attack capability, and it can carry two 1,000 lb. GBU-32 Joint Direct Attack Munitions (JDAM) internally.

According to LMASC, on 12th January 1999, a new MiG fighter conceived as a Russian response to the Raptor was unveiled. The multifunction Fighter, known to the west as “Project 1.42”, is proclaimed by the MAPO-MiG company to be able to outperform the F-22.

First YF-22 prototype, N22YF.
(photo, Edwards AFB)
First EMD prototype, F-22A ‘Raptor 01’ 91-4001. (photo, Edwards AFB)


Requirement Specification: ?
Manufacturers Designation: ?

Development History:
YF-22 Two development aircaft – first aircraft with General Electric YF120 engines, second aircraft with Pratt & Whitney YF119 Engines.
F-22 EMD Airframe and avionics development aircraft with revised wing and tailplane planforms, wider nose, engine intakes moved aft and Pratt & Whitney F120 Engines fitted.
F-22A Production variant with full avionics configuration.
F-22B Projected 2-seat operational training version of F-22A with rear fuselage fuel tank deleted. Production cancelled.
NATF Projected naval version of F-22A with swing-wing, to replace F-14 Tomcat. Cancelled in 1993.
Plan view of the YF-22.
(photo, Lockheed Martin)
Head on view of the YF-22.
(photo, Lockheed Martin)


Key Dates:
November 1981    USAF identifies a need for an advanced tactical fighter to replace the F-15
November 1985    USAF issues stringent stealth goals for the F-22.
June 1986    USAF awards contract to Pratt & Whitney and General Electric to build prototype engines for the demonstration/validation programme.
October 1986    Lockheed (YF-22) and Northrop (YF-23) are selected to compete in the Advanced Fighter Programme
28th August 1990    The YF-22A is unveiled at the Lockheed plant in Palmdale.
29th September 1990    First flight of the prototype.
25th October 1990    First USAF pilot to fly the YF-22 prototype, Maj. Mark Shackford. Also the first time the aircraft is flown at supersonic speed.
3rd November 1990    The YF-22’s ability to ‘supercruise’ is demonstrated for the first time.
15th November 1990    Thrust Vectoring demonstrated for the first time.
31st December 1990    Lockheed, Boeing and General Dynamics ‘team’ submits its proposal for the F-22 to the USAF.
23rd April 1991    Lockheed ‘team’ wins the ATF contract. Pratt & Whitney announced engine winners.
9th April 1997    F-22 EMD aircraft 4001 is publicly unveiled at Marietta. During this ceremony the F-22 is officially named the ‘Raptor’.
7th September 1997    First flight of F-22 EMD aircraft 4001.
31st March 1998    YF-22 prototype placed on public display at the Dayton Air Force Museum.
Nice view of Raptor 01 cruising.
(photo, Lockheed Martin)
Raptor 01 shows two AIM-120s in it’s port
missile bay. (photo, Edwards AFB)


Military Operators

U.S. Air Force tba

Government Agencies


Civilian Operators

Raptor 01 comes in to land at Edwards AFB.
(photo, Lockheed Martin)
Second EMD prototype F-22A 91-4002 fires
an AIM-9 Sidewinder. (photo, Lockheed Martin)


Lockheed Martin/Boeing F-22A Raptor
Crew: Pilot.
Dimensions: Length 62 ft 1 in (18.92 m); Height 16ft 5 in (5.00 m); Wing Span 44 ft 6 in (13.56 m); Wing Area 840 sq ft (78.04 sq m)
Engines: Two Pratt & Whitney F119-PW-100 turbofans of 35,000 lb. (155.69 kN) st. each with afterburning
Weights: Empty Operating 32,000 lb (14,515 kg); Maximum Take-off 55,000 lb (24,950 kg)
Armament: Two AIM-9M Sidewinders in fuselage side bays; six AIM-120C AMRAAM or two AIM-120C AMRAAM and two 1,000 lb. JDAM in under fusleage bay; one 20mm M61A2 rotary cannon with 480 rounds in starboard wing root. Provision for 4 underwing pylons with 5,000 lb (2,268 kg) capacity each.
Performance: Maximum level speed 800 kts (921 mph, 1483 kph) at sea level, Mach 1.8+ at altitude, supercruise at Mach 1.4+; Maximum rate of climb at sea level classified; Service ceiling 50,000+ ft (15,240+ m); Ferry range with full fuel tanks 1,735 nm (2,000 mls, 3,220 km)
A view of the F-22A’s distinctive planform.
(photo, Lockheed Martin)
F-22A 91-4002 catches the sunshine.
(photo, Lockheed Martin)


Design Centre

Head of Design Team: Not known
Design Office: Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Co. and Boeing Defense and Space Group Military Airplanes Division.


