14-18 Magazine

Aviation-related Magazines Guide


’14-18′ magazine is dedicated to the history of World War 1. It presents the Great War in various facets – military, international relations, economic, social – to highlight an event that has dramatically affected the history of the Twentieth century. The articles are written by the best contemporary specialists of the 14-18 war and illustrated by a large and rich iconography. Most issues include an article on some aspect of the air war. [M 07118].

Publishing History

First issue on sale April 2001. Published bi-monthly until issue 36 (février/mars/avril 2007) when it moved to quarterly publication.
The editor-in-chief is Jean-Pascal Soudagne.

Contents/Issues Produced

See the Militaria link below for contents listings.

Digital Access

Since issue 78 (August 2017) a digital version of the magazine has been available for Tablets and PCs. No digital versions of back issues appear to be available.

Special Issues

Numerous Hors Serie special issues have been produced (ISSN 1769-7468), but they nearly all seem to concentrate on land forces involvement in the war, with little or no aviation content. The Hors Serie are not numbered cumulatively, as with other publishers, but only numbered within the year of publication.

Further information

[No WorldCat entry]
14-18 Magazine
fr.wikipedia: 14-18 Magazine
Militaria 14-18: 14-18 Magazine

Cover Gallery

To be added.
See All

39-45 Magazine

Aviation-related Magazines Guide


’39-45 Magazine’ is a magazine dedicated to the history of World War 2. In every issue it presents historical reports, files, and archives on the great battles of the Second World War, illustrated by unpublished photos. It includes testimonials, portraits, and biographies of all those who made history. It also has sections on Classified Ads and a Library for the full bibliography on the theme of the Second World War. Most issues include an article on some aspect of the air war. Each issue has 60-68 pages. [M 02758].

Publishing History

First issue on sale December 1983. Published quarterly until issue no.9 (Janvier/Février/Mars 1986) when it moved to bi-monthly publication, and then to monthly (11 issues per year) from no.17 (May 1987). At issue no.329 (Janvier/Fevrier 2015) the frequency was changed to bi-monthly.
The editor-in-chief is Stephan Cazenave.

Contents/Issues Produced

See the Wikipedia link below for contents listings of the earlier issues.

Digital Access

Curiously, no digital version of this magazine appears to be available.

Special Issues

Numerous Hors Serie special issues have been produced – under various titles. In July 1987 the first special series appeared as a bi-monthly under the title ’39/45 Magazine – Guerres contemporaine’ (ISSN 1167-962X), but at issue no.18 (August 1990) it was renamed ‘Historica’ (ISSN 1167-9638), and became ’39-45 Magazine Historica’ from issue no.42 (1995/4).

Further information

[No WorldCat entry]
39-45 Magazine
fr.wikipedia: 39-45 Magazine
3945km.com: 39-45 Magazine

Cover Gallery

To be added.
See All

Jets (1)

Aviation-related Magazines Guide

Launched as a companion to ‘Avions’, with the same production style but covering the era from the introduction of the jet engine (i.e post-WW2). The subject matter was not exclusively jet aircraft but included propeller aircraft and helicopters. Typical contents comprised 2-4 pages of news, an airshow photo-report, a monograph describing a specific aircraft type (usually spread over several issues), a report on an air force from around the world, a description of the activities of a specific air unit, and a book and model kit reviews section. A4 size with 48-50 pages in each issue. Well illustrated with b+w and colour photos, scale line drawings, colour profiles etc. The first issue was dated December 1995. The last issue was No.62 (February 2001).

[*] Contents Listing, Issues 1-62


Aviation-related Magazines Guide

Subtitled ‘Toute L’Aeronautique et Son Histoire’. An aviation history magazine presenting profiles of aircraft types, air forces and distinguished pilots from history. Covers all periods of aviation history from the earliest days, in many countries. Many subjects are covered in-depth over several issues. A4 size magazine with 62-64 pages in each issue. Illustrated by many b+w photos, scale line drawings, cutaway line drawings, colour 3-view drawings and several pages of colour profile drawings. The first issue was published in March 1993.
This is an excellent magazine with a very good reputation for well-researched original feature articles. It is especially good at covering some of the lesser-known aircraft types and of rarely publicised aircraft operators. Unfortunately in the last two or three years it has developed an obsession with articles on fighter aces which has begun to crowd-out articles on other topics.
The publisher has also produced a number of ‘Hors Serie’ specials. Each one covering a unique subject, with well-researced original text, previously unknown photos and good colour profiles.

