Aircraft Not Used

of the Free French Air Force

This page gives details of some of the aircraft types that were offered or promised to the Free French Air Force but not delivered, cancelled official orders, and types have been falsely reported as being in service.

Northrop P-61 Black Widow
The French Air Force section in Jane’s All The World’s Aircraft for 1945 lists the P-61 as one of the aircraft types operated. The P-61 was never used by the Free French Air Force.

Historical Order of Battle for May 1945

of the Free French Air Force
Unit Type Base
GC I/2 ‘Les Cigognes’ Spitfire IX ?
GC II/2 ‘Berry’ Spitfire IX ?
GC III/2 ‘Alsace’ Spitfire IX ?
GC IV/2 ‘Ile de France’ Spitfire IX ?
GC I/3 ‘Corse’ Spitfire IX ?
GC II/3 ‘Dauphine’ P-47 ?
GC III/3 ‘Ardennes’ P-47 ?
GC 3 ‘Normandie-Niemen’ Yak-3 ?
GC I/4 ‘Navarre’ P-47 ?
GC I/5 ‘Champagne’ P-47 ?
GC II/5 ‘La Fayette’ P-47 ?
GC III/6 ‘Rousillon’ P-47 ?
GC I/7 ‘Provence’ Spitfire IX ?
GC II/7 ‘Nice’ Spitfire IX ?
GT II/15 ‘Anjou’ C-45 & B-25 ?
GCB I/18 ‘Vendee’ D.520 & Spitfire Vb ?
GCB II/18 ‘Saintonge’ D.520 & Spitfire Vb ?
GB I/19 ‘Gascogne’ B-26 ?
GB I/20 ‘Lorraine’ Mitchell III ?
GB II/20 ‘Bretagne’ B-26 ?
GB II/22 ‘Maroc’ B-26 ?
GB II/23 ‘Guyenne’ Halifax B.VI ?
GB I/25 ‘Tunisie’ Halifax B.VI ?
GB I/31 ‘Aunis’ Ju 88A ?
GB I/32 ‘Bourgogne’ B-26 ?
GR I/33 ‘Belfort’ F-5G Lightning ?
GR II/33 ‘Savoie’ F-6C/D Mustang & Spitfire IX ?
GR III/33 ‘Perigord’ Fi 156 Storch & Potez 631 ?
GB I/34 ‘Bearn’ DB-7, Martin 167F, Bf 110 ?
GR II/52 ‘Franche-Comte’ B-26 ?
GB II/63 ‘Senegal’ B-26 ?
GT Artois C-47 ?
GT Picardie C-47 ?

All-Time Units Listing

of the Free French Air Force

This page lists all the aviation units of the Free French Air Force, since its formation.

Royal Air Force Parented Units
326 Squadron ‘Nice’ (GC II/7)
327 Squadron ‘Corse’ (GC I/3)
328 Squadron ‘Provence’ (GC I/7)
329 Squadron ‘Les Cigognes’ (GC I/2)
340 Squadron ‘Ile de France’ (GC IV/2)
341 Squadron ‘Alsace’ (GC III/2)
342 Squadron ‘Lorraine’ (GB I/20)
343 Squadron ‘Artois’ (Aeronavale 7F)
344 Squadron ‘Picardie’ (Aeronavale 7F)
345 Squadron ‘Berry’ (GC II/2)
346 Squadron ‘Guyenne’ (GB II/23)
347 Squadron ‘Tunisie’ (GB I/25)

Free French Flight No.1
Free French Flight No.2
Free French Communication Flight N° 3
First Fighter Group

Escadrille No.1 de chasse
Escadrille No.2 de bombardement
GC 1 Alsace
GC 2 Ile de France

Soviet Air Force Parented Units
GC 3 ‘Normandie Niemen’ / Régiment Normandie-Niemen

French Parented Units
Detachment du Cameroun
GRB 1 ‘Lorraine’
GCB I/18 ‘Vendee’
GCB II/18 ‘Saintonge’
GB I/31 ‘Aunis nebo Dor’
GR III/33 ‘Perigord’
GB I/34 ‘Bearn’
GB II/63 ‘Senegal’
Le Gaulois
GT Artois
GT Picardie

