Slovakia

Country Profile

The Country

Geography

Located in central Europe, Slovakia was part of the former Czechoslavkia until 1993. Slovakia’s neighbours are the Czech Republic to the north west, Poland to the north, Ukraine to the east, Hungary to the south and Austria to the west. The north and east of the country is dominated by the Carpathian mountain range, which continues to the Polish border. Lowlands to the south and south east of the country are where the main urban areas are situated. The total land area is 49,036 sq km (18,933 sq miles).
The Population of 5.4 million (2000 figure) comprises 86% of Slovakian origin, 10% Hungarian, 2% Roma, 1% Ruthenian/Ukrainian and 1% other ethnic groups. 60% are Roman Catholics, 8% Protestant, 4% Orthodox Christian, 10% Atheist and 18% other faiths. The capital city is Bratislava.

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National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in Slovakian History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: Slovakia
Yahoo Slovakia page
wikipedia: Slovakia
wikipedia: History of Slovakia
Slovakia Travel

Aviation

Text to be added on the development of aviation in Slovakia.

Markings

Civil Aircraft Registrations

Slovakian civil aircraft are registered in the series OM-xxx.

An incomplete all-time Slovakian civil aircraft register listing is here.

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Current military air arms-
Air Force (Letectva a Protivzdu Obrany-Snej Slovenskej)

Historical military air arms-
Air Force (Slovenské vzdušné zbrane) [1939-1944]
Insurgent Air Force (Slovenské povstalecké letectvo) [1944]

Central Government Agencies

Government

Public Service Aviation

Medical Aviation service is provided by private contractor ATE – Air Transport Europe
Police Aviation (Policia)

Commercial Aviation

Air Slovakia
SkyEurope
Slovak Airlines [1995-2007]
Tatra Air

wikipedia: Airlines of Slovakia
The World’s Airlines: Slovakia

Private Aviation

To be added

Industry

Aircraft Manufacturers

Aeropro
AeroSpool

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.

Airfields

Civil Airports & Airfields

Airports in Slovakia

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.

On Show

Aviation Museums

Slovenske Technicke Muzeum
Muzeum letectva Kosice
AirMuseum
Aviation Museums Slovakia

Airshow Dates

Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

Magazines Guide for Slovakia

Aviation Bibliography

Slovakian Aviation Bibliography – to be added

Web Links

Pilot Club.sk

Slovak Airmen Association

Letecké opravovne Trencín

Slovakia Key Dates

23 October 1918    Czechoslovakia established as a separate state
September 1938    Sudetenland seized by Nazi Germany
March 1939    Slovakia becomes a pro-German independent state
Spring 1945    National uprising overthrows German occupation, Czechoslovakia restored
May 1948    Communists win power in fraudulent elections
May 1958    Czechoslovakia joins Warsaw Pact
January 1968    Reformers gain control of communist party
20 August 1968    Soviet troops invade and occupy Czechoslovakia
November 1989    Communist party falls from power
1989    Country renamed Czech and Slovak Federal Republic
June 1992    Nationalist government elected in Slovakian regional parliament
1 January 1993    Slovakia becomes an independent state
2 April 2004    Slovakia joins NATO

Slovakia National History


Although linguistically close to the Czechs, the Slovaks fell under Hungarian domination in the 11th century and remained separated from them for 900 years. Under the Austro-Hungarian Empire, a significant German minority developed. With the fall of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the independent state of Czechoslovakia was established on 28 October 1918. The new Czech-dominated nation became the only state in the region in which parliamentary democracy flourished.

However, from 1933 the minority ‘Sudeten’ German population increasingly agitated for incorporation into Hitler’s Reich. The Munich Crisis of September 1938 resulted in Britain and France weakly acquiesing to the German occupation of the ‘Sudetenland’. This area comprised one third of all Czechoslovak territory and much of it’s strong border defences. In March 1939 the rest of Czechoslovakia was also annexed by Germany, with Slovakia becoming a pro-German independent state and the Czech portion becoming the German protectorate of Bohemia-Moravia.

The German occupation was overthrown by a national uprising and Allied troops in the Spring of 1945. Immediately, over three million Germans were expelled as collaborators. The new middle-of-the-road socialist goverment was replaced by a rigorous and intimidating Communist regime following ‘elections’ in May 1948. In May 1958 Czechoslovakia signed the Warsaw Pact defence treaty. In January 1968 the liberal Slovak Alexander Dubcek took over as Communist Party leader and set about rejuvenating the stagnating economy and society. A federal constitution was introduced in 1968. On 20-21 August 1968, Czechoslovakia was invaded by almost a quarter of a million Warsaw Pact troops and Dubcek was later replaced by a Soviet-style hardliner.

In late November 1989, the Communist regime was suddenly brought down by mass demonstrations and strikes, after similar events in East Germany earlier that month. Following free elections, a federal coalition government was elected. The country was renamed the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic (CSFR), giving real autonomy to the Slovaks for the first time. The new government chose to pursue a ‘fast’ conversion to a market economy. During the transition period, the Slovaks appeared to suffer more than the Czechs, and this resulted in a nationalistic neo-communist Slovak government being elected in June 1992. A hastily negotiated ‘velvet divorce’ was arranged between the two republics, with effect from 1 January 1993, whereby Slovakia and the Czech Republic became independent states. In November 2002 Slovakia was invited to become a member of NATO, and it formally joined on 2 April 2004.