The USSR, or Soviet Union, was a country in Eurasia what existed between 1922 and 1991. It was the largest country in the world. It had land borders with Norway and Finland in the north west, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Romania in the west, Turkey and Iran to the south west, and Afghanistan, Mongolia, China and North Korea to the south. It had maritime borders with Japan and the US state of Alaska.
The terrain of the USSR mostly consisted of huge flat plains, which were heavily forested in the north and mostly steppe grasslands in the south. The northern coast was mostly Arctic Tundra, with permafrost soil and few trees. The Ural Mountains formed a north-south range which divided Europe from Asia. In the south west, the Caucasus Mountains ran close to the border with Turkey and Iran. In the south the Altai Mountains ran along the border with Mongolia. The far eastern region had a number of mountain ranges, including the Verkhoyansk Range in Siberia and the Kamchatka Range on the Kamchatka Peninsula. The USSR had a very long coastline, and also thousands of rivers and lakes. The largest lake was Lake Baikal, located near the border with Mongolia, which is the world’s most voluminous freshwater lake. It also shared the Caspian Sea with Iran. The land area is 22,402,200 square kilometres (8,649,500 square miles).
The country had a population of 293.0 million (1991 figures). The population was made up of 50% Russian, 16.9% Ukrainian, 4% Uzbek, 4% Belorussian, 2% Kazakh, 2% Azerbaijanian, 1.5% Armenian, 1.4% Georgian, 1.2% Moldovian, 1.2% Lithuanian and 12.8% others. In terms of religion, 61% had no religion, 13% of the population was Christian Orthodox, 13% Moslem, 12% Roman Catholic and 1% Jewish. The capital was Moscow.
Further National Information
Text to be added on the development of aviation in USSR.
Civil Aircraft Registrations
USSR civil aircraft used the registration sequence CCCP-xxxx, with the registration in numbers, 1929-1992. Some registrations had a letter between the prefix and the registration eg: CCCP-L5400. The alternative prefixes SSSR- and USSR- were also used for this sequence. A separate register sequence U-xxxx, (alternatively shown as URSS-xxxx), also with numerical registrations, was used 1929-1944. Between 1922 and 1929, the prefix RR-xxx had been used.
Golden Years: Soviet Union CCCP-
Golden Years: Soviet Union URSS-
Golden Years: Soviet Union SSSR-
Golden Years: Soviet Union USSR-
Golden Years: Soviet Union RR-
An all-time Civil Rotorcraft Register of USSR listing is here.
Civil Aircraft Register of the Soviet Union
Soviet Transport Aircraft Listing
Military Air Arms
White Russian Air Force [1918-1920]
Siberian Army Air Force [1918-1920]
Russian Liberation Army Air Force [1944-1945]
Air Defence (Soviet Air Defence Force) [1948-1991]
Air Force (Soviet Air Force) [1918-1991]
Naval Aviation (Soviet Naval Air Force) [1918-1991]
Troops of Anti-Missile and Anti-Space Defence [1967-1991]
Strategic Rocket Forces [1959-1991]
Foreign Military Air Arms based in the Soviet Union (excluding WW2):
American Expeditionary Force Siberia [1919-1920]
Imperial Japanese Army Air Force [1918-1922]
Royal Air Force [1918-1920]
Central Government Agencies
Government Aviation (Presidential Flight) [19??-1991]
Border Guard Aviation (Soviet Border Troops) [1934-1991]
Security Aviation (State Security Service)
Sport Aviation (DOSAAF) [1927-1991]
Public Service Aviation
Medical Aviation – The state airline, Aeroflot, provided an extensive Air Ambulance network from 1927 onwards
Police Aviation (Ministry of the Interior Aviation Unit)
To be added
Khrunichev State Research and Production Space Center
Kiev Aircraft Repair Plant
Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots
Civil Airports & Airfields
Airports in USSR – to be added
Military Air Bases & Airfields
Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.
Central Armed Forces Museum, Moscow
Central Museum of the Great Patriotic War, Moscow
Central Naval Museum, Leningrad
Combat Glory Museum – Victory Park, Saratov
Museum of the Defense and Siege of Leningrad [1944-1948]
The USSR Air Force Museum, Monino
Magazines Guide for Russsia/USSR
To be added
To be added.