Groupement Patrie
Groupement Dor
Forces Francaises de l’Interieur

USAAF Parented Units
GC I/3 ‘Corse’ (ex-RAF)
GC II/3 ‘Dauphine’
GC III/3 ‘Ardennes’
GC I/4 ‘Navarre’
GC I/5 ‘Champagne’
GC II/5 ‘La Fayette’
GC III/5
GC II/6 ‘Travail’
GC III/6 ‘Rousillon’
GC I/9 ‘Limousin’
GC II/9 ‘Auvergne’
GT I/15 ‘Touraine’
GT II/15 ‘Anjou’
GT III/15 ‘Maine’
GB I/19 ‘Gasconge’
GB II/20 ‘Bretagne’ ex-RAF
GB I/22 ‘Maroc’ (II/22?)
GB I/32 ‘Bourgogne’
GR I/33 ‘Belfort’
GR II/33 ‘Savoie’
GT I/34 ‘Bearn’
GB II/52 ‘Franche-Comte’
GB I/56 ‘Vacluse’

All-Time Aircraft Used List
Free French Air Force

Aircraft Type Quantity Service Entry Out of Service Origin
Aeronca L-3 Grasshopper ? 19?? 19?? USA
Airspeed Oxford II 2 1944 1946 UK
Amiot 143M 25 1940 1944 AdlA
Avro Anson I ? 1943 1945 UK
Avro York ? 19?? 19?? UK
Beech UC-45 Expeditor 19 1944 1945 USA
Bell P-39D Airacobra ? 1940 19?? USA
Bell P-39K Airacobra 1 19?? 19?? USA
Bell P-39N Airacobra 98 1943 1945 USA
Bell P-39Q Airacobra 165 1944 1945 USA
Bell P-63A(C?) Kingcobra 300 1945 1945 USA
Bloch 81 SAN ? 19?? 1945 AdlA
Bloch MB.131 ? 19?? 19?? AdlA
Bloch MB.174 ? 19?? 1945 AdlA
Bloch MB.175 ? 19?? 19?? AdlA
Bloch MB.220 5 19?? 19?? AdlA
Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress 1 19?? 19?? USA
Bristol Blenheim Mk.IV 20 1940 1943 UK
Bristol Blenhiem Mk.V 6 1942 1945 UK
Caudron C.270 Luciole ? 19?? 19?? AdlA
Caudron C.400 Phalene ? 19?? 19?? AdlA
Caudron C.445 Goeland ? 19?? 19?? AdlA
Caudron C.600 Aiglon ? 19?? 19?? AdlA
Caudron C.630 Simoun ? 19?? 19?? AdlA
Caudron C.714 Cyclone ? 19?? 19?? AdlA
Cessna UC-78 Bobcat ? 19?? 19?? USA
Consolidated B-24D Liberator 2 1944 19?? USA
Consolidated PBY Catalina ? 19?? 19?? USA
Cunliffe-Owen OA.1 1 1940 1945 UK
Curtiss Hawk 75A ? 19?? 1942 AdlA
Curtiss P-40E ? 19?? 19?? USA
Curtiss P-40F Kittyhawk II 61 1943 1944 USA
Curtiss P-40L ? 19?? 1944 USA
Curtiss P-40N ? 19?? 19?? USA
de Havilland DH.80 Puss Moth ? 19?? 19?? UK
de Havilland DH.82 Tiger Moth ? 19?? 19?? UK
Dewoitine D.520 5 1940 19?? AdlA
Douglas A-24B Banshee 50 1943 1946 USA
Douglas C-47 Dakota ? 19?? 1945 USA
Douglas DB-7 ? 19?? 1945 USA
Douglas Boston III/IV 108 (120?) 19?? 1945 RAF
Farman F.221 BN5 1? 1940 1944 AdlA
Farman F.222 BN5 1? 1940 1941 AdlA
Fieseler Fi 156 Storch ? 1944 1945 captured
Gloster Gladiator ? 19?? 19?? UK
Handley Page Halifax B.VI 64 1944 1945 UK
Hawker Hurricane ? 1940 1943 UK
Howard DGA-15 Nightingale 2 19?? 19?? USA
Junkers Ju 88A 22 1944 1945 captured
Liore et Olivier LeO 451 ? 19?? 19?? AdlA
Lockheed Model 12 Electra Junior ? 19?? 19?? USA
Lockheed 18 Lodestar 1 1944 1944 USA
Lockheed Hudson ? 19?? 19?? USA
Lockheed F-4A Lightning 6 1943 19?? USA
Lockheed F-5A/B Lightning ? 19?? 19?? USA
Lockheed F-5F/G Lightning ? 1944 1945 USA
Lockheed PV-1 Ventura ? 1944 19?? USA
Martin 167 Maryland 60 1940 1945 AdlA
Martin 187 Baltimore V 10 1944 1945 USA
Martin B-26B Marauder ? 1942 19?? USA
Martin B-26C Marauder ? 1943 1945 USA
Martin B-26G Marauder ? 1944 1945 USA
Messerschmitt Bf 110 ? 1944 1945 captured
Morane-Saulnier M.S.230 ? 19?? 19?? AdlA
Morane-Saulnier M.S.315 ? 19?? 19?? AdlA
Morane-Saulnier M.S.406 ? 19?? 1945 AdlA
North American NAA-57 (NA-16) ? 19?? 19?? USA
North American B-25C Mitchell ? 19?? 19?? RAF
North American B-25H Mitchell ? 19?? 19?? RAF
North American B-25J Mitchell III 18 1943 1945 RAF
North American F-6C Mustang 15 1943 1945 USA
North American F-6D Mustang 22 1943 1945 USA
Piper L-4 ? 19?? 19?? USA
Polikarpov Po-2 ? 19?? 19?? USSR
Potez 25 ? 19?? 1945 AdlA
Potez 29 ? 19?? 1945 AdlA
Potez 540 ? 19?? 1942 AdlA
Potez 542 ? 19?? 1942 AdlA
Potez 63.11 ? 19?? 1945 AdlA
Potez 62 1 19?? 19?? ex-civil
Potez 631 ? 1944 1945 captured
Potez 650 ? 19?? 19?? AdlA
Republic P-47D Thunderbolt 446 1943 1945 USA
Supermarine Spitfire LF.VB/VC 70 1941 1944 UK
Supermarine Spitfire VIII 8 1944 1945 UK
Supermarine Spitfire LF.IX 242 1943 1944 UK
Supermarine Spitfire F.XVIe 20 1945 1945 UK
Supermarine Walrus ? 19?? 19?? UK
Universal L-7/Monocoupe Model 90AF 19 (24?) 1943 or 44 1945 USA
Stinson 105 Voyager ? 19?? 19?? USA
Vultee BT-13 Valiant ? 19?? 19?? USA
Vultee A-35 Vengeance 67 1943 1945 USA
Vickers Wellington C.Mk XV ? 19?? 19?? UK
Westland Lysander Mk.II 25 1940 1942 UK
Westland Lysander Mk.IIIA 5 1940 1942 UK
Yakovlev Yak-1/1M 14 1942 1943 USSR
Yakovlev Yak-3 42 1942 1945 USSR
Yakovlev Yak-6 ? 19?? 19?? USSR
Yakovlev Yak-7V ? 1942 1943 USSR
Yakovlev Yak-9/9T 51 1942 1944 USSR

