Syria is a country in the northern part of Western Asia. It is bordered by Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, Israel to the south west, Lebanon to the west and the Mediterranean to the north west.
The terrain of the country is divided into a large arid plateau to the east and a mountainous region in the west. The coast of Syria is lined by a mountain range that follows the coast from Turkey, and stops just short of the Lebanese border. A narrow coastal plain separates the mountains from the Mediterranean. A second range of mountains lines the border with Lebanon. Much of the rest of the country is desert or arid plain. The Euphrates river runs diagonally thorough the country, and tributaries and irrigation systems allow a relatively fertile region in the north east which is used for farming. The total land area is 186,475 sq km (71,479 sq miles).
The population of Syria is 22.5 million (2012 figures), and is made up of 90% Arabs, 9% Kurds, 1% others. In terms of religion, 59% are Sunni Moslem, 13% Alawites (Shia Moslem), 10% Christian, 3% Druze and 15% others. The capital city is Damascus.
Further National Information
Text to be added on the development of aviation in Syria.
Civil Aircraft Registrations
Prior to independence, aircraft based in Syria were registered in the F-Oxxx series for ‘France Outre-mer’ aircraft. After independence, the sequence SR-xxx was used 1948-52. In 1952 the registration prefix YK-xxx was adopted, eg: YK-AKD.
Military Air Arms
Air Force (Syrian Air Force)
Central Government Agencies
Government Aviation (Syrian Government)
Public Service Aviation
Medical Aviation – no helicopter EMS/Rescue service available
Police (Syrian Police) – no aviation unit
To be added
None at present.
Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots
Civil Airports & Airfields
Military Air Bases & Airfields
Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.
Military Museum, Damascus
War Memorial Museum, Damascus
To be added
To be added.