Latvian National Guard (Pre-WW2)

Operator Profile

History

Narrative Summary

The Latvian Guards (Aizsargi) was founded in 1919 by the Latvian Provisional Government as a volunteer militia or National Guard, during the period of unrest following Latvia’s independence from Russia. In 1921 it was re-organised on a more permanent basis. It continued as a nationalistic paramilitary organisation that co-operated closely with the armed forces. It’s main purpose was to train citizens in the military arts, and to provide a reserve of trained people for the Latvian Armed Forces.

In 1931 the Guards formed an aviation section, Aizsargu Aviacija, which used gliders and single-engined light aircraft to provide air experience flights and basic pilot training to potential recruits of the Air Force. The organisation was disbanded following the Soviet invasion in 1940.

Key Dates

Key Dates:
30 March 1919    Aizsargi officially established
17 April 1931    Aviation section first established
5 December 1931    First aircraft received – a GL-22B3 gifted from the Air Force
18 June 1940    Aizsargi disbanded by Soviet occupiers

Current Status

Not applicable.

Future Plans

Not applicable.

Markings

National Insignia

Historical

Aircraft Serial Numbers

AA aircraft carried one or two-digit numerical serial numbers ranging between 1 and 47, e.g. VEF Irbitis I-12 ’37’. These numbers were sequentially allocated as aircraft were acquired.

Unit/Base Codes

Coding system not used.

Aircraft

Aircraft Designations

None – Manufacturers designations used.

Current Aircraft Inventory

Not applicable.

All-Time Aircraft Used List

All-Time Table of Aircraft Used

Aircraft NOT Used

No false reports known.

Organisation

Main Headquarters

Riga.

Organisational Structure

By 1938 the AA was organised into four Squadrons, with new squadrons having been added as more aircraft were acquired.

Current Order of Battle

Not applicable.

Historical Orders of Battle

To be added.

All-Time Flying Units List

1st Squadron
2nd Squadron
3ed Squadron
4th Squadron

Air Bases

Current Air Bases

Not applicable.

All-Time Air Bases Used List

To be added.
Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.

More Information

Books

Latvian Military Aviation Bibliography – to be added.

Magazines

To be added.

Websites

wikipedia: Aizsargi

Latvian Aircraft 1918 – 1940

World Air Forces: Latvia

All-Time Aircraft Used List
Latvian National Guard (Pre-WW2)

Aircraft Type Quantity Service Entry Out of Service Origin
Avro 504K 1 1933 1936 Air Force
Avro 548N 2 1933 1936 Air Force
DFS SG 38 Schulgleiter 1 1936 1940 Germany
Gourdou-Leseurre GL-22B3 1 1931 1936 Air Force
LKOD KOD-1 8 1936 1940 Latvia
LKOD KOD-2 7 1937 1940 Latvia
Ikars I-5 1 1932 1940 Latvia
Sopwith 1 1/2 Strutter 1 1933 1935 Air Force
V.E.F. I-12 5 1938 1940 Latvia

National Markings
Latvian National Guard (Pre-WW2)

of the Latvian National Guard

This section describes and illustrates the various national insignia used by the Pre-WW2 Latvian National Guard since its formation:




Main MarkingFin Flash

1931-1937
Early National Guard aircraft carried a complex version of the Auseklis (not Auskelis) Cross on the fuselage sides, and above and below each wingtip. No fin flash was displayed.




Main MarkingFin Flash

1937-1940
In 1937 a simplified version of the Auseklis Cross was introduced, in dark red on a white disc. The main marking was displayed on the fuselage sides, and above and below each wingtip. No fin flash was displayed.

PZL SZD-48-3 Jantar Standard 3

in Latvian National Guard service

History

Three(?) SZD-48-3 Jantar Standard 3 gliders obtained from ex-DOSAAF stocks and operated from 1993. Withdrawn in 2000 when the National Guard Aviation Unit was absorbed by the the Air Force.


Individual Details

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
?     1993  
?     1993  
?     1993  


Pictures

None available at present.

More Information

References

  • European Air Forces Directory 2007/2008 (Ian Carroll)

Other Sources

Euro Demobbed

Antonov An-2 Colt

in Latvian National Guard service

History

Twelve An-2 obtained from ex-DOSAAF stocks and operated from 1993. Survivors transferred to the Air Force in 2000.