Additional information is welcome

SAMU de France

Operator Profile

History

Narrative Summary

SAMU de France is a national organisation that despatches and regulates emergency medical care throughout France. In France ‘Services Mobiles d’Urgence et de Réanimations’, or Emergency Mobile Resuscitation Services are known as SMUR. The first such teams were established in 1955, to provide pre-hospital care at road accidents. In the following years many other hospitals introduced similar emergency medical services, and these were formally recognised by the government in 1965. In 1968 the Service d’aide médicale urgente (SAMU) or Emergency Medical Assistance Service was created to dispatch and coordinate these hospital teams. A SAMU call centre was established in each Department, 100 in total, and they control about 350 SMUR distributed throughout the country. In the 1970s military and Protection Civile helicopters began to be used for the most urgent accident cases. In 1983 the first civil helicopter service was established. At the present time there are 40 SAMU helicopter services, three of which are seasonal. Each service is provided by a commercial contractor and may cover a number of departments.

Key Dates

1955    First mobile hospital teams for attending accidents (SMUR teams) formed.
2 December 1965    Government decree formally authorises SMUR teams attached to hospitals.
1968    SAMU established to dispatch and coordinate SMUR teams.
1983    First full-time civil helicopter SAMU service launched.
6 January 1986    New law passed to regulate Emergency Medical Services.