Lockheed Martin
(86 South Cobb Drive, Marietta, GA 30063-0264, USA)
Version Quantity Assembly Location Time Period
YF-22 2 Palmdale, CA Jan 1990-Oct 1990
F-22 EMD 9 Marietta, GA June 1995-2001
F-22A 339 Marietta, GA (planned 2004-2013)
Total: 11    

Total Produced: 350 a/c (planned)

Note: Manufacturing workshare is split between Boeing at St Louis, and Lockheed Martin at Fort Worth and Marietta. Final assembly is at Marietta.

Production List

To be added.

The second OTE aircraft F-22A 99-4011.
(photo, Lockheed Martin)
The 8th EMD aircraft, F-22A 91-4008.
(photo, USAF)

More Information


‘F-22 Raptor’ [Order this book from Amazon UK]
by Steve Pace
Published by McGraw-Hill Publishing Co., Sept 1999 ISBN: 0 07134 271 0
* Detailed profile from the Aviation Week series.

‘Enthusiast Color Series: F-22 Raptor’ [Order this book from Amazon UK]
by Bill Sweetman
Published by Motorbooks International, April 1998 ISBN: 0 76030 484 X
* More than just a pictorial history of the F-22, with very good text.

‘Advanced Tactical Fighter to F-22 Raptor:
The Origins of the 21st Century Air Dominance Fighter.
[Order this book from Amazon UK]
by David C. Aronstein et al
Published by AIAA, Oct 1998 ISBN: 1 56347 282 1
* Detailed look at the technical and political development of the F-22 programme.

‘Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor: An Illustrated History’ [Order this book from Amazon UK]
by Mike Wallace, Bill Holden
Published by Schiffer Publishing, 1998 ISBN: 0 76430 558 1
* Very well illustrated profile of the F-22, but not quite so detailed.

‘World Air Power Journal, Volume 38’ [Order this book from Amazon UK]
Published by Aerospace Publishing Ltd, Oct 1999 ISBN: 1 8618 4035 7
* Includes 34 page ‘Focus Aircraft’ feature on the F-22 Raptor.

‘International Air Power Review, Volume 5’ [Order this book from Amazon UK]
Published by AIRtime Publishing Ltd, 2002 ISBN: 1 880588 44 7
* Includes 30 page ‘Focus Aircraft’ feature on the F-22 Raptor.


To be added.


F/A-22 Raptor
* Lockheed Martin official info and photos

F-22 Raptor
* F-22 history to 2000, specs, photos, links

F/A-22 Raptor Team Web Site
* Official F/A-22 info, news, pics, technology explained

F/A-22 Raptor Stealthfighter
* Unofficial enthusiasts site with lots of news, info and pics

The Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor
* Good development history

Lockheed Martin F/A-22 Raptor
* Concise history of the F-22 programme

Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor
* Collection of F-22 photos

Air Force Technology – F-22 Raptor
* Description of the technology included in the F-22 design

* Enthusiasts site with news, photos, interviews, tech data, forums etc

F/A-22 Raptor
* Boeing official F/A-22 info and photos

Air Force Link – F/A-22
* F/A-22 features, news, 6 pages of official photos

U.S. Air Force VI
* 4 pages of F/A-22 photos

* 2 pages of excellent F/A-22 photos


Flight Simulator Models:
To be added.

Scale Models:
To be added.

Scale Drawings:
Air Pictorial July 1998

‘Wydawnictwo Militaria No.48 Lockheed Martin/Boeing F-22 “Raptor”‘
by Jacek Nowicki
Published by Wydawnictwo Militaria, ISBN: 83-86209-88-7
* Polish text profile with detailed 1:72 scale plans
More information


To be added.