Hong Kong

Territory Profile

Hong Kong
(Hong Kong Special Administrative Region)

Key Facts

Self Governing From:
29 August 1842
Capital City:
Hong Kong
Total Area Ranking:
Population Size Ranking:

The Territory


Hong Kong is a Special Administrative Region of the Republic of China. It is located on China’s south coast, on the opposite side of the Pearl River delta to Macau. It comprises Hong Kong Island, the Kowloon Peninsula, the New Territories and over 200 offshore islands. The largest of these islands is Lantau Island.

The territory of Hong Kong is mainly hilly or mountainous, with steep slopes. The highest mountain is Tai Mo Shan, reaching 957 m (3,140 ft). The long coastline provides many bays, rivers and beaches. The total land area is 1,104 sq km (426 sq miles).

The population of 7,061,200 (2010 figure) is 93.6% Chinese, Indonesian 1.9%, Filipino 1.9%, White 0.2% and others 1.9% (Indian, Pakistani, East Asian). Some 92% of the population is Tao Buddhist, with most of the rest following Christian faiths. The capital city is Central, (previously called Victoria), on Hong Kong Island.

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National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in Hong Kong History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: Hong Kong
Yahoo Hong Kong page
wikipedia: Hong Kong
wikipedia: History of Hong Kong


Text to be added on the development of aviation in Hong Kong.


Civil Aircraft Registrations

Under British Colonial rule, civil aircraft in Hong Kong were allocated the registration prefix VR-Hxx in 1929. The first aircraft to use this prefix arrived in 1930.

Upon the transfer of sovereignty to China in 1993, the registration prefix was changed to B-Hxx. The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region maintained control of its own aircraft register after the handover. The initial sequence B-HAA to B-HZZ soon proved insufficient and additional sequences B-KAA to B-KZZ and B-LAA to B-LZZ are now also used.

Historical listing 1930-1938
Complete (Historical) Civil Rotorcraft Register of Hong Kong

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Current military air arms:
There are no current military air arms in Hong Kong.

Historical military air arms:
Air Force (Royal Hong Kong Auxiliary Air Force – RHKAAF) [1949-1993]

Central Government Agencies

Government Aviation (Government Flying Service – GFS)
Coast Guard – Maritime Policing is provided by aircraft from the GFS.

Public Service Aviation

Medical Aviation – EMS and Rescue services are provided by the GFS.
Police Aviation – Police air support is provided by the GFS.

Commercial Aviation

Cathay Pacific
Hong Kong Airlines

wikipedia: Airlines of Netherlands Antilles
The World’s Airlines: Hong Kong

Private Aviation

To be added


Aircraft Manufacturers

None known.

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.


Civil Airports & Airfields

Hong Kong International Airport
Kai Tak Airport [1924-1998]

Other airports
Airports in Hong Kong

Military Air Bases & Airfields

The Royal Air Force operated from Kai Tak Airport 1927-1993. Shek Kong Airfield (formerly RAF Sek Kong) is now a PLAAF air base. Shatin Airfield was used by the British Army Air Corps 1949-197?.

On Show

Aviation Museums

Hong Kong Science Museum

Airshow Dates

None known.

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

Magazines Guide for Hong Kong

Aviation Bibliography

Hong Kong Aviation Bibliography – to be added

Web Links

Hong Kong Aviation Club
Association of Hong Kong Aviation Photographers

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