Current Status

The SAMU aircraft and helicopters are used for Emergency Medical Services (EMS) missions and Air Ambulance duties.

Future Plans

No plans known.

Markings

Special Markings

Since SAMU helicopters are operated by contracted commercial companies, they are seen in a variety of colour schemes. Most common are variants of overall white with blue markings or overall yellow with blue markings. The markings include SAMU service titles and the three-barred cross which is the official logo of SAMU. Most helicopters also carry the SAMU district number and the logo of the commercial operator. Fixed wing (King Air) aircraft appear to retain their operators colour scheme with the three-barred cross in white on a black disk behind the cockpit amd SAMU 2B titles on the fin fairing.

Aircraft Serial Numbers

SAMU aircraft and helicopters carry French civil registrations, e.g. EC135 F-GMTF, except for the MD902s which operate under Belgian civil registrations.

Unit/Base Codes

Coding system not used

Aircraft

Aircraft Designations

None – Manufacturers designations used

Current Aircraft Inventory

Table of Current Service Aircraft

All-Time Aircraft Used List

All-Time Table of Aircraft Used

Aircraft NOT Used

Cessna 150 F-SMUR and SOCATA TB20 F-SAMU are entirely fictional.

Organisation

Main Headquarters

Samu-Urgences de France, 103 avenue de Magenta, F-75010 PARIS.

Organisational Structure

All helicopters and aircraft are operated by local SAMU units attached to major hospitals or health centres.

Current Unit Assignments

Table of Current Unit Assignments

Historical Unit Assignments

To be added.

All-Time Flying Units List

List of Flying Units

Air Bases

Current Air Bases

See table of unit assignments.

All-Time Air Bases Used List

As above.

More Information

Books

French Aviation Bibliography – to be added

Magazines

No feature articles known.

Websites

Official Website
Service d’aide médicale urgente
Map of SAMU helicopter bases
SAMU helicopters in France
The Bases of SAMU Helicopters in France

Any further photographs illustrating this air arm would be welcome.

All-Time Units Listing

of the SAMU de France

This page lists all the flying units of the SAMU de France, since its formation.

Aisne SAMU 02
Haute Corse SAMU 2B
Haute-Alpes SAMU 05
Alpes Maritime SAMU 06
Aube SAMU 11
Aude SAMU 12
Bouche-du-Rhone SAMU 13
Cantal SAMU 15
Cote D’Or SAMU 21
Cote D’Armor SAMU 22
Dordogne SAMU 24
Drome SAMU 26
Eure & Loire SAMU 28
Finistere SAMU 29
Gard SAMU 30
Haute Garonne SAMU 31
Gironde SAMU 33
Herault SAMU 34
Indre SAMU 36
Indre & Loire SAMU 37
Isere SAMU 38
Loir & Cher SAMU 41
Loire SAMU 42
Loire Atlantique SAMU 44
Loiret SAMU 45
Marne SAMU 51
Meurthe & Moselle SAMU 54
Nord SAMU 59
Orne SAMU 61
Pais-de-Calais SAMU 62
Pyrenee Atlantique SAMU 64
Pyrenees Orientales SAMU 66
Haut Rhine SAMU 68
Rhone SAMU 69
Somme SAMU 80
Var SAMU 83
Vienne SAMU 86
Haute Vienne SAMU 87
Yonne SAMU 89
Val de Marne SAMU 94
Guyanne SAMU 973
– SAMU Lorraine

All-Time Aircraft Used List
SAMU de France

of the SAMU de France
Aircraft Type Quantity Service Entry Retirement Origin
Aerospatiale AS 355F Ecureuil 2 ? ? ? contractor
Aerospatiale AS 355N Ecureuil 2 3 ? current contractor
Aerospatiale AS 365C Dauphin 2 ? ? ? contractor
Aerospatiale AS 365N Dauphin 2 1 ? current contractor
AgustaWestland AW109E Power 10 ? current contractor
Beech King Air C90 ? ? ? contractor
Beech Super King Air 250 2 2013 current contractor
Bell 206L LongRanger ? ? ? contractor
Eurocopter EC135 24 1997 current contractor
MDH MD902 Explorer 4 ? current contractor
Sud Aviation SA 316B Alouette III ? ? ? contractor