Further information: 39 rue Aristide Briand, 62200 Boulogne sur Mer, France. website: Avions
[*] Contents Listing, Issues 1-100
[*] Contents Listing, Issues 101-200

Air Fan

Aviation-related Magazines Guide

Subtitled ‘Le Mensuel de L’Aeronautique Militaire Internationale’. As the subtitle suggests, ‘Air Fan’ is mainly dedicated to modern military aviation worldwide, but also includes some features on historical (mostly Cold War or WW2) military aviation. Good coverage of air forces, exercises, combat operations etc. Includes a brief look at worldwide military aviation news and regular columns of book and model kit reviews. 50 pages in each issue, A4 size, printed on glossy paper, with many colour photos and some b+w photos. Earlier issues featured a much larger historical content, but this has gradually diminished over time. The first issue was dated November 1978.

Further information: Edimat/Air Fan, 48 boulevard des Batignolles, 75850 PARIS Cedex 17, France. Tel: +33 142 93 67 24, Fax: +33 142 94 25 40.


Country Profile

The Country


Located in western Europe, France has coastlines on the major maritime highways of the English Channel the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. It’s landward neighbours are Belgium and Germany to the north east, Switzerland and Italy to the south east, and Spain to the south west. The island of Corsica in the Mediterranean also belongs to France.
The terrain of France mainly comprises three lowland areas, a large plateau and three mountain ranges. The Paris basin is the largest lowland area, occupying one-third of the country. In the south west the Aquitaine basin drains the river Garonne into the Bay of Biscay. The third lowland area is the Rhone/Saone river valley, which runs north-south in western France, draining into the Mediterranean. This river valley separates the largest upland region, the Massif Central, from the French Alps. The Massif Central is a high plateau with an average height of 1000 m (3280 ft). The French Alps contain the country’s highest peaks, with Mont Blanc reaching 4,808 m (15,771 ft). By contrast the Jura Mountains just to the north only rise to 1,723 m (5,653 ft). The third mountain range is the Pyrenees, along the border with Spain. These rise to over 3000 m (9842 ft). The total land area is 550,100 sq km (212,394 sq miles).
The Population of 58.7 million (2000 figure) comprises 90% of French origin, with 6% North African, 2% German, 1% Breton and 1% other ethnic groups. Some 88% of the people are Roman Catholic, 8% Muslim, 2% Protestant, 1% Jewish and 1% Buddhist. The capital city is Paris.

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National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in French History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: France
Yahoo France page
wikipedia: France
wikipedia: History of France


Text to be added on the development of aviation in France.


Civil Aircraft Registrations

French civil aircraft have been registered in the series F-AAAA onwards since 1919. From 1929, civil aircraft in French Overseas Territories used the sequence F-Oxxx. Free French aircraft used the seqence FC-xxx in the period 1940-1946.

All-time France – civil aircraft register (F-aaaa) [TO BE ADDED].
[Get involved with the Aeroflight Cloud.]

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Current military air arms-
Air Force (Armee de l’Air)
Naval Aviation (Aeronavale)
Army Aviation (Aviation Legere de L’Armee de Terre – ALAT)

Historical military air arms-
Air Force (Free French Air Force) [1940-1945]
Naval Aviation (Free French Naval Aviation) [1940-1945]
Colonial Army (Troupes Coloniales) [1947-1952?]

Central Government Agencies

Government Aviation – VIP transport is provided by the Air Force
Government Aviation (Government Aviation Unit) [1937-1943]
Air Ministry (a href=”http://www.aeroflight.co.uk/ops/gov/french-air-ministry.htm”>French Air Ministry) [1933-1966?]
Aviation Authority (DGAC)
Training School (Corps Technique de l’Air – SECT)
Flying School (Aviation Populaire) [1936-1940]
Flying School (SEFA) [1946-2011]
Customs Aviation (Douanes Françaises)
Gendarmerie Aviation (Gendarmerie Nationale)
Test & Evaluation (DGA Essais en Vol)
Aerospace Research (Service Technique de l’Aéronautique) [1916-1980]
Aerospace Research (ONERA – appears to have not had its own aircraft test fleet)
Scientific Research (INSU)
Telecoms Research (CNET) [1944-2001]
Weather Research (Meteo-France)
Space Agency (CNES)
Mapping Agency (IGN)
Naval Dockyards (DCAN) [1946-2010]

Public Service Aviation

Civil Defence (Sécurité Civile)
Fire Service (Brigade de Sapeurs Pompiers Paris) [1968-????]
Fire Service (Service départemental d’incendie et de secours – SDIS)
Medical Aviation (SAMU de France)
Police Aviation (Police Nationale)

Commercial Aviation

AeroLyon [1996-2002]
Air France
Air Liberte [1988-2001]
Air Littoral [1972-2004]
AOM [1988-2003]
Britt Air
Corse Mediterreanee/CCM Airlines
Euralair [1968-2003]
Flandre Air [1977-2001]
Heli Union
Proteus Air System [1986-1996]
Regional Airlines
XL Airways

wikipedia: Airlines of France
The World’s Airlines: France

Private Aviation

Government/Military Contractors:

(Please let me know if there are any past or present Government/Public Service operators I have inadvertantly missed out).


