Before WW2 the French Weather service was called the L’Office National Météorologique (ONM). It operated at least one aircraft from 1936. After the liberation from German occupation in 1945, the ONM was reorganised and renamed the Direction de la Météorologie Nationale (DMN). It immediately set about modernising the service, and this included setting up a national weather forecasting school, a dedicated weather research unit called the Etablissement d’Etudes et de Recherches Météorologiques (E.E.R.M.) and also a flying unit called the Centre d’Aviation Meteorologique (CAM).
Circa 1982 the EERM was renamed the Centre National de Recherches Météorologiques (CNRM). In 1993 the weather service gained its present name of Meteo-France. In 2003 the flying unit moved to Toulouse. Since 2005 Meteo-France has been collaborating with CNRS-INSU and CNES on a search project called SAFIRE.
|1854||Le Service Météorologique de l’Observatoire de Paris first established.|
|14 May 1878||Renamed Le Bureau Central Météorologique de France (BCM).|
|25 November 1920||BCM renamed L’Office National Météorologique (ONM).|
|1945||ONM renamed Direction de la Météorologie Nationale (DMN)|
|1945||Centre d’Aviation Meteorologique created.|
|18 June 1993||DMN renamed Meteo-France.|
|2003||Main base moved to Toulouse.|
|10 February 2005||SAFIRE research project launched.|
The Meteo-France aircraft are used for weather research.
No plan known.
Meteo-France aircraft operate in a white and pale grey colour scheme with a thin red/white/blue fuselage cheatline. Service titles METEO-FRANCE are sometimes carried on the fuselage sides. Aircraft involved in the SAFIRE project carry the SAFIRE logo on the fin.
Aircraft Serial Numbers
Meteo-France aircraft carry standard French civil aircraft registrations, e.g. ATR42 F-HMTO.
Coding system not used
None – Manufacturers designations used
Current Aircraft Inventory
|Aircraft Type||Total Del’d||Total Active||Still on Order||Role|
|ATR 42-300||1||1||0||Weather Research|
|Dassault Falcon 20||1||1||0||Weather Research|
|Piper PA-23 Aztec||1||1||0||Weather Research|
All-Time Aircraft Used List
|Aircraft Type||Quantity||Service Entry||Out of Service||Origin|
|Dassault Falcon 20||1||2004||current||ex-civil|
|Piper PA-23 Aztec||1||1982||current||SFA|
|Swearingen SA-226 Merlin IV||1||1986||2003||USA|
Aircraft NOT Used
No false reports known.
Centre d’Aviation Meteorologique, Toulouse Francazal, BP 20034, 31270 Cugnaux.
All aircraft are operated by the Centre d’Aviation Meteorologique of Meteo-France.
Current Unit Assignments
Historical Unit Assignments
All-Time Flying Units List
Current Air Bases
All aircraft are based at Toulouse-Francazal Airport.
All-Time Air Bases Used List
Brétigny-sur-Orge was also used until 2003.
French Aviation Bibliography – to be added
No feature articles known.
CAM : Centre d’Aviation Météorologique
Le Centre d’Aviation Meteorologique Sera Delocalise en Septembre
Les Avions Francais de Reserche Atmospherique et de Teledetection
Le Merlin IV
Unresolved Research Issues
It is not clear what aircraft were operated between 1945 and 1968.