Spain is located on the Iberian Peninsula in south western Europe, separated from Africa by only a narrow strait. It is bordered by France to the north east, the Mediterranean Sea to the east and south, Portugal to the west and the Bay of Biscay to the north. The UK territory of Gibraltar, which is situated at the southern tip of the Iberian Peninsula, also has a border with Spain. Spanish territory includes the Canary Islands, the Balearic Islands and two Spanish enclaves on the coast of Morocco: Ceuta and Melilla.
Much of Spain is dominated by a central plateau, called the Meseta, some 600 m (1970 ft) above sea level. To the north lies a range of mountains, the Cordillera Cantabrica which run along the entire northern coast. These mountains join up with the Pyrenees which form the French-Spanish border. In the south, the Sierra Nevada mountains are separated from the central region by the valley of the river Guadalquivir. In the centre, a further mountain range, the Sierra de Guadarrama, crosses the Meseta diagonally. The total land area is 499,440 sq km (192,854 sq miles).
The Population of 39.8 million (2000 figure) comprises 72% of Castilian Spanish origin, 17% Catalan, 6% Gallician, 2% Basque, 1% Romany and 1% other ethnic groups. Some 96% of the people are Roman Catholic and 4% other faiths. The capital city is Madrid.
Summary Narrative History
Timeline – Key Dates in Spanish History
Further National Information
BBC News Profile: Spain
Yahoo Spain page
wikipedia: History of Spain
Text to be added on the development of aviation in Spain.
Civil Aircraft Registrations
Spanish civil aircraft were registered in the series M-AAAA onwards from 1919, then EC-AAA onwards from 1931.
An incomplete all-time Spanish civil aircraft register listing is here.
Military Air Arms
Current military air arms-
Air Force (Ejercito Del Aire)
Naval Aviation (Arma Aerea de la Armada Espanola)
Army Aviation (Fuerza Aeromoviles Del Ejercito Del Tierra)
Historical military air arms-
Air Force [1911-1939]
Naval Aviation [1917-1937]
Central Government Agencies
Customs Service (Vigilancia Aduanera)
Civil Guard (Guardia Civil)
Public Service Aviation
Fire Fighting Aviation (Bomberos)
Maritime Rescue (Salvamento Maritimo)
Police Aviation (Cuerpo Nacional de Policía)
VIVA Air [1988-1998]
wikipedia: Airlines of Spain
The World’s Airlines: Spain
To be added.
Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots
Civil Airports & Airfields
Airports in Spain
Military Air Bases & Airfields
Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.
Fundacion Infante de Orleans
Parc Aeronautic de Catalunya
Museo del Aire
Museo Nacional de Aeropuertos y Transporte Aereo
Key Airshow Dates
Magazines Guide for Spain
Spanish Aviation Bibliography – to be added
Aviation in Spain
Aviation Museums Spain