Aircraft Manufacturers

A page on the French Aircraft industry will be added.

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.


Civil Airports & Airfields

Airports in France

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.

On Show

Aviation Museums

Airborne Museum Pegasus Bridge
Musee du Chateau de Savigny
Aero Retro
Musee Europeen de l’Aviation de Chasse
Musee de l’Escadrille ‘Normandie-Niemen’
Ailes Anciennes Toulouse
Centre d’Etude et de Loisirs Aerospatiaux de Grenoble
Musee de l’Aviation Legere de l’Armee de Terre et de l’Helicoptere
Musee Historique de l’Hydroaviation
Musee Aeronautique Presqu’ile Cote d’Amour
Musee Regional de l’Air
Salles de Tradition de la Base Aeronavale de Lann-Bihoue
Musee de l’Aviation de Warluis
Musee de l’Aviation du Mas Palegry
Musee de l’Abri
Ailes Anciennes de Corbas
Association Pour la Sauvegarde du Patrimoine Aeronautique en Charolais
Amicale Jean-Baptiste Salis
Musee du Delta
Musee de l’Air et de l’Espace

Airshow Dates

Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

Magazines Guide for France

Aviation Bibliography

French Aviation Bibliography – to be added

Web Links

The Early Aviation Industry in France
French aviation 1905-1914

wikipedia: Aviation in France
Links to various articles

Aviation Museums France
Visitor data and exhibits for each location

France Key Dates

1870    Franco-Prussian War starts.
1871    Franco-Prussian War ends with the defeat of France.
August 1914    Germany invades France at the start of World War I.
11 November 1918    German surrender ends World War I.
3 September 1939    After German invasion of Poland, France declares war on Germany – start of World War II.
10 May 1940    Nazi Germany invades France.
18 June 1940    General de Gaulle appeals for continued resistance to the German invasion.
23 June 1940    France surrenders in return for some control of domestic affairs – puppet Vichy government created.
1940    Free French forces established in Britain.
7 November 1942    Operation Torch – Allied invasion of French North Africa begins.
27 November 1942    Vichy government replaced by German direct rule.
6 June 1944    Operation Overlord – Allied invasion of Normandy begins.
18 August 1944    Operation Dragoon – Allied invasion of Southern France.
25 August 1944    Paris liberated from German occupation.
May 1945    Germany surrenders – end of World War II in Europe.
1945-1954    France tries to re-establish control of Indochina.
1951    France joins NATO.
1956    Britain and France invade Egypt in Suez Campaign.
1 November 1954    Algerian War of Independence begins.
1962    Algeria given independence from France.

France National History

Acquired many overseas territories in previous two centuries, often in direct competition with Britain. Invaded by Germany in August 1914, at the start of the First World War. Founder member of the Allied coalition which defeated Germany on 11 November 1918. Provinces of Alsace and Lorraine returned from German control. Second World War started 3 Sept 1939, but initially only a ‘Phoney War’ (Drole de Guerre).

On 10 May 1940 Nazi Germany invaded France. French and British forces were quickly forced into retreat, and by early June 1940 large parts of northern France were over-run by German forces. Some elements of the French Government wanted to fight on, while a larger faction decided to negotiate a surrender. In mid June former French government minister General de Gaulle publicly called for France to continue fighting. Following the French Government’s signing of the surrender document on 22 June 1940, French exiles in Britain, under the leadership of General de Gaulle, formed the Free French Forces to continue the fight outside of France.

Following the surrender, France was partitioned into a German-run northern region and a French-run southern region. The latter was administered by a semi-fascist puppet government based in the town of Vichy, and so became known as Vichy France.

7 November 1942 Allies invade North Africa, and following clashes with Vichy units, many defect to Allied Cause. 27 November 1942 Vichy Government disbanded and Germany & Italy occupy entire country. 6 June 1944 Allied invasion of Normandy. May 1945 end of Second World War. 1945-1954 operations to reestablish control of French Indochina fail. 1951 France joins NATO. November 1956 Suez Campaign in Egypt alongside Britain. 1 November 1954-1962 war to prevent Algerian independence eventually fails. Initiated slow decolonisation process during 1960’s. Possesses nuclear weapons. Founder member of European Community. Major participant in Gulf War of 1991, and NATO Operations ‘Deny Flight’/’Determined Force’ over Bosnia and ‘Allied Force’ over Kosovo.

[To be rewritten]