Individual Details

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
246 116247318   1993 stored 2006
247 1G86-45   1993 active 2006
248 1G212-18   1993 wfu by 2006
249 1G214-33 YL-LEK 1993 stored 2006
250 1G191-56   1993 wfu by 2006
251 1G212-17   1993 wfu by 2006
252 1G187-57   1993 wfu by 2006
253 1G192-11 YL-LET 1993 active 2006
254 1G214-43   1993 active 2006
255 ?   1993 wfu by 2006
256 1G225-25   1993 wfu by 2006
257 1G197-45 YL-LEE 1993 to YL-CCN 2003


Pictures

None available at present.

More Information

References

  • European Air Forces Directory 2007/2008 (Ian Carroll)

Other Sources

To be added.

Aircraft Not Used (Post-WW2)

by the Latvian National Guard

This page gives details of some of the aircraft types that were offered or promised to the Post-WW2 Latvian National Guard but not delivered, cancelled official orders, and types have been falsely reported as being in service.

to be added
TBA.

Latvian National Guard (Post-WW2)

Operator Profile

History

Narrative Summary

The Latvian National Guard was first formed on 23 August 1991, immediately after independence was achieved. It functions in a similar way to the National Guard of the USA, as a reserve military force and emergency relief organisation manned by part-time reservists. An aviation component was introduced in 1993, with a fleet of ex-Soviet DOSAAF light aircraft and gliders. In 2000 the aviation component became part of the Air Force.

Key Dates

Key Dates:
23 August 1991    National Guard first formed
1993    Aviation unit established
2000    Aviation unit incorporated into the Air Force

Current Status

All National Guard aircraft were transferred to the Air Force in 2000. The National Guard Aviation Unit continues as a pool of reserve personnel for supplementing the Air Force.

Future Plans

Not applicable.

Markings

National Insignia

Historical

Aircraft Serial Numbers

Latvian National Guard aircraft carried three digit serial numbers, in the same sequence as the air force, except that the first number is always ‘2’.

Unit/Base Codes

Coding system not used.

Aircraft

Aircraft Designations

None – Manufacturers designations used.

Current Aircraft Inventory

Not applicable – disbanded in 2000.

All-Time Aircraft Used List

All-Time Table of Aircraft Used

Aircraft NOT Used

False reports of aircraft on order or in service

Organisation

Main Headquarters

Riga.

Organisational Structure

Former National Guard aircraft are now part of the Air Force.

Current Order of Battle

Not applicable.

Historical Orders of Battle

List of Historical Orders of Battle – to be added.

All-Time Flying Units List

To be added.

Air Bases

Current Air Bases

Former National Guard aircraft are now based at Lielvarde.

All-Time Air Bases Used List

The main base was at Cesis, with Daugavpils, Rezekne, Limbazi and Riga-Spilves also used.
.
Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.

More Information

Books

Latvian Military Aviation Bibliography – to be added.

Magazines

World Air Power Journal No.28 P.30
Air International December 1998
Air Forces Monthly March 1995

Websites

wikipedia: Latvian National Guard

Official Latvian National Guard webpage

Airliners.net

Flickr.com

Scramble: Latvian Air Arms

National Markings
Latvian National Guard (Post-WW2)

This section describes and illustrates the various national insignia used by the Post-WW2 Latvian National Guard since its formation:




Main MarkingFin Flash

1993-2000
The main marking is displayed on the fuselage sides of helicopters, and in the standard four (wing not fuselage) positions on aircraft. A smaller version is carried as a fin flash on aircraft. Aircraft don’t carry service titles.

PZL PZL-104 Wilga

in Latvian National Guard service

History

Six PZL-104 obtained from ex-DOSAAF stocks and operated from 1993. Used as glider tugs. Withdrawn and placed in store in 2000 following the transfer of National Guard aircraft to the Air Force.


Individual Details

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes
200 ?   1993 stored 2000
207 ?   1993 w/o 1996
211 ?  /td>

1993 stored 2000
212 ?   1993 stored 2000
213 ?   1993 stored 2000
214 0155025   1993 stored 2000


Pictures

None available at present.

More Information

References

  • European Air Forces Directory 2007/2008 (Ian Carroll)

Other Sources

airliners.net