Tohtli

Aviation-related Magazines Guide

‘Tohtli’ was the principal aviation magazine of the Mexican Air Force in the inter-war years. First published in 1916, it was initially subtitled ‘Organo de la Escuela Nacional de Aviación’, but this was changed to ‘Revista de Aeronáutica Militar’ in 1917. Publication was suspended between August 1919 and July 1920.

The magazine was issued monthly until October 1924, when it appears to have gone bi-monthly. The last issue was November-December 1939. Tohtli means ‘bird’ in the language of the Aztecs.

Further information:
Cover scans of many issues

Modelismo Latino

Aviation-related Magazines Guide

‘Modelismo Latino’ was a scale plastic modelling magazine with an emphasis on Latin American subjects. It was published bi-monthly from 2002. The magazine included good feature articles on aircraft subjects, but also covered were armoured vehicles, dioramas, ships etc. It ceased publication in mid 2008.

Further information:
No source known.

Mercado Aereo

Aviation-related Magazines Guide

‘Mercado Aereo’ was published circa 2003 and described itself as the first aviation magazine in Mexico, although this appeared to ignore ‘America Vuela’ and several other magazines.

It does not appear to have lasted for very long. More information on this title is welcomed.

Further information:
No sources found.

Jets (2)

Aviation-related Magazines Guide

Launched in 2008, ‘Jets’ was the first business aviation magazine for Latin America. It carries the subtitle (in English) Business Aviation & Lifestyle.

The magazine is aimed at business jet users or professionals in business aviation, company directors, institutions, and individuals. Produced by the publishers of ‘America Vuela’, it is published in Spanish and Portuguese language editions simultaneously. Each issue is A4 size, and fully illustrated with colour photos on nearly every page.

Further information:
Jets

America Vuela

Aviation-related Magazines Guide

‘America Vuela’ has the subtitle La Revista de Aviacion Latinoamericana. It concentrates on civil and military aviation in Latin America – both historical and current. It includes feature articles on air forces, airlines and the aviation industry in general.

It is published 10 issues per year, since 1992. It is an A4 size magazine with 44 pages, fully illustrated with colour photos on nearly every page.

Further information:
America Vuela
Back issues in PDF

Mexico

Country Profile

The Country

Geography

Mexico is a country in the southern part of North America. It is bordered by the United States of America to the north, the Pacific Ocean to the west and south, Guatemala, Belize and the Caribbean Sea to the south east and the Gulf of Mexico to the east. Mexico consists of the mainland and numerous smaller islands located in the Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean Sea, Pacific Coast, Gulf of California and further out in the Pacific Ocean.

The terrain of Mexico is mostly composed of mountains and plateau, broken by canyons and depressions. About 70% of the country is above 500 m (1,640 ft). In the west, the Sierra Madre Occidental mountain range separates the central plateau from the narrow lowlands of the Gulf of California, and in the east the Sierra Madre Oriental range divides the central plateau from the lowlands along the Gulf of Mexico. The plateau contains broad valleys and lakes and, in the centre, a belt of several large volcanic cones in a region known as the Sierra Nevada. The highest of which reaches 5,700 m (18,701 ft). A fourth mountain range, the Sierra Madre del Sur lines the southern coast. In contrast, the Yucatan Peninsula is flat and low lying and covered with tropical jungle. The north eastern border with the United States is defined by the Rio Grande/Rio Bravo del Norte river, which flows into the Gulf of Mexico.

Mexico has a total land area of 1,972,550 sq km (761,806 sq miles) and had a population of 118.4 million in 2013. The main ethnic groups are Mestizo (Amerindian-Spanish) 60%, Amerindian 30%, White/European 9% and others 1%. The capital city is Mexico City, also known as Mexico Distrito Federal.

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National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in Mexican History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: Mexico
World Travel Guide – North America – Mexico
wikipedia: Mexico
wikipedia: History of Mexico
Library of Congress / Area Handbook Series / Mexico
Governments on the WWW: Mexico

Aviation

Text to be added on the development of aviation in Mexico.

Markings

Civil Aircraft Registrations

The registration prefix ‘M-S’ was used 1919 to 1929.
The registration prefix ‘X-A’ was used 1919 to 1939.
The registration prefix ‘X-B’ was used 1919 to 1939.
The registration prefix ‘XA-‘ is used 1939 to present.
The registration prefix ‘XB-‘ is used 1939 to present.
The registration prefix ‘XC-‘ is used 1939 to present.