Current Unit Assignments

of the SAMU de France
Unit Type Base
Aisne 1 x MD902 (SAMU 02) Laon
Haute Corse 2 x Super King Air 250 (SAMU 2B) Ajaccio/Bastia
Haute-Alpes 1 x EC135 (SAMU 05) Gap
Alpes Maritime 1 x AW109P (SAMU 06) Nice
Aube 1 x EC135 (SAMU 11) Carcassonne
Aude 1 x EC135 (SAMU 12) Rodez
Bouche-du-Rhone 1 x EC135 (SAMU 13) Marseilles
Cantal 1 x EC135 (SAMU 15) Aurillac
Cote D’Or 1 x EC135 (SAMU 21) Dijon
Cote D’Armor 1 x AS355N (SAMU 22) Saint Brieuc
Dordogne 1 x AS355N (SAMU 24) Perigueux
Drome 1 x AW109P (SAMU 26) Valence
Eure & Loire 2 x AW109E (SAMU 28) Dreux
Finistere 1 x AS355N (SAMU 29) Brest
Gard 1 x EC135 (SAMU 30) Nimes
Haute Garonne 2 x EC135 (SAMU 31) Toulouse
Gironde 1 x AW109P (SAMU 33) Bordeaux-Merignac
Herault 1 x EC135 (SAMU 34) Montpelier
Indre 1 x AW109P (SAMU 36) Chateauroux
Indre & Loire 1 x EC135 (SAMU 37) Tours
Isere 1 x EC135 (SAMU 38) Grenoble
Loir & Cher 1 x EC135 (SAMU 41) Blois
Loire 1 x EC135 (SAMU 42) Saint-Etienne
Loire Atlantique 1 x AW109P (SAMU 44) Nantes
Loiret 1 x EC135 (SAMU 45) Orleans
Marne 1 x EC135 (SAMU 51) Reims
Meurthe & Moselle 1 x EC135 (SAMU 54) Nancy
Nord 1 x MD902 (SAMU 59) Lille
Orne 1 x EC135 (SAMU 61) Alencon
Pais-de-Calais 1 x MD902 (SAMU 62) Arras
Pyrenee Atlantique 1 x AW109E (SAMU 64) Bayonne
Pyrenees Orientales 1 x EC135 (SAMU 66) Perpignan
Haut Rhine 1 x AW109E (SAMU 68) Mulhouse
Rhone 1 x EC135 (SAMU 69) Lyon-Bron
Somme 1 x MD902 (SAMU 80) Amiens
Var 1 x EC135 (SAMU 83) Toulon
Vienne 1 x EC135 (SAMU 86) Poitiers
Haute Vienne 1 x EC135 (SAMU 87) Limoges
Yonne 1 x AW109P (SAMU 89) Auxerre
Val de Marne 1 x EC135 (SAMU 94) Creteil
Guyanne 1 x AS 365N (SAMU 973) Cayenne
1 x EC135 (SAMU Lorraine) Nancy

EPNER

of the French Flight Test Centre

History

The École du personnel navigant d’essais et de réception (EPNER) was first established in 1946 to train aircrews for test flying. It moved to Istres in 1962.

Subordinate Units

None

Aircraft

Type Qty Service Example Serials
Aerospatiale SA 330 Puma ? ? – Present 1184
Dassault Falcon 20 ? ? – Present CS/22
Dassault Mirage IIIA ? ? – ? 07
Dassault Mirage IIIB 2 ? – Present GT/234
Dassault Super Mystere B.2 1 ? – ? CV/02
D-B/D Alpha Jet ? ? – Present E80
Lockheed T-33A ? ? – ? 35061, GC/055
Mikoyan-Gurevitch MiG-21K 1 ?? – Present F-ZAGR
Nord 260 1 ? – Present GG/001
Nord N.3202 2+ ? – ? ?
Pilatus PC-7 ? ? – Present AI/579, AH/578
Sud Aviation SE 3130 Aouette II ? ? – ? ?
Sud Aviation SA 319B Alouette III ? ? – ? ?

(Additional identities are welcome).

Unit Markings

 

To be added


Main Bases

Base Duration
Brétigny-sur-Orge 1946 – 1962
Istres-Le Tube Air Base 1962 – Present


Photographs

None currently available.

More Information

References

  • French Military Aviation by Paul A Jackson (Midland Counties, 1979)
  • European Air Forces Directory 2012/13 (Mach III Publishing)
  • wikipedia: EPNER
  • official website

Other Sources

To be added.