Antonov An-2 Colt

in North Korean Air Force service

Key Facts

Total Delivered: 250
Total Still Active: n/a
Total Now Stored: n/a
Service Entry: 1957
Retirement: 2007
Main Role: Transport
Origin: USSR/Poland


The An-2 is, at first sight, an anachronism. A single-engine biplane first flown in 1947, the An-2 is a multi-purpose aircraft with an excellent Short Take-off and Landing (STOL) performance and capability widely used in the Eastern Bloc. Indeed, some An-2s are still in service both with civil and military operators all around the world.

Many An-2s were operated in North Korea for a wide variety of missions. Apart from such chores as a variety of light transport tasks, parachute platform, aerial reconnaissance, and, possibly, FAC duties, the An-2 has also been used by the North Korean armed forces for agent insertion and other special operations. Interestingly, the three An-2s operated by the Operational Test and Evaluation Command’s Threat Support Activity (OTSA) of the US Army since at least 1996, have occasionally operated in North Korean An-2 markings and insignia.

One-hundred Polish-built An-2R, T and V variants (the construction number of the Polish-built An-2s being prefixed 1G) were supplied to North Korea between 1970 and 1973. Presumably, Soviet-built An-2s were also received during the 1950s and 1960s. The exact number of An-2s supplied to North Korea is open to debate, although 162 was listed in Flight International’s 2004 World Air Forces survey. Around the same time, three Aviation Regiments, based at Kanchon, Sondok and Taechon respectively, were entirely or partly equipped with An-2s. Unconfirmed reports speak of An-2s having been produced under licence. By 2007, the remaining An-2s were grounded due to an acute shortage of Avgas. Only known individual aircraft is one coded Red 44. Also see Yunshuji Y-5.

Individual Details

Serial c/no. Prev. Identity Delivered Fate/Notes


None available at present.

More Information


  • World Air Forces Directory 2009/2010 (Ian Carroll)
  • Antonov An-2 – Red Star Volume 15 (Yefim Gordon & Dmitry Komissarov)

Other Sources

To be added.

See other operators of the Antonov An-2

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