All-time Mexico – civil aircraft register (M-Saa X-Aaa X-Baa XA-aaa XB-aaa XC-aaa).
[Get involved with the Aeroflight Cloud.]

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Air Force (Fuerza Aerea Mexicana)
Naval Aviation (Aviación de la Armada de Mexico)

Central Government Agencies

Government Aviation (Gobierno del Estado de Mexico)
Coast Guard Aviation – Coast Guard duties are performed by the Navy
Justice Department (Procuraduria General De La Republica)
State Energy Aviation (Comision Federal de Electricidad)

Regional Government Agencies

Oaxaca Ministry of Health Air Ambulance
Jalisco State Police
Proteccion Civil Jalisco
Gobierno Distrito Federal
Gobierno del Estado de Guanajuato
Gobierno del Estado de Hidalgo
Gobierno del Estado de Michoacan
Gobierno del Estado de Nuevo Leon
Gobierno del Estado de Puebla
Gobierno del Estado de Tamaulipas
Gobierno del Estado de Veracruz

Public Service Aviation

Medical Aviation (“Skylife”)
“Mexico State Government Air Rescue Unit” (Estado de Mexico)
Paramilitary Police (Policia Federal)
Police Aviation (Federal District Police)

Commercial Aviation

To be added

wikipedia: Airlines of Mexico
The World’s Airlines: Mexico

Private Aviation

To be added.

Industry

Aircraft Manufacturers

AAMSA
Anahuac
TNCA

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.

Airfields

Civil Airports & Airfields

Civil Airports and Airfields Listing
Airports in Mexico

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing

On Show

Aviation Museums

Centro de Ciencia Tecnologia Planetario, Guadalajara
Explora Centro de Ciencas, Leon
Globo Museo del Nino, Guadalajara
Museo de Ciencas y Tecnologia, Xalapa
Museo del Ejercito Fuerza Aerea Mexicanos, Guadalajara
Museo Tecnologico de la Comision Federal de Electricidad, Mexico DF

Airshow Dates:
Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

Magazines Guide for Mexico

Aviation Bibliography

Central American and Caribbean Air Forces (Daniel Hagedorn)

Air Arsenal North America (Phil Butler)

Texan and Harvards in Latin America (Dan Hagedorn)

Latin American Fighters (Iñigo Guevara y Moyano)

Latin American Air Wars and Aircraft 1912-1969 (Dan Hagedorn)

Armed Forces of Latin America (Adrian English)

Latin-American Military Aviation (John Andrade)

World Air Forces Directory (Ian Carroll)

Military Balance (IISS)

America Vuela (Mexico D.F.) Various issues for the year 2000

Historia Grafica de la Fuerza Aerea Mexicana by Hector Davila Cornejo

Flap International, No.334 Julio 2000

Web Links

SEDENA

Mexico National History


Mexico was originally ruled by the Aztecs, one of the seven tribes that settled in the area of what is today the capital of the republic, from the land of Aztlan. The country was colonised by the Spanish from 1521 until 1821, when the war for independence was won. The country established first a Republic and later a monarchy.

Mexico still endured internal fighting between the liberal and conservative factions. The country also suffered foreign intervention from France and the United States. To the later country Mexico lost half its territory in the treaties of Guadalupe Hidalgo of 1848.

In the 1860’s Mexico fought against the French who, with the backing of the conservatives, tried to establish a monarchy in Mexico. With U.S. Aid the French were forced out, putting an end to Napoleon III’s dream of establishing a foothold in the America’s.

General Porfirio Diaz ruled the country for more than 30 years, triggering the start of the
Mexican revolution of 1910, that would last into the early 1920’s. This saw internal fighting between the many revolutionary factions, until the establishment of stable governments in the late 1920’s and 1930’s.

From 1936 to 1939 Mexico sided with the Spanish Republican government in their civil war, giving them support in the way of weapons and recognition of the legal government, even after their defeat. Mexico declared war on the Axis powers in 1942, after German submarines sank a number of
Mexican ships. The country fielded a fighter squadron that fought in the liberation of
The Philippines in 1945. In addition, thousands of volunteers joined and fought in the Allied armies.

Recently Mexico elected it’s first opposition president in more than 70 years of one party rule.